Data Collections


Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Census & Voter Lists
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U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
U.S., Census Records and Cherokee Muster Rolls, 1835-183856
Smocks in the censuses, 1790-184032
1810 census of Giles County, Virginia7
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Birth, Marriage & Death
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Virginia, Marriage Records, 1936-201419,426,036
Virginia, Death Records, 1912-201411,182,320
Virginia, Birth Records, 1912-2015, Delayed Birth Records, 1721-19119,576,705
U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-19356,427,235
Virginia, Select Marriages, 1785-19406,102,360
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Military
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U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947Updated54,293,029
U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942Updated15,293,445
U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-193912,889,432
U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-18652,049,383
U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865837,569
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Immigration & Emigration
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Virginia, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1904-196378,986
Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775Free50,955
Virginia Immigrants, 1623-166617,450
Virginia, Federal Naturalization Records, 1901-19386,839
Early Immigrants to Virginia from the 1500s and 1600s194
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Newspapers & Periodicals
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Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly9,866
Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. V. Thompson-Yates1,015
Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. II. Cobb-Hay995
Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. I. Adams-Clopton949
Genealogies of Virginia Families from the William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. III Heale-Muscoe911
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Pictures
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There are no Pictures collections unique to Virginia
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Directories & Member Lists
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U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-19356,427,235
Hopewell, Virginia, Friends Memberships, 1759-17764,211
Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy. Vol. VI: (Virginia)1,039
Old churches, ministers and families of Virginia503
Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia. With Digested Index and Genealogical Guide, Vol. I490
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Court, Land, Wills & Financial
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U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
Virginia, Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850134,392
U.S., Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices, 1863-1878Free27,526
Virginia Will Records997
Virginia Land Records894
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Data Collections
Sorted by Virginia Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
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U.S., Select Family History and Bible Records Index14,871
Virginia, Colonial Abstracts, 1632-1810813
Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. III642
Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. II588
Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Vol. V587
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Sorted by Virginia Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
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There are no Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers collections unique to Virginia
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Sorted by Virginia Stories, Memories & Histories
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Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775Free119,305
Virginia Colonial Records, 1607-1853112,119
Virginia, Marriages of the Northern Neck of Virginia, 1649-180014,680
Virginia, Biographical Encyclopedia4,733
Virginia, Apprentice Index, 1640-18002,765
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A Genealogical History

Virginia in brief

Statehood: June 26, 1788
Capital: Richmond
Largest City: Virginia Beach
Counties: 95 Counties, and 39 Independent Cities
State motto: Sic Semper Tyrannis (Thus Always to Tyrants)
State nickname: Old Dominion, Mother of Presidents, Mother of States
Neighboring states: West Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky


The Home of Washington, Mount Vernon, Virginia, (Currier & Ives lithograph, c. 1856-72)

Interesting Facts

  • In 1607, under the charter of the Virginia Company of London, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery arrived in Virginia, settling at Jamestown. The group was ill-prepared for the hardships of famine, disease, and attacks by nearby Algonquians and few from those first ships survived.
  • In 1619, the colony of Virginia established the House of Burgesses which was the first representative assembly.
  • In need of settlers, the London Company encouraged emigration with the promise of land ownership. The English law of primogeniture meant that lands were passed intact to the eldest son, and lands in Virginia were an attractive option for younger sons.
  • Richmond, Virginia was the capital of the Confederacy during the Civil War. The burning of Richmond and that of many courthouses during that war resulted in a significant loss of records.

Featured Virginia Data Collections

U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 194215,293,445
U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-194754,293,029
Virginia, Death Records, 1912-201411,182,320
Virginia, Divorce Records, 1918-20142,887,590
Virginia, African-American Funeral Programs, 1935-200973,084

Famous People

Help and Advice

Resources

Virginia Census Research

Censuses began in Virginia in 1790; however, the 1790 and 1800 censuses were destroyed or lost, except for the 1800 enumerations of Accomack and Louisa counties. Tax lists from 1787 offer a substitute for the missing 1790 census.

Federal census records for Virginia exist from 1810, and were taken every ten years. 1810 census is incomplete for many counties in the state, but has been reconstructed from tax lists.

Two early censuses of Virginia have survived intact; only statistical abstracts remain of other censuses conducted. The first census is dated 16 February 1624 and is a list of the names of persons living in Virginia and the names of those who died since April 1623. The colony conducted a second census in January and February 1625. The best transcription of the 1625 Musters is in Virginia F. Meyer and John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607–1625, 3d ed. (Richmond: Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987). Another census was conducted in 1634, but is apparently lost.

 

Virginia Vital Records
Virginia registration of births, deaths, and marriages began on a county level in 1853 and continued until 1896. Many counties abandoned registration during the Civil War, or recorded only a small percentage of events. Marriage bonds and licensing were in place from the 1600s in Virginia, though are sporadic and fragmented. They are usually found among the county levels of records, and are often published.

Except in some independent cities, records were not kept between 1896 and 14 June 1912, when statewide registration of vital statistics began. Early records between the years 1853–1896 have been microfilmed and are available at The Library of Virginia and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

  •  Virginia Office of Vital Records: Holds births and deaths records from 1853-1896 and June 1912 to the present; marriages from 1936 to the present; and divorce records from 1918 to the present. For earlier marriage records, write to the clerk of the county where the event occurred. See the Genealogy page for more information on sources of available records.
  • Library of Virginia – Archives Division: holds surviving Virginia birth and death records for the years 1853 to 1896, and marriage records before 1936.

 

Virginia Research Resources

The organizations listed below provide information about Virginia history and genealogy. In addition to these state-level resources, many counties and towns maintain important genealogical collections in local libraries, genealogical societies, or historical societies, so check for a local resource when researching.

 

Statewide Research Resources

  •   Library of Virginia: Guides to the Library’s extensive collections can be found on the “Using the Collections” page. Be sure to check the Catalog Search, which offers searches of books and journals; archives and manuscripts, including 6,000 family bible images; and images and indexes to materials in the Library’s collection.
    The Library’s online collections are available through Virginia Memory, the Digital Library of Virginia. The digital collections contain a vast range of genealogy information. Some highlights include indexes to chancery records dating from the 18th century; Confederate disability applications, receipts, and pension rolls; Revolutionary War bounty warrants, state pension records, and rejected claims; land patents and grants in the Great Northern Neck; and extensive collections of photographs and newspapers.

 

Specialty and Regional Research

  •   Chronicling America: Online newspapers: Provides searchable online versions of selected Virginia newspapers.
  • Colonial Williamsburg research: In addition to the John D. Rockefeller Library collections on local history and genealogical information about early Williamsburg residents, the Digital Library offers web-based access to York County probate inventories; images of The Virginia Gazette newspaper, 1736-1780;  manuscript collections; and more.