Martin Family History

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Martin Name Meaning

English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms. English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tun ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tun ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press

Similar surnames: Marton, Marin, Marvin, Martins, Marti, Marcin, Martina, Martie, Main

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Martin Ethnicity Estimate

What are the common regions with the Martin name?

These results combine data from everyone in the AncestryDNA® database with the last name Martin. The Ancestry® ethnicity regions shown are top five most common on average for these people.

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  • England & Wales


  • Ireland & Scotland


  • Germanic Europe


  • France


  • Eastern Europe & Russia


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Martin Family Origin

Where is the Martin family from?

Martin Family Occupations

What did your Martin ancestors do for a living?

In 1880, a less common occupation for the Martin family was Farming. Farmer, Laborer and Keeping House were the top 3 reported jobs worked by Martin. The most common Martin occupation in the USA was Farmer. 37% of Martin's were Farmers.

View Census data for Martin | Data not to scale

  • Farmer

  • Laborer

  • Keeping House

  • Farming


Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Martin ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.

Martin Historical Records

What Martin family records will you find?

Census Record

There are 4 million census records available for the last name Martin. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Martin census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search 1940's US census records for Martin

Passenger List

There are 530,000 immigration records available for the last name Martin. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

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Draft Card

There are 764,000 military records available for the last name Martin. For the veterans among your Martin ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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You've only scratched the surface of Martin family history.

Martin Life Expectancy

What is the average Martin lifespan?

Between 1940 and 2004, in the United States, Martin life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1944, and highest in 2004. The average life expectancy for Martin in 1940 was 41, and 74 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Martin

An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Martin ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.

Famous Martin Family Ancestors

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