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Hong Family History

Hong Name Meaning

Chinese: Mandarin and Cantonese form of the surname 洪 meaning ‘vast’ in Chinese: (i) adopted in place of another Chinese surname 共 (Gong in Mandarin pinyin). In some families this surname is traced back to Gong Gong (共工) an official during the reign of the legendary Huang Di the ‘Yellow Emperor’ (c. 27th century BC). In other families it is borne by descendants of people from the state of Gong (共) (located in present-day Huixian in Henan province) which was granted to Ji He known as Gong Bo (Earl Gong) a figure during the Western Zhou dynasty (1046–771 BC). For other families it is borne by descendants of Shen Sheng a prince in the state of Jin during the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC) who was given Gong as a posthumous title. His descendants inherited this title as their surname. Later some of his descendants changed the surname to 洪 in order to escape persecution by their enemies. Thus the surname 洪 shares some of the same ancestors with the surname 龔; compare Gong (ii) adopted in place of another Chinese surname 弘 (see 5 below) which originated in Yuzhang (present-day Nanchang in Jiangxi province) and Qu’e (present-day Danyang in Jiangsu province). 弘 was the personal name of crown prince Li Hong (李弘) (652–675 AD) in the Tang Dynasty. In ancient China it was taboo to bear the same name as a member of the royal family so in Yuzhang and Qu’e people with the surname 弘 changed it to 洪 which has the same pronunciation. Chinese: Mandarin form of the surname 弘 meaning ‘great’ in Chinese: from the second element of the personal name Hong Yan (弘演 or 弘延) style name of an official in the state of Wey (衛) during the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 BC). Chinese: Mandarin form of the surname 紅 meaning ‘red’ in Chinese: (i) from the personal name Hong (紅) style name of Xiong Zhi a prince of the state of Chu eldest son of Xiong Qu (ruler of the state of Chu died 877 BC). (ii) from the placename Hong (紅) the name of a state (located in Henan province) granted to Liu Fu also known as Hong Hou (紅侯 Marquis of Hong) nephew of the Emperor Gaozu of Han (256–195 BC). Chinese: Cantonese form of the surname 項 see Xiang Chinese: alternative Cantonese form of the surname 孔 see Kong Chinese: Cantonese form of the surname 康 see Kang 7: Chinese: Cantonese form of the surname 匡 see Kuang 8: Chinese: Cantonese form of the surname 杭 see Hang 9: Chinese: Hokkien and Taiwanese form of the surname 方 see Fang 10: Chinese: Hokkien Taiwanese and Teochew form of the surnames 封 豐 and 酆 see Feng (2–4).1 Chinese: another Cantonese form of the surname 熊 see Xiong 1 Chinese: variant Romanization of the surnames 湯 and 唐 based on its pronunciation of the Siyi Cantonese subdialect (also known as Sze Yup or Four Districts dialect including Taishanese) spoken in southern Guangdong see Tang 1 and 1 Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 王 see Wang 1 Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 黃 see Huang 1 Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 香 possibly based on its Cantonese pronunciation see Xiang 1 Chinese: possibly from Cantonese form of the Chinese names 雄 (meaning ‘hero’ or ‘mighty’) or 康 (meaning ‘healthy’) monosyllabic personal names or part of disyllabic personal names of some early Chinese immigrants in the US.17: Korean: there is only one Chinese character for the Hong surname in Korea. Some sources indicate that there are 59 different Hong clans but only four can be documented. Each of the four clans claim different founding ancestors. The oldest Hong clan's founding ancestor Hong Ch’ŏn-ha migrated to Koguryŏ Korea sometime in the first half of the seventh century. The Hong surname is a fairly common one and is found throughout the Korean peninsula.18: Vietnamese (Hồng): of Chinese origin meaning ‘vast’ (see 1 above).19: Cambodian: written ហុង of Chinese origin from (a personal name) 紅 meaning ‘red’ (see 3 above).20: Cambodian: written ហង្ស same as Hang 8.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022


Similar surnames: Kong, Chong, Song, Gong, Rong, Tong, Long, Pong, Dong, Zhong

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Where is the Hong family from?

You can see how Hong families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Hong family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Hong families were found in USA in 1920. In 1840 there were 3 Hong families living in Pennsylvania. This was 100% of all the recorded Hong's in USA. Pennsylvania had the highest population of Hong families in 1840.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Hong surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Hong ancestors do for a living?

In 1940, Cook and Seamstress were the top reported jobs for men and women in the USA named Hong. 15% of Hong men worked as a Cook and 12% of Hong women worked as a Seamstress. Some less common occupations for Americans named Hong were Laborer and None. .

View Census Data for Hong | Data not to scale

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Top Male Occupations In 1940

  • Cook
    15%
  • Proprietor
    9%
  • Waiter
    9%
  • Laborer
    8%

Top Female Occupations In 1940

  • Seamstress
    12%
  • Waitress
    10%
  • Secretary
    10%
  • None
    7%
Black & white image of two construction labourers

What Hong family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 17,000 census records available for the last name Hong. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Hong census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

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Passenger Lists

There are 22,000 immigration records available for the last name Hong. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

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Draft Cards

There are 7,000 military records available for the last name Hong. For the veterans among your Hong ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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What is the average Hong lifespan?

Between 1946 and 2004, in the United States, Hong life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1946, and highest in 1990. The average life expectancy for Hong in 1946 was 33, and 74 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Hong

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