Data Collections


Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Census & Voter Lists
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Missouri, State Census Collection, 1844-1881315,589
U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898165,796
Missouri, Jackson County Voter Registration Records, 1928-195661,961
Missouri, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1830-187052,451
View all Missouri Census & Voter Lists (9)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Birth, Marriage & Death
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Missouri, Marriage Records, 1805-20026,334,653
U.S., Presbyterian Church Records, 1701-19704,530,460
U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-19473,655,098
Web: Missouri, Death Certificates, 1910-1962Free2,413,021
Missouri, Birth Registers, 1847-19101,986,085
View all Missouri Birth, Marriage & Death (24)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Military
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U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947Updated54,293,029
U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942Updated15,293,445
U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-18652,049,383
U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865837,569
Missouri, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1830-187052,451
View all Missouri Military (15)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Immigration & Emigration
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Missouri, Western District Naturalization Index, 1840-1990127,003
Missouri, Federal Naturalization Records, 1856-194272,973
Missouri, Passenger Lists, 1958-19631,127
View other Immigration & Emigration collections related to Missouri (37)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Newspapers & Periodicals
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There are no Newspapers & Periodicals collections unique to Missouri
View other Newspapers & Periodicals collections related to Missouri (49)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Pictures
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There are no Pictures collections unique to Missouri
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Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Directories & Member Lists
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Missouri State Offices Political and Military Records, 1919 - 192025,922
Missouri, Quaker Records Index, 1867-19332,604
Gould's St. Louis red book, 19141,590
Missouri State Gazetteer and Business Directory, 18811,261
Gould's blue book for the city of St. Louis, 1907825
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Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Court, Land, Wills & Financial
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Missouri, Wills and Probate Records, 1766-1988496,887
Missouri, Miscellaneous Records, 1805-2002213,680
U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898165,796
U.S., Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices, 1863-1878Free27,526
View all Missouri Court, Land, Wills & Financial (7)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
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Missouri Cemetery Inscription Sources15,040
Missouri History Encyclopedia, 19014,060
Encyclopedia of the history of St. Louis : a compendium of history and biography for ready reference2,901
Missouri State Gazetteer and Business Directory, 18811,261
Missouri Biographical Dictionary1,103
View all Missouri Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference (16)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
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U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898165,796
Missouri State Gazetteer and Business Directory, 18811,261
Gazetteer of the state of Missouri370
A gazetteer of the states of Illinois and Missouri351
View other Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers collections related to Missouri (11)

Data Collections
Sorted by Missouri Stories, Memories & Histories
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Missouri, Bible Records, 1600-19638,699
Missouri History Encyclopedia, 19014,060
Encyclopedia of the history of St. Louis : a compendium of history and biography for ready reference2,901
The winning of the West1,736
Gould's St. Louis red book, 19141,590
View all Missouri Stories, Memories & Histories (129)

A Genealogical History

Missouri in brief

Statehood: August 10, 1821
Capital: Jefferson City
Largest City: Kansas City
Counties: 115
State motto: Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto (The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law)
State nickname: The Show Me State
Neighboring states: Iowa, Arkansas, Tennessee, Illinois, Kentucky, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma
 


Eads Bridge at St. Louis, Missouri, c. 1874

Interesting Facts

  • In the 1800s as settlers began westward migration, Independence was a popular starting point for the wagon trains. Merchants were on hand to supply emigrants with the necessary supplies and people converged on the city from all over to join the wagon trains on their journey to the West.
  • In 1811 and 1812, three earthquakes, estimated at around 8.0 on the Richter scale, jolted the New Madrid, Missouri, and much of the Midwest. The quakes permanently altered the landscape, creating new lakes and even reversing the flow of the Mississippi River for a time.
  • In 1819, Missouri Territory sought statehood. With eleven free states and eleven slave states, the prospect drew heated debate. The Missouri Compromise was reached and as part of the agreement, Maine, previously part of Massachusetts would become the 23rd state on 15 March 1820, and Missouri would be admitted as a slave state (21 August 1821), thereby maintaining the balance.
     

Featured Missouri Data Collections

U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 194215,293,445
U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-194754,293,029
Missouri State Offices Political and Military Records, 1919 - 192025,922
U.S., Presbyterian Church Records, 1701-19704,530,460
U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-19473,655,098

Famous People

Help and Advice

Resources

Missouri Census Research

Federal censuses are available for Missouri as early as 1830. Pre-statehood territorial censuses taken in 1810 and 1820 censuses were lost or destroyed, though the 1820 has been reconstructed from census fragments, tax lists, petitioner’s lists, and other records. Other censuses were taken in 1814, 1817, and 1819, but only statistical summaries remain. Fragmented Spanish censuses exist for select towns or settlements.

Although Missouri conducted a number of state censuses, most of the individual schedules are lost, with only statistical abstracts remaining. The state compiled a census corresponding to the 1840 U.S. census, for which nine counties survive, including New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Shelby, Stoddard, Warren, and Rives (now Henry).

A few listings remain for the state censuses of 1844, 1852, 1856, and 1868, but most are statistical abstracts only. The state census of 1876 exists for Benton, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Franklin, Greene, Holt, Howard, Iron, McDonald, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, Reynolds, St. Francois and Texas counties. The originals remain in the county, but microfilmed copies have been made by the Missouri State Archives and are also available at the FHL.

 

Missouri Vital Records
Missouri began recording vital records at the statewide level August 1909. The city of St. Louis, however, began recording deaths in 1850 and births in 1870. It is estimated that about 60% compliance was met in these earlier recordings for that city.


Marriage records must be requested from the Recorder of Deeds for the county where the license was issued. Divorce decrees are held by the Circuit Clerk for the county where the divorce was granted.

 

Missouri Land Records

  • Missouri State Archives - Land Records: The page provides an overview of holdings at the Archives, and includes a link to a searchable collection of land patents issued by the state of Missouri from 1831-1969.
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM) General Land Office Records: The BLM administers Federal Land for public land states including Missouri, and maintains records of land patents which granted land from the Federal Government to individuals. Use the Land Patent Search to locate land grants by name. Many record images are available on the web site. See the FAQ for more information on how to locate and use land patents.

 

Missouri Newspapers


Missouri Research Resources

The organizations listed below provide information about Missouri history and genealogy. In addition to these state-level resources, many counties and towns maintain important genealogical collections in local libraries, genealogical societies, or historical societies, so check for a local resource when researching.

 

Statewide Research Resources

  • Missouri State Archives: The Research Room page describes the holdings, which include census, land, military, judicial, and more than 1000 family histories. Several important collections have been indexed and made available on the Missouri Digital Heritage website. The growing collection of online resources includes indexes to birth and death records, coroner’s inquests, court proceedings, land transactions, and military records. The useful FAQ page describes the process to request research.
  • The State Historical Society of Missouri: Among the highlights of the Society’s extensive holdings are large collections of newspapers, photographs, oral histories, census records, and Western States manuscripts. Researchers can visit the research room located on the University of Missouri – Columbia campus, or request limited research via a web-based form.
  • Missouri History Museum: The Library and Research Center in St. Louis holds many resources of interest to genealogists. See the Catalogs and Indexes section to search the holdings. Some names, businesses, and streets are indexed in the searchable Genealogy and Local History Index.
  • Missouri State Genealogical Association
  • Missouri GenWeb: This extensive website provides links to maps, historical information, county-level genealogy pages, Missouri research resources, special projects, and information on the Civil War. Some vital records information is also available, including “Missouri Marriages, 1820-1850”, and the Missouri Tombstone project.
  • The National Archives at Kansas City, Missouri: This facility maintains records from Federal agencies and courts in Missouri, including census, military, court, naturalization, and immigration records.

 

Local and Regional Research