Data Collections


Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Census & Voter Lists
Sort by Count
U.S. Federal Census - 1880 Schedules of Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes325,492
Connecticut, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-18907,217
Smocks in the censuses, 1790-184032
View other Census & Voter Lists collections related to Connecticut (28)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Birth, Marriage & Death
Sort by Count
U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-1947Updated3,537,491
Connecticut, Marriage Index, 1959-20122,446,638
Connecticut, Hale Collection of Cemetery Inscriptions and Newspaper Notices, 1629-19341,995,633
Connecticut, Deaths and Burials Index, 1650-19341,904,722
Connecticut Death Index, 1949-20121,727,562
View all Connecticut Birth, Marriage & Death (37)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Military
Sort by Count
U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-194732,398,979
U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942Updated15,292,577
Connecticut, Military Census, 1917442,226
Connecticut State Register, 1924 Government & Military records31,741
Connecticut Soldiers, French and Indian War, 1755-6229,722
View all Connecticut Military (23)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Immigration & Emigration
Sort by Count
U.S. Naturalization Record Indexes, 1791-1992 (Indexed in World Archives Project)Free5,823,340
Connecticut, Federal Naturalization Records, 1790-1996983,498
New England, The Great Migration and The Great Migration Begins, 1620-163562,840
Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775Free50,955
Web: US, New England Seamen's Protection Certificate Index, 1796-1871Free29,384
View all Connecticut Immigration & Emigration (7)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Newspapers & Periodicals
Sort by Count
U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930Free833,843
Massachusetts, Marriage Index, 1784-184031,687
View other Newspapers & Periodicals collections related to Connecticut (24)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Pictures
Sort by Count
There are no Pictures collections unique to Connecticut
View other Pictures collections related to Connecticut (14)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Directories & Member Lists
Sort by Count
Connecticut, Church Record Abstracts, 1630-1920761,979
Connecticut City Directories666,326
New England, Select United Methodist Church Records, 1787-1922374,894
Connecticut State Register, 1924 Government & Military records31,741
Web: US, New England Seamen's Protection Certificate Index, 1796-1871Free29,384
View all Connecticut Directories & Member Lists (9)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Court, Land, Wills & Financial
Sort by Count
Connecticut, Wills and Probate Records, 1609-1999328,049
Connecticut State Register, 1924 Government & Military records31,741
Mayflower Deeds and Probates, 1600-1850Free18,601
View other Court, Land, Wills & Financial collections related to Connecticut (85)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
Sort by Count
Connecticut, a guide to its roads, lore and people690
Encyclopedia of Connecticut Biography564
A biographical dictionary520
A gazetteer of the states of Connecticut and Rhode-Island395
A catalogue of the names of the first Puritan settlers of the colony of Connecticut337
View all Connecticut Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference (23)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Sort by Count
A gazetteer of the states of Connecticut and Rhode-Island395
Early maps of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts13
View other Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers collections related to Connecticut (10)

Data Collections
Sorted by Connecticut Stories, Memories & Histories
Sort by Count
The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, 1847-2011300,569
Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775Free119,305
Burleson Family Association Bulletin Name IndexFree74,599
New England, The Great Migration and The Great Migration Begins, 1620-163562,840
The public records of the colony of Connecticut9,293
View all Connecticut Stories, Memories & Histories (218)

A Genealogical History

Connecticut in brief

Statehood: 9 January 1788
Capital: Hartford
Largest City: Bridgeport
Counties: 8
State motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains)
State nickname: The Constitution State, (also The Nutmeg State)
Neighboring states: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York


View of Hartford Connecticut, c. 1841

Interesting Facts

  • Connecticut towns function without county government.
  • In 1771, Salisbury, Connecticut, became home to the first publicly funded library in the U.S., which was originally housed in the Town Hall. In the 1890s, the Scoville Memorial Library was built to house the collection.
  • Originally a copper mine in the early 1700s, Newgate Prison began housing prisoners in the abandoned mine tunnels in 1773. During the Revolutionary War it was used to hold political prisoners.
     

Featured Connecticut Data Collections

U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-19473,537,491
U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 194215,292,577
U.S. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-194732,398,979
Connecticut, Hale Collection of Cemetery Inscriptions and Newspaper Notices, 1629-19341,995,633
U.S. Federal Census - 1880 Schedules of Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes325,492

Famous People

Help and Advice

Resources

Connecticut Census Research

Federal censuses for the state of Connecticut began in 1790. A Connecticut Census Index, 1790-1830 is available at the Connecticut State Library.

Jay Mack Holbrook’s Connecticut 1670 Census (Oxford, MA: Holbrook Research Institute, 1977), combines a number of sources (tax, land, church, freeman, probate) attempting to count the heads of household by name for the entire colony in the time period 1667–73. This is the most complete pre statehood enumeration available.

No state population censuses were taken for Connecticut, although a number of inventories and enumerations of population exist (with and without names). However, a special Military Census of 1917 listed all males between at least twenty to thirty years of age, although most towns reported those ages sixteen through sixty. The data includes name, age, birth and number of dependents, ability to perform certain tasks, and occupation.

 

Connecticut Vital Records

Marriages were recorded in Connecticut as early as 1640. In fact registration of births, marriages, and deaths had become the town clerk’s responsibility by 1650. Following the Revolution to the mid-nineteenth century, the recording is not as thorough, but by 1870 when the State Board of Health was established, recording in all towns improved. To the present, recording of vital events is the town clerk’s responsibility.

  • Connecticut Department of Public Health: Holds records of births, marriages, civil unions, and deaths from 01 July 1897. For earlier records, contact the Clerk of the town where the event occurred. Records may also be requested from the Clerk of the town where the event occurred. For more information on ordering, see the Vital Records page. 
  • Connecticut State Library – Vital Records page: The Library holds the Barbour Index and copies of many microfilmed vital records to about 1900.

 

Connecticut Research Resources

The organizations listed below provide information about Connecticut history and genealogy. In addition to these state-level resources, many counties and towns maintain important genealogical collections in local libraries, genealogical societies, or historical societies, so check for a local resource when researching


Statewide Research Resources

 

Specialty and Regional Research

  • New England Historic Genealogical Society: NEHGS holds a wide range of records on New England states, including Connecticut.
  • Godfrey Memorial Library: Located in Middletown, Godfrey Library holds an extensive collection of U.S. and international genealogy research materials. The Library is the creator of the American Genealogical and Biographical Index (AGBI).
  • Connecticut’s Heritage Gateway: This directory of state historical resources includes sections on “The Records of Our Past” and “Connecticut Photo Album” which may be of interest to genealogy researchers.