Data Collections

Data Collections
Sorted by England Census & Voter Lists
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1939 England and Wales RegisterUpdated45,915,027
1911 England Census33,847,844
1901 England Census30,578,247
1891 England Census27,127,825
1881 England CensusFree24,766,987
View all England Census & Voter Lists (12)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Birth, Marriage & Death
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England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975191,854,075
England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1916-200771,311,115
England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1916-200563,960,061
England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915Free62,793,107
England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-200749,722,465
View all England Birth, Marriage & Death (47)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Military
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England, The National Roll of the Great War, 1914-191897,712
UK, Naval Officer and Rating Service Records, 1802-191989,259
UK, Royal Navy and Royal Marine War Graves Roll, 1914-191943,930
UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-185628,249
UK, De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, 1914-191926,928
View all England Military (8)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Immigration & Emigration
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England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892Free1,556,259
England, Alien Arrivals, 1810-1811, 1826-1869610,789
Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775Free50,955
UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-185628,249
UK, RMS Titanic, Deaths at Sea, 19121,507
View all England Immigration & Emigration (7)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Newspapers & Periodicals
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England, Southern Railway Magazine: Jan 1840 - Feb 19421,513
England, Great Western Railway Magazine, 1938-19431,473
Lancashire and Cheshire Historical and Genealogical Notes, 1879-1883844
View other Newspapers & Periodicals collections related to England (24)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Pictures
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There are no Pictures collections unique to England
View other Pictures collections related to England (6)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Directories & Member Lists
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UK, Railway Employment Records, 1833-19562,041,650
British Postal Service Appointment Books, 1737-1969Free1,466,410
UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811Free1,045,652
U.K., City and County Directories, 1600s-1900s404,728
England, Dreadnought Seamen's Hospital Admissions and Discharges, 1826-1930Free221,010
View all England Directories & Member Lists (45)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Court, Land, Wills & Financial
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England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-199520,503,027
England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892Free1,556,259
UK, Land Tax Redemption, 17981,179,406
UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811Free1,045,652
UK, Lunacy Patients Admission Registers, 1846-1912842,355
View all England Court, Land, Wills & Financial (26)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
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Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England 184517,062
England Topographical Dictionary2,520
The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 18722,421
Genealogical gleanings in England1,666
The general armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales: comprising a registry of armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time1,340
View all England Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference (27)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
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Great Britain, Atlas and Index of Parish Registers13,296
The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 18722,421
England, County Maps, 1695-19400
Topography and Gazetteer of England, 18310
World Atlas, 18440
View all England Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers (8)

Data Collections
Sorted by England Stories, Memories & Histories
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England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892Free1,556,259
Burke's Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland69,748
Midlands History Books0
Who's Who in the World, 1910-19113,947
England and Wales Visitation, Volume I, III-XIV3,609
View all England Stories, Memories & Histories (140)

A Genealogical History

England in brief

Government: Non devolved state
Population: 51,446,000
Total area: 130,395 sq km
Capital: London
Currency: Pound sterling
Common languages: English
Patron Saint: St George

Piccadilly Circus, London

Interesting Facts

  • England has a long history of immigration. The country’s name comes from the Old English word ‘Englaland’, which means ‘land of the Angles’. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England during the 5th and 6th centuries.
  • The Church of England is unusual in that it considers itself both Catholic – as part of the universal church of Jesus Christ - and reformed – due to its shaping during the 16th-century Protestant Reformation.
  • In 18th-century England, half the population was at least occasionally dependent on charity to cover its basic needs.
  • England’s population grew exponentially during the 19th century, thanks to improvements in living conditions and healthcare, as well as immigration. It more than doubled from 8.3 million in 1801 to 16.8 million in 1851, and reached 30.5 million by 1901.
  • The English pound originated as the value of a pound of silver. Today, this amount of silver is worth approximately £130.
  • The London Underground rail network is the oldest underground network in the world, and the second most extensive, after the Shanghai Metro.

Featured England Data Collections

1939 England and Wales Register45,915,027
1911 England Census33,847,844
England and Wales, Death Index, 1989-20194,777,565
UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-18111,045,652
England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975191,854,075

Famous People


England census research

Censuses have been taken across England every ten years since 1801. However, the first four records are of little use to family historians. The first census to record every person living in each household was held in 1841. The amount of information recorded increased from that year, with details such as family relationships, occupations and birthdates and places gradually introduced. You can use census records to establish links in your family tree, and build a picture of how your family lived over time.

All the available census returns for England and Wales, from 1841 to 1901, are available to search on Ancestry, with images of the original records. Simply enter your ancestors’ names along with any other details you know, and search our collections.


England vital records

  • Parish registers - The longest-running records of your English ancestors’ vital events are the Church of England’s registers of christenings, marriages and burials. These were, and still are, kept by individual parishes, and in many cases stretch right back to the 16th century. If you’re looking for ancestors before 1837, they’re your best resource. You may also have some forebears who stepped outside the established church, such as Catholics, Quakers or Jews. The good news is that many of these denominations kept their own registers, which also survive.

    You’ll find a growing collection of parish registers on Ancestry, with both searchable transcriptions and images of original records. If we don’t yet have records for your area, the best place to start is the local record office.

  • Civil registration – For research after 1837, things get easier. Bar the odd omission, all your ancestors will be included in the civil birth, marriage and death registers after this year. Copies of their certificates are held centrally by the General Register Office. You can search the entire indexes to these records, from 1837 to 2005, on Ancestry. When you find members of your family, you can order copies of their certificates through our dedicated service.


England research routes

These are some of the organisations that will prove useful when researching your English routes. Also bear in mind that many counties and towns keep extensive family history records in record offices, libraries and genealogical or historical societies, so always check for a local resource.

  • The National Archives: Holds government records for England, Wales, and the United Kingdom. The extensive collections include censuses, naturalisation and emigration records (including passenger lists), historical maps, court and military documents, and much more. TNA’s DocumentsOnline website lets you search indexes to military service records, honours and awards, wills, and more.
  • Society of Genealogists : The Society’s Library in London contains extensive resources covering the entire British Isles, including family and local histories, county resources, censuses, maps, and more. See the Education Centre page for courses, research advice and lectures.
  • Federation of Family History Societies: Brings together over 160 societies from all over England, Wales and Ireland. Its website is a great place to find your nearest society.
  • British Library: Holds a variety of useful family history resources. Among the most popular is its huge newspaper library, boasting all UK national, daily and Sunday newspapers from 1801 to the present.
  • London Metropolitan Archives : If you have London roots, this is the place to visit. Its collections cover religion, education, criminal justice and all manner of social life. You can also search many of its records on Ancestry.
  • GENUKI England : GENUKI is a vast resource providing information on all aspects of family history research. Its dedicated county sections are particularly useful.
  • Historical Directories: This useful website lets you search through town and county directories from 1750 to 1919.
  • National Trust surnames search : A great way to see where your family may have originated. Simply enter a surname to compare its geographic distribution in 1881 and 1998.