Death Record of State Convicts, 1843–1951. Print Publication SG007527-7529, 20627, 20633; 6 volumes. Alabama Department of Corrections and Institutions. Alabama Department of Archives and History (ADAH), Montgomery, Alabama.
Death records for Alabama state convicts who died while either a prisoner in custody or on parole are in this database. The records are ordered chronologically and in the 1908–1951 records chronologically and then alphabetically.
The state prison system was first organized in 1839, prior to that all criminal punishment was conducted on a town level by either local citizens or a county official. The prison system was actually meant as a way to reform the local treatment of criminals. During the Civil War almost all convicts were pardoned and released; afterwards incarcerated prisoners were leased out to work at repairing railroads and during the late 1800s at coal mining, saw mills, and turpentine stills, which aided the state’s economy. The early 1900s saw laboring prisoners working in cotton mills and road construction; this was the beginning of portable “road camps.”
Prisons listed in these records ca 1926:
- Wetumpka * (later the Julia Tutwiler Prison for women) li>
- Speigner * li>
- #4 Camp* li>
- Kilby* li>
- River Falls†
- Flat Top† li>
- #5 Camp or Buyck’s Farm (farming prison)
*state owned prisons
†state leased mining prisons
Some of the above information was taken from:
- Alabama Department of Corrections History. Employee Handbook. (Montgomery, Alabama: Alabama Department of Corrections, 2010).
Information in this database:
- Surname li>
- County li>
- Race li>
- Sex li>
- Cause of death
- Location of death
- Death date li>
Information that may be in this database:
- Number of years incarcerated li>
- Age li>
- Occupation li>
- Birthplace li>
- Prisoner’s number li>
- Book and page number of prisoner's entry in the State Convict Record (1888–1952) li>
Help preserve historical records for generations to come. Join the Ancestry World Archives Project, a collaborative effort involving thousands of people around the world keying digital records to make them free for everyone. Anyone can join, and you decide how much time you’ll contribute - as little as 15 minutes helps. Learn more.