Nova Scotia Poll Tax Rolls, 1791–1794. Microfilm no. 13580. Commissioner of Public Records collection. Series: Census and poll tax, 1767–1862. RG 1, vol. 444. Nova Scotia Archives, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
In 1791, the Nova Scotia legislature approved a poll tax on all adult males in an effort to pay down the provincial debt. The amount of the tax was dependent on a person’s occupation and livestock owned and was amended over the years until its repeal in 1796. One amendment can be found on the Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management website.
This collection includes an index to those tax records for the years 1791–1793, and results are linked to images of the records on the Nova Scotia Archives website. The index includes the name and location for each person. Records in this collection come from the following counties:
Permanent European settlement in Nova Scotia began with the French in 1604. The area would alternate between British and French control into the next century, and war and politics would play a significant role in determining the eventual demographics of the province. Scottish settlers began arriving as early as 1621 and would become the dominant ethnic group in a province they would eventually share with the English, Irish, German, First Nations, Acadian French, African Nova Scotian, and others.