Source Information

Ancestry.com. Tarn-et-Garonne, France, Census, 1870-1911 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2022.
Original data: Tarn-et-Garonne, France, Census, 1870-1911. Archives départementales de Tarn-et-Garonne, France. Recensements 1870-1911.

About Tarn-et-Garonne, France, Census, 1870-1911

About the Tarn-et-Garonne, France, Census, 1870-1911

General collection information

This collection contains census records from Tarn-et-Garonne, France between the years of 1870 and 1911. Most records are in French, but some are in Latin. French census records up to 1936 are available to the general public.

Using this collection

Records in the collection may include the following information:

  • Person's name
  • Occupation
  • Marital status
  • Relationship to the head of the household
  • Age (or birth year)
  • Address
  • Family members' names
  • Nationality
  • Birthplace
  • Type of employment
  • Employer's name
  • Not all of the above information may be available, depending on which year you're researching. Earlier records will contain less information, and some may not even include names.

    If you don't speak French, knowing a few common words can aid in your search:

  • Nom de famille is French for "last name."
  • Prénom is French for "first name."
  • Lieu de is French for "place of."
  • Désignation refers to a physical address.
  • Naissance is French for "birth."
  • Mariage is French for "marriage."
  • État civil des habitants refers to marital status.
  • Décès is French for "death."
  • Fille de is French for "daughter of."
  • Fils de is French for "son of."
  • Éspouse is French for "wife."
  • Époux is French for "husband."
  • When searching these records, knowing your family's address can be very helpful, especially if they lived in a large city. If you're having difficulty finding your family members, France has a wealth of civic and vital records available, including civil registration and parish records. Try searching Ancestry's catalogue of French records for additional information.

    Collection in context

    In 1792, the French Revolution brought about a more equal society. The Civil Code of 1804 took power from the monarchy and church and gave male citizens equal legal standing, regardless of birth. To ensure equal rights, France instituted a civil registration system and regulated national censuses to account for all citizens. Prior to civil registration and the census, the church collected most citizens' vital records.

    From 1836 to 1936, the French census was conducted every five years, with two exceptions. The 1871 census was delayed for one year due to the Franco-Prussian war. Due to the World Wars, the 1916 and 1941 censuses were skipped entirely. Most French census records aren't kept in the national archive, but rather within a "department" or territory. Most departments are located in France, but Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, and Réunion are also included.

    Bibliography

    Lenoble, Elise. "How to Use French Census Records." My French Roots. Last modified April 14, 2019. https://www.myfrenchroots.com/how-to-use-french-census-records/.

    Morddel, Anne. "The Census - Les Recensements." The French Genealogy Blog. Last modified October 11, 2011. https://french-genealogy.typepad.com/genealogie/2011/10/census.html.