This collection consists of school census records for school districts in the Arizona counties of Cochise, Coconino, Gila, Maricopa, Navaho, Pinal, and Yavapai.
Arizona began recording school census records as early as the 1870s. In 1891, Arizona School Law required that, in each school district, a Census Marshall should record annually the names of all district children between the ages of six and eighteen years. Each year, the Census Marshall was to be appointed for this task on May 1st. After appointment, the Census Marshall was to visit each school in the district at least once per quarter, and was required to report findings annually to the County School Superintendent, on or before the first day of July.
The information recorded in each school census report varies, depending on the year of the report, but the following information was typically recorded for each child:
- Names of parents or guardians
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