Ancestry.com. Inhabitants of New Hampshire, 1776 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.Original data: Wilson, Emily S. Inhabitants of New Hampshire, 1776. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogicl Publishing Co., 1993.
In 1776, at the outset of the American Revolution, the New Hampshire Committee of Safety directed that all males over the age of twenty-one sign the Association Test--a kind of loyalty oath to the Patriot cause. In effect this resulted in a unique census of the adult male population inasmuch as the names of both signers and non-signers were recorded, and it is the most comprehensive list of New Hampshire residents available before the Census of 1790. Previously available in two separate, unindexed booklets, the present publication has placed all the names--well over 9,000--in one alphabetical sequence to enable the researcher to find a person and his town of residence at a glance.