History of your Surname
Get access to Salisbury family records.Start a free trial

Salisbury Family History

Salisbury Name Meaning

English (Lancashire): habitational name primarily from Salesbury in Blackburn (Lancashire) but also occasionally from Salisbury (Wiltshire). The Lancashire placename derives from Old English salh ‘willow sallow’ + burg ‘fortress’ while the Wiltshire placename arises from a shortened form of the Celtic placename Sorviodunum (from an unknown initial element + Celtic dūno- ‘fort’). In the Old English period the second element was dropped and Sorvio- (of unexplained etymology) became Searo- in Old English as the result of folk etymological association the Old English word searu ‘trick’; to this an explanatory burh ‘fortress manor town’ was added. The city is recorded in the Domesday Book as Sarisberie; the change of -r- to -l- is the result of later dissimilation.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press

Similar surnames: Sainsbury, Malsbury, Alsbury, Amesbury, Marksbury, Pillsbury, Asbury

Search for a relative to learn more about your family history.

Hint: Try searching for a relative alive in 1940.

Black & white image of a young woman scientist

Where is the Salisbury family from?

You can see how Salisbury families moved over time by selecting different census years. The Salisbury family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The most Salisbury families were found in United Kingdom in 1891. In 1840 there were 123 Salisbury families living in New York. This was about 47% of all the recorded Salisbury's in USA. New York had the highest population of Salisbury families in 1840.
Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Salisbury surname lived. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations.

What did your Salisbury ancestors do for a living?

In 1940, Farmer and Teacher were the top reported jobs for men and women in the USA named Salisbury. 15% of Salisbury men worked as a Farmer and 8% of Salisbury women worked as a Teacher. Some less common occupations for Americans named Salisbury were Truck Driver and Bookkeeper. .

View Census Data for Salisbury | Data not to scale

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Top Male Occupations In 1940

  • Farmer
  • Laborer
  • Salesman
  • Truck Driver

Top Female Occupations In 1940

  • Teacher
  • Housekeeper
  • Stenographer
  • Bookkeeper
Black & white image of two construction labourers

What Salisbury family records will you find?

Census Records

There are 123,000 census records available for the last name Salisbury. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Salisbury census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search US census records for Salisbury

Passenger Lists

There are 10,000 immigration records available for the last name Salisbury. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

View all Salisbury immigration records

Draft Cards

There are 20,000 military records available for the last name Salisbury. For the veterans among your Salisbury ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

View all Salisbury military records

You've only scratched the surface of Salisbury family history

Discover More

What is the average Salisbury lifespan?

Between 1946 and 2004, in the United States, Salisbury life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1949, and highest in 2004. The average life expectancy for Salisbury in 1946 was 62, and 76 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Salisbury

Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in the Salisbury family tree

Explore Your Tree
Search for another surname
Start a 14-Day Free Trial