Chinese:: Mandarin form of the surname 郝: (i) from the placename Hao (郝) the name of a fief (located in Taiyuan in Shanxi province) granted to Zi Qi a person during the reign of Di Yi (or Emperor Yi died 1076 BC) one of the rulers of the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC). (ii) traced back to the Wu Huan ethnic group in ancient northern China. (iii) traced back to a minority ethnic group in ancient southern China. Mandarin form of the surname 蒿 meaning ‘artemisia’ in Chinese: from the placename Hao (蒿) the name of a fief (located in present-day Shandong province) in the state of Qi during the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC). variant Romanization of the surname 緱 see Gou Mandarin form of the surname 浩 meaning ‘vast’ in Chinese: (i) traced back to Hao-Sheng Bu Hai (浩生不害) a figure in the state of Qi during the Warring States Period (475–221 BC). (ii) possibly from the Mongolian ethnic group in northern China.
Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022