Chinese: Mandarin form of the surname 杭: adopted in place of another Chinese surname 抗 (Kang in Mandarin pinyin) which can be traced back to San Kang (三抗/杭/伉) a noble official in the state of Wey (衛) during the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC). The two Chinese characters 抗 and 杭 were interchangeable in ancient Chinese. During the Northern Song dynasty (960–1127 AD) many people with the surname 抗 changed it to 杭 (which has a different meaning and pronunciation in modern Chinese). Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 洪. See Hong Chinese: Teochew Hokkien or Taiwanese form of the surname 項 see Xiang Chinese: Teochew Hokkien or Taiwanese form of the surname 韓 see Han Chinese: Cantonese form of the surname 幸 see Xing Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 康. See Kang 7: Vietnamese (Hạng): from the Chinese surname 項 see Xiang 8: Cambodian: written ហង្ស from a Khmer word denoting a kind of mythological bird (known in English by its Sanskrit name hamsa). Compare Hong 20.9: Southeast Asian (Hmong): from the name of the Hang clan of the Hmong people in Laos China and Vietnam; in Chinese characters it is written 項 (see Xiang 2 compare 3 above).10: Burmese (Chin): from a part of a male compound personal name possibly from hang ‘juice’. — Note: Since Chins do not have hereditary surnames this name element was registered as such only after immigration of its bearers to the US.1 South German and Swiss German: variant of Hank a pet form of Johann or Heinrich .
Source: Dictionary of American Family Names 2nd edition, 2022