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Thomas Benjamin TURLEY


Basic Information

Thomas Benjamin TURLEY
ca Apr 1837
Kanawha [later Putnam] County, VA [now WV]
Time In Service
From: 01 Nov 1862
To: Apr 1865


Confederate States of America (American Civil War)
Branch of Service
Current Status

Service Record

American Civil War

Honors & Awards


History of the 22nd Virginia Infantry Regiment (1st Kanawha Regiment), CSA

by L. Neale Clifton (Copyright © 1997- 2009.)

Loyalties were divided in the Kanawha region of Virginia in 1861. The area contributed men to both north and the south. The Kanawha Riflemen, led by prominent area citizens fought for the Confederacy. George S. Patton III moved to Charleston, and in 1856, formed the Kanawha Militia, apparently patterning the uniforms after those of the Richmond Virginia Blues, a Light Infantry Militia unit in the capital. The uniform styling was changed shortly after the War started. Patton, a graduate of the VMI Class of 1852, and grandfather of the George S. Patton of WWII fame, originally called his unit the Kanawha Minutemen.

The unit consisted of mountain men who preferred the rifled bore Mississippi type weapons which were more accurate than rifles in common use at the time. The name was soon changed to Kanawha Rifles, which was changed to Riflemen. Once the War Between the States began, the 1st Kanawha Riflemen and other militi...   [ Read more » ]

FarrisGP added this on 28 Jun 2014

The Southern Cross of Honor

The Confederate Congress approved an act on 13 October 1862 to honor the officers, non-commissioned officers and privates for their valor in the armies of the Confederate States. During the war, however, there were shortages of metals, and many medals were not minted or awarded. The names of these soldiers were, however, recorded in an Honor Roll and preserved in the Adjutant Inspector General's records. According to a form letter I recently received from the UDC, the story is that the Southern Cross of Honor was conceived by Mrs. Alexander S. Erwin in July of 1898 while attending a reunion of Confederate veterans in Atlanta. She is credited with the design of the medal, which was manufactured by Mr. Charles W. Crankshaw of Atlanta. The design consists of a cross with a Confederate battle flag surrounded with a laurel wreath on the face of the medal, with the inscription "The Southern Cross of Honor." On the back of the medal is the motto of the Confederate States of America, "Deo V...
FarrisGP added this on 23 Sep 2010

Droop Mountain Battlefield Map

The Battle of Droop Mountain occurred on 06 Nov 1863 in Pocahontas County, WV, during the American Civil War. Confederate forces engaged, but failed to prevent Union forces under Brigadier General W.W. Averell from a rendezvous with other Federal troops in a joint raid on Confederate railways. Droop Mountain was one of the largest engagements in West Virginia during the war. As a result of the Union victory, Confederate resistance in the state essentially collapsed. BACKGROUND: Assigned command of one of two brigades involved in the planned raid on the railroads, Averell moved toward southwestern Virginia with the purpose of disputing movement on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad. The second column, under Brigadier General Alfred Duffié, destroyed enemy military property en route, while Averell probed for Confederate defenders. BATTLE: On 05 Nov 1863, Averell attacked Confederates at Mill Point in Pocahontas County, driving the Southerners from their position back to the summit o...
FarrisGP added this on 23 Sep 2010

The 21st Virginia: Patton's Regiment, by John Miller

COL George S. Patton, III, CSA. The 22nd Virginia was first formed as a militia unit known as the Kanawha Minutemen. Formed and commanded by Captain George Patton (the famous great grandfather to the WW II General, Patton) in 1856. These men were actually mountain men, armed with Mississippi rifles. They preferred the riffled bore for better accuracy. Their uniforms were very dashing and the unit was very well disciplined. The uniforms, as early as records show, were similar in appearance to the Richmond Light Infantry Blues. The standard uniform was a light blue and dark gray trouser. Other uniforms were navy blue with yellow striping on the cuffs, collar and the breast of the jacket. They also wore yellow chevrons with dark gray pants that had yellow stripes down the sides. The 22nd Virginia Infantry lost that appearance shortly after the war started. In 1859 the Militia unit changed its name permanently to the Kanawha Riflemen. As the Civil War began in western Virginia th...
FarrisGP added this on 23 Sep 2010

Charlottesville General Hospital

Professor James Lawrence Cabell, M.D., Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the University of Virginia and Superintendent of Charlottesville General Hospital (CGH), CSA. Charlottesville provided the Confederate war effort with swords, uniforms, and artificial limbs during the American Civil War (1861–1865). It was also home to CGH, a sprawling military medical center housed in various public and private buildings across town, including hotels, churches, and university facilities. The hospital employed approximately 300 Charlottesville residents and was staffed by between 15 and 50 doctors, caring for soldiers wounded in battle and sick from disease. The Confederate government viewed Charlottesville as a favorable location for the hospital because of its proximity to the Confederate capital and two major railroads, the Virginia Central and the Orange and Alexandria. Still, getting to the hospital could be a long, dangerous, and painful journey for many soldiers. For example, it w...
FarrisGP added this on 23 Sep 2010