Medal of Honor
Awarded for actions during the World War I
For extraordinary heroism on 14 October 1918, while serving with Company I, 165th Infantry, 42d Division, in action at Sommerance and Landres-et St. Georges Road, France. The advance of his regiment having been checked by intense machine gun fire of the enemy, who were entrenched on the crest of a hill before Landres-et St. Georges, his company retired to a sunken road to reorganize their position, leaving several of their number wounded near the enemy lines. Of his own volition, in broad daylight and under direct observation of the enemy and with utter disregard for his own safety, he advanced to the crest of the hill, rescued one of his wounded comrades, and returned under withering fire to his own lines, repeating his splendidly heroic act until he had brought in all the men, six in number.
Michael Aloysius Donaldson
War Department, General Orders No. 9, March 23, 1923
Medal of Honor, Awarded for actions during the World War I For extraordinary heroism on 14 October 1918, while serving with Company I, 165th Infantry, 42d Division, in action at Sommerance and Landres-et St. Georges Road, France.
The World War I Victory Medal was awarded for honorable service for active duty at any time between 6 April 1917 and 11 November 1918. Battle clasps were awarded for each of the major operations for individuals actually present under competent orders. The clasps, with a star on each side of the name of the campaign or one of the defensive sectors, were worn on the suspension ribbon for the following campaigns: Cambrai: 20 May - 4 Dec 1917, Somme Defensive: 21 Mar - 6 Apr 1918, Lys: 9 Apr - 27 Apr 1918, Aisne: 27 May - 5 Jun 1918, Montdidier-Noyon: 9 Jun - 13 Jun 1918, Champagne-Marne: 18 Jul - 6 Aug 1918, Aisne-Marne: 18 Jul - 6 Aug 1918, Somme Offensive: 8 Aug - 11 Nov 1918, Oise-Aisne: 18 Aug - 11 Nov 1918, Ypres-Lys: 19 Aug - 11 Nov 1918, St. Mihiel: 12-16 Sep 1918, Meuse-Argonne: 26 Sep - 11 Nov 1918, Vittorio-Veneto: 24 Oct - 4 Nov 1918
The croix de guerre (English translation: War Cross) is a military decoration of both France and Belgium, where it is also known as the Oorlogskruis (Dutch). It was first created in 1915 in both countries and consists of a square-cross medal on two crossed swords, hanging from a ribbon with various degree pins. The decoration was awarded during World War I, again in World War II, and in other conflicts. The croix de guerre was also commonly bestowed to foreign military forces allied to France and Belgium. The croix de guerre may either be bestowed as a unit award or to individuals who distinguish themselves by acts of heroism involving combat with enemy forces. The medal is also awarded to those who have been "mentioned in despatches", meaning a heroic deed was performed meriting a citation from an individual's headquarters unit. The unit award of the croix de guerre was issued to military commands who performed heroic deeds in combat and were subsequently recognized by headquarters.
"Like the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross is an award for gallantry in action. It may be won by any one who distinguishes himself—or herself—by extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United States. It may recognize any deed performed since April 6, 1917, the day our country declared a state of war existed between us and Germany. It is for great gallantry—but not quite great enough to deserve the Medal of Honor."
In the United States Army, although there are several ranks of Sergeant, the lowest carries the title of Sergeant (SGT). Newly promoted Sergeants are known as "buck sergeants" (as in "buck deer", meaning a young sergeant). Sergeant is the enlisted rank in the U.S. Army above Specialist and Corporal and below Staff Sergeant, and is the second-lowest grade of non-commissioned officer. Sergeants in the infantry for example lead fire teams of four men. There are two fire teams in a 9-man rifle squad, which is led by a Staff Sergeant. In the United States Army, Sergeants, Staff Sergeants and Sergeants First Class are all referred in short form by their subordinates as "Sergeant".
In total, 3,465 Medals of Honor have been awarded to 3,446 different people. Nineteen men received a second award: 14 of these received two separate medals for two separate actions, and five received both the Navy and the Army Medals of Honor for the same action. Since the beginning of World War II, 854 Medals of Honor have been awarded, 528 posthumously. In total, 618 had their medals presented posthumously. During WWI only 124 were awarded.
The Medaille Militaire is one of rarest French decorations to be bestowed upon foreigners, in contrast to such medals as the Croix de guerre. The Military Medal is issued to any non-commissioned officer or enlisted personnel who distinguishes himself by acts of bravery in action against an enemy force. Commissioned officers are not eligible. An interesting feature of the medaille is that it's also the supreme award for leadership, being awarded to generals and admirals who had been commanders-in-chief. This particular medaille is considered superior even to the grand cross of the Legion d'honneur.
The Army of Occupation of Germany Medal was established on November 21, 1941 for members of the US military(or next of kin) who served in Germany or Austria-Hungary between November 12, 1918 and July 11, 1923. The obverse bears a profile of General Pershing with four stars overhead, and the inscription "General John J. Pershing". To the right of the portrait is a sheathed sword, pointing upward and surrounded by a laurel wreath, with the dates "1918" and "1923" on either side. The reverse bears an American eagle standing on Castle Ehrenbreitstein with the inscription "U. S. Army of Occupation of Germany" and three stars. The ribbon is black, flanked on either side by blue, white and red.
This medal was created by the town of St. Mihiel in 1936 to recognize the efforts of Allied soldiers in the liberation of St.Mihiel.
This medal was issued to soldiers who fought in the Marne battles, by the Soldiers of the Marne Association (a private group). It was first issued in 1937, and was still awarded up into the 1980s until the Association deemed there to be no more surviving Marne veterans. The Association was then merged into another group as a general memorial organization which still holds yearly ceremonies and such.
They were awarded by the town itself, to Allied servicemen who fought between the Argonne and St.Mihel.
Bronze lapel button given to all US Army soldiers that served in the Great War and were entitled to the Victory Medal. To be worn on civilian clothes and noted on their discharge when given. The same lapel pin in silver means the veteran was wounded.
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, also called the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire western front. The whole offensive was planned by Marshall Ferdinand Foch to breach the Hindenburg line and ultimately force the opposing German forces to capitulate. The big September/October Allied breakthroughs (north, centre and south) across the length of the Hindenburg Line - including the Battle of the Argonne Forest - are now lumped together as part of what is generally remembered as the Grand Offensive (also known as the Hundred Days Offensive) by the Allies on the Western front. Although the battle was "probably the bloodiest single battle in U.S. history," in the sense that it had the largest number of U.S. dead in a single battle, it is little remembered today in the U.S. Its battleground memorials are neglected by most American visitors to Europe, though Europeans pay more attention to them and other World War I ...
The danger of war against Germany resulted in the recall of the troops. The 69th Regiment received a typical New York welcome as they marched up Fifth Avenue on February 6th, 1917. America's first great venture in preserving democracy began on April 6th, 1917 when war was declared on Imperial Germany. The outbreak of World War I saw a resurrection of the old spirit of the 69th. Its ranks were filled with many Irish-Americans and other New Yorkers, and it was sent over to France in 1918 as part of the American Expeditionary Force at the start of the German Spring Offensive. All National Guard regiments received new "100 series" regimental numbers at that time. The 69th was renumbered the 165th Infantry Regiment, but retained its Irish symbolism and spirit. It saw heavy combat with the 42nd "Rainbow" Division. Three of its members won the Medal of Honor, including its famed commander, William Joseph Donovan. It also produced Father Francis Duffy, "The Fighting Chaplain". In heavy fighti...
Montenegro commonly recognized Medal of Honor recipients with their Military Medal for Bravery