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Farm Students

Replies: 2

Re: Farm Students

Posted: 1363850352000
Classification: Query
hi and thans for your reply. I did get anther message that might help you as well and so thought I would share :

Feb 27 11:52 PM GMT
Maybe this helps explain the immigration of farm students in 1914.

"In the event, over the 40 years 1901–40, almost 600 000 immigrants arrived in Australia and no fewer than 471 400 were assisted. In 1912, the Premiers Conference agreed on uniform maximum assistance – £6 for an adult, half the minimum fare. One year later, the Federal Government commenced the advertising campaign in Britain which had been recommended seven years previously to attract migrants. It worked through cinema, press, lectures and posters. A new film unit prepared the material. Migration boomed: 92 000 migrants arrived in 1912, and many more in the two subsequent years before the outbreak of war. It was in this euphoria that the Dreadnought Scheme was initiated in 1911 to bring young British teenagers to New South Wales to work on the land and Kingsley Fairbridge established his first farm school near Pinjarra in Western Australia in 1913.

This was the era of the 'white Australia' policy. The immigrants accepted were all of European origin, overwhelmingly from the British Isles. Federation in 1901 was soon followed by the passage of two Acts, theImmigration Restriction Act 1901 and the Pacific Islands Labourers Act 1901, which prohibited non-white immigration to Australia for more than 60 years. The Contract Immigrants Act was passed in 1905. The encouragement of immigration was selective, driven by economic and political considerations, and based on a firmly established racial hierarchy.

The short-lived immigration boom for the years 1910–13 was interrupted by the outbreak of war in August 1914. This virtually suspended all immigration until shipping once again became available in 1919. The war period, however, served to reinforce previously-held views on the size, composition and distribution of Australia's future population: that it should be predominantly British, that non-Europeans should be denied entry, and that immigrants should be directed to rural rather than urban areas. The war also strengthened British and imperial ties and led to plans to redistribute the population of the Empire through a variety of immigration and development projects after the war."

More info at this site.
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
elizabeth_tay... 1361958063000 
jojogell 1363845324000 
elizabeth_tay... 1363850352000 
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