Below is a letter I wrote that should help answer your question. After writing the letter, I did research at the Fairfield County courthouse and genealogical society building in Lancaster, OH. Based on name similarities, it seems there MIGHT be a relationship between Michael and Casper, but I do not believe it was father/son. A Jacob Walters (born 177501780) lived adjacent to Michael in Hocking Twp, Fairfield Co, OH, and they may have been brothers. But that Jacob was not Jacob, son of Casper in Pleasant Twp, Fairfield Co, OH (see below).
There are 15-20 genealogies on Ancestry that list a Solomon and Elizabeth Walters of Knox Co, OH, and ADOPT the 1808 marriage of Michael and Elizabeth in Ross Co, OH, as well their burial place ... Bradner, Wood Co, OH. Evidently, these genealogies claim the "S" on Michael S. Walters' tombstone stands for Solomon. And now, the letter:
Dear Sir or Madam:
I am interested in lookup research at the Fairfield County Genealogical Society Library. I imagine early marriages, wills/estates, land partitions, indentures, guardianships, histories, newspaper abstracts, and church and cemetery records might be searched. Please advise me regarding payment arrangements.
My ancestors, Michael and Elizabeth (Anderson) Walter(s) once lived in Hocking Township, Fairfield County. Their children were Susannah, Pauline, John, Joseph, Johanna, and Emanuel. My questions are:
(1) Was Michael related to other Walter(s) in Fairfield County, possibly a Casper (Gasper), Jacob, and John? From where in Pennsylvania did Michael and/or Elizabeth come? When?
(2) I have traced Joseph, Johanna, and Emanuel, but want to learn about the first three children.
I have good documentation for the following related information that may guide you:
8 December 1808 - Michael Walter(s), a resident of Fairfield Co, married Elizabeth Anderson of Washington Twp, Ross (later Pickaway) Co.
February through August, 1814 - Michael, a resident of Pickaway Co, served as a lieutenant in the War of 1812.
December, 1816 - Michael, a resident of Pickaway Co, received subsistence pay for his military service.
February, 1820, son Emanuel Walters born in Fairfield County.
1820 census – resident of Hocking Twp, Fairfield Co, OH. I have a vague recollection that I read Michael Walters was a downtown lot owner in early Lancaster history, but I am unable to find such a reference and may be mistaken.
1823 – Pickaway County court case shows a Betsey Anderson, wife of Michael Walters, was the daughter of John. Sr., and Susannah Anderson, first permanent settler (1797) of Washington Twp, Pickaway Co, OH
1830 census – resident of Hocking Twp, Fairfield Co, OH
1835 – A history of Wood County reads, in part, “Emanuel Walters, whose parents, Michael and Elizabeth Walters, came from Pennsylvania and settled in this (Wood) county in 1835, is the youngest of six children - Susannah, Pauline, John, Joseph, Johanna, and Emanuel. He was born in Fairfield County, February 20, 1820, and came to Wood County with his parents in 1835”. The same history indicates that, beginning in 1835, Michael served in various township (Montgomery Twp, Wood Co) offices.
1840 census – Michael’s residence was Montgomery Twp, Wood Co, OH
1846 - Elizabeth (Anderson) Walters died in Wood Co, OH. Calculated DOB is 1781.
1850 census – Michael’s residence was Montgomery Twp, Wood Co, OH, native of PA
1861 - Michael Walters died in Wood Co, OH. Calculated DOB is August, 1774.
The following information from an online source seems to be partially documented and may be helpful:
• Name: Casper WALTERS
• Sex: M
• ALIA: Joh. Caspar /Walther/
• Birth: 22 FEB 1756 in Lancaster PA 1
• Death: JUN 1818 in Fairfield Co, OH
• Burial: Ziegler Cemetery, Pleasant Twp 2
• Will: 25 MAY 1818 Fairfield County Will Book No. 2, p. 83
• Event: Will probated 26 JUN 1818 Peter Lamb, executor
• Baptism: 4 APR 1756 Trinity Lutheran Church, Lancaster, PA 1
JOH. CASPER WALTER was born 22 Feb. 1756 in Lancaster, PA and baptized in Holy Trinity Lutheran Church there. That church's records show that his parents were Joh. Valentin and Anna Catherina Walther. It seems highly probable that it was this man who came to Pleasant Twp, Fairfield Co, Ohio from Pennsylvania in 1804 (Scott, p. 199), probably with sons Jacob and John. Jacob and John would have been 24 and 15, respectively, at that time. Graham's history (p. 237) states that "Gasper" and Jacob Walter were among the first settlers of Pleasant Twp. He bought 158 acres of federal land in Pleasant Twp. in 1804 (Kocher, p. 32). Both Casper and Jacob were listed among the tax payers of Pleasant Twp in 1806 (Scott, p. 46). Casper Walters was on Fairfield County tax rolls in 1810 for 316 acres in Range 18, Twp 15, Section 5, which identified him as the original proprietor.
Casper's great grandson, Arthur C. Walters, remembered Casper's house as being a "brick house, painted red," near S. R. 37, six miles of north of Lancaster, in Pleasant Township. He also recalled being told that Casper came to Ohio from Lancaster PA in about 1804.
The 1790 US Census of Pennsylvania listed only one Casper (Gesper) Walter, a resident of Westmoreland County, S. Huntingdon Twp, whose household consisted of himself, two males under age 16, and three females. These data would fit with what is believed about the family of Casper Walter of Fairfield County: Jacob b. 1779; John b. 1788; Catherine b. 1780-1787; and Christina b. 1789.
In 1815, Casper sold land to his son, Jacob (Deed Book J-273), and in 1817 to his son, John (Deed Book L-490).
Casper's will was written May 25, 1818 and probated on June 26 (Case 255; Will Book 2, p. 83). His will named his wife, Mary, and his children: Caty, Christina, Mary, Elizabeth, and John. His executor was Peter Lamb, his son-in-law (the husband of Mary/Polly). Genealogy of the Lamb family gives the dob of Mary Walters, wife of Peter Lamb, as 28 Feb 1793 - a year later than the church record for Anna Maria Walter. Even so, it seems highly possible that it was Anna Maria Walter, born February 1792 in Westmoreland County, who became the wife of Peter Lamb in Fairfield County, Ohio.
- Arthur C. Walters personal records and recollections
- Scott, H., "A Complete History of Fairfield County," 1877
- Graham, A. A., " History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio," 1883
- Smith & Weiser, "Trinity Lutheran Church Records, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1730-1796," (3 vol's)
- Fairfield County tax records
- Fairfield County deed books
- Fairfield County Will Book 3
- Lamb family Bible and genealogy
- Ruff, P. M., "The German Church Records of Westmoreland County Pennsylvania 1792-1804," 1981.
- Kocher, L. R., "A Listing of Entrymen on Lands in Fairfield Co, Ohio," 1993.