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James Howie born 16 Nov 1838 Scotland and died 9 Mar 1883 Illinois.
If your dates are right then it looks as if this James was the one born to John Howie and Margaret Adam, because the other James Howie born in 1838 to James Howie and Agnes McLelland emigrated to Canada.
How sure are you of the birth date? Have you found your James's immigration year? Is there any sign of the naming pattern in the names of his children?
I tried to contact you off list but it bounced.