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Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Posted: 1002122074000
Classification: Biography
Surnames: Cluggage, Montague, Gilliland, Peterson
This is the first posting to this new board. The Cluggages of south central PA were early settlers of Huntingdon County and involved in the Revolutionary War. It is hoped that this board will encourage others to contribute to the family history and that researchers will find the information useful.
Unless noted otherwise most of the background information regarding the area was found in the book "History of Juniata Valley and Its People;", John W. Jordan, LL.D. editor; Vol. I; New York; Lewis Historical Publishing Company; 1913. My wife, a Peterson, is a descendant of Thomas Cluggage. My accumulated knowledge of the family is as follows:

Descendants of Robert Cluggage

Generation No. 1

1. ROBERT1 CLUGGAGE was born Abt. 1725 in Ft. Shirley PA, and died Aft. 1763 in Blacklog Gap, Cromwell PA. He married JENNET (UNK). She was born Abt. 1729 in Ft. Shirley PA.

Cromwell Township

Geographical, Descriptive, and Natural Features
Cromwell is one of the interior townships of the south part of Huntingdon County, and was erected from Shirley and Springfield townships in January, 1836, and named "in honour of Col. Thomas Cromwell, deceased, who was an early settler and a distinguished and hospitable citizen," and is bounded on the northeast by Shirley, southeast by Tell and Dublin, southwest by Springfield and Clay, and on the northwest by Cass and Shirley townships. Its southeast line, running along the summit of Shade Mountain, is nearly nine miles in length. To the northwest, and nearly parallel with Shade Mountain, is Black Log Mountain, running the entire length of the township. Sandy Ridge, quite an elevation, lies nearly north from Orbisonia. Saddle Back Ridge is a range of mountains or ridges, lying nearly north and south, between Orbisonia borough and Aughwick Creek. From Aughwick Creek to Jack's Mountain, which forms the boundary line between this and Cass township, are several ridges, knolls, and hills, the largest of which is Coaling Ridge, in the southernly part of the township.

The principal stream is the Aughwick Creek, which flows through the township from south to north. Its principal tributary is the Black Log Creek, flowing in a southwesterly direction down through the narrow valley between Shade and Black Log Mountains to the gap or narrows just east of Orbisonia borough, where it breaks through the mountain, running northwesterly along the southwest side of the borough, passing through a gap in Saddle Back Ridge, and empties into Aughwick Creek near the residence of H. Johns. Shade Creek come through Shade Gap into Black Log Valley at the late location of Lupfer's steam tannery and saw-mill, whence it flows northerly down the valley and empties into Black Log Creek a short distance above the narrows. From the west are several small streams flowing into Aughwick Creek, the largest of which is Old Woman's Run, which empties into the Aughwick a little below the mouth of Black Log. The East Broad Top Railroad passes through the township nearly northeast and southwest, alongside the borough of Orbisonia, and through the town of Rock Hill.

There are under the surface of Cromwell township large quantities of iron ore, both hematite and fossil, principally owned by the Rock Hill Iron and Coal Company, whose furnaces are located just outside the borough of Orbisonia.

The farming lands of this township, scattered as they are through the small valleys, are suceptible of a high state of cultivation, and upon some are raised large crops of corn, wheat, oats, and potatoes.

Early Settlers and Pioneer Incidents

This township being on the old path from the lower Susquehanna to the Ohio country, and a portion of the gap or gateway through which many of the pioneers to the then far-off West journeyed, it would naturally attract the attention of some of the pilgrims in search of future homes. Of this class were:

The Cluggage Family

This family of pioneers settled in Black Log, which was sometimes called Horse Valley, about the year 1763, and consisted of Robert, the father, who died a few years thereafter, and sons named respectively Robert, George,Thomas, Francis, James, and Gaven, each of whom became owners of land in the valley between Shade and Black Log Gaps. For some time their neighborhood was known as Cluggage's Valley. Robert, the most prominent man of the family, one of the justices appointed after the erection of Bedford County, marched his company in 1775 to the defense of Boston. Some time prior to 1771 he had built a grist-mill on the Black Log Creek, above the junction of Shade Creek, near the William B. Gilliland brick house. Being the first mill erected in that section of the county, its trade came from the adjacent country for many miles.

Children of ROBERT CLUGGAGE and JENNET (UNK) are:
i. ROBERT2 CLUGGAGE, d. Abt. 1789.

Boston Defense

Within ten days after the news of the battle of Bunker Hill had reached the province of Pennsylvania, her first rifle battalion was ready to take the field. Colon el William Thompson, of Carlisle was placed in command, and, of the eight companies composing the battalion, the one commanded by Captain Robert Cluggage was formed of Bedford county men. Robert Magaw, of Carlisle, the first attorney admitted to practice in Bedford county courts, also served as the first major of the battalion. Starting from Reading, the place of rendezvous, the command marched at once toward Boston by way of Easton, through northern New Jersey, crossing the Hudson river a few miles nort h of West Point, and joined General Washington\rquote s forces in the trenches at Boston on August 8, 1775. These were the first companies from the south to arrive in Massachusetts, and natural attracted much attention. The promptness with which the several companies comprising Colonel Thompson\rquote s battalion were formed, and with which they reported for duty on the field, was favorably commented upon as an indication of the patriotism of Pennsylvania.

Fort Roberdeau

The numerous veins of lead that were believed to exist in the soil of the valley lying between the twin ridges of Brush Mountain drew the attention of the Patriots during the Revolutionary War. It has been claimed that the French were the first to attempt to extract the valuable mineral from the Sinking Spring Valley. Although not proven by any surviving documentation, the French who claimed trading rights throughout the region west of the Susquehanna River may have learned of the lead deposits as early as 1750 from the Indians who inhabited this region. Apparently, these early lead miners had opened a number of pits and dug a trench nearly six miles in length to connect various mines.

On 23 March, 1777 Major General John Armstrong wrote to Thomas Wharton, Jr, the President of the Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania to acquaint him with the fact that the veins of lead that lay near Frankstown would be advantageous to the Patriot cause. He noted that the mine on the Proprietaries' Sinking Valley tract of 9,056 acres, which occupied roughly the entire valley formed by the V-shaped Brush Mountain, should be seized by the newly declared state of Pennsylvania for its use. In March of 1777 the General Assembly of Pennsylvania gave approval to General Daniel Roberdeau to begin mining operations at the site.

One of the greatest needs of the Patriot armies was ammunition. There were only a few lead mines in operation when the War started, and their output was not sufficient to meet the demand. There was a possibility of a good supply of lead in Bedford County in the valley where streams rose and sunk into the limestone based soil, giving it the name of Sinking Spring Valley. It was to this place that Daniel Roberdeau traveled in 1777, arriving on the 27th of April. He found that the earlier report of General Armstrong was correct as to the promise of a high yield of the valuable mineral, but he also found that the region was occasionally threatened by Indian incursions. In order to carry on the operation of mining the lead, some sort of protection would need to be provided for the miners. It has been speculated that the construction of Fort Roberdeau took place in two stages. It is possible, though not established with certainty, that a fortified structure would have been erected for the miners to live in. A blockhouse for a lookout to keep watch for anyone attempting to invade the vicinity might have been constructed close to the living quarters.

The second stage of the construction of the actual fort did not occur until the summer and fall of 1778. At that time, the engineering feat of buidling a stockade on the site that consisted of a limestone strata less than a few feet below the topsoil was undertaken. The solution that was ultimately arrived at called for the logs of the stockade walls to be placed horizontally and supported at intervals with uprights. The usual construction method of a palisade type fort was to sink logs vertically into the soil and then lash them together by some means. This could not be done at Fort Roberdeau because of the shallow layer of topsoil.

The completed fort was named Fort Roberdeau, but locally it became known as the Lead-Mine Fort. In the latter half of the year 1779, the fort was garrisoned by a company of the Bedford County Militia, a company of Rangers under the direction of Captain Robert Cluggage. Although there exists no evidence that Fort roberdeau was ever attacked by any body of Indians, it did provide a refuge for settlers of the surrounding region if their homesteads were threatened.

Only one letter survives to this day to present us with a picture, if only scanty at that, of the situation at the fort. That letter, currently the property of the Fort Roberdeau Park, was written on 17 June, 1778 after Captain Robert Cluggage took command of the fort. in it Captain Cluggage noted that "The 14th about twelve o'clock in the day one was discovered within two hundred yards of this fort." and that "The proceeding night two or three of them was discovered by one of the sentinals creeping up to the wall.", referring to the Indians that had been roaming into the region of Frankstown Township in Bedford County.

The Lead-Mines Fort served its purpose of protecting the miners, but that enterprise in itself was doomed to failure. The amount of lead that could be extracted from the ore bearing limestone had been exaggerated. The cost of mining combined with the cost of reducing the ore to useable lead was greater than the profit to be made by the operation. That, coupled with the fact that the French government became an ally of the Patriots by the treaty of amity signed on 06 February, 1778, condemned the Fort Roberdeau venture to an end only a year after its beginning. There were also more pressing concerns for the militia, and the fort was not even maintained as a regional garrison. Despite the fact that the structure may have been utilized by the local settlers as a place of refuge, albeit one they had to defend themselves, the fort began to eventually deteriorate.

By the 1940s, when the decision was made to attempt to restore the fort, the only portions of it still extant were the walls of the powder magazine and the stonework of what is believed to have been a smelting forge constructed inside the stockade walls. The National Youth Administration sparked interest in trying to get the site restored in 1939, but that project was interrupted by the Second World War. Members of the Blair County Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution revived the restoration project in 1973. The Fort Roberdeau Restoration Committee was established by the Blair County Commissioners, and the fort became a Bicentennial Project, dedicated on 05 July, 1976.

note: visit this website for more info and photos of Fort Roberdeau

A Letter from Richard Peters

"Deliver to Capt. Robert Cluggage or order -- a Number of Suits of Clothes not exceeding one hundred either ready made or out of the Materials you have in your possession delivered by Lt.-Col. Campbell of the 13th Virginia Regiment. This receipt shall be your Discharge. The Suits to consist of one Coat, one Vest, one pair of Breeches, two pairs of Stockings, and two pair Shoes, two Shirts, and one Hatt, if you have them, if not such as your have in your Care, informing the Board and Sending Capt. Cluggage's Duplicate Receipt or that of the Person sent by his Order.

"Your Obed. Serv't,
"Richard Peters

"War Office
"Nov. 5, 1778
"Col. D. Kennedy, Winchester, Virginia."

Maj. (or, as he was afterwards called, colonel) Cluggage died about the close of the year 1787, and it appears from a draught of a letter he had written on the 21st of March of that year that the government yet owed him a considerable amount of money expended for the public service during the war. Among the items of personal property that appear on the inventory made after his death are one negro man named, Ham, valued at £100, and one negro boy, named Joe, value at £15. His sword wa appraised at £7 10s. The account of Gaven Cluggage, sole executor, was paassed by the register, Jan. 19, 1792.

The old mill became as noted in its day as any county-seat within a hundred miles of it. Col. Cluggage was the man of the times and of this section of country. After the War of the Revolution, when the patriotic fires were still burning on the altar of many hearts, regiments, battalions, and companies were organized throughout the country, and training days were established, either by law or custom, and Cluggage's mill was designated as one of the places for company and regimental trainings or drills. The company drills were usually attended monthly, or at farthest once in two months, during the summer and fall. The first Monday in May was the great day of all the year, not excepting the glorious Fourth of July. This was the time fixed for general or regimental training, and at these musters the officers and men usually had a "big time." Rival companies from different sections of the surrounding country were present, and each company thought themselves the best man of the crowd, and it was not unusual, and in fact was thought to be a dull day if there was not severl puglistic encounters between the rival military men or their friends.

note: visit this site to see the roster of Col./Major Cluggage's command:

Burial: Gilliland cemetery, Blacklog Valley(?)
Individual Note: Appointed Justice
Info. Source code: 1779, Captain of PA Rangers protecting lead mines from Indians at Fort Roberdeau
Military service: 1775, Marched his company to the defense of Boston
Occupation: Abt. 1771, Built a grist-mill on Black Log Creek
Property: 1770, Owned a grist-mill; 3 horses; 4 cattle; 5 sheep & 150 acres with 30 cultivated.

2. ii. GAVIN CLUGGAGE, b. Bef. 1755, Pa.; d. January 13, 1826, Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co. Pa..
3. iii. THOMAS CLUGGAGE, b. Bet. 1745 - 1750, Ft. Shirley PA; d. 1832, Blacklog Valley, PA.

Property: 1769, Owned 100 acres-5 cutlivated in Black Log Valley


Military service 1: July 1776, Capt. 1st Batt., Bedford Co. Militia
Military service 2: December 10, 1777, Commisioned 1st Lt. 8th Co., 3rd Batt., Bedford Cty Militia


Property: 1768, Owned 3 horses; 2 cows & 100 acres-20 being cultivated in Black Log Valley

Generation No. 2

2. GAVIN2 CLUGGAGE (ROBERT1) was born Bef. 1755 in Pa., and died January 13, 1826 in Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co. Pa.. He married MARGARET DAVIS. She was born Bef. 1759 in Pa., and died August 1842 in Cromwell, Huntingdon, Pa..

Col. Gaven Cluggage was considered one of the best hunters of the time in which he lived, and would always "bring down" his game at the first shot. He left home one fine morning upon a short hunting excursion, which lasted but an hour or two, as he had extremely good luck. By his request, his brother Thomas hitched up the horse and sled and started in pursuit of the game the colonel had shot. He had gone but a short distance when he found the game. It was a good-sized rattlesnake, measuing fifteen feet in length, and nearly a foot through in the thickest part. Had this occured in the snake season of the year we could not doubt its truthfulness had the snake measure twenty feet, but in the winter, with the snow four feet deep, it beats any fish story and smell rather snaky.

After years of toil and pleasure, Col. Gaven Cluggage died in 1823.

Military service: 1781, Capt. 7th Co., 2nd Batt., Bedford Co. Militia

i. JEAN3 CLUGGAGE, b. Abt. 1782, Shirley Township, Huntingdon Co. PA.

Note that Thomas Cluggage also had a daughter (b: 1795) name Jean. Perhaps this Jean died young.

3. THOMAS2 CLUGGAGE (ROBERT1) was born Bet. 1745 - 1750 in Ft. Shirley PA, and died 1832 in Blacklog Valley, PA. He married JEAN(?) CURLETTE 1779. She was born Abt. 1749 in Ft. Shirley PA.

A paper relating to Capt. Thomas Cluggage is as follows:

"A Praisement Bill of the guns and Blankets for Capt. Thomas Cluggage's Company in the First Battalion of Bedford County now in actual service under the Command of Colonel John Piper.
"December the 13, 1776.

"Joseph Harbison, one Rifle Gun.....................................................£6, 10s, 0d
Alexander Anderson, one Rifle Gun.................................................£6, 0s, 0d
Thomas Morgan, one Rifle Gun.......................................................£5, 0s, 0d
Thomas Coal, one Rifle Gun............................................................£6, 0s, 0d
David Sunderlin, one Smooth Gun..................................................£1, 15s, 0d
John Rodgers, one Rifle Gun...........................................................£5, 0s, 0d
Jacob Ginnon, one Rifle Gun..........................................................£5, 0s, 0d"

Military service: 1776, Company Captain-1st Battalion of Bedford Cty. under Col. John Piper

Marriage: 1779

4. i. JANE3 CLUGGAGE, b. 1795, Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co., PA; d. May 11, 1847, Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co., PA.

Generation No. 3

4. JANE3 CLUGGAGE (THOMAS2, ROBERT1) (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..) was born 1795 in Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co., PA, and died May 11, 1847 in Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co., PA. She married GEORGE DANIEL MONTAGUE Abt. 1814. He was born Abt. 1789 in Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co. PA, and died October 26, 1863 (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..).

Burial: Gilliland Farm Cemetery, Blacklog, Huntingdon Co., Pa. (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..)

Note from another relative re: Montague name:

I used to walk through The Pine Grove Cemetery after Sunday School. My mother (Mary Montague) and my aunt (Pat Wolford) are the authors of the listing on the web.

I don't think you are wrong about George Daniel Montague's name. I was just wondering where you may have found it. I have been told that his father Thomas, was listed in early tax records as Tague. He also appears in the 1800 census as Thomas ' Tage'. Thomas appears in the 1810 census as 'Monteague'. Also his son Daniel was married as Montague but, as you know he is buried as Daniel Teague.


Burial: Gilliland Farm Cemetery, Blacklog, Huntingdon Co., Pa. (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..)

Marriage: Abt. 1814

i. PRISCILLA4 MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1817, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA.
ii. ALEXANDER MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1819, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA.
iii. THOMAS MONTAGUE, b. 1821, Black Log, Pa.; d. 1897.
iv. ISABELLE MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1823, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA.
v. JONATHAN Q. MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1825, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA.
vi. NANCY MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1827, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA.
vii. GEORGE DANIEL MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1829, Dublin Township, Pa..
5. viii. REBECCA SHARRER MONTAGUE, b. January 18, 1832, Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA; d. March 16, 1906, Dublin Township, Pa..
ix. MARGARET MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1834, Dublin Township, Pa..
6. x. WILLIAM MONTAGUE, b. August 31, 1836, Dublin Township, Pa.; d. May 25, 1902.
xi. JANE MONTAGUE, b. Abt. 1838, Dublin Township, Pa..

Generation No. 4

5. REBECCA SHARRER4 MONTAGUE (JANE3 CLUGGAGE, THOMAS2, ROBERT1) was born January 18, 1832 in Black Log Valley, Huntingdon Cty, PA, and died March 16, 1906 in Dublin Township, Pa.. She married JOHN BAIR PETERSON October 12, 1859, son of DAVID PETERSON and HANNAH BAIR. He was born November 18, 1832 in Shade Gap, Huntingdon Cty, PA, and died May 19, 1902 (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..).

Burial: Germany Valley Stone Church of the Brethern Cemetery, Huntingdon, PA (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson. Cemetery Location Lat 401355N Long 0775140W)

Burial: Germany Valley Stone Church of the Brethern Cemetery, Huntingdon, PA (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..)

Marriage: October 12, 1859

i. MARY FRANCES5 PETERSON, b. September 18, 1860, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..); d. April 14, 1942, Blacklog Valley, Huntingdon County, Pa.; m. GEORGE W. GILLILAND, October 16, 1917, Monroe Valley Church.; b. Unknown; d. Unknown.

"Mrs. Mary Frances (PETERSON) Gilliland, wife of George Gilliland, died at
her home in Blacklog Valley this morning, April 14, 1942, at 1 o'clock.
A daughter of John B. and Rebecca (MONTAGUE) PETERSON, she was born at Burnt
Cabins on September 18, 1861. She was united in marriage with George W.
Gilliland, of Blacklog Valley, on October 16, 1917, in Monroe Valley church.
The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Edward Kennedy. They went to
housekeeping in Blacklog Valley, where Mr. Gilliland followed the occupation
of farming.
Mrs. Gilliland was a faithful and devout member of the Orbisonia
Presbyterian church. She was a kind and loving wife and mother and was
known throughout the community for her kindly ministrations to those in
Members of the family include her husband and the following step-children;
Russell Gilliland, of Pittsburgh; Marshall Gilliland, at home; Willis
Gilliland, of Lewistown; Mrs. Cloyd SHOPE, of Blacklog Valley, and Clifford
Gilliland, of Shirleysburg. There are fifteen step grandchildren and two
step great grandchildren.
Funeral services will be held at ther late home on Friday afternoon at 2 o'
clock, in charge of the Rev. Duncan SALMOND. Burial will be made in the
Gilliland cemetery, Blacklog Valley, directed by Clark's funeral service."

Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Duane Banks and transcribed by Dave Wilson.

Burial: Gilliland cemetery, Blacklog Valley (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson..)

Marriage: October 16, 1917, Monroe Valley Church.

ii. GEORGE MCCLELLAND PETERSON, b. February 08, 1862, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA; d. December 31, 1865.

Burial: Germany Valley Stone Church of the Brethern Cemetery, Huntingdon, PA (Source: July 23, 2001 Cemetery headstone readings by John/Nancy Clancy, Walter Peterson, Jolene Dauby Peterson (Walter's wife) and Martha Peterson., Cemetery location: Latitude 40135N Long 0775140W.)

iii. DANIEL CURTIN PETERSON, b. March 11, 1863, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA; d. August 11, 1936, ?; m. ADALINE METZLER, Unknown; b. Unknown, ?; d. Unknown.

Marriage: Unknown

iv. MARGRET JANE PETERSON, b. August 19, 1864, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA; d. August 11, 1937, ?; m. M. HOWARD NORRIS, Unknown; b. Unknown; d. Unknown.

Marriage: Unknown

v. DAVID BRUCE PETERSON I, b. March 10, 1869, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA; d. October 12, 1926, Erie, PA; m. GERTRUDE E. POTTER, April 12, 1899; b. January 02, 1876, Lumber Twnshp, Cameron County, PA; d. 1950, Erie, PA.


> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Ruth Waidley" <>
> To: "John Clancy" <>
> Sent: Monday, September 24, 2001 8:55 AM
> Subject: Re: David Bruce Peterson

Mr. Clancy

We have pulled Mr. Peterson's file. He worked for the School District
City of Erie as an industrial arts teacher (shop classes) from 9/13/20 to 10/12/26
when he passed away. During that time he taught at Wayne, East and Roosevelt - woodworking and general shop. He also taught some summer and evening classes. The file indicates that he came to our District from an administrative assignment in St. Petersburg PA (Clarion County). He stated on his application that he had 9 years experience in that position.

If you have a need for any additional information, or wish copies of
some of the documents in the file for your research, please do not hesitate to
contact me.

> > Ruth E. Waidley

Burial: Wintergreen Gorge Cemetery, Erie Pa.
Occupation 1: Bet. 1920 - 1926, Erie School System; taught Shop Class
Occupation 2: Bet. 1911 - 1920, St. Petersburg, Clarion,PA School Admin.
Residence 1: Bet. 1911 - 1920, St. Petersburg, Clarion, PA (Source: His application in 1920 to Erie city School System stated that he had come from St. Petersburg where he had worked for 9 years.)
Residence 2: January 27, 1920, Family resided at 451 West 29th St. Erie, Erie,PA (Source: 1920 Federal Census.)

Burial: October 12, 1950, Wintergreen Gorge Cemetery, Erie PA) Lot 254E Sect 2 #1

Marriage: April 12, 1899

vi. JONATHAN CHALMERS PETERSON, b. September 19, 1871, Burnt Cabins, Huntingdon County, PA; d. May 18, 1930, ?; m. SADIE KLING; b. Unknown; d. Unknown.

6. WILLIAM4 MONTAGUE (JANE3 CLUGGAGE, THOMAS2, ROBERT1) was born August 31, 1836 in Dublin Township, Pa., and died May 25, 1902. He married CATHERINE E.. She was born August 27, 1838, and died March 27, 1884.

Burial: Pine Grove Presbyterian Cemetery, Dublin Township, Huntingdon Cty, PA (Source: Pat Wolford, Neelyton PA (, recorded headstones in 1990s & submitted to RootsWeb..)
Military service: GAR

More About CATHERINE E.:
Burial: Pine Grove Presbyterian Cemetery, Dublin Township, Huntingdon Cty, PA (Source: Pat Wolford, Neelyton PA (, recorded headstones in 1990s & submitted to RootsWeb..)

i. GEORGE IRA5 MONTAGUE, b. July 22, 1877; d. October 25, 1877.

Burial: Pine Grove Presbyterian Cemetery, Dublin Township, Huntingdon Cty, PA (Source: Pat Wolford, Neelyton PA (, recorded headstones in 1990s & submitted to RootsWeb..)

Re: Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Posted: 1006216845000
Classification: Query
Edited: 1041634810000
Great information -- I'll add a few tidbits I've collected on the family here.

According to the data that I have the family had moved from Brandywine, PA to Huntingdon Co. prior to the death of Robert, Sr. I have never seen data about Robert or Jannett being born at Ft. Shirley and can't document that they did, in fact, move from Brandywine, PA. So.... who knows.

On the assessment list of 1769 and 1770, James, Robert, and George Cluggage appear as single freemen. On the list of 1771, Robert is listed as owning 150 acres with 30 acres cleared; one grist mill; 4 cattle; 5 sheep. This farm was located near the junction of Black Log and Shade Creeks in what is now Cromwell Township, Huntington, County. At one time all of the Cluggage boys owned farms in the area and the valley became known as Cluggage Valley. The Cluggage Grist Mill was the first in the area and people from all over the county because this was the center of news and information. The mill was near the old Gilliland farm house from which the family had to flee during an Indian raid to the stockade at Orbisonia. But this is just a bit more detailing of the info alrady posted.

One of the MOST exciting things is the reference to this family in the diary of Rev. Fithian, a Presbyterian minister whose diary is frequently referred to by many historians and researchers of the Revolutionary War. As it happens, Rev, Fithian was at the Cluggage home when news of the beginning of the Revolution reached the Black Log Valley.
The following is from note I have in the family in my genealogy program:

As people moved westward, the church made every effort to follow and provide spiritual guidance. Rev. Phillip Fithian was a supply minister assigned by the Presbyterian Church of the eastern part of the colony. In his diary, dated August 21, 1775, Rev Fithian describes his approach to the village of Standing Stone. The village was later renamed in honor of the Countess of Huntingdon who did much through her generosity to promote religion and education in the area.

It was near evening when Rev. Fithian arrived at Standing Stone and observing the rough characters in the village, he was reluctant to make the purpose of his visit known for fear of rough treatment. Standing Stone was a rough-neck, frontier village. The minister pulled his coat around him and headed directly for the village jail where he made the acquaintance of Squire Hall who took to his home for supper. Here he met "Mr. Cluggage" who invited him to visit his home in the Black Log Valley. Rev. Fithian finished his business in Standing Stone and left the next morning with Mr. Cluggage. They traveled down the creek along the stone path which led through Jack's Narrows. At places, the high mountains on either side came down to the water's edge making it necessary to walk along the water's irregular line in order to pass. When they crossed over the creek, Mr. Cluggage explained that this was the upper end of Hill Valley. Ten miles farther, they came to a gap called the Shades of Death (Shade Gap).

They crossed Aughwick Creek and arrived at the home of Mr. Foley who lived within the walls of Fort Shirley. They had traveled about twenty miles. On August 23, 1775, they rode about six miles further to the Cluggage Farm.

From Rev. Fithian's diary we learn a great deal about this trip and we gather further insight into the lives of the Cluggage family in 1775: "The good woman received us with great kindness. (He is here speaking of Jannet Cluggage, who was by this time, the widow of Robert Cluggage Sr.) She appeared to be an old woman, quite hearty and indeed florid in her appearance yet she wears neither shoes nor stockings. It is the custom in these backwoods, almost universal, for the women to go barefooted. Men in common, I observe, wear moccasins or Indian shoes." (One should appreciate that the demands of pioneer life were particularly hard on the women and contributed nothing to their glamour. The dirt floor cabins with long hours of hard work were quick to age the female pioneer. This is what makes Rev. Fithian's comments about Mrs. Jannet Cluggage's appearance so interesting. He certainly saw he as set apart from the other pioneer women who showed signs of great wear and aging after only a few years.)

"Thursday - The weather is wet and muggy. All inhabitants of these backwoods are reasonably strong, frank, and cheerful. We received word that Gen Gage in some fit of temper had burned down Boston Town."

"Mrs. Cluggage is in deep sorrow. One of her sons (here he is referring to Robert) has gone as Captain of a company of riflemen to Boston, just now gone. Her tears are not yet dried since his departure. She seems a woman of sedate, philosophical temper; carries a kind dignity that is persuasive in her presence. The young gentleman that had gone was a magistrate here and is in high reputation. Since his departure, another of the good woman's sons has been chosen by the militia as a captain. There are five brothers all grown and appear to be young men of prudence and understanding." (Captain Gavin Cluggage was the other son referred to in this passage.)

Gavin Cluggage and his wife Margaret Davis are my ancestors.

I have this info on their descendants:

Gavin Cluggage was one of the 8 children of Robert Cluggage, Sr. and his wife Jannet. He served as a captain in the militia from, then, Bedford County, Pennsylvania. He married Margaret Davis and their children were: Robert, Jane, Nancy, Sarah, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth, and Patty. Gavin Cluggage died in 1826. Jane Cluggage (daughter of Gavin) married Matthew Gilliland who was born in about 1788, the oldest of the 11 children born to John Gilliland. I do not have any information about when members of the Gilliland family moved to Beford (now Huntingdon) County. Since Jane Cluggage was born in Huntingdaon Co. it is quite certain that she and Matthew Gilliland met and were married there. It is possible that Matthew's father, John Gilliland, Jr., moved to the area with his family though I have not located documentation to that effect.

Matthew and Jane (Cluggage) Gilliland had the following children: John - born 1815, Nancy - born May 31, 1917, Robert - born 1822, Martha - born 1823, James - born 1827, Sarah - born 1828, Riecelle - born 1832. It is possible that other children were born to them who died at an early age. It should also be noted here that the surname is spelled both Gilliland and Gilland on various records. Most of the children spelled the name Gilland. I do not have a date of death or place of burial for either Matthew or Jane Gilliland, though it is most certainly in Huntingdon or Mifflin County, PA. They do appear on the 1850 census for Mifflin County.

The second born child of Matthew and Jane Gilliland, Nancy, was married to Samuel Sechrist in 1838 in Mifflin County. Samuel was the son of Solomon and Hannah (Ford) Sechrist. He was born February 16, 1812 in Mifflin County. Samuel's Siegrist (Sechrist, Secrist, Secrest) ancestors were Swiss Mennonites who immigrated to Baldenheim, France in the 1500's and then to America in 1727. The children of Samuel and Nancy (Gilland) Sechrist were: Elizabeth - born 1839, James - born 1843, Mary Ann - born 1845, William - born 1847, Isabella - born 1848, Rebecca, John - born 1849, Samuel - born 1853, Hannah - born 1855, and lastly twins, Matthew and Margaret - born - Oct. 5 1858. This accounts for 11 children born to this couple but the youngest child, Matthew, always stated that he was the youngest of 12 children. Considering the 4 years of time between Elizabeth in 1839 and James in 1843, another child who died in infancy may have been born during that time.

Matthew Secrist was my great, great grandfather.

Re: Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Posted: 1016832432000
Classification: Query
Sorry I did not get back to you sooner.

I have been unable to find William Gilliland in any PA county for the 1850 census. Could you let me know what county, township (E.D. district) and page number you found the census entry.

Re: Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Posted: 1025383483000
Classification: Query
Edited: 1043406865000
I am searching for the parents of William M. Thompson, born 1821 in Huntingdon County. William married Mary E. Gilliland, daughter of John Gilliland and Eliza Johns. They raised 14 children in Mill Creek. There are several William Thompsons in this area during this time period and I have not been able to identify his parents. One piece of information has indicated that his mother may have been a Mary Cluggage. I have a Mary Cluggage (b. abt. 1800), daughter of Francis Cluggage, who married James Gilliland. I have a Mary Cluggage, daughter of Gavin Cluggage, who married a John Gilliland. I also have a Mary Cluggage who was the daughter of Francis Cluggage. Does anyone have any information about a Mary Cluggage who would have married a Thompson and could be the mother of William M. Thompson?

Re: CLUGGAGE family of Cumberland, Bedford & Huntingdon Counties, PA

Ron Cofiell (View posts)
Posted: 1046599808000
Classification: Query
Thanks for contributing that information on the CLUGGAGE family of PA. By the way, Robert CLUGGAGE and wife could not have been born at Fort Shirley in the 1720s because the fort was not erected until 1755, during the French & Indian Wars.
Some time prior to the settlement of Robert CLUGGAGE, Sr. in the valley between Shade Gap and Black Log Gap Dublin Twp., Cumberland Co., about 1763, it appears that they had resided in Peters Twp. of that county by 1751 as indicated by that year's tax list. (This was the area which became Franklin Co. in 1784.) Because Cumberland Co. was created in 1750 (from Lancaster Co.), the 1751 list may very well constitute its first tax list (see USGENWEB Archives: It was published originally in the book titled The History and Topography of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Adams and Perry Counties, 1846. Peters Twp. is adjacent to present-day Fulton Co. and includes Fort Loudon and Mercersburg. The tax list included the name of Robert CLOGAGE, and the name (under the list of Freemen) of Gayin CLOGGAGE. Perhaps Gayin was a younger brother of
Robert CLUGGAGE. Gayin might be a distinct name, rather than a misspelling of Gavin, which name Robert gave to his son. (For example, the name of Gayen/Gaen Stevenson appears in Chester Co. in 1707; part of that county became Lancaster in 1729 and Cumberland in 1750.) Do you know of anyone who has checked Lancaster Co. records for the CLUGGAGE/CLOGAGE surname 1729-1750? Note that Wm. WINTON (son of John WINTON who had settled in Peters Twp., Lancaster Co. by 1742) moved to Dublin Two., in 1770 (records of Richard Russell). Wm. WINTON and Robert CLUGGAGE's sons were named in the 1779 tax list for that twp. It was in 1772 that WINTON and Robert CLUGGAGE [Jr.] of Dublin Twp. witnessed a sale by John SHAVER of Baree Twp. (per R. Russell).
The CLUGGAGE family are named in the 1784 "census" (or tax list) for "Sherley" Twp., Bedford Co. Was this the same area where they had resided in Dublin Twp. in 1779? And was this the same area which was to become Cromwell Twp.,
Huntingdon Co.? Where did you find the assessment lists of 1769 and 1770? Note reference to the CLUGGAGEs in the Class Tax of 1782 for Dublin & Shirley Townships on Larry D. Smith's Mother Bedford website:
The names include those of Gavin and George CLUGAGE in the 43 Class, and the same names in the 47 Class (duplicates?). See also the article "State of The Accounts of John PIPER, Esquire, Late Lieutenant of Bedford County, from March 1777 until October 30th, 1780," in James Biser Whisker's booklet Bedford County, Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. 7 (1995?), p. 22. It lists a payment made to Major Roberr CLUGGAGE for beef and pork. Yet another record/reference to this esteemed family appears in an undated, unnamed newspaper in a column titled "Augustus K. GREEN, A Historical Obituary (he died Sept. 1896). It states, in part, that "... yet a daughter of Gavin CLUGGAGE is still living. And Gavin CLUGGAGE was one of the earliest pioneers of whom we have definite knowledge. The CLUGGAGES settled along the route from the Shades of Death to Standing Stone, or perhaps, near the point where the great trail divided, one branch trending north towards the Juniata, the other southwest over Ray's Hill."
Thanks so much for the reference to Rev. FITHIAN's diary. Where did you find it? I would love to check it for some other surnames in that area.

Re: CLUGGAGE family of Cumberland, Bedford & Huntingdon Counties, PA

Posted: 1053006809000
Classification: Query
How are you connected to this line?

Re: CLUGGAGE family of Cumberland, Bedford & Huntingdon Counties, PA

Ron Cofiell (View posts)
Posted: 1053084513000
Classification: Query
John, I'm not connected to the CLUGGAGE family. But I keep seeing the name while researching some of the Baltimore Co., MD families that migrated to Bedford/Huntingdon Counties, PA. My ancestor, John CHILCOAT, migrated by 1788. His brother, Robinson, migrated to Dublin Twp., Bedford Co., about 1773. Also, Giles STEVENS migrated there about the same time; he may have been related to my ancestor of the same name. It has been a great effort for me to find information on such persons. Recently, I purchased some of the Bedford Co. tax lists which contain aforesaid surnames.

Re: CLUGGAGE family of Cumberland, Bedford & Huntingdon Counties, PA

Posted: 1053087696000
Classification: Query
I have come across the Chilcoat name many times during the course of my research in Huntingdon and surrounding counties.
Good luck,

Re: Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Ted Smith (View posts)
Posted: 1113799062000
Classification: Query
Surnames: Cluggage; Gilliland says:

I found my family in Mifflin County,PA..........I found Sarah "Jane" Gilliland's parents names in on her death record. Her parents are Matthew Gilliland and Jane, I went into the Mifflin County Courthouse and for a gift to my husband.......I asked if in any way if they could make up any kind of records for me.......well, I did not know BUT, any person who died prior to 1905 when you can send for their death certificate.....they could make one in the Death Registery office for $3.00 a copy. I had one made up of Sarah Jane showing proof of her parents and, one for her husband .....I also had a few done for myself when I found this out! What a GREAT thing to do........
Matthew Gilliland was born in 1788 in German Valley, he in your tree?

Re: Cluggage family of Huntingdon County PA 1725 forward

Posted: 1113818454000
Classification: Query
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