1. JOHN7 JACKSON,3RD.JUSTICE OF THE PEACE (JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 1716 in Coleraine,Londonderry,Ireland - Emigrated in 1748 on the same ship together, and died 25 Sep 1801 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia. He married ELIZABETH CUMMINS 04 Jul 1755 in Cecil or Calvert County,Maryland. She was born 08 Jan 1719/20 in London,England - Emigrated in 1748 on the same ship together, and died 1825 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
Notes for JOHN JACKSON,3RD.JUSTICE OF THE PEACE:
Appointed commissioner of revenue in 1787.
Also made Justice of the Peace & Lieutenant of militia.
Promoted to Captain of Militia in 1789.
Married on July 4,1755
Married at Cecil County,Maryland
History of Ritchie County,West Virginia - Page 84
Author: Minnie Kendall Lowther
Children of JOHN JACKSON and ELIZABETH CUMMINS are:
i. GEORGE8 JACKSON, b. Mar 1757, Cecil or Calvert County,Maryland.
2. ii. EDWARD JACKSON,SR.,COLONEL, b. 01 Mar 1759, New Jersey; d. 25 Dec 1828, Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
3. iii. JOHN JACKSON,4TH, b. May 1760, New Jersey; d. 1821, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iv. SOPHIA JACKSON, b. 11 Sep 1763, New Jersey.
4. v. MARY SARAH JACKSON,1ST WIFE, b. 1768, New Jersey; d. Howard's Lick,Harrison County,West Virginia.
vi. ELIZABETH JACKSON, b. 1770, New Jersey.
5. vii. SAMUEL JACKSON, b. 10 Dec 1772, Augusta County,Virginia now in Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 04 Jan 1842, Terre Haute,Indiana.
6. viii. HENRY J. JACKSON,SR., b. 10 Jul 1774, Augusta County,Virginia; d. 24 Feb 1852, Upshur County,West Virginia.
Generation No. 2
2. EDWARD8 JACKSON,SR.,COLONEL (JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 01 Mar 1759 in New Jersey, and died 25 Dec 1828 in Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia. He married (1) MARY HADDEN,1ST WIFE 13 Oct 1783 in Burlington County,New Jersey. She was born 15 May 1764 in New Jersey, and died Bef. Oct 1799 in Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia. He married (2) ELIZABETH WETHERHOLT BRAKE,2ND WIFE 13 Oct 1799 in Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of JOHN BRAKE and UNKNOWN WEATHERHOLT. She was born 11 Jan 1772 in Augusta County,Virginia, and died 19 Aug 1835 in Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
Children of EDWARD JACKSON and MARY HADDEN are:
i. CUMMINS9 JACKSON, b. 02 Sep 1784, Burlington County,New Jersey.
ii. ELIZABETH JACKSON, b. Abt. Dec 1785, Burlington County,New Jersey.
iii. GEORGE EDWARD JACKSON, b. 23 Dec 1786, Burlington County,New Jersey.
7. iv. DAVID EDWARD JACKSON,YELLOW FEVER, b. 30 Oct 1788, Burlington County,New Jersey; d. Aft. 1837, Yellow Fever near Memphis,Tennessee.
8. v. JONATHAN JACKSON,1ST HUSBAND,LAWYER,TYPHOID, b. 25 Sep 1790, Burlington County,New Jersey; d. 26 Mar 1826, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
vi. RACHEL JACKSON, b. 08 Jul 1792, Burlington County,New Jersey.
vii. MARY HADDEN JACKSON, b. 19 Feb 1794, Burlington County,New Jersey.
9. viii. REBECCA JACKSON, b. 15 Sep 1795, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 18 Jul 1889, Wood County,West Virginia.
Children of EDWARD JACKSON and ELIZABETH BRAKE are:
ix. CATHERINE9 JACKSON, b. 15 Jul 1800, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
x. CUMMINS EDWARD JACKSON, b. 25 Jul 1802, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xi. JAMES MADISON JACKSON, b. 03 Apr 1805, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xii. ELIZABETH JACKSON, b. 06 Apr 1807, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xiii. JOHN EDWARD JACKSON, b. 22 Jan 1810, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xiv. MARGARET JACKSON, b. 02 Feb 1812, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 1841, Old Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia; m. JONATHAN THOMPSON HALL, 07 Mar 1833, Harrison County,West Virginia; b. 04 Dec 1810, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 1845, Old Jackson's Mill,5 Miles South of Lewis County,West Virginia.
xv. RETURN MEIGS JACKSON, b. 15 May 1814, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xvi. EDWARD J. JACKSON,JR., b. 29 Oct 1817, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
xvii. ANDREW M. JACKSON, b. 16 Mar 1821, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Jackson's Mill,Lewis County,West Virginia.
3. JOHN8 JACKSON,4TH (JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born May 1760 in New Jersey, and died 1821 in Harrison County,West Virginia. He married ELIZABETH COZAD 01 Jul 1797 in Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of JACOB COZAD and MERCY WOODWARD. She was born Sep 1779 in Augusta County,Virginia, and died in Harrison County,West Virginia.
Child of JOHN JACKSON and ELIZABETH COZAD is:
i. JACOB JAY9 JACKSON, b. 11 Dec 1799, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 16 Jan 1859, Harrison County,West Virginia.
4. MARY SARAH8 JACKSON,1ST WIFE (JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 1768 in New Jersey, and died in Howard's Lick,Harrison County,West Virginia. She married PHILLIP REGER 23 Oct 1788 in Grove City,Pennsylvania, son of HANS REGER and BARBARA CRITES. He was born 1767 in Augusta County,Virginia now in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 16 Jul 1846 in Howard's Lick,Harrison County,West Virginia.
Child of MARY JACKSON and PHILLIP REGER is:
i. ELIZABETH9 REGER, b. 1793, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 1845.
5. SAMUEL8 JACKSON (JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 10 Dec 1772 in Augusta County,Virginia now in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 04 Jan 1842 in Terre Haute,Indiana. He married BARBARA REGER 03 Nov 1793 in Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of HANS REGER and BARBARA CRITES. She was born 10 Dec 1775 in Augusta County,Virginia now in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 28 Oct 1838 in Terre Haute,Indiana.
Children of SAMUEL JACKSON and BARBARA REGER are:
i. ISAAC9 JACKSON, b. 03 Aug 1794, Harrison County,West Virginia.
ii. HENRY L. JACKSON, b. 1796, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. MARY JACKSON, b. 1797, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iv. JOHN REGER JACKSON, b. 19 Dec 1800, Harrison County,West Virginia.
v. JOEL JACKSON, b. 1807, Harrison County,West Virginia.
vi. JACOB JACKSON, b. 1809, Harrison County,West Virginia.
vii. WILLIAM CRAWFORD JACKSON, b. 1816, Harrison County,West Virginia.
6. HENRY J.8 JACKSON,SR. (JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 10 Jul 1774 in Augusta County,Virginia, and died 24 Feb 1852 in Upshur County,West Virginia. He married (1) MARY ELIZABETH HYRE HIRE,1ST WIFE 20 May 1800 in Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of JACOB HIRE and ELIZABETH POWERS. She was born 04 Jun 1784 in Augusta County,Virginia but now in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 17 Jan 1835 in Harrison County,West Virginia. He married (2) ELIZABETH SHREVES,2ND WIFE 24 Apr 1836 in Harrison County,West Virginia. She was born 10 Dec 1813 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 11 Apr 1887 in Upshur County,West Virginia.
Notes for ELIZABETH SHREVES,2ND WIFE:
Decatur Camden JACKSON b: 28 December 1836 in Buckhannon, WV.
Samuel Dexter JACKSON b: 28 July 1838
James Alonzo JACKSON b: 2 May 1840
Marion Orlando JACKSON b: 14 July 1841 in Buckhannon, WV.
Melissa JACKSON b: 19 March 1842
Roxana Columbia JACKSON b: 29 November 1844 in Buckhannon, WV.
George Washington JACKSON b: 17 October 1845
Artemesha JACKSON b: 1 August 1847 in Pratt County,Kansas
Clipso Meris JACKSON b: 15 January 1848
Gideon Draper Camden JACKSON b: 15 January 1852
Children of HENRY JACKSON and MARY HIRE are:
i. ESTHER9 JACKSON, b. 31 Mar 1801, Harrison County,West Virginia.
ii. ELIZABETH PERMELIA JACKSON, b. 22 Nov 1802, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. WILLIAM VANDEVATER JACKSON, b. 27 Oct 1804, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iv. HYRE JACKSON, b. 05 Sep 1806, Harrison County,West Virginia.
v. EDWARD JACKSON, b. 12 Nov 1808, Harrison County,West Virginia.
vi. MARIAH JACKSON, b. 29 Mar 1810, Harrison County,West Virginia.
10. vii. HENRY J. JACKSON,JR., b. 11 Aug 1813, Buckhannon,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 24 Jul 1865, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
viii. RACHEL CECELIA JACKSON, b. 10 Dec 1817, Harrison County,West Virginia.
ix. JOHN HENDERSON BRAKE JACKSON, b. 15 Mar 1820, Harrison County,West Virginia.
x. JACOB JACKSON, b. 27 Oct 1821, Harrison County,West Virginia.
xi. ULYSSES JACKSON, b. 06 Nov 1824, Harrison County,West Virginia.
xii. MARY SOPHIA JACKSON, b. 1827, Harrison County,West Virginia.
11. xiii. AMANDA MELVINA JACKSON, b. 04 Feb 1816, Harrison County,West Virginia.
Child of HENRY JACKSON and ELIZABETH SHREVES is:
xiv. DECATUR CAMDEN9 JACKSON, b. 28 Dec 1836, Harrison County,West Virginia.
Generation No. 3
7. DAVID EDWARD9 JACKSON,YELLOW FEVER (EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 30 Oct 1788 in Burlington County,New Jersey, and died Aft. 1837 in Yellow Fever near Memphis,Tennessee. He married JULIA NORRIS Abt. Sep 1807 in Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of JOHN NORRIS and MARY JONES. She was born 12 Dec 1783 in Fauquier County,Virginia, and died 16 Mar 1832 in Old Jackson's Mill,5 Miles South of Lewis County,West Virginia.
Children of DAVID JACKSON and JULIA NORRIS are:
i. EDWARD JOHN10 JACKSON, b. 31 Jul 1808, Harrison County,West Virginia.
ii. WILLIAM PITT JACKSON, b. 05 Jan 1811, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. NANCY NORRIS JACKSON, b. 12 Oct 1813, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iv. MARY JONES JACKSON, b. 12 Oct 1813, Harrison County,West Virginia.
8. JONATHAN9 JACKSON,1ST HUSBAND,LAWYER,TYPHOID (EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 25 Sep 1790 in Burlington County,New Jersey, and died 26 Mar 1826 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia. He married JULIA BECKWITH NEALE,TYPHOID FEVER 28 Sep 1817 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of THOMAS NEALE and MARGARET WINN. She was born 28 Feb 1798 in Auldie,Loudoun County,Virginia, and died Dec 1831 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
Children of JONATHAN JACKSON and JULIA NEALE are:
12. i. MARTHA 'PATSY'10 JACKSON, b. Abt. 01 Jun 1817, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
ii. ELIZABETH JACKSON,TYPHOID FEVER, b. 06 Feb 1819, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 26 Mar 1826, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. WARREN J. JACKSON, b. Jan 1821, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
13. iv. THOMAS 'STONEWALL' JONATHAN JACKSON,GENERAL, b. 21 Jan 1824, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 10 May 1863, Outbuilding of the Chandler plantation,Guiney Station,Chancellorsville,Jackson Memorial Cemetery,Lexington,Rockbridge County,Virginia.
14. v. LAURA ANN JACKSON, b. 27 Mar 1826, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 24 Sep 1911, Buckhannon,Upshur County,West Virginia.
9. REBECCA9 JACKSON (EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 15 Sep 1795 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 18 Jul 1889 in Wood County,West Virginia. She married GEORGE BEAVERS WHITE 19 Dec 1811 in Harrison County,West Virginia, son of ALEXANDER WHITE and MARY BEAVERS. He was born 13 Oct 1788 in Sussex County,New Jersey, and died 13 Oct 1858 in Wood County,West Virginia.
Notes for GEORGE BEAVERS WHITE:
Left Will in Wood County,West Virginia...
Isabelle White b: 24 FEB 1822 in Harrison Co., VA
Rachel White b: 1 SEP 1824 in Harrison Co., VA
Eliza Cerena White b: 23 JAN 1827 in Harrison Co., VA
Alexander White b: 12 NOV 1829 in Harrison Co., VA
David Jackson White b: 16 MAY 1832 in Harrison Co., VA
Olive White b: 22 MAR 1835 in Harrison Co., VA
Thomas Benton White b: 1 SEP 1838 in Harrison Co., VA
Children of REBECCA JACKSON and GEORGE WHITE are:
15. i. EDWARD10 WHITE,1ST HUSBAND, b. 23 Aug 1812, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 27 Jun 1847, Wood County,West Virginia.
ii. PRUDENCE WHITE, b. 22 Oct 1814, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. CUMMING JACKSON WHITE, b. 02 Jan 1818, Harrison County,West Virginia.
16. iv. MARY CATHERINE WHITE, b. 11 Apr 1819, Wood County,West Virginia; d. 30 Jun 1845, Wood County,West Virginia.
10. HENRY J.9 JACKSON,JR. (HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 11 Aug 1813 in Buckhannon,Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 24 Jul 1865 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married LYDIA JANE REGER 15 Feb 1836 in Buckhannon,Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of ISAAC REGER and MARY BRAKE. She was born 16 Jun 1816 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 29 Apr 1877 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of HENRY JACKSON and LYDIA REGER are:
17. i. ISAAC A.10 JACKSON, b. 06 Jan 1837, Barbour County,West Virginia; d. 08 Nov 1895, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
18. ii. HENRY LANCISCO JACKSON, b. 29 Aug 1838, Barbour County,West Virginia; d. 08 Dec 1900, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iii. GRANVILLE JACKSON, b. 25 Sep 1843, Barbour County,West Virginia.
iv. VIRGINIA FLORENCE JACKSON, b. 07 Sep 1846, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
v. ULYSSES JACKSON, b. 02 May 1850, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
vi. PHOEBE JACKSON, b. May 1852, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
11. AMANDA MELVINA9 JACKSON (HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 04 Feb 1816 in Harrison County,West Virginia. She married DANIEL PRIBBLE Abt. 1834 in Harrison County,West Virginia. He was born Abt. 1812 in Harrison County,West Virginia.
Children of AMANDA JACKSON and DANIEL PRIBBLE are:
19. i. CALDONIA SENORA10 PRIBBLE, b. 25 Dec 1847, Ritchie County,West Virginia; d. 26 Oct 1920, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
20. ii. FRANKLIN PIERCE PRIBBLE,SR., b. Mar 1853, Ritchie County,West Virginia; d. 19 Mar 1929, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Generation No. 4
12. MARTHA 'PATSY'10 JACKSON (JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born Abt. 01 Jun 1817 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, and died in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia. She married UNKNOWN in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia. He was born in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died in Harrison County,West Virginia.
Children of MARTHA JACKSON and UNKNOWN are:
21. i. JOHNSON11 JACKSON, b. 25 Jan 1842, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 23 Jul 1926, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. LYDIA JACKSON, b. 1846, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
13. THOMAS 'STONEWALL' JONATHAN10 JACKSON,GENERAL (JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 21 Jan 1824 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 10 May 1863 in Outbuilding of the Chandler plantation,Guiney Station,Chancellorsville,Jackson Memorial Cemetery,Lexington,Rockbridge County,Virginia. He married (1) ELENOR 'ELLIE' JUNKINS,1ST WIFE 04 Aug 1853 in Married in George Junkins' House the President of Washington College at Lexington,Virginia, daughter of GEORGE JUNKINS and JULIA MILLER. She was born 06 Mar 1825 in Lexington,Virginia, and died 22 Oct 1854 in Lexington,Virginia. He married (2) MARY ANNA MORRISON,2ND WIFE 16 Jul 1857 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, daughter of ROBERT MORRISON and MARY GRAHAM. She was born Abt. 1835 in Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina, and died 24 Mar 1915 in Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina.
Notes for THOMAS 'STONEWALL' JONATHAN JACKSON,GENERAL:
The Generals Ulysses S Grant and Robert E Lee
Nancy Scott Anderson and Dwight Anderson
Publication: New York, NY:Wings Books - 1987 94-10928
Anderson, The Generals
The Generals Ulysses S Grant and Robert E Lee - Page 57
Author: Nancy Scott Anderson and Dwight Anderson
Publication: New York, NY:Wings Books - 1987
Stonewall Jackson arrived from Virginia in homespun & mountain clogs
and carrying a sweat-stained pair of saddlebags slung over one shoulder
1848 Fort Hamilton for 2 years then went to Fort Meade was in Florida
1851 Elected chair in the Virginia Military Institute - Lexington in 1851.
1859 Harper's Ferry raid of John Brown .
June 17,1861 Nrigadier-General
October 7,1861 Major-General
October 10,1862 promoted to Lieutenant-General
From Harper's Weekly of the time of his death, we have:
"On Sunday morning, when it was apparent that he was rapidly sinking,Mrs. Jackson was informed of his condition. She then had free and full converse with him and told him he was going to die.
He said: "Very good; very good. It is all right."
He had previously said: "I consider these wounds a blessing.
They were given me for some good and wise purpose. I would not part with them if I could."
He asked of Major Pendleton: "Who is preaching at head-quarters today?"
He sent messages to all the Generals. He expressed a wish to be buried in Lexington in the valley of Virginia. During delirium his mind reverted to the battle-field, and he sent orders to General A. P. Hill to prepare for action, and to Major Hawks, his Commissary, and to the surgeons.
He frequently expressed to his aids his wish that Major-General Ewell should be ordered to command his corps. His confidence in General Ewell was very great, and the manner in which he spoke of him showed that he had duly considered the matter."
From Freeman's "Lee's Lieutenants
"There was a stir outside the tent, a moment of hesitation, and then some one brought in a bit of folded paper. It contained the brief and dreadful news. In the little cottage at Guiney's, Jackson had roused from his restless sleep and had struggled to speak. His mind had been wandering far but with an effort, in his even, low voice, he had said: 'Let us pass over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees.' And then, as so often on marches into the unknown, he had led the way."
Jackson's sister Elizabeth age 6 and his father died of typhoid fever.
Julia Jackson gave birth to Laura the day after her husband died.
Widowed at age 28, Julia was left with extensive debts and the family was impoverished.
Jackson's mother gave birth to Thomas's sister Laura Ann the next day.
Julia Jackson thus was widowed at 28 and was left with much debt and three young children including the newborn...
She sold the family's possessions to pay the debts and declined family charity and moved into a small rented one-room house. Julia took in sewing and taught school to support herself and her three young children for about four years
Julia Jackson remarried to her new husband Blake Woodson an attorney who disliked his stepchildren and the family had financial difficulties....
A short time after the marriage, Thomas & Laura were sent to live with Jackson relatives in Jackson's Mill,West Virginia; Warren was sent to Neale relatives....
Julia Jackson died, as a result of childbirth complications on December 4,1831.
Julia left behind the three Jackson siblings and a newborn son - Thomas's half brother - William Wirt Woodson (1831-1875)
Stonewall Jackson & Laura spent the remaining years of childhood with their paternal uncles.
Stonewall Jackson's brother Warren died of tuberculosis in 1841.
Jackson's Mill was owned by Cummins Jackson.
Working and teaching at Jackson's Mill
Stonewall Jackson was seven years old when his mother died.
He and his sister Laura Ann were sent to live with their paternal uncle,Cummins Jackson who owned a grist mill in Jackson's Mill near present-day Weston in Lewis County in central West Virginia.... Cummins Jackson was strict with Thomas who looked up to Cummins as a schoolteacher.....
His older brother, Warren, went to live with other relatives on his mother's side of the family, but he later died of tuberculosis in 1841 at the age of 20.
Stonewall Jackson helped around his uncle's farm by tending sheep with the assistance of a sheepdog, driving teams of oxen and helping harvest wheat and corn.
Formal education was not easily obtained but he attended school when and where he could.
Much of Jackson's education was self-taught. He would often sit up at night reading by the flickering light of burning pine knots.....
The story is told that Thomas once made a deal with one of his uncle's slaves to provide him with pine knots in exchange for reading lessons.
This was in violation of a law in Virginia that forbade teaching a slave,free black or mulatto to read or write which had been enacted following the infamous and bloody Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion incident in Southampton County in 1831.
Nevertheless, Jackson secretly taught the slave to read, as he had promised.
In his later years at Jackson's Mill, Thomas Stonewall Jackson was a schoolteacher......
Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson
After the death of his wife, Elenor Junkin and a period of mourning for several years Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson found his thoughts going to the women he had knowm in recent years,Thomas Jackson Jackson found his thoughts returni ng again and again to Mary Morrison, who with her sister Eugenia had visited the Harvey Hills just prior to Jackson marriage to Ellie....
In retrospect, the major envisioned even more in Anna's soft brown eyes, her dark brown hair, the calm and sunny disposition seemed always to possess....
The Morrison girls we re aware of Ellie's death.
Yet Anna....six years Ellie's and seven-and-a-half years younger than Jackson-was not prepared for his overtures. One day that autumn, Anna received a letter.
It was the first correspondence with Jackson......
The professor,Anna later stated,expressed "such blissful memories over reminiscences of the summer we had been together in Lexington that sister Eugenia laughed most heartily over it, and predicted an early visit from Major Jackson.
A few days before Christmas, Professor and Mrs. Harvey Hill were having fast at their North Carolina home. He was head of the mathematics department Davidson College; she was the oldest of the six Morrison girls. One of the servants arrived to tell Mrs. Hill the latest family news. Isabella Hill inquired at point if her sister Anna "had had any beaux lately."
The mammy replied that as matter of fact a gentleman was then calling on Miss Anna.
She describe d him as a man, with brass buttons on his cap, and wearing very large boots.
Harvey chuckled. "That must be Jackson!" he stated. Hill was correct.
A day or so Anna was peering out the parlor window when she saw 'a tall form, in military uniform walking up from my father's gate and I could scarcely believe my senses'
Jackson had taken a few days' leave in the middle of the school year for a quick visit to the Morrison home in North Carolina. This get-acquainted visit was pleasurable to all concerned-especially Jackson, who wanted a wife and who always enjoyed a close-knit family.....
The patriarch of the househ old was Robert Hall Morrison.
Born in I798 near North Carolina, he had grad uated third in a University of North Carolina that included future president James Knox Polk. Morrison studied theology at the Princeton Seminary and rece ived ordination to the Presbyterian ministry.
For many years he organized and served a number of churches in the Charlotte-Fayetteville
He married Mary Gr aham, the daughter of General Joseph Graham of Revolutionary War fame.
She was also the sister of William A. Graham, who became North Carolina governor,U.S. senator and Secretary of the Navy in the Fillmore administration.
Mrs. Morrison spent most of her time bearing and caring for six daughters and four sons.
In 1835, Morrison began pushing for the establishment of a Presbyteri an college in Carolina.
Once the idea gained official approval, he raised the first funds and construction of the first buildings. Davidson College op ened its doors in with Robert Morrison as president.
He led the school for only three-and-a-half years before
"A serious throat trouble interfered with his teaching," a family member wrote, this forced Morrison to relinquish his college duties. He retired to his home sixteen miles away and continued as a member of the College 's board of trustees for a quarter-century.......
A contempo rary thought him "an interesting character, straight, with a flashing black e ye, and black hair that never turned gray, he always presented a picturesque appearance.
Morrison had bought a 200-acre tract with a small home on it som e twenty miles north of Charlotte.
He called the place Cottage Home. Sometime later, when Morrison built a much larger house several hundred yards back fr om the original place, he gave the new structure the same name. Cottage H ome was actually a two story, twelve-room mansion
Stonewall Jackson was baptized in St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church,Fort Hamilton,New York
By the Reverend Mr. Parks....as his sponsors were Colonel's Taylor & Dimick being the church record giving his name as Thomas Jefferson Jackson's....
Stonewall Jackson was stationed at Fort Meade,Tampa Bay,Florida in 1850-1851
Stonewall Jackson accepted the professorship of natural & experimental philosophy and artillery tactics in the Virginia Military institute in Lexington called the West Point of the South.....
Stonewall Jackson joined the Presbyterian church by a public profession of his faith and became a deacon in this church but his religious views allowed him to commune with the church in which he was baptized when necessary on visits......
Stonewall Jackson religious character which history has and will inseparably connect with his military life, appears to have begun forming in the City of Mexico, where his attention was directed to the subject of the variety of beliefs on religious questions.
His amiable and affectionate biographer Mrs. Jackson mentions that Colonel Francis Taylor, the commander of the First artillery, under whom Jackson was serving, was the first man to speak to him on the subject of personal religion. Jackson had not at any time of his life yielded to the vices, and was in all habits strictly moral, but had given no particular attention to the duties enjoined by the church.
Convinced now that this neglect was wrong he began to study the Bible and pursued his inquiries until he finally united (1851) with the Presbyterian church. His remarkable devoutness of habit and unwavering confidence in the truth of his faith contributed as it is conceded,very greatly to the full development of his singular character as well as to his marvelous success.......
In 1848 Jackson's command was stationed at Fort Hamilton for two years then at Fort Meade in Florida, and from that station he was elected to a chair in the Virginia military institute at Lexington in 1851, which he accepted, and resigning his commission, made Lexington his home ten years, and until he began his remarkable' career in the Confederate war....
Two years later, 1853, he married Miss Eleanor, daughter of Rev. Dr. Junkin, president of Washington college, but she lived scarcely more than a year. Three years after on July 16,1857, his second marriage occurred, with Miss Mary Anna,the daughter of Rev. Dr. H. R- Morrison of North Carolina a distinguished educator whose other daughters married men who attained eminence in civil and military life, among them being General D. H. Hill, General Rufus Barringer, and Chief Justice A. C. Avery.
The only special incident occurring amidst the educational and domestic life of Major Jackson which flowed on serenely from this hour was the summons of the cadets of the Institute by Governor Letcher to proceed to Harper's Ferry on the occasion of the raid of John Brown in 1859.
During the presidential campaign of 1860 Major Jackson visited New England and there heard enough to arouse his fears for the safety of the Union.
At the election of that year he cast his vote for Breckinridge on the principle that he was a State rights man, and after Lincoln's election he favored the policy of contending in the Union rather than out of it, for the recovery of the ground that had thus been lost.
The course of coercion however alarmed him and the failure of the Peace congress persuaded him that if the United States persisted in their course war would certainly result.....
His State saw as he did and on the passage of its ordinance of secession the military cadets under the command of Major Jackson were ordered to the field by the governor of Virginia.....
The order was promptly obeyed April 21,1861 from which date his Confederate military life began.
He was commissioned Brigadier-General on June 17,1861, and was promoted to Major-General October 7,1861, with the wise assignment to command of the Valley district, which he assumed in November of that year. With a small force he began even in winter a series of bold operations in the great Virginia valley, and opened the spring campaign of 1862 on plans concerted between General Joseph E. Johnston and himself, by attacking the enemy at Kernstown, March 23rd, where he sustained his only repulse; but even in the movement which resulted in a temporary defeat he caused the recall of a considerable Federal force designed to strengthen McClellan in the advance against Richmond. The next important battle was fought at McDowell, in which Jackson won a decided victory over Fremont. Then moving with celerity and sagacity he drove Banks at Front Royal, struck him again at Newtown, and at length utterly routed him.
After this, turning about on Shields, he overthrew his command also, and thus, in one month's campaign, broke up the Federal forces which had been sent to "crush him." In these rapidly executed operations he had successfully fought five battles against three distinct armies,requiring four hundred miles, marching to compass the fields.
This Valley campaign of 1862 was never excelled, according to the opinions expressed by military men of high rank and long experience in war. It is told by Dr. McGuire, the chief surgeon of Jackson's command, that with swelling heart he had "heard some of the first soldiers and military students of England declare that within the past two hundred years the English speaking race has produced but five soldiers of the first rank.....Marlborough, Washington, Wellington, Lee and Stonewall Jackson, and that this campaign in the valley was superior to either of those made by Napoleon in Italy."
One British officer, who teaches strategy in a great European college, told Surgeon McGuire that he used this campaign as a model of strategy and tactics, dwelling upon it for several months in his lectures; that it was taught in the schools of Germany and that Von Moltke the great strategist, declared it was without a rival in the world's history.....
At the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862, Lieutenant-General Jackson held the Confederate right against all Federal assaults. The Federal disaster in this battle resulted in the resignation of Burnside and the reorganization of the army under General Hooker in 1863......
Artillery Instructor at West Point Military Academy,Class of 1846
Stonewall Jackson was raised by his uncle as both his parents died young.....
Stonewall Jackson went to West Point & distinguished himself in the Mexican War in 1848...
Stonewall Jackson was a Colonel in the Confederate infantry at the outbreak of the Civil War of Confederate infantry.....
Stonewall Jackson was loved by his men and made his first mark at the First Battle of Bull Run holding the confederate line under heavy attack.....
Brigadier General Barnard E. Bee exclaimed in admiration :
'There is Jackson standing like a stone wall' and so the nickname of 'Stonewall' stuck to Thomas 'Stonewall' Jonathan Jackson,soon was promoted to a Major General position.....
Stonewall Jackson became one of Robert Edward Lee's best General at the battles of the 2nd Bull Run,Antietam,Fredericksburg & Chancellorsville.....
On May 2,1863 as the dusk was settling over the battlefield at Chancellorsville,his own men mis-took him for the enemy and fired upon Jackson.....the wounded General Stonewall Jackson was taken to a field hospital where his left arm was amputated and moved to the Chandler plantation at Guiney Station an outbuilding but he got pneumonia and died......
As Stonewall Jackson's condition worsened he started talking In his delirium and shouted out :
"Order A.P. Hill to prepare for action! Pass the infantry to the front rapidly! Tell Major Hawks."
Not long afterward as he had said his last words,
'Let us cross over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees.'
General Robert Edward Lee said :
'He has lost his left arm, but I have lost my right arm'
A superb commander, he had several faults. Personnel problems haunted him, as in the feuds with Loring and with Garnett after Kernstown.
His choices for promotion were often not first rate as he did not give his subordinates enough latitude, which denied them the training for higher positions under Lee's loose command style.
This was especially devastating in the case of his immediate successor - Richard Ewell.
Although he was sometimes balky when in a subordinate position Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson was supreme on his own hook. .....
Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson and his parents were of patriotic Revolutionary stock, dying while he was but a child, he was reared and educated by his kindred in the pure and simple habits of rural life, taught in good English schools, and is described as a diligent,plodding scholar having a strong mind, though it was slow in development......
But he was in boyhood a leader among his fellow-students in the athletic sports of the times in which he generally managed his side of the contest so as to win the victory.
By this country training he became a bold and expert rider and cultivated that spirit of daring which being held sometimes in abeyance displayed itself in his Mexican service, and then suddenly again in the Confederate war.
In June of 1842 at the age of eighteen Stonewall Jackson was appointed to a cadetship in the military academy at West Point where, commencing with the disadvantages of inadequate preparation, he overcame obstacles by such determination as to rise from year to year in the estimation of the faculty.
Stonewall Jackson did go to school however his education was rather primative in the hills of western Virginia at that time and his educational background was very poor......as he desperately wanted to go to college, but knew they could not afford it.......
He learned that you could get a free education if you could get an appointment to West Point.
So he studied very hard to take the exams for West Point, but still came in second in the testing.
However when the other young man who did receive the West Point Academy appointment dropped out the appointment was given to Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson to the West Point Academy...
He was Not prepared to compete with the other cadets at West Point Academy.. as most of them had come from well-to -do families and had good educational backgrounds.
Thomas at the end of his freshman year was almost last in his class standings.
However he was so determined to make it and stay in West Point that studied twice as hard as most of the other cadets.... Each night before they called 'lights out' he would put an extras cuttle of coal on the fire as West Point used coal not wood at that time and then would stay up for hours studying by the light of coal embers. He sometimes stayed up all night or until the embers burned out.
Each year Thomas improved his class standing and by the time he graduated he finished 17th in a class of 59....... A very good class standing....
One of the cadets said that if they had one more year to go 'Old Tom' would probably finish first in his class! After graduation he went into the War with Mexico.
He not only distinguished himself in battle but was called one of the heros of Chapultepec.
Stonewall Jackson went into the war as a Lieutenant and came out a Brevet Major.....
He later resigned from the army and went to the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington,Virginia as a profess or of Natural Philosophy now called physics and an instructor of artillery....
He was considered a poor classroom teacher but was an excellent artillery instructor....
He graduated June 30,1846 at the age of twenty-two years, receiving brevet rank as second-lieutenant at the beginning of the Mexican War and was ordered to report for duty with the First Regular Artillery with which he shared in the many brilliant battles which General Scott fought from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico.
Stonewall Jackson was often commended for his soldierly conduct and soon received successive promotions for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco. Captain Magruder, afterwards a Confederate General, thus mentioned him in orders: "If devotion, industry, talent, and gallantry are the highest qualities of a soldier, then is he entitled to the distinction which their possession confers."
Stonewall Jackson began his U.S. Army career in the Mexican War as a brevet second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Artillery Regiment and was sent to fight in the Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848.
Again, his unusual strength of character emerged. During the assault on Chapultepec Castle, he refused what he felt was a bad order to withdraw his troops.
Confronted by his superior, he explained his rationale, claiming withdrawal was more hazardous than continuing his overmatched artillery duel. His judgment proved correct, and a relieving brigade was able to exploit the advantage Jackson had broached. In contrast, he obeyed what he also felt was a bad order when he raked a civilian throng with artillery fire after the Mexican authorities failed to surrender Mexico City at the hour demanded by the U.S. forces.....The former episode, and later aggressive action against the retreating Mexican army, earned him field promotion....
Stonewall Jackson's students made fun of him behind his back because he was so eccentric however they had great respect for him as an artillery instructor ....One student said "Old Jack isn't much of a classroom teacher but if we ever go to war, I want to be right there serving with him ........
And indeed some of his students did serve with him in the War Between the States.
When the war had started Thomas made the decision to go with his native state of Virginia and serve the Confederate States and because of his West Point back ground excellent military experience in the US.Army and the intuition about the enemy he advanced rapidly to the rank of Lieutenant General
His men were well aware of his eccentricities and considered him a hard task master but had great admiration for his leadership qualties. He was a very stern,somber,extremely religious man whose
seldom joked. However he did have some quirks people thought were very funny....
For example, he liked the taste of black pepper but never ate it because he thought it made his left leg ache. He loved fruit but it became more and more scarce as the war went on.
He had a particular fondness for lemons and was often seen riding his horse sucking on a lemon. People knew about his love of lemons and would send them to him when they could get them .
He thought a person should redistribute the blood in their body from time to time and often was seen riding his horse holding one arm up in the arm....then when that arm got tired, he would lower it and raise the other arm as he thought he was redistributing the flow of blood in his body.....
At the battle of First Manassa in the summer of 1861 when General Barnard Bee tried to rally his men by saying : 'There stands Jackson like a stonewall. Rally around the Virginian.'
The name 'Stonewall' stuck from that time on until today,Lt Gen Thomas Jonathan Jackson is better known as 'Stonewall' his acquired nickname and his reputation at First Manassa from the firmness with which his brigade resisted the Northern attack.....
Stonewall Jackson's troops held off a ferocious Union assault at Fredericksburg,Virginia.
At the Battle of Chancellorsville, Jackson's forces flanked the Union army, and in an intense battle deep in the tangled woods drove them back from their lines
He was accidently shot by his own men at the battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863 as he and some of his staff were out inspecting lines in the darkness,and when they were riding back into camp they were mistaken by South Carolina troops as Union soldiers.
The Confederate troops fired a volley of shots that killed two staff members including a general and wounded others. General Stonewall Jackson was shot three times but none of the wounds were thought to be fatal. The worst was a shattered upper arm, which had to be amputated because they had no way or knowledge to repair splintered bone in those days.
Stonewall was believed to be on his way to recovery but died a week later from pneumonia.
The Chandler's prepared a room in an outbuilding using the same bed frame and one of the same blankets exhibited today. They also added the clock on the mantel with the hope that it would make the room look more homelike and cheerful, but furnishings could not dictate the mood of the room. Despite the efforts of pneumonia specialists, nothing seemed to bring relief to the General. Jackson observed, "I see from the number of physicians that you think my condition dangerous, but I thank God, if it is His will, that I am ready to go." On Sunday, May 10, 1863, the doctors lost all hope of Jackson's recovery, and the General was notified of his condition. But as Jackson grew physically weaker, he remained spiritually strong. "It is the Lord's Day; my wish is fulfilled," said Jackson.
"I have always desired to die on Sunday."
Jackson realized that desire at 3:15 p.m. with Dr. McGuire carefully noting Jackson's last words:
A few moments before he died he cried out in his delirium, 'Order A.P. Hill to prepare for action! Pass the infantry to the front rapidly! Tell Major Hawks'...... then stopped, leaving the sentence unfinished. Presently a smile of ineffable sweetness spread itself over his pale face, and he said quietly, and with an expression, as if of relief, 'Let us cross over the river, and rest under the shade of the trees....'
Upon hearing of Jackson's death, Robert E. Lee mourned the loss of both a friend and a trusted commander.....The night Lee heard of Jackson's death, he told his cook :
'William, I have lost my right arm", and 'I'm bleeding at the heart.'
General Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson was lamented more than any soldier who had fallen.
The army felt that his place could not be easily supplied and the South was weighted with grief.
After the war, when the North dispassionately studied the man they ceased to wonder at the admiration in which he was held by the world.
He was buried at Lexington,Virginia, where a monument erected by affection marks his grave.
"For centuries men will come to Lexington as a Mecca, and to this grave as a shrine, and wonderingly talk of this man and his mighty deeds..... Time will only add to his great fame....his name will be honored and revered forever.....
Thomas 'Stonewall' Jonathan Jackson died May 10,1863 in an outbuilding on the Chandler plantation in the rural community of Guinea Station and is buried at Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington,Rockbridge County,Virginia. The Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery began as the burial ground for the old Lexington Presbyterian Church in 1789.
General Stonewall Jackson, 144 Confederate veterans, two Virginia governors John Letcher and James McDowell and Margaret Junkin Preston, the Civil War Poet Laureate of the South are buried in the cemetery......
The close relationship between Jackson and his sister,Laura Jackson Arnold was destroyed during the war. Laura was an outspoken Unionist who became estranged from her brother and other members of her family.
Federal troops occupied her hometown of Beverly,West Virginia during most of the war and Mrs. Arnold cared for Federal wounded in her home.....
Other family members are buried in the same plot which is overlooked by a large statue of Jackson.
His death was a very great loss to the Confederacy as he could not be replaced but people of the South continued to hope for another Jackson right up to the end of the war......
Stonewall Jackson was a great American soldier and considered by military authorities an outstanding leader and one of the ablest Confederate commanders.....
Jackson was born Thomas Jonathan Jackson on January 21,1824 in Clarksburg,Virginia now in West Virginia and was educated at the US. Military Academy.
Following his graduation of 1846 from West Point he participat ed in the Mexican War until 1848 .
He became an instructor at the Virginia Military Institute in 1851 and the next year he resigned from
When the American Civil War started in 1861 after he left Virginia Military institute to enter the Confederate army and was immediately commissioned a colonel and within months was given the rank of Brigadier General...... Stonewall Jackson had earned his popular nickname at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861 where his troops stood against the Union forces like a stone wall according to a colleague Brigadier General Barnard E. Be.....e
While commanding his troops the so-called Stonewall Brigade during a campaign in the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1862 after Jackson executed a remarkable tactical maneuver against three Union armies then menacing Richmond.
After driving back the army of General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks which was advancing from the north
Stonewall Jackson turned and defeated the armies threatening to attack his rear ranks from the east and west.....
Stonewall Jackson took part with General Robert Edward Lee in the defeat of General George McClellan in the Seven Days' Battle at Richmond,Virginia....
In August 1862 Stonewall Jackson defeated the army of General John Pope, thus ensuring a Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run......
Stonewall Jackson then crossed the Potomac into Maryland with Lee who had ordered him to capture Harpers Ferry,Virginia.... His task accomplished in September 1862 Jackson rushed north to Antietam Creek to aid Lee who was under attack by an overwhelming Union force.....
Stonewall Jackson commanded the right wing of the victorious Confederate Army at Fredericksburg in December 1862 in Virginia the following spring during the Rappahannock campaign by launching a surprise attack on the rear columns of the Union Army as Stonewall Jackson had prevented the threatened encirclement of the Confederate forces by the troops of General Joseph Hooker.....
Stonewall Jackson was one of the most famous Confederate generals and one of the best officers who fought under General Robert E. Lee.
At the First Battle of Bull Run or Manassas, Jackson's brigade faced overwhelming odds, but formed a strong line and held its ground.
General Barnard E. Bee was trying to rally his Southern troops and saw Jackson's line and shouted, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Rally behind the Virginians!"
After that, Jackson was known as 'Stonewall' and his brigade as the 'Stonewall Brigade'....
Stonewall Jackson's chief characteristics were his religious nature, his careful attention to military detail, his firm discipline,and his capacity to get the maximum efforts from his men.
His soldiers loved him and trusted his ability and tolerated his strict discipline.
Generals Lee and Jackson understood each other perfectly.
The two had worked so well together that General Lee could not find another man capable of replacing Jackson after his death.
Thomas Stonewall Jackson was born in Clarksburg,Virginia now West Virginia on January 21,1824. Stonewall was orphaned at an early age as he was raised by an uncle,Cummins Jackson a miller who lived near what is now Weston,West Virginia.
Thomas had received sketchy schooling in country schools but as he had worked hard and secured an appointment to the U.S. Military Academy in 1842.
His career there represented a triumph of sheer willpower and because of his inadequate schooling, he had to work a lot harder than most cadets to absorb the school lessons...but his grades slowly climbed until he graduated in the upper third of his Academy classes....
The story went around the school that if Jackson had had one more year, he would have ranked first. At the academy Stonewall Jackson began using the middle initial 'J' which some historians believe stands for 'Jonathan.'
As soon as he received his commission as a Lieutenant of the artillery Stonewall Jackson was assigned to the Mexican War zone in Mexico where he first met Robert Edward Lee.
Stonewall Jackson served at Veracruz,Contreras,Chapultepec,Mexico City and rose to the temporary rank of major within a year....when after the war Stonewall Jackson had served at the Mexican War and had ended at various forts around the country....as In 1850, his company went to Florida to fight the Seminole Indians......
Little as he was known to the white inhabitants of Lexington, Jackson was revered by many of the African-Americans in town, both slaves and free blacks. He was instrumental in the organization in 1855 of Sunday school classes for blacks at the Presbyterian Church.
His wife, Mary Anna Jackson, taught with Jackson, as "he preferred that my labors should be given to the colored children, believing that it was more important and useful to put the strong hand of the Gospel under the ignorant African race, to lift them up."
The pastor, Dr. William Spottswood White, described the relationship between Jackson and his Sunday afternoon students: "In their religious instruction he succeeded wonderfully.
His discipline was systematic and firm, but very kind. ...
His servants reverenced and loved him, as they would have done a brother or father. ...
He was emphatically the black man's friend." He addressed his students by name and they in turn referred to him affectionately as "Marse Major."
Jackson's family owned six slaves in the late 1850s.
Three - Hetty, Cyrus, and George, a mother and two teenage sons were received as a wedding present. Another Albert requested that Jackson purchase him and allow him to work for his freedom; he was employed as a waiter in one of the Lexington hotels and Jackson rented him to VMI.
Amy also requested that Jackson purchase her from a public auction and she served the family as a cook and housekeeper.
The sixth, Emma, was a four-year-old orphan with a learning disability accepted by Jackson from an aged widow and presented to his second wife, Anna, as a welcome-home gift.
After the American Civil War began, he appears to have hired out or sold his slaves.
Mary Anna Jackson, in her 1895 memoir, said, "our servants ... without the firm guidance and restraint of their master, the excitement of the times proved so demoralizing to them that he deemed it best for me to provide them with good homes among the permanent residents."
James Robertson wrote about Jackson's view on slavery
Jackson neither apologized for nor spoke in favor of the practice of slavery.
He probably opposed the institution. Yet in his mind the Creator had sanctioned slavery, and man had no moral right to challenge its existence. The good Christian slaveholder was one who treated his servants fairly and humanely at all times.....
While an instructor at Virginia Military Institute in 1853 Thomas Jackson married Elinor 'Ellie' Junkin, whose father was president of Washington College (later Washington and Lee University in Lexington.
An addition was built onto the president's residence for the Jacksons and when Robert E. Lee became president of Washington College he lived in the same home, now known as the Lee-Jackson House.
Ellie died during childbirth and the child, a son, died immediately afterward.
After a tour of Europe Jackson married again in 1857. Mary Anna Morrison was from North Carolina, where her father was the first president of Davidson College. They had a daughter named Mary Graham on April 30, 1858, but the baby died less than a month later.
Another daughter was born in 1862, shortly before her father's death.
The Jacksons named her Julia Laura, after his mother and sister.
Jackson purchased the only house he ever owned while in Lexington.
Built in 1801, the brick town house at 8 East Washington Street was purchased by Jackson in 1859. He lived in it for two years before being called to serve in the Confederacy.
Jackson never returned to his home.
Stonewall Jackson left the army in 1851 and joined the faculty of the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington where he taught until 1861 as he was not a popular teacher and the students mocked his apparently stern religious nature and his eccentric traits.
In 1853 he married Elinor Junkin, who died the next year.
In 1857, he married Mary Anna Morrison.
Stonewall Jackson is considered one of the greatest Soldiers of the Civil War......
He was profoundly religiousamd a deacon in the Presbyterian Church....
He disliked fighting on Sunday though that did not stop him from doing so.
Stonewall Jackson loved his wife very much and sent her tender love letters.
Stonewall Jackson generally wore old,worn-out clothes rather than a fancy uniform and often looked more like a moth-eaten private than a corps commander.
Stonewall Jackson was also known to regularly chew lemons during marches a taste for which he had acquired during his time in the Mexican War in Mexico......
Stonewall Jackson was extremely secretive about his Military plans and extremely punctilious about military discipline. Upon hearing of Jackson's death, Robert E. Lee mourned the loss of both a friend and a trusted soldier. The South mourned his death; he was and still is greatly admired there.
He was memorialized on Georgia's Stone Mountain and in many other places.
Although Stonewall Jackson favored preservation of the Union Jackson went with his state Virginia when it seceded. Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson was an Unknown Soldier when the Civil War War had started he soon made himself a reputation in the First Battle of Bull Run.....
In the Shenandoah Valley in 1862 at the Battle was where Stonewall Jackson earned international fame.... With only 17,000 men,Stonewall Jackson had defeated the 60,000 Union troops in a series of battles.....
After the campaign ended in June.....Stonewall Jackson raced to the aid of Robert E. Lee at Richmond.
He fought in the Seven Days' Battles and at Cedar Mountain, the Second Battle of Bull Run,Antietam Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg.as Stonewall Jackson fought his greatest battle in May 1863...when he took his Second Corps around Union forces near Chancellorsville,Virginia.
Stonewall Jackson's men struck from behind and drove the enemy back in wild disorder.
At nightfall, Jackson went ahead of the line to scout. In the darkness some of his own men mistook him for the enemy and shot him..... As Stonewall Jackson lay wounded the doctors amputated his left arm because of his wounds were so bad...
"He has lost his left arm; but I have lost my right arm."
Jackson died of pneumonia on May 10, eight days after he was shot.
The Confederate Army won the battle in which Jackson fell but his death more than offset the victory. Stonewall Jackson was buried at Lexington,Virginia.
He was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1955.
Generals in Gray
By Ezra J. Warner, pages 151, 152. 379
Next to Robert E. Lee himself, Thomas J. Jackson is the most revered of all Confederate commanders. A graduate of West Point of 1846 he had served in the artillery in the Mexican War earning two brevets, before resigning to accept a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute.
Thought strange by the cadets, he earned "Tom Fool Jackson" and "Old Blue Light" as nicknames.
Upon the outbreak of the Civil War he was commissioned a colonel in the Virginia forces and dispatched to Harpers Ferry where he was active in organizing the raw recruits until relieved by Joe Johnston.
His later assignments included: commanding lst Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah (May - July 20, 1861); brigadier general, CSA June 17, 1861); commanding 1st Brigade, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac July 20 - October 1861); major general, CSA (October 7, 1861); commanding Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (November 4, 1861 - June 26, 1862); commanding 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia June 26, 1862-May 2, 1863); and lieutenant general, CSA
October 10, 1862
Leaving Harpers Ferry, his brigade moved with Johnston to join Beauregard at Manassas. In the fight at 1st Bull Run they were so distinguished that both the brigade and its commander were dubbed "Stonewall" by General Barnard Bee. (However, Bee may have been complaining that Jackson was not coming to his support). The 1st Brigade was the only Confederate brigade to have its nickname become its official designation. That fall Jackson was given command of the Valley with a promotion to major general.
That winter he launched a dismal campaign into the western part of the state that resulted in a long feud with General William Loring and caused Jackson to submit his resignation, which he was talked out of. In March he launched an attack on what he thought was a Union rear guard at Kernstown. Faulty intelligence from his cavalry chief, Turner Ashby, led to a defeat. A religious man, Jackson always regretted having fought on a Sunday. But the defeat had the desired result, halting reinforcements being sent to McClellan's army from the Valley. In May Jackson defeated Fremont's advance at McDowell and later that month launched a brilliant campaign that kept several Union commanders in the area off balance. He won victories at Front Royal, 1st Winchester, Cross Keys, and Port Republic. He then joined Lee in the defense of Richmond but displayed a lack of vigor during the Seven Days.......
Detached from Lee, he swung off to the north to face John Pope's army and after a slipshod battle at Cedar Mountain, slipped behind Pope and captured his Manassas junction supply base. He then hid along an incomplete branch railroad and awaited Lee and Longstreet. Attacked before they arrived, he held on until Longstreet could launch a devastating attack which brought a second Bull Run victory.
In the invasion of Maryland, Jackson was detached to capture Harpers Ferry and was afterwards distinguished at Antietam with Lee. He was promoted after this and given command of the now-official 2nd Corps. It had been known as a wing or command before this. He was disappointed with the victory at Fredericksburg because it could not be followed up. In his greatest day he led his corps around the Union right flank at Chancellorsville and routed the 11th Corps..... Reconnoitering that night, he was returning to his own lines when he was mortally wounded by some of his own men.
Following the amputation of his arm, he died eight days later on May 10, 1863, from pneumonia. Lee wrote of him with deep feeling: " He has lost his left arm; but I have lost my right arm."
A superb commander, he had several faults. Personnel problems haunted him, as in the feuds with Loring and with Garnett after Kernstown. His choices for promotion were often not first rate. He did not give his subordinates enough latitude, which denied them the training for higher positions under Lee's loose command style.
This was especially devastating in the case of his immediate successor, Richard Ewell. Although he was sometimes balky when in a subordinate position, Stonewall Jackson was supreme on his own hook.......
At the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Army of Northern Virginia was faced with a serious threat by the Army of the Potomac and its new commanding general, Major General Joseph Hooker.
General Lee decided to employ a risky tactic to take the initiative and offensive away from Hooker's new southern thrust he decided to divide his forces. Jackson and his entire corps were sent on an aggressive flanking maneuver to the right of the Union lines.
This flanking movement would be one of the most successful and dramatic of the war.
While riding with his infantry in a wide berth well south and west of the Federal line of battle, Jackson employed Major Gen. Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry to provide for better reconnaissance in regards to the exact location of the Union right and rear. The results were far better than even Jackson could have hoped. Lee found the entire right side of the Federal lines in the middle of open field, guarded merely by two guns that faced westward, as well as the supplies and rear encampments. The men were eating and playing games in carefree fashion, completely unaware that an entire Confederate corps was less than a mile away.
What happened next is given in Lee's own words:
So impressed was I with my discovery, that I rode rapidly back to the point on the Plank road where I had left my cavalry, and back down the road to where Stonewall Jackson was moving, until I met Stonewall himself. "General," said I, "if you will ride with me, halting your column here, out of sight, I will show you the enemy's right, and you will perceive the great advantage of attacking down the Old turnpike instead of the Plank road, the enemy's lines being taken in reverse.
Bring only one courier, as you will be in view from the top of the hill." Stonewal; Jackson assented, and I rapidly conducted him to the point of observation. There had been no change in the picture.
I only knew Jackson slightly. I watched him closely as he gazed upon Howard's troops.
It was then about 2 P.M. His eyes burned with a brilliant glow, lighting up a sad face.
His expression was one of intense interest, his face was colored slightly with the paint of approaching battle, and radiant at the success of his flank movement.
To the remarks made to him while the unconscious line of blue was pointed out, he did not reply once during the five minutes he was on the hill, and yet his lips were moving.
From what I have read and heard of Jackson since that day, I know now what he was doing then.
Oh! "beware of rashness," General Hooker.
Stonewall Jackson is praying in full view and in rear of your right flank! While talking to the Great God of Battles, how could he hear what a poor cavalryman was saying. "Tell General Rodes," said he, suddenly whirling his horse towards the courier, "to move across the Old plank road; halt when he gets to the Old turnpike, and I will join him there."
One more look upon the Federal lines, and then Stonewall rode rapidly down the hill, his arms flapping to the motion of his horse, over whose head it seemed, good rider as he was, he would certainly go.
I expected to be told I had made a valuable personal reconnaissance saving the lives of many soldiers, and that Jackson was indebted to me to that amount at least.
Perhaps I might have been a little chagrined at Jackson's silence, and hence commented inwardly and adversely upon his horsemanship. Alas! I had looked upon him for the last time.
Fitzhugh Lee, address to the Association of the Army of Northern Virginia, 1879
Stonewall Jackson immediately returned to his corps and arranged his divisions into a line of battle to charge directly into the oblivious Federal right. The Confederates marched silently until they were merely several hundred feet from the Union position, then released a blood thirsty cry and full charge.
Many of the Federals were captured without a shot fired, the rest were driven into a full rout.
Jackson pursued relentlessly back toward the center of the Federal line until dusk...
As Jackson and his staff were returning to camp on May 2, they were mistaken for a Union cavalry force by a Confederate North Carolina regiment who shouted, "Halt, who goes there?," but fired before evaluating the reply. Jackson was hit by three bullets, two in the left arm and one in the right hand. Several other men in his staff were killed in addition to many horses. Darkness and confusion prevented Jackson getting immediate care.
He was dropped from his stretcher while being evacuated because of incoming artillery rounds. Because of his injuries, Jackson's left arm had to be amputated by Dr. Hunter McGuire. Jackson was moved to Thomas C. Chandler's 740-acre plantation named "Fairfield."
He was offered Chandler's home for recovery, but Jackson refused and suggested using Chandler's plantation office building instead. He was thought to be out of harm's way, but unknown to the doctors, he already had classic symptoms of pneumonia, complaining of a sore chest.
This soreness was mistakenly thought to be the result of his rough handling in the battlefield evacuation.....
Jackson often wore old, worn-out clothes rather than a fancy uniform, and often looked more like a moth-eaten private than a corps commander.
In direct contrast to Lee, Jackson was not a striking figure, particularly since he was not a good horseman and, therefore, rode a staid, dependable horse, rather than a spirited stallion.
A recurring story concerns his love of lemons, which he allegedly gnawed whole to alleviate symptoms of dyspepsia. However, recent research has found that none of his contemporaries recorded any unusual lemon habits and Jackson thought of a lemon as a "rare treat ... enjoyed greatly whenever it could obtained from the enemy's camp".
He was fond of all fruits, particularly peaches. He held a lifelong belief that one of his arms was longer than the other, and thus usually held the "longer" arm up to equalize his circulation.
He was described as a "champion sleeper" even falling asleep with food in his mouth occasionally.
He also became noted throughout the Confederate Army for leading his troops in complete circles.
It has often been hypothesized that Jackson had Asperger syndrome, for which he is a prime example........
The South mourned his death; he was greatly admired there.
A poem penned by one of his soldiers soon became a very popular song, "Stonewall Jackson's Way." Many theorists through the years have postulated that if Jackson had lived, Lee might have prevailed at Gettysburg.
Certainly Jackson's iron discipline and brilliant tactical sense were sorely missed, and might well have carried an extremely close-fought battle.
Lee could trust Jackson with deliberately non-detailed orders that conveyed Lee's overall objectives, what modern doctrine calls the "end state." This was because Jackson had a talent for understanding Lee's sometimes unstated goals and Lee trusted Jackson with the ability to take whatever actions were necessary to implement his end state requirements. Many of Lee's subsequent corps commanders did not have this disposition. At Gettysburg, this resulted in lost opportunities. Thus, after the Federals retreated to the heights south of town, Lee sent one of his new corps commanders, Richard S. Ewell, discretionary orders that the heights (Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill) be taken "if practicable." Without Jackson's intuitive grasp of Lee's orders and the intuition to take advantage of sudden tactical opportunities, Ewell chose not to attempt the assault, and this failure is considered by historians to be the greatest missed opportunity of the battle....
After the war, Jackson's wife and young daughter Julia moved from Lexington to North Carolina.
Mary Anna Jackson wrote two books about her husband's life, including some of his letters.
She never remarried, and was known as the "Widow of the Confederacy", living until 1915.
His daughter Julia married, and bore children, but she died of typhoid fever at the age of 26 years.
A former Confederate soldier who admired Jackson, Captain Thomas R. Ranson of Staunton, Virginia, also remembered the tragic life of Jackson's mother. Years after the War, he went to the tiny mountain hamlet of Ansted in Fayette County, West Virginia, and had a marble marker placed over the unmarked grave of Julia Neale Jackson in Westlake Cemetery, to make sure that the site was not lost forever.
West Virginia's Stonewall Jackson State Park is named in his honor.
Nearby, at Stonewall Jackson's historical childhood home, his Uncle's grist mill is the centerpiece of a historical site at the Jackson's Mill Center for Lifelong Learning and State 4-H Camp.
The facility, located near Weston, serves as a special campus for West Virginia University and the WVU Extension Service...
Who Was Who in the Civil War
By Stewart Sifakis
The Execution of John Brown
Documents, November 1859-January 1860
A Civil War Resource from the VMI Archives
Thomas J. Jackson ("Stonewall") letter
to his wife, Mary Anna Jackson
1859 December 2
Full text online
John Brown top level Stonewall Jackson top level
The original letter is located in the Dabney-Jackson collection at the Library of Virginia.
It has been widely reprinted; there are minor editorial variations among different published versions, though no substantive differences.
For one published source, see Life and Letters of Thomas J. Jackson by Mary Anna Jackson
NY. Harper. 1892.
John Brown was hung today at about 11 1/2 A.M. He behaved with unflinching firmness. The arrangements were well made under the direction of Col. Smith. Brown's wife visited him last evening. The body is to be delivered to her. The gibbet was south east of the town in a large field. Brown rode on the head of his coffin, from his prison to the place of execution. The coffin was of black walnut, enclosed in a poplar box of the same shape as the coffin.
He was dressed in carpet slippers of predominating red, white socks, blacks pants, black frock coat, black vest & black slouch hat. Nothing around his neck beside his shirt collar. The open wagon in which he rode was strongly guarded on all sides. Capt. Williams, formerly one of the assistants of the Institute, marched immediately in front of the wagon. The jailer and high sheriff and several others rode in the wagon with the prisoner.
Brown had his arms tied behind him, & ascended the scaffold with apparent cheerfulness. After reaching the top of the platform, he shook hands with several who were standing around him. The sheriff placed the rope around his neck, then threw a white cap over his head & asked him if he wished a signal when all should be ready---to which he replied that it made no difference, provided he was not kept waiting too long.
In this condition he stood on the trap door, which was supported on one side by hinges, and on the other (south side) by a rope, for about 10 minutes, when Col. S. told the Sheriff "all is ready," which apparently was not comprehended by the Sheriff, and the Col. had to repeat the order, when the rope was cut by a single blow, and Brown fell through about 25 inches, so as to bring his knees on a level with the position occupied by his feet before the rope was cut. With the fall his arms below the elbow flew up, hands clenched, & his arms gradually fell by spasmodic motions---there was very little motion of his person for several minutes, after which the wind blew his lifeless body to & fro......
His face, upon the scaffold, was turned a little east of south, and in front of him were the cadets commanded by Major Gilham. My command was still in front of the cadets, all facing south.
One howitzer I assigned to Mr. Truheart on the left of the cadets, and with the other I remained on the right. Other troops occupied different positions around the scaffold, and altogether it was an imposing but very solemn scene......
I was much impressed with the thought that before me stood a man, in the full vigor of health, who must in a few minutes be in eternity. I sent up a petition that he might be saved. Awful was the thought that he might in a few minutes receive the sentence "Depart ye wicked into everlasting fire."
I hope that he was prepared to die, but I am very doubtful--he wouldn't have a minister with him.
His body was taken back to the jail, and at 6 p.m. was sent to his wife at Harper's Ferry.
When it reached Harper's Ferry the coffin was opened and his wife saw the body....the coffin was again opened at the depot, before leaving for Baltimore, lest there should be an imposition....
John F. Marszalek,Ph.D., William L. Giles
Distinguished Professor of History,
Mississippi State University
John F. Marszalek
World Book Online Americas Edition
, June 23, 2002.
Stonewall Jackson,The Man,The Soldier,The Legend
Author: Robertson, James I. Jr.
Publication: Simon and Schuster, MacMillan 1997
Stonewall Jackson,The Man,The Soldier,The Legend,Pages 7 & 89
Encyclopedia of the Confederacy,Page 830
Author: Current, Richard N. Editor in Chief
Publication: Simon and Schuster - 1993
Cemetery Records,Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery,Lexington,Virginia
Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery
South Main Street Lexington, Virginia
Stonewall Jackson Early Years
By Henry Alexander White,Columbia,SC;page 19
American National Biography
Oxford University Press - 2004
The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans
Publication: Boston, Massachusetts
The Biographical Society - 1904
Wikipedia - The free encyclopedia - Internet
Withers-America, or, A collection of genealogical data concerning the history of the
descendant in the male line of James Withers (1680/1-1746) of Stafford County,Virginia.
Author: Franz V. Recum
Publication: New York: 1949 - page 15
Name: HeritageQuest Online
Book of the Agnews
James Agnew of Pennsylvania, his race, ancestry, and descendants
Author: Mary Virginia Agnew
Publication: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,page 121
Priv. print. by J.E. Caldwell & Company - 1926
Notes for ELENOR 'ELLIE' JUNKINS,1ST WIFE:
Death of Rev. George Junkin,D. D.
On the afternoon of the 20th inst., the Rev. George Junkin, D.D. L. L. D.,departed this life, in the seventy-eighth year of his age.
This announcement will fill numerous hearts, in many parts of this land and of the world with sadness; for the deceased was widely known and greatly venerated and beloved; and the fruits of his labors, as a minister,an author,and an educator, are spread far and wide over this country and in the missionary fields in distant lands. Dr. Junkin was born November 1,1790, in a stone dwelling, which is still standing in Cumberland County,Pennsylvania near to the present town of Kingston....
His father Joseph Junkin was born near the same place in 1750, his mother, Eleanor Cochran in Franklin County,Pennsylvania on the banks of the Antietam in 1760 both branches of Dr. Junkin's ancestry were adherents of the section of Scottish Church usually called covenanters the staunchest branch of the great Puritan family......
His great-grandparents migrated from Scotland to Ireland during the persecutions under the house of Stuart, and his grandfather came to America about 1737.
Dr. Junkin's childhood and early youth were passed upon his native farm in Cumberland.
In 1806 the family removed to Mercer County,Pennsylvania then almost a frontier... fragments of the Leni Lenappe Indians still linger in the district.
He entered Jefferson College,Pennsylvania in 1809,graduated in 1813.
During his college course he attended chiefly upon the ministry of the Rev.Dr. John McMillian the apostle of West Pennsylvania, and sometimes upon that of Rev. Dr. Ramsey of the Associate Church. In an autobiography begun but not completed, Dr. Junkin dates his first religious convictions and he thinks also a renewal of his heart, as early as 1799 in his tenth year....
From that time his conscience was trained at the family altar & under parental and especially maternal teachings, controlled his life.....
Thenceforward he maintained regular habits of secret devotion.
Under Dr. McMillian's preaching, his religious impressions were often quickened; but he
mentions the ministrations of his pastor at Mercer County,Pennsylvania the Rev. James Galloway subsequently his brother-in-law as the instrumentality employed by the spirit of God in giving him such clear and satisfactory views of the plan of salvation and of his personal acceptance in Christ as led to a public profession of religion in 1811 during his College courses.....
George Junkin entered the Theological Seminary in October 1813 under Dr. Mason in New York and pursued his studies under that prince of American preachers and teachers......
He was licensed to preach the gospel by the Presbytery of Monongahela on the September 16,1816. (Associate Reform Church)
The Presbytery at first refused to license him on account of his views upon Catholic communion of God's people but upon his asking to be dismissed to another Presbytery as they rescinded their refusal, and gave him license to preach.....
His first ministration was in the Courthouse of Butler County,Pennsylvania
After missionaring for some time in different parts of Pennsylvania,New York & Maryland, he spent six or eight months in missionary labor in Philadelphia and was ordained to the full work of the ministry at Gettysburg,Pennsylvania on June 29,1818.....That same year he was called by the United Congregations of Milton & Pennell,McEwenville,Pennsylvania
George Junkin was married on June 1,1819 to Miss Julia Rush Miller of Philadelphia with
whom he lived a life of the most tender and perfect harmony for thirty-five years.
His ministry at Milton continued about eleven years ....... years marked by abundant labours, the influence of which is recognized and confessed to this day.
To his pastoral labors he added for a time those of editor of a religious and agricultural bi-monthly.
He was also in a sense the founder of the Milton Academy which under the Principalship of Dr. Kirkpatrick educated so many men who have attained to eminence and usefulness.
In 1830 Dr. George Junkin was called to the position of Principal of the Pennsylvania Manual Labor Academy at Germantown,Philadelphia County,Pennsylvania where he toiled assiduously, and sacrificed much in the cause of education.
In April, 1832, he accepted the call to the Presidency of Lafayette College.Many a column would be needed to tell the full story of the arduous labors and self-denying efforts exerted in behalf of the College by Dr. Junkin who spent time, and strength, and money in organizing its operations of
labor and teaching, besides traveling to solicit funds in its behalf....
It was at this time from 1832 to 1837, that Dr. George Junkin took such a prominent part in the ecclesiastical contest that resulted in the disruption of the Presbyterian Church,its division into Old & New school,he taking the side of the former,knowing no half-way measures in dealing with the party from whom he differed.... At this time he wrote his work on Justification, which was printed by students on the Lafayette College press.....
In 1841 Dr. George Junkin accepted the Presidency of Miami University,Ohio but returned in 1844 to resume the Presidency of Lafayette, Dr. Yeomans having resigned which position he again left in 1848, when he became President of Washington College,Virginia.
Here he remained nearly thirteen years, until secession compelled him to leave Lexington and abandon the chosen home of his advancing years.
His patriotic resistance to the rebellion is well known to the most of our readers; his farewell words to the students were, I will never hear a recitation, or deliver a lecture, under a rebel flag."
In 1844 he was the Moderator of the General Assembly in Louisville.....
In April,1866, he received the honorary appointment of Emeritus Professor of Political Philosophy in Lafayette College. He also wrote numerous books of a practical character......
The last seven years of Dr.Junkin's life were busily spent in frequentpreaching,in public efforts in behalf of temperance, and in opposition to legalizing Sabbath desecration.....
His voice will no longer be heard in forcible appeals for reform....
The funeral of Dr. Junkin was attended from his son's residence in Philadelphia.Pennsylvania..
Addresses were made by the Rev. Dr. Breed, Rev. Dr. Knox of Germantown, and Rev. John Chambers. Dr. Breed very truly remarked that :
"The mind of Dr. Junkin well harmonized with the material home in which it lodged...massive, compact, and strong..... To say that Dr. Junkin was a man of talents... of talents of a very high order and commanding power is to say the truth; but only a part of the truth.
He was a man of genius with all the force, fire, and originality of true genius.
That mind spread over a surface of amazing breadth, and penetrated also to an amazing depth.
It has not been our lot to come into intimate contact with another man who had possessed himself of, and thoroughly thought out and mastered so many of the leading topics of educational, mental, and moral science, of social and political economy, and of theology.
These topics, thoroughly sifted and striped of irrelevant surroundings, were laid away as specimens in a musium upon the shelves of a capacious and wonderfully faithful memory, and there always with reach of a wonderfully ready recollection to be summoned forth at will for use,whether in conversation,debate or literary composition."
A large number of clergymen, members of the Board of Trustees of Lafayette College, and other sympathizing friends, were in attendance, notwithstanding the inclemency of the day.
Besides the brethren already mentioned, Rev. Dr. Cattell, President of Lafayette College and the Rev. Dr. James Clarke a former co-presbyter of Dr. Junkin took part in the interesting and impressive services.....Thus closes the earthly career of one who has been long known and much beloved in our Church and country. He literally fell with his harness on. He performed public duty almost to the last..... He was taken ill on Monday morning, and died on Wednesday....That afternoon the place of worship in the widow's home of which he was chaplain was prepared for the accustomed service, but he came not........
"He never disappointed us before," said a poor old widow who came to his funeral.
But he was dying at the time. His last official duty was to preach in the Magdalen Asylum less than a week before his end. Thus has departed one of the ablest leaders of the Presbyterian Church.....
Notes for MARY ANNA MORRISON,2ND WIFE:
Mary Anna never remarried after her husband’s death and became known as The Widow of the Confederacy.........
Child of THOMAS JACKSON and ELENOR JUNKINS is:
i. WARREN11 JACKSON,STILLBORN, b. 22 Oct 1854, Lexington,Virginia; d. 22 Oct 1854.
Children of THOMAS JACKSON and MARY MORRISON are:
ii. MARY GRAHAM11 JACKSON, b. 30 Apr 1858, Harrison County,West Virginia; d. Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina.
22. iii. JULIA LAURA JACKSON,TYPHOID, b. 23 Nov 1862, Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina; d. 30 Aug 1889, Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina.
14. LAURA ANN10 JACKSON (JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 27 Mar 1826 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 24 Sep 1911 in Buckhannon,Upshur County,West Virginia. She married JONATHAN ARNOLD 01 Sep 1844 in Harrison County,West Virginia. He was born 27 Mar 1802 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 20 Jul 1883 in Harrison County,West Virginia.
Children of LAURA JACKSON and JONATHAN ARNOLD are:
i. THOMAS JACKSON11 ARNOLD, b. 03 Nov 1845, Harrison County,West Virginia.
ii. ANNA GRACE ARNOLD, b. 23 Mar 1848, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iii. STARK WILLIAM ARNOLD, b. 20 Dec 1850, Harrison County,West Virginia.
iv. LAURA ZELL ARNOLD, b. 19 Dec 1853, Harrison County,West Virginia.
15. EDWARD10 WHITE,1ST HUSBAND (REBECCA9 JACKSON, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 23 Aug 1812 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 27 Jun 1847 in Wood County,West Virginia. He married MATILDA WHITE 01 Aug 1834 in Wood County,West Virginia, daughter of JAMES WHITE and MARY COLEMAN. She was born 12 Nov 1816 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 03 Nov 1888 in Wood County,West Virginia.
Notes for EDWARD WHITE,1ST HUSBAND:
George White b: 26 NOV 1842 in Wood Co., VA
James White b: 29 DEC 1844 in Wood Co., VA
Rebecca White b: 26 OCT 1846 in Wood Co., VA
Children of EDWARD WHITE and MATILDA WHITE are:
i. PLATOFF ZANE11 WHITE, b. 01 May 1835, Wood County,West Virginia.
ii. WARREN WHITE, b. 24 Apr 1837, Wood County,West Virginia.
iii. OLIVE R. WHITE, b. 06 Apr 1839, Wood County,West Virginia.
iv. RICHARD JOHNSON WHITE, b. 22 Nov 1840, Wood County,West Virginia.
16. MARY CATHERINE10 WHITE (REBECCA9 JACKSON, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 11 Apr 1819 in Wood County,West Virginia, and died 30 Jun 1845 in Wood County,West Virginia. She married ALEXANDER W. ANDERSON 05 Oct 1837 in Wood County,West Virginia, son of JOEL ANDERSON and ELIZABETH WELSH. He was born 13 May 1815 in Wood County,West Virginia, and died 29 Mar 1852 in Wood County,West Virginia.
Children of MARY WHITE and ALEXANDER ANDERSON are:
i. JOSEPHINE11 ANDERSON, b. Abt. 1839, Wood County,West Virginia.
ii. MARQUETTE ANDERSON, b. Abt. 1843, Wood County,West Virginia.
17. ISAAC A.10 JACKSON (HENRY J.9, HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 06 Jan 1837 in Barbour County,West Virginia, and died 08 Nov 1895 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married MARY SUSAN MARSHALL 14 Oct 1858 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, daughter of THOMAS MARSHALL and FRANCES MARR. She was born 12 Apr 1840 in Albemarle County,Virginia, and died 19 Jan 1919 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of ISAAC JACKSON and MARY MARSHALL are:
i. GEORGE W.11 JACKSON, b. 09 Sep 1859, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
23. ii. ISAAC A.M. JACKSON, b. 23 Nov 1860, Ritchie County,West Virginia; d. 13 May 1914, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iii. THOMAS HART BENTON JACKSON, b. 03 Mar 1861, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iv. HENRY J. JACKSON, b. 12 Jun 1865, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
v. ULYSSES P. JACKSON, b. 05 Aug 1868, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
vi. LUVERNA JACKSON, b. Jul 1870, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
18. HENRY LANCISCO10 JACKSON (HENRY J.9, HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 29 Aug 1838 in Barbour County,West Virginia, and died 08 Dec 1900 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married MARY JANE LEMMONS LEMON 14 Jul 1858 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, daughter of GEORGE LEMON and NANCY GILLILAND. She was born 07 May 1837 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 26 Jun 1879 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of HENRY JACKSON and MARY LEMON are:
i. HENRY SOCRATES11 JACKSON, b. 02 Jan 1859, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. LYDIA JANE JACKSON, b. 08 Feb 1861, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
19. CALDONIA SENORA10 PRIBBLE (AMANDA MELVINA9 JACKSON, HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 25 Dec 1847 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 26 Oct 1920 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. She married JOHN B. LEMON Abt. 01 Jun 1867 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, son of FREDERICK LEMON and ROENA DEEMS. He was born 24 Jan 1847 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 24 Jun 1935 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of CALDONIA PRIBBLE and JOHN LEMON are:
i. THOMAS LAFAYETTE11 LEMON, b. 18 Apr 1868, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. FREDERICK DANIEL LEMON, b. 26 Mar 1874, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iii. GROVER CLEVELAND LEMON, b. 15 Sep 1884, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
20. FRANKLIN PIERCE10 PRIBBLE,SR. (AMANDA MELVINA9 JACKSON, HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born Mar 1853 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 19 Mar 1929 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married ROENA LEMON 04 May 1876 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, daughter of FREDERICK LEMON and ROENA DEEMS. She was born 26 Nov 1854 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 28 Dec 1920 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of FRANKLIN PRIBBLE and ROENA LEMON are:
i. FREDERICK D.11 PRIBBLE, b. 18 Feb 1877, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. CAROLINE PRIBBLE, b. 07 Dec 1878, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iii. HENRY JACK PRIBBLE, b. 29 Dec 1881, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iv. BLANCHE PRIBBLE, b. 26 Apr 1884, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
v. JOHN B. PRIBBLE, b. 09 Apr 1885, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
vi. ADAM D. PRIBBLE, b. Aug 1886, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
vii. FRANKLIN PIERCE PRIBBLE,JR., b. 29 Dec 1891, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
viii. GEORGE G. PRIBBLE, b. 29 Dec 1891, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ix. E.WILLIS PRIBBLE, b. 06 May 1895, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Generation No. 5
21. JOHNSON11 JACKSON (MARTHA 'PATSY'10, JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 25 Jan 1842 in Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 23 Jul 1926 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married SARAH MARGARET 'HANNAH M. 'MURPHY 14 Mar 1867 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. She was born 25 Mar 1842 in Harrison County,West Virginia, and died 20 Sep 1920 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Notes for JOHNSON JACKSON:
Thomas George L. JACKSON b: 14 November 1872
Anna May JACKSON b: 2 March 1874 in Ritchie County, WV.
Maggie L. JACKSON b: 13 July 1875 in Ritchie County, WV.
Andrew Johnson JACKSON b: 10 April 1877
Charles S. JACKSON b: 18 February 1880
Newton Jasper JACKSON b: 21 November 1882 in West Virginia
Mable Edna RINEHART b: 29 July 1899
Children of JOHNSON JACKSON and SARAH 'MURPHY are:
i. LYDIA JANE12 JACKSON, b. 07 Aug 1868, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. MARY CATHERINE JACKSON, b. 14 Apr 1870, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
24. iii. ANNA MAE JACKSON,2ND WIFE, b. 02 Mar 1874, Ritchie County,West Virginia; d. 05 Jan 1939, Buried at IOOF Cemetery,Harrisville,Wood County West Virginia.
iv. NEWTON JASPER JACKSON,2ND HUSBAND, b. 21 Nov 1882, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; d. 07 Jan 1961, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; m. ADA ADDIS BELLE 'ADDIE' STULL, Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia; b. 18 Feb 1891, King Knob,Washburn,Ritchie County,West Virginia according to marriage license; d. Clarksburg,Harrison County,West Virginia.
Notes for ADA ADDIS BELLE 'ADDIE' STULL:
Name: Addie Bell Stull Birth Date: 18 Feb 1890
Birth Place: Simmetts Mill, Ritchie, West Virginia
Mother: Liza E. Carpenter Father: David Stull
West Virginia Archives & History
West Virginia Division of Culture and History
22. JULIA LAURA11 JACKSON,TYPHOID (THOMAS 'STONEWALL' JONATHAN10, JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 23 Nov 1862 in Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina, and died 30 Aug 1889 in Charlotte,Mecklenberg County,North Carolina. She married WILLIAM EDMUND CHRISTIAN 02 Jun 1885 in Richmond,Henrico County,Virginia. He was born 14 May 1856 in North Carolina, and died in North Carolina.
Children of JULIA JACKSON and WILLIAM CHRISTIAN are:
i. JULIA JACKSON12 CHRISTIAN, b. 05 Jun 1887, North Carolina.
ii. THOMAS JONATHAN JACKSON CHRISTIAN, b. 29 Aug 1888, North Carolina.
23. ISAAC A.M.11 JACKSON (ISAAC A.10, HENRY J.9, HENRY J.8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 23 Nov 1860 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 13 May 1914 in Ritchie County,West Virginia. He married NANCY 'NANNIE' ELIZABETH VALENTINE 10 Mar 1880 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, daughter of ADAM VALENTINE and HARRIET LEMMON. She was born 10 Aug 1860 in Ohio, and died 13 May 1912 in Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Children of ISAAC JACKSON and NANCY VALENTINE are:
i. IRA LAWRENCE12 JACKSON, b. 30 Dec 1880, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
ii. NORA MAUDE JACKSON, b. 18 Oct 1885, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
iii. ADA THELMA JACKSON, b. 1890, Ritchie County,West Virginia.
Generation No. 6
24. ANNA MAE12 JACKSON,2ND WIFE (JOHNSON11, MARTHA 'PATSY'10, JONATHAN9, EDWARD8, JOHN7, JOHN6, JOHN5, ANTHONY4, RICHARD3, ANTHONY2, RICHARD1) was born 02 Mar 1874 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 05 Jan 1939 in Buried at IOOF Cemetery,Harrisville,Wood County West Virginia. She married JOSEPH WARREN GOFF,SR. 02 Jan 1903 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, son of JOSEPH GOFF and NANCY BUZZARD. He was born 10 Apr 1872 in Ritchie County,West Virginia, and died 29 Aug 1943 in Buried at IOOF Cemetery,Harrisville,Wood County West Virginia.
Notes for JOSEPH WARREN GOFF,SR.:
Son of Joseph Warren Goff,Sr. & Virginia Buzzard
Joseph Warren Goff,Jr. lived on the Petroleum hill on what was then known as the
McGinnis farm,moved there from Hazelgreen..
His father was a M. E. minister and had another son, Floyd, and daughter, Alice Summers.
Joseph Warren Goff,Jr. married Ann Jackson and raised an adopted daughter, Emogene Lawson.
Their farm was part of a large tract of land first owned by the Rutherford family,married the
second time to Dora Kirkpatrick who was the mother of four children.
She and the children moved to the farm and the children attended the Petroleum school as
well as Cairo High School.
Their children are Susan Vincent, Donald, Homer and John.
The farm is now owned by Andrew Foutty.
Anna Mae Goff Death Date: 05 Jan 1939
Death Place: Ritchie, West Virginia Spouse: Joseph Warren Goff
Mother: Hannah M. Murphy Father: Johnson Jackson
1900 > WEST VIRGINIA > RITCHIE > MURPHY DIST
Series: T623 Roll: 1772 Page: 110
GOFF JOSEPH W 28 M W WV WV RITCHIE MURPHY DIST 1900
1910 > WEST VIRGINIA > RITCHIE > MURPHY
Series: T624 Roll: 1693 Page: 200
GOFF JOSEPH W 38 M W WV WV RITCHIE MURPHY 1910
Child of ANNA JACKSON and JOSEPH GOFF is:
i. EMOGENE LAWSON13 GOFF,ADOPTED, b. Abt. Nov 1903, Ritchie County,West Virginia.