The Historical Collections Of Harrison County, Ohio
author - Charles A. Hanna
pub in 1900
page - 496
John Gaston, b. about 1600, in Scotland (or France), of Huguenot decent ; m. in Scotland, and had, among others, three sons : John , William , and Alexander, who emigrated to county Antrim, Ireland, about 1660 - 1668 ; of these probably John (whose name appears on hearth-money rate list for Ireland in 1669, is of Magheragall, county Antrim) had issue among others, several sons, some of whom remained in Ireland, and some emigrated to America, as did the sons of other brothers ; of the emigrants of that generation the names of eight are known ( and the children of William, son of John last named). viz., Hugh of New Jersey , Joseph of New Jersey , Joseph of Pennsylvania (probably a son of Hugh). William of Pennsylvania (probably a son of Hugh), John of New Jersey (probably a son of Hugh), James of New Jersey (probably a son of Hugh), John of Connecticut , Alexander of Massachusetts. Of these, the last two were brothers, and are said of Marshall Gaston's account to have first landed in New Jersey, with one or more other brothers, who remained there ; it is probable that they may have been brothers of Hugh and Joseph of New Jeresey ; they have also identified in part as brothers of William who remained at home, his residence being Caranleagh (Carnlough?) , Cloughwater, county Antrim (near Ballymena), Ireland. In the account given below, these nine progenitors of the Gaston family in America will be designed as follows :
William Gaston of Antrim (whose children emigrated to South Carolina).
Hugh Gaston (1st)
William Gaston (1st)
Joseph Gaston of Pennsylvania (1st)
James Gaston (1st)
Joseph Gaston of New Jersey (1st)
John Gaston of Connecticut (1st)
Alexander Gaston (1st)
Another of the Gastons who remained in Ireland (living at Gastontown, Killycowan, county Antrim), had a daughter, who married Gavin MacArthur ; their son William, b. 1796, emigrated to America after 1818, settling in Vermont; married Malvina Stone (had issue among others : i. Chester Alan Arthur, twenty-first President of the United States).
First will to be given the family of William Gaston of Antrim, who remained in Ireland, but whose children all emigrated to America and eventually settled in South Carolina.
William Gaston of Antrim, b. at Caranleagh, Cloughwater, county Antrim, Ireland, about 1680 - 1690 ; d. about 1770 ; married ___ Lemon ; had issue
I. John, d. 1782 ; m. Esther Waugh, d. 1789 ; emigrated to Pennsylvania, and thence removed about 1751 - 1752 to Chester District, South Carolina, settling on Fishing Creek : served as King's Justice before 1776 ; and as leader of the patriots of his vicinity during the British incursion, 1780 - 1781 ; had issue : 1. Margaret, b. Aug. 29, 1739 ; m. James McCreary (had issue : i. John, served in the Revolutionary War, and as a member of Congress ; ii. Samuel ; served in the Revolutionary War ; became a Baptist minister) : 2. Martha, b. June 11,1741 ; m. her kinsman, Joseph Gaston, great-grandson of the first Irish William (had issue, among others : i. Alexander, m. Mary Blair) : 3. William, b. June 5, 1743 ; served as a captain in the Revolutionary war (had issue : i. William ; ii. James) ; 4. John, b. June 24, 1745 ; d. about 1806, leaving descendants, who emigrated to Illinois, (had issue, among others : i. William) ; 5. James, b. April 15, 1747 (had issue : i. Stephen ; and several daughters who removed to Ohio about 1801 - 1802) ; 6.Robert, b. march 11, 1749, served in the Revolutionary War ; killed at the battle of Hanging Rock (S. C.), Aug. 6, 1780 ; 7. Hugh, b. March 12, 1751 ; m. his cousin, Martha McLure ; removed to Wilcox county, Ala., 1826, and thence to Mississippi (had issue : i. John ; ii. Ebenezer ; iii. James ; iv. William ; v. Hugh ; vi. Mary ; vii, Martha ; viii. Esther ; ix. Margaret) ; 8. Alexander, b. Aug. 24, 1753 ; killed at the battle of Hanging Rock ; 9. David, b. July 7, 1755 ; killed at the battle of Hanging Rock ; 10. Ebenezer, b. Sept. 15, 1757 ; killed at the battle of Hanging Rock ; 11. Esther, b. Oct. 18, 1760 ; m. her kinsman, Alexander Walker, son of ___ and Jane Gaston Walker ( the latter a great-granddaughter of the first Irish William) ; (had issue : i. John Gaston) ; 12. Joseph, b. Feb. 22, 1763 ; d. Oct. 10, 1836 ; m. Jane Brown, b. 1768 ; d. 1858 ; served in the Revolutionary War, and wounded at the battle of Hanging Rock (had issue : i. John Brown, b. Jan 23, 1791 ; m. Mary Beaufort McFadden ; ii. Narcissa, b. Nov. 17, 1792 ; m.___ Lewis ; iii. Eliza, b. Sept 29, 1794 ; m. ___ Neely ; iv. Esther, b. Dec. 4, 1796 ; m. D. G. Stinson ; v. Jane, b. Aug. 17, 1800 ; m. ___ Crawford ; vii. James A. H., b. Oct. 17, 1801 ; viii. Robert, b. Jan. 1, 1808).
II. Elizabeth, m. John Knox ; settled in South Carolina ; had issue : 1. William, a minister, b. 1768 ; 2. James, a physician(had issue, among others : i. Jane, probably the same who married Samuel Polk of Mecklenburg county, N.C., and who became the mother of James Knox Polk, eleventh President of the United States) ; 3. John ; 4. Hugh ; 5. Sarah, m. John Johnson.
III. Hugh, d. Oct 20, 1766, a minister ; emigrated to America about 1766, and died at the house of his brother, John, shortly after landing ; had issue 1. William ; a physician ; b. Feb. 6, 1749 ; 2. Alecia, b. Feb. 16, 1750 ; d. 1825 ; m. ___Nelson ; 3. Martha, b. June 11, 1752 ; m. James Ross (had issue : i. James, emigrated to America but returned to Ireland, and settled in Londonderry ; ii. ___ (a daughter), m. and had issue, who settled at Baltimore ; iii. Hugh Gaston, emigrated to America, and served in the War of 1812 ; iv. Rebecca, m. ___ Latimer, of New Jersey) ; 4. James, b. Oct 6, 1754 (had issue, eight children) ; 5. Mary, b. Dec. 7, 1756 ; d. young ; 6. Elizabeth, b. June 16, 1759 ; m. ___Rogan, a physician, of the North of Ireland ; 7. Thomas , emigrated to America, and settled in New York (had issue, two daughters, of whom : i.___, m. ___ Lindsey, and settled in Orange, N.J.) ; 8. Mary, b. April 4, 1763, d. unm. ; 9. Hugh, b. April 27, 1765.
IV. Mary m. James McLure ; emigrated to America, and settled in South Carolina ; had issue : 1. John ; served in the Revolutionary War ; Killed at the battle of Hanging Rock (S. C.), Aug. 6, 1780 ; 2. William ; a physician (had issue : i. Hannah, d.1813 ; m. 1805, Judge William Gaston, son of Dr. Alexander Gaston) ; 6. Mary, m. Samuel Lowry ; 7. __, m. Edward Martin.
V. Robert, emigrated to America, and settled on Lynch's Creek, Lancaster county, S.C. ; had issue : 1. William, b. July 23, 1755 ; d. 1838 ; served in the Revolutionary War ; removed to Kentucky, and thence to Walnut Hill, Marion county, Illinois, (had issue, four sons and five daughters, of whom : i. Samuel d. 1826 ; settled in Marion county, Ill., 1819 ; ii. William, served in the war of 1812 ; iii. John, settled in Bond county, Ill. ; iv. Robert, settled in Bond county, Ill., 1822 ; v. Margaret, m. Thomas Kell, and removed to Marion county, Ill., 1822) ; 2. James ; 3. John ; 4. Hugh ; 5. Joseph ; 6. Margaret, d. 1816 ; m. her second cousin, John McCreary.
VI. Janet, m. Charles Strong ; emigrated to America, and settled in South Carolina ; had issue, 1. William ; served in the Revolutionary War, and killed in that service ; 2. Christopher ; 3. Letitia, m. her cousin, James Strong ; 4. Margaret, m. John Simonton (had issue : i. Charles H.,) ; 5. Janet, m.___ Gladney.
VII. William, drowned at Kell's Ford, Chester county, S.C. ; m. after his 40th year, ___ Harbison, sister of James Harbison : had issue : 1. Hugh (had issue : i. William) ; 2. William, m. ___ Beaufort ; removed to Corinth, Miss., and thence to Menphis Tenn. (had issue : i. Leroy, a Presbyterian minister).
VIII. Martha, m. Alexander Rosbrough ; emigrated to America, and settled in South Carolina ;had issue : 1. William Gaston, a minister ; unm. ; 2. Joseph, removed to Indiana about 1800 ; 3. Alexander, a physician, m. (1st) Mary Hemphill ; m. (2d) Janet Porter (had issue by first wife : i. Mary Martha ; ii. William Andrew ; had issue by second wife, six sons and two daughters, of whom : iii. Alexander M. removed to California in 1848, and became a judge at Eureka, that State ; iv. Joseph Brown, removed to California in 1848, and thence to Salt Lake City ; v. David, settled in Texas ; vi. John, settled in Tennessee ; vii. Maclin, settled in Tennessee) ; 4. John, b. 1776 ; d. 1854; m. Eleanor Key ( had issue, four sons and six daughters, of whom : i. John, killed in the Civil War ; ii. William ; settled at Sardis, Miss.) ; 5. ___ m. Rev. J. Bowman, and settled in Tenn.
IX. Alexander, a physician, emigrated to America, and settled in Newberne, N.C., where he was killed by the British and Tories, Aug. 20, 1781 ; had issue : 1. Jane, m. Chief Justice John L. Taylor, of North Carolina (had issue : i.__, m. David E. Sumner, of Gates county, Tenn.) ; 2. William, b. Sept 19, 1778 ; d. Jan. 23, 1844 ; served in Congress, 1813 - 1815 ; and as chief justice of North Carolina, 1834 - 1844 ; m. (1st) 1803, Susan Hay,, daughter of John Hay ; m. (2d) 1805, Hannah McLure ; m. (3d) 1816, Eliza Ann Worthington, daughter of Dr. Charles Worthington of Georgetown, D.C. (had issue by first wife : i. Alexander ; ii. Susan, m. Robert Donaldson, of New York ; had issue by second wife : iii. Hannah, m. Judge Mathias E. Manley, of North Carolina ; had issue by third wife : iv. Eliza, m. ___ Graham, of Maryland ; v. Catherine, d. unm.).
Three brothers, Joseph, Robert and Matthew Gaston, said to be the great-grandsons of the first Irish William Gaston, emigrated to South Carolina, with their sister, Jane Gaston Walker, leaving a fourth brother, Alexander, in Ireland, b. about 1750 ; d. about 1840 ; of these Joseph Gaston m. Martha Gaston, daughter of Justice John (above).
The name of John Gaston appears on the tax-list of Lurgan township, Cumberland (now Franklin) county, Penn., in 1751, and the name of Robert Gaston on the tax-list of Sadsbury township, Lancaster county, 1754 to 1759. These may have been the two brothers (sons of William of Antrim) recorded above.
Hugh Gaston (1st), b. in county Antrim, Ireland, 1687 ; d. in Bedminister township, Somerset county, N.J. (buried in Lamington graveyard), Dec. 23, 1772 ; m. Jennet __, b. 1698 ; d. Aug. 1, 1777 (buried at Lamington) ; took up land in Mount Bethel township, Bucks (now Northampton) county, Penn., Feb. 10, 1746, and June 20, 1751 ; had probably a sister, Mary, m. to James Cauldwell (who emigrated to N. J. from the North of Ireland about 1732, and settled on Long Hill addition to Elizabethtown) ; Hugh Gaston was probably the brother of Joseph Gaston, of N.J. (1st), and the father of William and Joseph of Pennsylvania, of James and John of New Jersey, and of Margaret, who m. Nov. 8, 1750, Thomas Moffat (d. 1770), of Middlesex county, or one or more of them ; also either the father or grandfather of Hugh Gaston, Jr., (below), and of his sisters, Elizabeth Kirkpatrick and Mrs. William Logan ; of these :
William Gaston (1st), took up land in (Upper) Mount Bethel township, Bucks county (now Northampton) county, Penn., Feb. 20, 1751, on the same date as an entry made by Hugh (1st) above, of whom he was probably the son or possibly a brother ; b. probably 1715 -1720 ; killed by the Indians, leaving a widow, who died before September, 1762, and five children as follows :
I. John, b. May, 1740 ; d. Sept. 10, 1823 ; m. in Monmouth county, N.J., Feb. 4, 1760, Charity Cheeseman, b. March 13, 1734 ; d. Feb. 15, 1821 (both buried at Mingo graveyard, Union township, Washington county, Penn. ; Charity Gaston being the daughter of Joseph Cheeseman of Upper Freehold (now Millstone) township Monmouth county, N.J., who d. 1783 ; and probably a decendant of of the William Cheeseman who settled at Middletown Monmouth county, 1667) ; removed from Monmouth county, N.J., after 1767, to Mount Bethel township, Northampton county, Penn., where he took up 275 acres of land in Feb. 1772 ; served a a major in the Revolutionary War ; removed , about 1780 - 1782, to Rostraver township, Westmoreland county, Penn., and thence, about 1790, to Peters (now Union) township, Washington county, his wife's sister, Elizabeth Cheeseman, accompanying them ; had issue : 1. William. b. July 15, 1761 ; removed to Ohio ; 2. Joseph, b. April 25, 1763 ; d. Nov. 21, 1821 ; removed to Abbeyville District, S.C. ; served as captain and major of the Savannah Regiment in the Revolutionary War, 1782 ; m. Martha Hutton, and thence, about 1807, removed to Butler county, Ohio (had issue : i. Rebecca, b. Feb. 20, 1784 ; m. John Kerr ; ii. Ann, b. Dec. 16, 1785 ; iii. Margaret, b. March 17, 1788 ; m. Ezekiel McConnell ; iv. John, b. June 17, 1790 ; v. Mary, b. Sept. 23, 1792 ; vi. William, b. April 20, 1795 ; vii. Joseph, b. Oct. 9, 1796 ; vii. Matta Ann, b. Feb. 6, 1799 ; m. William Hayden ; ix. Lydia, b. July 22, 1801 ; m. Ebenezer Wilson ; x. Lucinda, b. May 9, 1804 ; m. Daniel Symmes ; xi. Eliza, b. Feb. 16, 1807 ; m. Benjamin Symmes) ; 3. John, b. Jan. 7, 1765 ; 4. Samuel, b. Feb. 18, 1767 ; d. in infancy ; 5. James, b. Feb. 18, 1767 ; d. April 13, 1813 ; m. Mary Estep, b. Oct. 10, 1773 , daughter of Robert and Dorcas Estep ;removed to Hamilton county, Ohio (had issue : i. Nancy, b. March 25, 1794 ; m. ___ Spencer ; ii. Dorcas, b. Aug. 19, 1796 ; m. David Figley, and settled in Scott county, Iowa ; iii. Charity, b. Dec. 1, 1798 ; m. Enoch King, and settled in Clark county, Ohio ; iv. Joseph, a minister ; b. March 25, 1801, d. Dec. 6, 1834 ; settled in Carroll county, Ohio ; v. Maria, b. April 6, 1803 ; d. Oct. 20, 1803 ; vi. Martha, b. Jan. 20, 1805 ; m. Enoch King (his second wife), and settled in Clark county, Ohio ; vii. Rachel, b. March 18, 1807 ; d. Oct. 7, 1862 ; m. William S. Manfull, and settled in Steubenville, Ohio ; viii. James Estep, a minister ; b. April 14, 1809 ; d.at des Moines, Iowa, 1888 - 1889 ; removed from Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio, about 1850, to Monmouth, Ill., and thence to Davenport. Iowa, later settling at Des Moines [had issue : Thomas Kirk ; William Henry ; Mary ; Joseph James ; John ; Sarah Kirk] ; ix. Robert, b. July 25, 1811) ; 6. Samuel, b. Oct. 10, 1772 ; d. Feb. 21, 1853 ; m. Margaret Penny, of Allegheny county, Penn. b. 1776 ; d. Aug. 14, 1841 (had issue : i. John, b. 1800 ; m. Patience Morrison ; ii. Charity, b. 1802 ;m. Robert Donaldson ; iii. Margaret, b. 1803 ; m. Thomas Perry ; removed to near Burlington, Iowa, 1844 ; iv. Nancy, b. 1805 ; m. William Peppard, and removed to Ohio about 1837 ; v. William, b. 1807 ; d. 1880 ; m. Eliza Morrison ; vi. Sarah, b. 1808 ; d. 1875 ; m. Dr. James Estep - afterwards a Baptist minister - d. Feb. 26, 1861 ; son of Robert and Dorcas Estep, who came from New Jeresy [had issue : six children, among whom : Harrison settled in Marion Ind. ; James settled in Marion, Ind. ; Josiah Morgan, b. Feb. 19, 1829 ; d. at Cadiz, Ohio, May 5, 1888 ; m. 1857, Amanda J. Crabb] ; vii. Eliza, b.1810 ; m. Samuel Morgan ; viii. Joseph Smith, b. 1811 ; d. 1870 ; m. Jane Hindman ; d. 1879 [had issue, among others, Samuel, b. 1831 ; m. 1sy, Martha A. McClure ; m. 2d, Amanda M. Way] ; ix. Samuel, b. 1814 ; d. unm., 1839) ; 7. Elizabeth, b. May 8, 1778 ; d. Feb. 28, 1858 ; 8. Margaret, m. Samuel McClain, a native of New Jersey ; settled in Nottingham township, Washington county, Penn., where they died without issue.
II. William, b. 1742 - 1748 ; d. in Upper Mount Bethel township, Northampton county, Penn., April - May 1801 ; m. Elizabeth ___ ; had issue : 1. Alexander, m. Huldah___ ; resided at Richmond, Lower Mount bethel township, until after 1811 ; 2. William ; 3. Charles ; 4. Margaret, m. before 1806, Elisha Everitt ; 5. Elizabeth, m. 1806 - 1807, Simeon Hart.
III. Hugh, b. 1743 - 1748 ; served in the Revolutionary War from Mount Bethel township ; resided in Allegheny county, Penn., in 1795.
IV. Jennet, b. 1744 - 1748 ; m. Moses Phenix
V. James, b. 1748 - 1755 ; lived in Mount Bethel township in 1773.