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Brewer of Sumter Co., Ala., before 1860

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Brewer of Sumter Co., Ala., before 1860

Posted: 1118623135000
Classification: Query
Edited: 1152396561000
Surnames: Brewer, Briggs, Summerlin
Brewer Families of Sumter Co., Alabama to 1860
Lucius F. Wright, M. D.[1]

My interest in the Brewer families of Sumter County, Alabama prior to the Civil War stems from tracing the ancestry of 1877 (year of death) Wyche Brewer of Scott Co., Miss. (place of death). Wyche Brewer's great-grandson, A. B. Amis, wrote of his grandmother and great-grandfather: "Luvenia Brewer was born 11 Feb. 1825 in Sumter Co., Ala. She moved with her father to Scott Co., Miss., about 1836. In 1881, after the death of her husband, she moved to Union, Newton Co., Miss., where she died 18 Feb. 1897."[2] This was the start of this investigation.

1877 Wyche Brewer of Scott Co., Mississippi

The birth and death dates and the fact of their marriage for Wyche Brewer and Flora McPherson were obtained from the tombstones in the Amis Cemetery, 5mi north of Conehatta, Miss.[3] Judge Amis thought that the Brewers had come to Scott Co., Miss., from Sumter Co., Alabama. In the 1850 Census for Scott Co., “Wicht” Brewer’s family is located between the Amis and the Petty families. He is shown as 52 years old, born in Georgia. His wife, Flora, is shown as 48, born in Mississippi. There are eight children, seven girls, still living at home. Luvenia is shown as married to Albert Petty. Christianna, the wife of John W. Petty, living next door, is 24 and born in Alabama. She is shown as another daughter in Petty family data.[4]

Wyche Brewer first appears in the 1830 Census of Butler County, Alabama,[5] with one male 30-40, three females under five, one female 5-10, and one female 20-30, which matches the later data. He is only one person removed from Malcolm McPherson, who has one male under 5, one male 5-10, one male 10-16, and one male 30-40, two females under five, one 5-10, and one female 30-40. Butler County was organized in 1819, and a census was done, but it has not survived. However, it was formed in part from Conecuh County, and the 1820 Census for this county does survive. This census shows William Brewer and William McPherson living next door to each other.

Wyche Brewer purchased 40 acres of land on May 15, 1837, in St. Stephen’s Twp., Sumter Co., Alabama.[6] He is in the 1840 Census for Sumter Co., Ala., between 40 and 50 with a wife between 30 and 40, and one son under five. He has two girls under five, three between 10 and 15, and one between 15 and 20.[7]

The following deed is of interest:

The State of Alabama Sumter County Know and see by these present that I William Brewer and Mary Brewer in consideration of the sum of three hundred and fifty six dollars in hand paid and bargained granted sold released and conveyed and by these presents do bargain grant and release and convey to Wiche Brewer all the described tract or parcel of land located in the county of Sumter and state aforesaid to whit the North end of the East half of the South East quarter of section fourteen township nineteen Range two and to the amount of fifty acres - containing 50 acres all lying in the district of lands sold at the land office at Demopolis. To have and to hold all and singular the aforesaid. s/ William Brewer Mary Brewer.[8]

The 1880 Census in Mississippi for Lake County[9] showed William Owens 48, m, Ala., NC, TN; Harriet, wife, 42, f, Ala., Ga., NC; James, son, 10, m, Miss., Ala., Ala.; Oscar, son, 6, m, Miss., Ala., Ala.; Lawrence, son, 6, m, Miss., Wyche, son, 4, m, Miss., and Martha Brewer, 55, f, Ala., Ga., NC, sister-in-law.[10] These dates match the estimated birth years from the 1850 census fairly well for two of Wyche and Flora Brewer’s daughters.

Genealogical Summary
1. WYCHE BREWER, b. 6 July 1798 in Georgia, d. 17 March 1877 Scott Co, Miss. He married FLORA Mc PHERSON about 1821 Conecuh Co., Ala., daughter of WILLIAM Mc PHERSON and CHRISTIAN Mc DONALD. She was born 1 December 1803 in North Carolina and died 6 February 1866 Scott Co., Miss.


i. MARTHA4 BREWER, b. about 1823 Butler Co., Ala. She died after 1880 Lake Co., Miss.

ii. LUVENIA4 BREWER, b. 11 February 1825, Butler Co., Ala.; d. 18 February 1897, Newton Co., Miss. She married ALBERT GALLATIN PETTY about 1845 Scott Co., Miss., son of JOHN WRIGHT PETTY and ANNA HARRIS. He was born 29 May 1820 Lincoln Co., Tenn., and died 2 June 1879 Scott Co., Miss.

iii. CHRISTIANA4 BREWER, b. about 1827, Butler Co., Ala.; m. JOHN WRIGHT PETTY, about 1846, Scott Co., Miss., son of JOHN WRIGHT PETTY and ANNA HARRIS. He was b. November 12, 1826, Madison Co., Ala.; d. March 27, 1858, Scott Co., Miss.

iv. LENORA4 BREWER, b. about 1828 Butler Co., Ala.

v. MARY4 BREWER, b. about 1830 Butler Co., Ala.

vi. ELIZA4 BREWER, b. about 1832 in Alabama.

vii. NANCY4 BREWER, b. about 1834 in Alabama.

viii. HENRIETTA4 BREWER, b. about 1836; m. WILLIAM OWENS before 1868.

ix. MELISSA4 BREWER, b. about 1838. She married IRVIN MILLER 4 Dec 1856, Scott Co., Miss.[11]

x. WILLIAM4 BREWER, b. about 1840.

Clearly, Wyche Brewer was associated with William Brewer, but which William Brewer?

"About three miles from town, on this road, was where William Brewer settled about 1830. He lived here near Holihta Creek and was known in this time as "Holeeta Bill" to distinguish him from another William Brewer who lived on Cedar Creek, who was called "Cedar Creek Bill."
The wife of Holihta Bill Brewer was a Miss Bates, related, so it said, to Thomas Jefferson. The Brewers had a number of children amongst them Robert Brewer, Mrs. William Lockard, and Mrs. Thomas Lockard, Jr.
Robert Brewer married a Miss Hadden, who was related to the noted Presbyterian preacher of that day, Isaac Hadden. Among the children of Robert and his wife were Lewis and Willis Brewer. Lewis served as a Confederate and Willis, in after years, served in Congress and wrote a history of Alabama.["12]

"Mrs. Miriam Brewer Richardson of Montgomery, a daughter of the late Willis Brewer, informs me that "Holihta Bill" and "Cedar Creek Bill" were distantly related, and that Brewersville was named for "Holihta Bill's brother Matthew Brewer, who lived there in 1832."[13]

William Brewer (CEDAR CREEK BILL) of Sumter Co., Alabama

William Brewer of Cedar Creek, Sumter Co., Alabama, was born 14 September 1770 in North Carolina and died 26 March 1852 Sumter Co., Alabama. He is buried, along with his wife, Mary, and son William P. Brewer in the New Prospect Baptist Church Cemetery, near Bluffport, Sumter Co., Alabama.[14] Mary Brewer was born in Virginia 12 February 1774 and died in Sumter Co., Alabama 11 January 1859.[15]

Based upon the data for their children, (see below) William Brewer and Mary married in Georgia before 1803, but probably no earlier than 1799. They probably lived in Georgia at least through 1808 based upon the census data for their children, although Jackson Brewer, who appears to be the eldest child, was reportedly born in Alabama in 1803 according to his entry in the 1850 Census for Harrison Co., Texas.

William Brewer appears in Conecuh Co., Alabama after 1816[16] and before 1818.[17] William Brewer was in Conecuh Co., Alabama in 1820.[18] He was still there in 1830 when had four sons, two of whom were born 1820-1830, and three daughters, one of whom was born 1820-1830. This means one of the sons has been "lost" and presumably married prior to 1830. Thus, in 1820 he has one adult male and two of the five minor males who cannot be his sons. I am reasonably confident that Wyche Brewer, b. 1798, is the other adult male. Could the extra three males be from a previous marriage? The probate records provide absolutely no indication that any of the nine children were by any mother other than Mary Brewer, widow and relict of William Brewer.

In 1820 he has three girls. He added one more daughter 1825-1830. Assuming all of the girls in his household in 1820 were daughters, we can account for four of the six known. Presumably, the two missing girls have married prior to 1820.

The 1820 Census for Conecuh Co., Alabama also shows two other adult males named Brewer: James Brewer[19] and George Brewer.[20] George Brewer is on the same page as William Brewer. The 1830 Census of Alabama shows a James Brewer in Pike Co., who may or may not be the same man, and Wyche Brewer in Butler Co. (q.v.) At least one of the minor children appears likely to be living with Henry Brewer in 1830.

From the land records in Sumter Co., Ala., the third male appears to be John M. Brewer.[21] When the land patents were registered William Brewer took out tracts in township 19, range 2W (St. Stephen's Meridian)[22], along with Wyche Brewer[23], Seaborn Brewer, and Jackson Brewer. He also took out a patent on 80 acres in section 31, township 20N, range 2W,[24] at the same time as John M. Brewer.[25]

The early records of Conecuh Co., Ala. have been lost, but a memorial regarding Leroy Brewer was published in the 1930's asserting that he was born in Conecuh Co., Alabama in 1818 and moved with his family to Sumter Co., Ala., in 1832. (q.v.) This is the only direct statement I have found showing that William Brewer of the 1830 Census in Conecuh Co., Ala., is the same man as William Brewer of the 1840 Census in Sumter Co., Ala[26]., but there are also no other possibilities to be found from examination of the 1830 Alabama Census.

The data suggest, then, that William and Mary Brewer married in Georgia about 1800 and that he became the guardian for his nephews, George, James, Wyche, John M., and one whose name is yet to be discovered. Since Wyche Brewer is known to have been born 6 July 1798 in Georgia,[27] it seems reasonable to conclude that his father died in Georgia after about 1805 and before 1814.[28]

Last Will and Testament of William Brewer, Sumter Co., Alabama[29]
The State of Alabama, Sumter. I William Brewer...If my beloved wife Mary should survive me, it is my will and desire that she shall have all my property, both real and personal so long as she shall live, and at her death to be legally divided amongst my legal distributees just in the same manner as is presented out by the statute of distributions of the State of Alabama...I hereby appoint my son William T. (P) to be my executor. As witness my hand and affixed my seal this 21st day of December 1850. Wit: Matthew C. Houston, Edwin Gibbs, David Hitt.

Codicil: As a codicil to the foregoing will, I will and bequeath to Martha E. Monett wife of James Monett as a separate estate to be free from the debts, contracts and liabilities of her said husband or any future husband, the sum of six hundred dollars...this the 15th day of January A. D. 1851. Signed, sealed, published and declared before Benjamin J. H. Gaines, William S. Tuneman. {Will recorded October 11, 1852} Ben. J. H. Gaines, Judge P. C.]

Fortunately, the loose probate records survive, and include the following document which spells out those entitled to receive a distribution from his estate.
To the Honorable the Judge of Probate of the County of Sumter & State of Alabama[30]

The undersigned administrator with the will annexed of all & singular the goods & chattels, rights & condits which were of William Brewer deceased represents to your Honorable Court that the sale of the perishable property ordered by your Honorable Court to be sold and the proceeds of the crop now gathered and being gathered will be sufficient to play the debts of decedent & to discharge the special legacy made by decedent, that the salves of the estate should therefore be distributed. The heirs & distributees are as follow.

1. Mary Brewer of Sumter County widow of decedent, who has dissented from the will.

2. Serena Jones, a female of age of Sumter County, daughter of decedent.

3. Sarah Summerlin daughter of decedent of age, wife of William D. Summerlin of Sumter County, she marred before the year 1848.

4. Elizabeth S. M. Beazley, daughter of decedent and wife of petitioner, of age & of Sumter County. She married before 1848.

5. William P. Brewer of age and of Sumter County, son of decedent.

6. Leroy Brewer, son of decedent, of age, of the County of Mobile, State of Alabama

7. Henry Brewer, son of decedent, of age, of the County of Covington, State of Alabama

8. Serena Summerlin, of age, wife of Fesenton Summerlin, William E. Briggs of age, both of Yellowbusha (sic) County, Mississippi, Henry Briggs, aged about eighteen years, Leroy Briggs, aged about 12 years, Mary Briggs, aged about eleven years, all of Sumter County, Alabama. These are all children of Nancy Briggs, who died before petitioner's decedent. Said Mary was the daughter of petitioner's decedent.

9. Margaret E. Monett of age, wife of James Monett of said County of Sumter, Mary L. Brewer, aged about fourteen years, John H. Brewer aged about twelve years, Thomas P. Brewer aged about ten years, Sarah Brewer aged about years, all of Harrison County, Texas. These are children of Jackson Brewer, deceased, said Jackson was the son of petitioner's decedent & died before petitioner's decedent.

Your petitioner also shows that about seventeen years since Seaborn Brewer, a son of decedent, went to Kentucky on business, expecting shortly to return. He has not been heard of since he reached Louisville & it is supposed he died long since.

Your petitioner begs your honor to cause the slaves of decedent to be distributed according to law & the will of decedent, and your petitioner as on duty bound will ever pray, etc.

Sworn to, subscribed before me

B. J. Gaines, J. P. C. s/ Wm. H. Beazley


James P. May

Robert H. Houston

Josiah Moore

Wm. V. Bevill

James H. Soutston (?)

Although William Brewer's will provided his wife with a life estate, the decision was made to proceed with a sale of his multiple properties, which are itemized in the following two documents, again from his loose probate records.

The State of Alabama[31]
Sumter County
To the Honorable B. J. H. Gaines, Judge of Probate for said county

Your petitioner William H. Beezley respectfully shows to your Honor that he is administrator, with the will annexed, of William Brewer, dec'd, late of said county; that by the terms of the will the widow was entitled to a life estate in the property of the deceased, and that after her death the residue was directed to be distributed according to the Laws of Alabama; that the said widow has dissented from the will and had her dower assigned her in the land hereafter mentioned. Your petitioner is advised and believes that the lands above referred to remain as if no will had been made.

Your petitioner further shows the deceased died seized and possessed of the following land in said county--

SW 1/4 of section 13 in Township 19, R. 2W

W1/2 of SE 1/4 " 13 "

NW 1/4 " 24 "

W1/2 of NE1/4 " 24 "

W1/2 of SE 1/4 " 14 "

S. end of E 1/2 of SE 1/4" 14 "

NW 1/4 " 23 "

NE 1/4 " 23 "

N. side of SW 1/4" 23 "

The sixth mentioned tract being 30 acres and the last 40 acres.

The said lands are so situated in reference to the number of heirs that the same cannot be equitably divided among them without a sale. The following are the names of the heirs. (Henry Brewer scratched out) Serena Jones, Elizabeth H. Beazley, wife of your petitioner, Sarah Summerlin, wife of Wm. D. Summerlin, William P. Brewer all of age and in this county; Leroy Brewer of Mobile; Henry Brewer of Covington Co., Ala., who are of age; William E. Briggs, Serena Summerlin, wife of Fessenden Summerlin, both of whom are of age and live in Mississippi; and the following minors who live in Sumter Co.; Ann Briggs (over 14), Leroy Briggs & Mary E. Briggs, (both under 14); Emeline Monett, wife of James Monette of this county, Mary L. Brewer (over 14), John H. Brewer, Thomas J. Brewer, and Sarah E. Brewer, under 14, all of the State of Texas.

Wherefore your petitioner asks that the said lands may be sold for equitable division, as the Statute directs, and that the ____citations ____, and, a guardian ad litem may be appointed for the said minors; and that such other order may be made as may be necessary to give your honor jurisdiction, and to provide a trial of the facts stated in this petition; and that your honor may make such further order as the merits of the case may justify.

Baldwin and Wetinon (?) for the petitioner.

The State of Alabama
Sumter County
c/o the Hon. B. J. H. Gaines, Judge of Probate for said county:[32]

The undersigned administrators with the will attached of the estate of William Brewer deceased reports to your honor that, in pursuance of a ____ of your honor, and after advertising more than thirty days in the Sumter County Whig, we did, on the 7th day of November 1853, at the usual hour, expose to sale, before the Court house door in said County, the following land of said estate.

Lot No. 1 W 1/2 of SE1/4 of sec 14; W 1/2 of NE 1/4 sec 23; 40 acres on the south of SW1/4 of sec. 23, all in township 19 of Range 2W containing 360 acres.

Lot No. 2 E1/2 of NE1/4 of sec 23, 30 acres on the south end of the E1/2 of SE1/4 of sec. 14 all in the same township & range containing 110 acres.

Lot No. 3 SW 1/4 of sec 13, less 10 acres on the NW corner, W1/2 of SE1/4 of sec 13, NW1/4 of sec 14; W1/2 of NE1/4 of Sec 24, all in the same township and range, containing 470 acres.

All sold on twelve months credit.

W. Waldo Shermer being the highest bidder, bought the first lot at Six 50/100 dollars per acre, and ____, and therefore his note for two thousand three hundred & forty dollars, with Marcus Parker & Socrates Parker securities, which note was accepted by the undersigned.

Geo. B. Saunders, being the highest bidder, bought the second Lot at six 62 1/2/100 dollars per acre, and executed therefore his note for seven hundred & twenty eight 75/100 dollars, with Wm. B. Suanders, & Reuben Thorne his securities, which note was accepted by me.

Mary Brown being the highest bidder, bought the last named parcel her designated as Lot No. 3, at one 60/100 dollars per acre, and executed therefore her note for seven hundred & fifty one dollars, with Wm. P. Brown, Wm. D. Summerlin & Syrena Jones, sureties, which note was accepted by the undersigned.

The undersigned asks that the said sales be confirmed, and reports that he has fully complied with the order of the Probate Court.

The undersigned also reports the following claims due the estate, in addition to those previous returned; and if any of the same have been previously returned, he merely reports them now, with the caution that he be not charged twice of the same debts,

1. Note on Leroy Brown, due Apl 10 1852, given for money obtained of decedent $50.00

2. Note on Wm. P. Brown for rent due Jany 1 1854 $5.25

3. Note on Syrena Jones for ginning cotton due July 1 1853 $15.00

4. Note on J. A. Abraham and Robt Arrington for rent due Jany 2 1854 $31.25

5. a/c on Wm. D. Summerlin for ginning & ____ due Jany 13 1853 $19.56

6. a/c on undersigned for rent due July 1 1853 $18.75

Dec. 1, 1853 s/ Wm. H. Beazley

Genealogical Summary
2. WILLIAM BREWER was born 14 September 1770 in North Carolina and died 26 March 1852 Sumter Co., Alabama. He married MARY _____ about 1800 in Georgia. She was born 12 February 1774 in Virginia and died 11 January 1859 Sumter Co., Ala.

Children of William Brewer and Mary are:

i. JACKSON3 BREWER was born 1803 in Alabama and died about 1851 in Harrison Co., Texas. He married HARRIET (SAVAGE) GORDON.

Jackson Brewer patented 160 acres of land in twp. 19N, range 2W along with his father and brother on 15 March 1837.[33] George W. Harper was listed as a secondary patentee.[34]

Jackson Brewer's children are described as being in Harrison Co., Texas, in 1854. The 1850 Census for Harrison Co., Texas shows "J" Brewer, 47, b. "Alabama," with his wife "H", b. Georgia, also 47 along with children William Brewer, 22, Alabama, M., (f.12), J. H., (m 9), T. P., (m 8) and S. A. G., (f 6) all born in Texas.[35] It is not clear that William Brewer, 22, is a son—he may be William P. Brewer of Sumter Co., Ala., who managed to get counted twice in this census.

Blanche Hancock Turlington, a descendant of Jackson Brewer reported that his wife's name was Harriet (Savage) Gordon, and that she moved to Ashley Co., Ark., after Jackson Brewer's death. Mrs. Turlington was descended from their youngest daughter, Sarah Brewer.[36]

The Voice of Sumter for 17 May 1836 reported the deaths of James Gordon, aged 10 years, from scarlet fever on 12 May, and of George W. Gordon, aged 5 years, on May 15th, both sons of Mrs. Jackson Brewer.[37] This item indicates that Jackson Brewer married the widow Gordon between 1831 and 1836.

The Governor for use of Simmons v. Hancock and Harris.
Writ of error to County Court of Sumter Co.[38]

Action of debt on a sheriff's bond against the defendants, who signed the same as sureties for William Johnson, Sheriff. Attachment was issued at suit of Mrs. Anne Simmons against the estate of Jackson Brewer to secure a debt of $1400. Brewer had removed all his property from this county.

Jackson Brewer received a conditional patent for land in the Republic of Texas on 7 Jul 1838, in the so-called 2nd class, for 1280 acres of land in San Augustine Co., in which he said he arrived in Texas in January 1837.[39] The grants were conditional upon three years residence in the Republic, an attempt to prevent fraud and land speculation. The patent was confirmed in Harrison Co., Texas on 2 December 1844.

Harriet Brewer had her son-in-law, J. W. Monette, acting as guardian for her minor children on 4 April 1853.

"The Children of Jackson Brewer are as follows:[40]

1. Martha A. Monett & her husband J. W.

2. Mary L. Brewer, now the wife of Kirkpatrick (but was not married April 4, 53)

3. John Henry Brewer, a minor

4. Thomas Pinkney, a minor

5. Sarah Elizabeth, a minor

J. W. Monett was appointed guardian of all said four & was so acting the 4th of April 1853.

In witness before
B. J. H. Gaines, J. P. s/ Wm. H. Beazley"

Children of Jackson Brewer are:


Margaret Brewer and James Monette are said to be living in Sumter Co., Alabama in 1854.

The Livingston Journal for 24 November 1876 reported the death of George Monette, son of Richard and Mary E. Felder on November 4th, and the death of Mollie E., wife of Richard Felder, and daughter of Capt. J. W. and Emma Monette and niece of L. Brewer on 19 November 1876.[41]

2. MARY L.4 BREWER, b. about 1839 in Texas. She married _____ KIRKPATRICK about 1854.

3. JOHN HENRY4 BREWER, b. about 1841 in Texas

4. THOMAS PINCKNEY4 BREWER, b. about 1843 in Texas

5. SARAH5 A. ELIZABETH4 BREWER, b. about 1845 in Texas

ii. HENRY3 BREWER was b. 1805 in Georgia. He married MARY ____ about 1829, probably in Covington Co., Ala. She was born 1816 in South Carolina.

Henry Brewer is in Covington Co., Ala., in the 1830 Census.[42] He has a teenaged male with him, who may be one of the "extra" males in the household of William Brewer in the 1820 Conecuh Co., Ala., census. He is listed there in 1840, again with the extra adult male, and with four daughters.[43] In the 1850 Census he has four daughters and three sons, but the ages are such that he is missing three older daughters, who have either died or married. Henry Brewer was living in Covington Co., Alabama in 1854 according to the estate records of his father.

A history of Covington Co., Ala. reports that Henry Brewer was among the men known to have served as a county prosecutor prior to the Civil War.[44]

On 30 September 1831 Henry Brewer, Reuben L. Jones, and Jacob Briggs, among others, supported the appointment of Eli N. Briggs for sheriff in a petition sent to the Governor.[45] (The previous sheriff had resigned.) Reuben L. Jones married Syrena Brewer, as discussed below. The name of Nancy Brewer's husband was known to be Briggs, but his first name has yet to be discovered by me. However, it seems probable that he is related to these men named Briggs.

Henry Brewer apparently lived near Montezuma originally and then moved to Andalusia after the first town was abandoned as too unhealthy.

"A few new residents had moved to Montezuma in the late 1820's and early 1830's, the most notable of these being John G. Barrow, David Dunn and Henry Brewer."[46] He was appointed provost marshal of the 60th Regt., 11th Brig., 5th Div., Alabama militia on 26 February 1841.[47]

"By 1850 the town of Andalusia was beginning to take shape, John Nicholas and Isaac Smith had established stores in the town, David Dunn was operating a blacksmith shop nearby, and Josiah Jones had opened a law office in the town. In addition to these the families of Henry Brewer, Seth and John B. Dixon, William T. Acree, and Charles A. Stanley were living in the village." [48]

Henry Brewer represented the Andalusia Baptist Church at the Bethlehem Association meetings in 1852 and 1858,[49] and on 27 August 1864, Henry Brewer, 59, was listed on the muster roll for Co. A., Covington County Reserves.[50]

Children of Henry Brewer and Mary are:

1. SARAH4 BREWER, b. 1839 Covington Co., Ala.

2. GATSIE4 A. BREWER, b. 5 February 1842 Covington Co. Ala.; d. 6 April 1919 Okaloosa Co., Fla. She m. 1) JEREMIAH HOLLOWAY about 1860. She m. 2) WILLIAM F. HOLLEY about 1868. He was b. 6 September 1848 Coffee Co., Ala., and d. 4 Mar 1926 Tallahassee, Fla.[51]

3. NANCY4 BREWER, b. 1844 Covington Co., Ala.

4. WILLIAM4 BREWER, b. 1846 Covington Co., Ala.

5. JACKSON4 BREWER, b. 1848 Covington Co., Ala. He m. AMANDA CAROLINE HOLLEY. She was b. about 1853 Coffee Co., Ala.[52]

6. SYRENA4 BREWER, b. 1850 Covington Co., Ala.

7. three daughters to be identified from marriage records before 1850.

iii. SYRENA3 BREWER. She was b. 1808 in Georgia and d. before 5 Jan 1863 Sumter Co., Ala. She married REUBEN L. JONES probably in Conecuh Co., Ala. He was born 1800-1810 and died before 1850 Sumter Co., Ala.

Reuben L. Jones along with Henry Brewer signed a petition asking the governor to name Eli N. Briggs sheriff of Covington Co., Ala., on 30 September 1831.[53] There are two mentions of Reuben Jones, "L" not specified, that may be his father. Reuben Jones signed a petition supporting the appointment of William Hewitt as sheriff on 11 December 1823.[54] Reuben Jones was appointed lieutenant of the 46th Regt., 11th Brig., 4th Div., Alabama militia on 20 January 1829.[55]

Reuben L. Jones is living between William Brewer and Wyche Brewer in the 1840 Census Sumter Co., Ala.[56] Syrena Jones, 42, Ga., along with William Jones, 19, Ala., is living five houses away from William Brewer in 1850.[57]

On 13 September 1849 Syrena Jones gave consent for the marriage of her daughter, Mary E. Jones, to marry Wesley A. Mundy.[58] Sadly, the Sumter Democrat of 12 June 1852 noted that " Died at the residence of her Mother, Mrs. Jones in this county, on 3rd inst., Mrs. Mary, consort of Wesley A. Mundy, aged about 20 years." In the 1850 Census Mary A. E. Mundy is 18 and living nine houses away from her mother.[59] These ages match the data for Reuben L. Jones in the 1840 Census reasonably well.

Syrena Jones died testate in Sumter Co., Alabama, naming her "beloved brother, William P. Brewer" as executor.[60] She left four slaves to her grandson, Pinckney L. Mundy, son of Wesley A. Mundy, and bequeathed her share of her mother's estate to William Jones, Jerome Jones, and Joseph Jones, sons of her son William H. Jones. She also mentioned her daughter-in-law Elizabeth Jones. It is this will which establishes the death of Mary Brewer, wife of William3 Brewer.

Children of Syrena Brewer and Reuben L. Jones are:

1. WILLIAM H.4 JONES, b.1831, Covington Co., Ala., d. before 8 December 1866 Sumter Co., Ala. He married ELIZABETH _____.

William H. Jones is living with his mother in 1850, and her will in 1862 lists three sons for him. The Livingston Journal for 6 Dec 1866 shows William P. Brewer acting as administrator for both Syrena Jones and William H. Jones.[61]

Children of William H. Jones and Elizabeth are:




2. MARY E.4 JONES, b. 1832 Covington or Sumter Co., Ala., d. 3 June 1852 Sumter Co., Ala. She m. Wesley A. Mundy 13 September 1849 Sumter Co., Ala.

Child of Mary E. Jones and Wesley A. Mundy is:

a. PINCKNEY L.5 MUNDY, b. about 1851 Sumter Co., Ala.

iv. NANCY3 BREWER, was born about 1811 and d. before 1850. She married _________BRIGGS about 1830 Conecuh Co., Ala.

As noted under the discussion for Henry Brewer, it seems likely that Nancy Brewer was married to one of the several Briggs men resident in Covington Co., Ala.[62]

The area along the eastern side of Pigeon Creek near the present Loango Community in the western part of Covington County was one of the first places in the county to be settled. A wagon road leading from the early settlements in Conecuh County to the Falls of the Conecuh River was possibly cut through this area as early as 1816, and by 1819 the first whites had probably settled near the point where this road crossed the Sepulga River about one mile below the junction of Pigeon Creek.

The land in the Loango area was thought to be some of the best in the county and when it was first placed on sale on December 9, 1823, members of the wealthy Bradley family…..1824 Elkanah Briggs and Simeon Briggs purchased land nearby. In addition…Eli N. Briggs…had settled in the Loango area during the 1820's.[63]

Children of Nancy Brewer and Briggs are:

1. SYRENA4 BRIGGS was born 1832 in Alabama. She married PHEASANTON K. SUMMERLIN 2 March 1848 Sumter Co., Ala.[64]

"P. Summerlin" is living in the northern district of Yalobusha Co., Miss., age 24, NC, along with "Sarah" 18, Ala., and Henry, 2, Miss.[65]

Child of Syrena Briggs and Pheasanton K. Summerlin is:

a. HENRY5 SUMMERLIN, b. 1848 Yalobusha Co., Miss.


William E. Briggs is also said to be resident of Yalobusha Co., Miss., in 1854.

3. HENRY4 BRIGGS, b. about 1836

4. LEROY4 BRIGGS, b. about 1842 Sumter Co., Alabama

5. MARY4 BRIGGS, b. about 1843 Sumter Co., Alabama

v. ELIZABETH S. MARSHALL3 BREWER, b. 1813 in Alabama and d. before 1870. She married WILLIAM H. BEASLEY 10 May 1844.[66] He was born about 1813 in South Carolina and died after 1870.

William H. Beasley, 39, SC, and his wife "Marshall E.", 37, Ala., are living in "Scattering," Sumter Co., Ala., in 1850 with no children.[67]

William Beasley is acting as administrator of the estate at the time the probate record was made which lists the children and heirs of William Brewer. He is listed in the 1870 Census with "Emma" age 25.[68] Elizabeth is not listed, and is presumed dead.[69]

vi. SEABORN3 BREWER, before 1817, d. about 1838 Louisville, Ky.

Seaborn Brewer patented land in twp. 19N, range 2W, Sumter Co., Ala., on 15 Mar 1837 along with his father and brother.[70] Both of his tracts listed Samuel H. Coffman as a patentee, as did a tract by William Brewer.[71] By implication, he was at least 21 years old on that date.

The last will and testament of Samuel H. Coffman was written 4 Oct 1839 and probated 9 November 1839 in Sumter Co., Ala. He mentions his mother, Mary Coffman of Shenandoah Co., Va., his wife, Susan B. Coffman, now pregnant, his daughter Virginia Elizabeth Coffman, and his three brothers, Samuel, Erasmus, and DeWitt Coffman.[72] His connection with the Brewer family is not evident from these data.

vii. LEROY3 BREWER, b. 19 February 1818 Conecuh Co., Ala.

Leroy Brewer, aged 28, b. Alabama, is living alone in Kemper Co., Miss., in 1850.[73] Leroy Brewer was living in Mobile Co., Alabama in 1854 according to his father's estate papers.

In an article in The Birmingham News 19 February 1934 the following information about Leroy Brewer was published.[74]

Leroy Brewer born in Conecuh Co., Ala., Feb. 19, 1818 and died in Mobile 1893. The family moved to Livingston, Sumter Co., Ala., in 1832. In 1884, he married Emma O. (Phares) Hopper of Sumter Co., Ala., and they had one son and one daughter.

viii. SARAH3 BREWER b. 1820 Conecuh Co., Ala. She m. WILLIAM D. SUMMERLIN 8 September 1838 Sumter Co., Ala.[75] He was born about 1815 in North Carolina.

In the 1850 Census Sarah Summerlin listed her age as 28, born in Alabama.[76]

Children of Sarah Brewer and William D. Summerlin are:

1. C ORNELIA A.4 SUMMERLIN, b. 1839 Sumter Co., Ala.

2. LAVINIA A.4 SUMMERLIN, b. 1841 Sumter Co., Ala.

3. CALVIN L4 SUMMERLIN., b. 1845 Sumter Co., Ala.

4. MARGARET A.4 SUMMERLIN, b. 1848 Sumter Co., Ala.

ix. WILLIAM PINKNEY3 BREWER, b. 6 May 1822 Conecuh Co., Ala., d. 23 November 1907 Sumter Co., Ala. [77] He m. ELIZA JANE TALBOT 21 January 1854 Sumter Co., Ala. She was b. 16 Jan 1832 Greene Co., Ala., and d. 29 September 1904 Sumter Co., Ala.

The Sumter Democrat for 28 January 1854 reported the marriage of William P. Brewer to Eliza Jane Talbot, daughter of William Talbot, Esq., on January 21st.[78]

The 1855 Census for Sumter Co., Alabama shows William P. Brewer with one white male under 21, one white male over 21, and 17 slaves.[79]

William P. Brewer and Eliza J. T. Brewer are living in Bluff Port, Sumter Co., Ala., in 1880.[80] He is said to be 58, born in Alabama with parents born in Ga., and Va. She is said to be 48, born in Alabama with parents born in Georgia and Tennessee. However, they clearly spent time in Louisiana after the Civil War based upon the birthplaces of Mary G. Brewer. This was confirmed by this notice published in The Livingston Journal for 25 December 1874.[81] "Mr. W. P. Brewer who moved to Louisiana soon after the surrender, this week returned to Sumter Co., to stay."

Children of William P. Brewer and Eliza Jane Talbot are: [82]

1. RHODA AMELIA4 BREWER, b. 1858 Sumter Co., Ala., unmarried 1896.

2. DELLA LEE4 BREWER, b. 1864 Sumter Co., Ala. She m. FRANK L. CLEMENT.

3. JULIA WEBB4 BREWER, b. 1866 Sumter Co., Ala. She m. JOHN F. BATES.

4. MARY GERTRUDE4 BREWER, b. 1871 in Louisiana, unmarried 1896.

5. WILLIAM A.4 BREWER, died young.


7. WILLIE EDITH4 BREWER, died young.

8. JAMES HARVEY4 BREWER, b. 1857 Sumter Co., Ala., unmarried 1896.


William Brewer appears in the 1840 Census of Sumter Co., Ala., as aged 60-70, with one male 20-30, two females 5-10, 1 female 15-20, and one female 40-50.[83] I have not been able to find him in the 1850 Census, and presume that he died before the census was taken. Holihta Bill Brewer also patented land in 1837, but the sequence numbers of the grants establishes that he was associated with the family of Matthew H. Brewer.

The family relationships among these men is established by a letter written by Willis Brewer in 1911.[84]

"William Brewer, our direct ancestor, lived on one side of the Savannah River in the early part of the last century. With a rifle on his shoulder he walked alone through Georgia and Alabama, then occupied mostly by Indians, to Washington County. He left there to return home and was never heard from after. He had three sons, Matthew, Willis, and William. Willis, your grandfather, who fought at the Battle Autussee, as I suppose you already know. He left two sons, William George and Sam. Matthew Brewer had three sons, the name of one I have forgotten, but he went westward and I do not know what became of him. Thos. J. Brewer died in Sumter leaving children. The third son, George W. Brewer, lived in Brewersville, merchandized there and the place is named for him.....
My grandfather, W. Brewer, the third son, had two surviving sons, Robert W. Brewer (my father) and Capt T.C. Brewer. He had sisters, one of whom married the famous Sam Hale of Sumter, brother of John P. Hale of New Hampshire and the Abolition candidate for President in 1852."[85]

As described previously, Robert Spratt identified Holihta Bill Brewer's wife as a Miss Bates, and elsewhere identified her as "Ann." There is a marriage record in Elbert Co., Ga., for William Brewer and Ann Bates 12 October 1810.[86]

1853 Matthew Brewer of CHOCTAW Co., Alabama

The earliest probable reference to Matthew Brewer is the 1810 Census for the Abbeville District, South Carolina.[87] This may be the same man who appeared in the 1816 Tax List in Clarke Co., Ala. However, I have not been able to find him in either 1820 in South Carolina, Georgia, or Alabama. However, the 1820 Census in Alabama is incomplete. The only Brewer I can find in Clarke Co., Alabama in 1830 is James L. Brewer,[88] who is too old to be a son of Matthew H. Brewer.

"Mathew" H. Brewer, age 50-60 is in Perry Co., Ala., in 1830, along with one son, 15-20 and one daughter, and his wife.[89]

Matthew H. Brewer patented 80 acres of land in section 21, twp. 18N, range 1W in Sumter Co., Alabama, on 15 May 1837.[90] George W. Brewer took out a patent on an adjacent aliquot the same day.[91] George Brewer also obtained a patent on a 160 acre tract with Thomas I. Brewer as a secondary patentee,[92] and an 80 acre tract in section 8, twp. 18N, range 1W, with Joseph Lake as a patentee.[93]

From the document sequence numbers, it appears that William Brewer patented 80 acres of land at the same time as Matthew H. Brewer and George W. Brewer in section 18, twp. 20N, range 2W with Lewis S. Brown as a secondary patentee.[94] William Brewer also patented an 80 acre tract in section 13, twp. 13N, range 2W, Choctaw Co., Alabama, with Benjamin Needham as a secondary patentee.[95] Census data suggest he lived in Choctaw Co., Alabama.

Matthew H. Brewer deeded one acre of land in SW quarter of section 21, twp. 18N, range 1W on 27 May 1838 to Christian Valley Primitive Baptist Church.[96] Matthew H. Brewer patented land in section 19N, range 2W on 15 May 1837,[97] and on 16 April 1839.[98] This meant he was living in proximity to 1851 William Brewer.

M. H. Brewer is living in Sumter Co., Alabama in 1840, aged 60-70, along with one woman, aged 60-70 and one woman aged 20-30.[99]

Matthew H. Brewer is living in the household of Thomas J. Brewer in the 1850 Census.[100] Thomas J. Brewer, 36, was born in Georgia, and had a son named Seaborn.

The Sumter Democrat for 2 April 1853 reported the death of Matthew Brewer.[101]

Died at James Bluff, Choctaw County on 6th (Mrs. J. copied it 19th) Mr. Mathew H. Brewer aged about 80 years, native of South Carolina but one of the first settlers of this section of Alabama. Had been a citizen of this county until recently, for the last twenty years, where he has left many relatives and friends to mourn his loss.

Genealogical Summary
3. WILLIAM BREWER, d. about 1800 in Georgia.[102]

Children of William Brewer are:

i. MATTHEW BREWER, b. about 1774 in South Carolina, d. 6 March 1853 Choctaw Co., Alabama. He married ELIZABETH HAMPTON.[103]

1. THOMAS J. BREWER, b. about 1814 in Georgia and d. about 1852 Sumter Co., Ala.

Thomas J. Brewer is in Sumter Co., Ala., in 1850.[104] Matthew is living in his household that year. His wife apparently died sometime between 1840 and 1850.

Brewer vs. Brewer & Logan
Error to Chancery Court of Sumter[105]

Thomas J. Brewer filed his bill against George W. Brewer and Benjamin F. Logan in Chancery Court at Livingston. Bill alleges that in 1834 the complainant was in possession of a certain quarter section of land to which he had a pre-emption right; that being unable to pay the entrance money, his brother, George W. Brewer agreed to pay it and let him redeem it when able. In the year 1839, before George W. Brewer had parted with the legal claim, he stated to James Curry that there was a bargain between him and his brother that he, George, was to pay the pre-emption money.
Thomas J. Brewer was then lying sick and George W. Brewer was leaving home with view to be married.
Thomas J. Brewer was poor and had a family dependent upon his labor for support.

Children of Thomas J. Brewer are:

a. JOHN H. BREWER, b. 1830 Alabama

b. SEBORN F. BREWER, b. 1832 Alabama

c. ELIZABETH A. BREWER, b. 1836 Alabama

d. THOMAS G. BREWER, b. 1838 Alabama

e. PHILEMON H. BREWER, b. 1841 Sumter Co., Ala.

f. SARAH A. BREWER, b. 1844 Sumter Co., Ala.


George W. Brewer has also turned out to be hard to find. Despite Willis Brewer's confident assertion he was to be found in Brewersville, "which he founded" I cannot find him in the Census for Sumter Co., Ala., in either 1840 or 1850. He may be in Marengo Co., Ala., based upon analysis of the land patents described above.

ii. WILLIAM BREWER, b. 1770-1780 in South Carolina, died before 1850 Sumter Co., Ala. He married ANN BATES 22 October 1810 Elbert Co., Ga.

Willis Brewer's biography says that William Brewer moved to Perry Co., Alabama from Wilkes Co., Ga., in 1818. [106] The 1820 Census for Alabama shows four men named William Brewer: the one in Conecuh Co., that I have identified as 1852 William Brewer of Sumter Co., Ala., one in Washington Co. who is too young,[107] and two in Fayette Co., Ala. The first, who is listed by himself, is also too young,[108] but the second, who appears in association with Thomas Brewer, John Brewer, and Ransom Brewer, is about the right age.[109] However, "old" William is still present in Fayette Co., Ala., in 1840, along with Thomas and John.[110]

William Brewer witnessed the sale of an 80 acre tract of land in Perry Co., Ala., from Asa Folly to William J. Harper on 15 January 1831.[111]

Perhaps of significance as to the origin of the Brewer family is the following deed:[112]
The State of Alabama Know all men by these presents that we Burrel Taylor, James Scarborough,[113] Burrel Brewer, Uriah Taylor, Thomas Welch and William Taylor all of Perry County in the State aforesaid except Burrel Brewer of Chesterfield District in the State of South Carolina in consideration of Five hundred and twenty (seventy?) Dollars to us paid by Brisband Taylor of Perry County in the State aforesaid have granted bargained sold and released and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the said Brisband Taylor all the Fractional North West Quarter of Section Twenty five in Township nineteen of Range Eight in District of Cahaba containing eighty acres originally granted to Anna Taylor The seventeenth day of July one thousand eight hundred and twenty nine and by consent of the Legatees has been sold to the aforesaid Brisbond Taylor together with all and singular the rights members heriditament and appurtenances to the said premises belonging or in any wise incident or appertaining to have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto the same Brisbond Taylor his heirs and assigns forever And we do hereby bind ourselves our heirs executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and singular the said premises unto the said Brisbond Taylor his heirs and assigns against ourselves and our heirs and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof. Witness our hands and seals this 18th day of November 1830 in the year of our Lord one Thousand Eight hundred and thirty and in the fifty fifth year of Independence of the United States of America. Burrel Taylor, Hughria Taylor, Burris Brewer, Thomas Welch, William Taylor ,Jas. L. Scarborough. Executed in the presence of Pinckney Holley, Robert Brown.

1. ROBERT W.4 BREWER, b. 1819 in Perry Co., Alabama. He married JANE HADDON 13 February 1841 Sumter Co., Ala.[114]

Robert W. Brewer is in the 1850 Census for Sumter Co., along with his two sons.[115] Interestingly, the census makes it clear that Willis is actually named Constantine Willis Brewer, which is not seen in any of his biographical reports.

Children of Robert W. Brewer and Jane Haddon are:

a. LEWIS W.5 BREWER, b. 1842 Sumter Co., Ala.

b. CONSTANTINE WILLIS5 BREWER, b. 14 March 1844 Sumter Co., Ala., d. before 2 December 1913 Montgomery Co., Ala. He m. MARY E. BAINE.[116]


3. MARGARET H. BREWER,[118] b. about 1814 in South Carolina, m. ROBERT LOCKARD.

4. AMANDA T. BREWER, b. about 1815 in South Carolina, d. Sumter Co., Alabama after 1860. She married THOMAS LOCKARD.

Dr. Spratt reported that Amanda T. Brewer Lockard went with her husband to Aberdeen, Miss., where he died. She then returned to Sumter Co., Ala., about 1855 with all of her children except her eldest daughter.

iii. ___ BREWER. She married SAMUEL HALE.

iv. WILLIS BREWER was born 1790 in Georgia and died after 1850 Monroe Co., Miss. He married MARY SPENCE WALPOLE 8 November 1819 Madison Co., Ala.

The only Willis Brewer in the Census identified so far is Willis H. Brewer, b. 1790 Ga., living 1850 in Monroe Co., Miss., with his wife Mary S. 48, b. SC, and his children, Richard M., 27, Daniel A., 19, Samuel B., 19, Julia 15, and Mary E., 11, all born in Mississippi.[119] This may be the same Willis H. Brewer who married Mary Walford or Walpole on 8 November 1819 Madison Co., Alabama.[120] This does not match, of course, with the information provided by Willis Brewer in his 1911 letter.

Another family researcher has stated that Willis Hamlin Brewer did marry Mary Spence Walpole of Madison Co., Ala., on 8 November 1819, and that he had a son who married in Monroe Co., Miss. In 1846.[121]




The 1850 Census for Sumter Co., Ala., shows one additional Brewer family, whose relationship to these two families is not known to me. [122] ANDREW J BREWER, was b. about 1824 in Georgia. His household included his wife Mary, a daughter Louisa, b. 1848, and a son James, b. 1849.


[1] Updated 9 June 2005.

[2] Hodges, Alice A. Ancestry and Descendants of Dr. John Wright Petty of Madison Co., Ala. (Pendleton, S. C: n. p. d., 1978,) p.7. In fact she was born in Conecuh or Butler Co., Ala. Mrs. Hodges got her data from Judge Amis, who spelled the county "Sumpter."

[3] Transcription by Elvy Hammond. Located on the Scott Co., Miss., page

[4] 1850 Census, Scott Co., Miss., p. 258.

[5] 1830 Census, Butler Co., Ala., p. 298.

[6] Bureau of Land Management Document #9631, Alabama, Serial #AL3420-186. This was a cash entry sale for 40.03 acres located in Township 19N, Range 2W, Section 13. The file is accessible through links on the Alabama home page for

[7] 1840 Census, Sumter Co., Ala., p. 137.

[8] Sumter Co., Ala., Deed Book G:722, [23 December 1842.]

[9] 1880 Census Lake Co., Miss., Beat 5, District 52, p. 230, #253.

[10] Lentz, Wanda Eakin. 3 Jul 2002.

[11] Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Mississippi. (Chicago: Goodspeed Publ. Co., 1891,) p. 438.

[12] Spratt, Robert D. The History of the Town of Livingston, Alabama. (1928, repr. 1974, Sumter Co., Hist. Society), p. 44,

[13] Spratt, Robert D. The History of the Town of Livingston, Alabama. (1928, repr. 1974, Sumter Co., Hist. Society), p. 146,

[14] Cemetery reading kindly provided by LeSabre Hoit.

[15] The 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 330, #1150, shows William Brewer, 76, NC, Mary Brewer, 72, VA,

[16] Davis, Joyce. Alabama Early Settlers, 1816. (Hanceville, AL: Briarwood Press, 1983.)

[17] Names of Persons Owning or Holding any Taxable Property, Conecuh County, 1818. (Typescript transcription in the Conecuh County Library, Evergreen, Alabama. (n. p. d.)

[18] 1820 Census Conecuh Co., AL, p. 28, (2-5-1-3).

[19] 1820 Census Conecuh Co., Ala., p. 26, (1-1-0-1).

[20] 1820 Census Conecuh Co., Ala., p. 30, (1-1-1-1).

[21] The land records also make it likely there is a second William Brewer, who is associated with Matthew Brewer, patenting land in Sumter Co., Ala., at the same time. As will be shown in his section, this man probably lived in Choctaw Co., and was Matthew's brother.

[22] BLM documents 2620, 80 acres in section 8 (W ½ SE); 3112, 80 acres in section 26 (E ½ NE) along with Samuel H. Coffman, who also patented land with Jackson Brewer; 3114, 80 acres in section 11, twp. 19N, range 4W.

[23] BLM document 9632, 40 acres in section 13 (SWNW aliquot), dated 15 May 1837.

[24] BLM document 2621, 15 Mar 1837 (W ½ NW aliquot.)

[25] BLM document 2622, 15 Mar 1837 (E ½ SE aliquot.)

[26] 1840 Census Sumter Co., Ala., (00110001-01001001) Who the female b. 1835 to 1840 is remains unknown. It is possible she died before William Brewer and so was not mentioned in his probate papers. Otherwise the data are consistent with William P. Brewer as the youngest son, with Leroy Brewer and Elizabeth Brewer still living at home.

[27] Amis Family Cemetery, Conehatta, Scott Co., Miss. Transcription by Elvy Hammond. Located on the Scott Co., Miss., page

[28] Wyche Brewer would not have needed a guardian after age 16, and would likely not have been living in association with William Brewer most of his adult life.

[29] Sumter Co., Ala., Will Book 2:20 (p. 35 when renumbered). Cited in Hester, G. Sumter County, Alabama Wills:1828-1872. (Dallas: Southern Roots, 1998,) p. 144.

[30] Loose estate papers, Sumter Co., Alabama, Estate of William Brewer, item 1146-1148

[31] Loose estate papers, Sumter Co., Alabama, Estate of William Brewer, item 1100-1101

[32] Loose estate papers, Sumter Co., Alabama, Estate of William Brewer, pp. 1080-1081.

[33] BLM document 3605 Section 25, NW aliquot.

[34] I have looked for a possible connection with the Harper family in Greene Co., Ga. There are two possible clues. The first is George Weldon Harper, b. 25 Sep 1807 in Ky., married Malinda F. Moore 1827 Sumter Co., Ala. Moved to Scott Co., Miss, Gonzales Co., Texas, and Medina Co., Texas. He married (2) Ann L. King in Hondo, Texas. [Lee, Bebe. George Weldon Harper 14 Jul 2003.] The second is Wyatt Harper, b. 1799 in Ga., m. Sophia (Coats) Bates 21 Dec 1825 Greene Co., Ala., and moved to Sumter Co., Ala., shortly thereafter. Children include John E., James W., Robert S., Wyatt Judson, George G., Louis Pink, and Zachary C. Harper. [Holt, Olivia. Re: Harpers in Alabama. 11 Sep 1999.]

[35] 1850 Census Harrison Co., Texas, p. 74, #360.

[36] Personal communication, T. Daniel Knight, 15 Feb. 2005.

[37] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 164, p. 4.

[38] Minors Court Book 10:296, [August 1841], cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 70, p. 78.

[39] White, Gifford. 1840 Citizens of Texas, Vol. 1, Land Grants. (Nacogdoches, Texas: Ericson Books, 1983,) p. 28.

[40] Sumter Co., Ala., William Brewer's Loose estate papers, item number not copied.

[41] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records. Vol. 70, p. 60.

[42] 1830 Census Covington Co., Ala., p. 235, line 7, (00011-0001).

[43] 1840 Census Covington Co., Ala., p. 327, line 18 (000011-21101).

[44] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 51.

[45] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 54,

[46] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 148.

[47] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 309.

[48] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 151.

[49] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 136.

[50] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 316.

[51] Bryan, Bob. Bryans of NW Florida/South AL/SC and Related Families. 9 July 2004. Located on, (db bbryan84).

[52] Ibid.

[53] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 53.

[54] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 27.

[55] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) p. 308.

[56] 1840 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 137, line 6. (010001-010001)

[57] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., #1155.

[58] Sumter Co., Ala., Marriage Book 2:69. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 176, p. 85.

[59] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., #1146.

[60] Sumter Co., Ala., Will Book 2:264(552) written 11 Nov 1862, recorded 5 Jan 1863.

[61] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 44, p. 18.

[62] 1830 Census Covington Co., Ala., p. 232 Eli N. Briggs (00001-00001) and p. 236 Simeon Briggs (000001-0001). In 1840, p. 231 Simeon Briggs (2001001-010001), is the only one present, and in 1850 p. 295, #277 Simeon Briggs, 50 GA, Sarah, 48 SC, James, 13, John, 10, Michael, 5, and also William, Eliza, and Sarah Maxy. At a guess, Sarah's maiden name was Maxy or Maxey.

[63] Ward, Wyley D. Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871. (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1991,) pp. 159-160.

[64] Sumter Co., Ala., Marriage Book 2:19. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 176 (Sumter Co.), p. 60.

[65] 1850 Census Yalobusha Co., Miss., p. 409, #470/470. I have not been able to find him afterward.

[66] Sumter Co., Ala., MB 1:288. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 132, p. 76.

[67] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 295, #592/601.

[68] 1870 Census Sumter Co., Ala., Beat 12, Sumterville, p. 40, #346.

[69] There is also a William Beasley living in Crenshaw Co., Ala., in 1870, age 54, SC, living in twp. 11. (p. 147, #349.) He has Eliza, 22, Margaret 18, Julia 14, Victoria, 11, and Alexander 4. These children do not match the 1850 report, where there were no children.

[70] BLM documents 3603 Section 24 (E ½ SE) and 3604 Section 23 (W ½ SW), both 80 acres. These tracts would abut each other, leading to a total tract of 160 acres.

[71] BLM document 3112 Section 26 (N ½ E).

[72] Sumter Co., Ala., Will Book 1:60. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 91, p. 20.

[73] 1850 Census Kemper Co., Miss., p. 186, #684.

[74] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 52, p. 93.

[75] Sumter Co., Ala., Marriage Book 1:83. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 128 (Sumter Co.), p. 1. She married with the consent of her father, William Brewer.

[76] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 262, #84/85. In the 1870 Census a William Summerlin is living at Fuller's Cross Roads, Crenshaw Co., Ala., but his wife's name is Elizabeth. The youngest child living at home was Needham, b. 1855, and the names do not match.

[77] Womack, Farris. Ancestors and Relatives of Linda Ann Womack. 7 Oct 2004. Located on, (db. fwwlaw.)

[78] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 128, p. 45.

[79] Hester, Gwendolyn L. 1855 Census Sumter County, Alabama. (Dallas: Southern Roots, 1988.)

[80] 1880 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 484A. He is residence 60, family 62, on p. 9 of the Bluff Port census.

[81] Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 52, p. 78.

[82] Additional data provided by LeSabre Hoit, who quotes from the Talbot family history.

[83] 1840 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 146, #1. (00010001-021001).

[84] Phyllis. 24 Dec 2002. Located at

rw&p=surnames.brewer&m= 2671.1.1.2. (two line URL.) Below is the contents of a 1911 letter written by Mr. Willis Brewer. I obtained this copy through the Alabama Department of Archives & History. The late Mr. Brewer is the author of several Alabama books. I have no proof that his information is accurate.

[85] Although Willis Brewer does not say so, it appears that all of the Washington Co., Ala., Brewer family are descended from George Brewer. Unfortunately, he does not say if George was William's brother, cousin, or nephew.


[87] 1810 Census Abbeville Dist., S. C., p. 13, #4. Matthew Brewer (2001-2001). If Matthew was b. 1774 as indicated by his 1850 Census report, he would have been 46, whereas the census shows one male 26-45. However, there are no other probable names on the list, and the same source indicates we should look for him in South Carolina.

[88] 1830 Census Clarke Co., Ala., p. 24. (2120011-10021.)

[89] 1830 Census Perry Co., Ala., p. 50, line 1.

[90] BLM document 2309, (W ½ SW aliquot.)

[91] BLM document 2308, 80 acres (E ½ SW aliquot.)

[92] BLM document 2448, 15 March 1837, section 21, NW aliquot.

[93] BLM document 2307, 15 May 1837, (E ½ SE aliquot.)

[94] BLM document 2313, 15 March 1837, (E ½ SW aliquot.)

[95] BLM document 2311, 15 March 1837, (N ½ NW aliquot.) William Brewer also patented 40 acres (NENE aliquot) in section 14, twp. 13N, range 3W on 1 Aug 1837 (BLM document 10951), and 40 acres (NESW aliquot) in the same section on 2 Nov 1837 (BLM document 11967.)

[96] Sumter Co., Ala., Deed Book E:30 [22 Sep 1838.]

[97] BLM document 2310, 40 acres in section 33, (NESE).

[98] BLM document 12430, 40 acres in section 33, (SESE)

[99] 1840 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 129, #4.

[100] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 265.

[101] Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 176, p. 21.

[102] Again, Willis Brewer does not say if his ancestor lived north or south of the Savannah River. Since Matthew was b. SC according to his obituary, it seems likely that it was north.

[103] King, Syble Brewer. Mathew, b. ca. 1775 son of William, grandson of Burwell. 4 Oct 2001. Located on

[104] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 265.

[105] Orphans Court Book 19, part 1, p. 204, June term 1851. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 91, p. 69.

[106] Owen, Thomas. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. (Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1921,) pp. 211-214. Cited by Blackman, L. and Blackman E. Blackman-Farmer Roots. 8 Feb 2005. Located on, (db blackman-farmer.)

[107] 1820 Census Washington Co., Ala., p. 251 (000001-3001).

[108] 1830 Census Fayette Co., Ala., p. 202, #10 (101001-110011).

[109] 1830 Census Fayette Co., Ala., p. 202, #23 (00010001-0001); #21 Ransom Brewer (20001-0101); #22 Thomas Brewer (10001-10001), #24 John Brewer (00001-1001).

[110] 1840 Census Fayette Co., Ala., p. 199, #17, 18, and 19.

[111] Perry Co., Ala., Deed Book B:136, [1 Aug 1831.] Morgan, Cathy, 12 May 2000. ( Any connection with George W. Harper, who patented land with Jackson Brewer in Sumter Co., Ala., is unknown to me.

[112] Perry Co., Ala., Deed Book B:90-91, [23 Nov 1830.] Morgan, Cathy, 27 April 2000. (

[113] Just to confuse the issue, William P. Brewer, son of 1851 William Brewer witnessed the will of Abner R. Scarborough 27 August 1887, Sumter Co., Ala. Abner had a son named James T. Scarborough. Sumter Co., Ala., Will Book 3:189 [8 May 1889.] Copy provided by Mary Anne Habbe on the Sumter Co., Ala. GENWEB site.

[114] Sumter Co., Ala., Marriage Book 1:163. Cited in Gandrud, Pauline. Alabama Records, Vol. 128, page 1.

[115] 1850 Census, Sumter Co., Ala., p. 268.

[116] Montgomery Co., Ala., Will Book 8:294, LWT of Willis Brewer written 11 Apr. 1912.

[117] Willis Brewer called him "Capt. T. C. Brewer" but a biographical dictionary lists Willis' full name as Thaddeus Constantine Willis Brewer. I suspect he was named for his uncles.

[118] Spratt, Robert D. The History of the Town of Livingston, Alabama. (1928, repr. 1974, Sumter Co., Historical Society,) extracts provided by LeSabre Hoit.

[119] 1850 Census Monroe Co., Miss., p.22, #299/311.

[120] Alabama Marriages to 1825. Located on the Alabama GENWEB site.

[121] Parry, Jack. 30 May 2001.

[122] 1850 Census Sumter Co., Ala., p. 329.
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