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John Diehl Baker

Replies: 27

Re: John Diehl Baker

Posted: 1276351984000
Classification: Query
Surnames: Baker, Quarterman, Martin
George Baker "Indian Captive" info: (copied & pasted from a text doc I compiled)
George Baker, his wife and children from Beaver County, Village of Independence, PA
This George Baker story is scant, but the book says he died in 1802, whereas my William Baker was b. 1814 according to Cross Creek Graveyard death date and age, and Census records 1860, 1870, 1880. BUT, could he have been a grandson of George Baker?

(In sorting out the areas, 2 towns/village of Independence, PA):
The "Village of Independence " or Independence, was found in BEAVER CO. PA:


Hanover Township: Frankfort Springs Borough—Harshaville—Hanover United Presbyterian Church—King's Creek United Presbyterian Church—Mt. Olivet Presbyterian Church—Greene Township: Georgetown and Hookstown Boroughs—Shippingport—Mill Creek Presbyterian Church—Tomlinson's Run United Presbyterian Church —Moon Township: Monaca Borough—Colonia—North Branch Presbyterian Church—Hopewell Township: Mt. Carmel Presbyterian Church—Raccoon United Presbyterian Church—Aliquippa Borough—Shannopin—New Scottsville—New Sheffield—Woodlawn —Raccoon Township: Service United Presbyterian Church—Eudolpha Hall—Bethlehem Presbyterian Church—Mt. Pleasant United Presbyterian Church—Independence Township: Independence—New Bethlehem United Presbyterian Church.

The townships on the southern side of the Ohio River in Beaver County are: Hanover, Independence, and Hopewell, adjoining the Washington and Allegheny county lines; and Greene, Raccoon, and Moon, along the river.


This township, which is one of the original townships of Beaver County, occupies the southwest corner of the county. Its boundaries are Greene and Raccoon townships on the north, Washington County on the south, West Virginia on the west, and Independence township on the east. Big and Little Travis creeks are mostly within its limits, and King's Creek heads in it; Raccoon Creek cuts across its southeastern corner, and Tomlinson's Run across its northwestern corner, and a branch of the latter rises in the township.

V. B. Baker, (My Wm. & Matilda's son/my great2 grftr) as a superintendent of schools in Beaver County in Beaver Falls in 1875-77 p.695)

The First Presbyterian Church shows on Margaret Baker in 1834 there. (p.711)
First M.E. Church 1836: John Baker and wife (New Brighton)

(It may be noted that TOMLINSON above MAY be the brother-in-law of the Joshua Baker lines (a Tomlinson married a sister of Joshua Baker of the Mingo Chief Logan Massacre fame)

p.783: "Freedom" incorporated 1838. 1856 Samuel Baker, Burgess at court there.

(One Marquis is named as a council member, and I find Marquis in Cross Creek as well)

p. 784 John Baker & Company:

John Baker & Company had a large shop for the manufacturing of steam-engines on the southeast corner of Vicary Street, facing the river, and had a large foundry on the corner of Wolf Alley and Vicary Street. (Freedom Borough)

p. 789 : Methodist Episcopal Church: J.W. Baker, preacher (no year)

1889 Freedom Oil Works W. H. Baker, Secretary & Treasurer.

In 1889 the Freedom Oil Works Company was incorporated under the laws of Pennsylvania. Its officers are: Jos. W. Craig, president; A. J. Minke, vice-president; W. H. Baker, secretary and treasurer.

The company has distributing stations and offices at the following places in Pennsylvania: Beaver Falls, Braddock, Carnegie, Connellsville, DuBois, Greensburg, Johnstown, McKeesport, Mt. Pleasant, New Castle, New Kensington, Pine Grove, Pittsburg, Punxsutawney, Scottdale, Sharon, Uniontown; in Ohio at Canton, East Liverpool, Massillon, Newark, Salem, Springfield, Steubenville, Warren, Wellsville, Youngstown; and at Wheeling, W. Va.

(There are alot of names in this area that were found in Cross Creek as well. Cross Creek ended up being a rather large trade area at one time. It was a rather bustling town)

p.805: 1865 an M.E. Church, Pastor Baker (Could be Perrine Baker s/o Matilda & Wm.)

In 1865, as just stated, a Methodist church was organized in Phillipsburg, some of the charter members being M. W. Carey, J. W. Carey, Daniel Carey, Adaline Carey, Samuel Bickerstaff, Hannah Bickerstaff, Christian Merryman, and Sarah Baker. The society erected the following year a neat frame house of worship, 35 x 45 feet, at a cost of about $2500. It was dedicated, May 6, 1866, by Rev. J. J. Mcllyar, assisted by Rev. Dr. J. Homer. J. V. Yarnall was the first pastor in this charge, and there have followed him Thomas Patterson, 1866; N. P. Kerr,

1867; J. B. Wallace, 1869-70; ____ Baker, 1871;

(Kerr & Patterson names also found in Cross Creek)

p.808 names a Rev. Geise whom was found as a circuit preacher in Berlin area previously.

It is clear that the Methodist preachers did move around alot! They still do!

MOON TOWNSHIP (Beaver Co. has come up before for Baker names and here I found:

These extracts are all from Road Docket No. i, Allegheny County. For the interest which it has in itself and in the names of its signers, showing as it does some of the early residents of the county, we give here also a copy in full of a petition for a road, as follows:

To the Honorable Alexander Addison and his Associate Judges of the Court of the County of Allegheny:

The Petition of a number of the Inhabitants of the Township of Moon humbly sheweth:—

That a road is very much wanted from a road by the name of Broadhead's road to a ferry over the Ohio river opposite a Gutt below the mouth of Big Beaver Creek, a road from here has been traveled for many years as it is the only road that waggons can travel from Pittsburgh or Washington to Beavertown and has been already of great utility to the Inhabitants of the Township of Moon, and particularly so to persons emigrating to the settlements north and west of the Ohio river but this road has not yet been laid out by authority, in consequence of which it is greatly out of repair.

Your petitioners therefore humbly pray the Court to appoint men to view the premises, & if four or more of them shall see necessary that they lay out a road beginning on Broadhead's road from one to three miles from the River Ohio, and from that place to proceed on such a rout as they may think best to the above described ferry, and your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray

John Baker John Douds

Henry Baker John Oark

William Cooly

his Thomas Banks

Daniel X Waggle Daniel Heart

mark James Tod

David McKeay

Daniel Waggle, Jun. Wm. Jordan

John Waggle Reuben Reion

John Baker, Sr. John Smith

Andrew Johnston James Smith

John Parkinson William Gray.

September, 1799.

Coming now to 1800, the date of the erection of Beaver County, we may ask what were the names of the original townships? There is no record of the court of Allegheny County showing any action taken in the matter of township divisions for the new county of Beaver, and it is to that court we should look for such action, since Beaver County was connected with Allegheny County for judicial purposes until 1804, four years

after its erection; neither is there any legislative action of the

Assembly touching the matter so far as we have been able to

discover. We have, however, several sources of information

which determine the question for us. The first of these is the

tax books which are still preserved in Beaver, and which show

returns from the sections of the county south of the Ohio, and

north of that river on both sides of the Big Beaver. From

these it appears that there were in 1800 three townships on the

south side of the Ohio, namely, Hanover, First Moon and Second

Moon, and three on the north side, namely, North Beaver, partly

on the east and partly on the west of Big Beaver Creek; and

South Beaver on the west, and Sewickley on the east, of that


In addition to the tax books we have the Warrant and Survey books of the county, a careful examination of which shows the same townships existing in 1800 as those named in the tax books.

The United States Census for 1800 showed the population of Beaver County by townships as follows ':

Townships Population

First Moon 527

Hanover 421

North Beaver 338

Second Moon 1,056

Sewickley 853

South Beaver 2,581

Total 5,776

The original townships, i. e., the townships formed at the date of the erection of the county (1800) were therefore, we repeat, North Beaver, east and west of the Big Beaver Creek; South Beaver, west of the Big Beaver; and Sewickley, east of the Big Beaver—all north of the Ohio River; and Hanover, First Moon, and Second Moon, south of the Ohio. (See Draft E.) Let us now consider the relative positions of the three south side

1 This report for Beaver County is also published in A Geographical Description of PauuylwMia by Joseph Scott, Philadelphia. 1806. Therein mention is made of 3 slaves in Second Moon and i slave in South Beaver.


townships, with the aid of the accompanying draft (marked E). Hanover township, as formed in 1800, embraced all the territory contributed by Washington County to the new county oi Beaver, that is to say, all within the triangle formed by the State line, the line drawn at a right angle from the State line to White's mill, and the line running from that mill to the intersection of the Ohio River with the State line.

Second Moon township lay immediately east of Hanover, embracing all the territory between the eastern line of that township and Raccoon Creek, with the Ohio River for its northern boundary.

First Moon was bounded on the north by the Ohio River, on the east by the same stream, on the south by Allegheny County, and on the west by Second Moon.

This is the correct statement of the form and position of these townships, but as there has been doubt in the minds of some as to which of the two Moons lay next to Hanover township, we will submit the proof of the statement as follows:

On page 136 of Beaver County Survey Book, No. i, is a diagram of a certain survey, which is thus described:

The above is a draught of a tract of land surveyed May 2, 1811, in pursuance of a warrant granted to John Ansley, dated the i4th day of March, 1811, situate in First Moon Township, Beaver County, adjoining lands of Robert Agnew, Alexander Gibb, William Nelson and William Lockhart, containing 108 acres and 51 perches and an allowance of 6 per cent.

The draft shows the tract bounded on the west by "the heirs of George Shaffer," whose lands are known to have been east of Raccoon Creek, and therefore as the lands designated in the just mentioned survey are said to lie in First Moon township, we have the position of that township as east of Raccoon Creek. On the 6ist page of the Beaver County Warrant Book is this entry:

Sept. i, 1810.—Joseph Robertson enters his warrant for fifty acres of land dated the z8th day of December, 1793,—Situate in the county of Allegheny now Beaver, First Moon Township, adjoining lands of James McKee, Major Ward and Logstown old survey and Short .

This "old survey" is of lands in what is known as Logstown Bottom and vicinity, opposite the site of the old Indian town of Logstown, and in the present township of Hopewell. This proves that Hopewell township is a part of First Moon, and

that the latter township was in the extreme eastern part of the south side of Beaver County along the Ohio River.

And the position of Second Moon is clearly indicated in the two following entries:

May 24, 1804.—William Frazier enters his warrant dated December 3, 1803, for 100 acres of land situate in 2d Moon Township in the county of Beaver, adjoining lands of John Nelson, David Kerr, John Thompson & others on the waters of Service creek, etc.1

Herein is proof positive that Second Moon township lay west of First Moon and pushed in above the northern line of Hanover clear down to Georgetown, for the lands of the men named in these entries, notably those of David Kerr, John Nelson, and the Laughlins, are known to all as being about Hookstown. We give one more entry from the Warrant Book to show how far west above Hanover township Second Moon stretched:

May 12, 1813.—James Dawson enters a warrant for one hundred and fifty acres of land situate on the waters of Mill creek in Second Moon Township, Beaver County, adjoining lands of Robert D. Davison, Alexander Laughlin, Sen'r, Robert Laughlin and others, dated the 2 7th day of Feb'y, 1813.*

The draft of this warrant in Survey Book No. i shows the land named therein as lying between Mill Creek and Little Mill Creek. This proves that Second Moon township ran in above the northern line of Hanover down to the State line, and that Hanover's northern line was, at the erection of Beaver County, made identical with the Allegheny County line of 1789 (see draft E).

We have now shown that the three original townships on the south side were located in the following order—Hanover on the west, Second Moon in the center, and First Moon on the east. Where, now, was the division line between First and Second Moon? We think it was nearly or quite Raccoon Creek. The proof of this is found in two drafts in Survey Book No. i.3 The first of these drafts is of the land of Daniel Beer, dated February 13, 1811. His land is described as being in First Moon township, and as being bounded on the west by Raccoon Creek. In the other draft, that of Daniel Morgan, dated August 13, 1810, the land is described as being in Second Moon township, and as having eastern boundaries common to the western boundaries of the first named tract. That is to say, a tract in Second Moon is bounded on the east by Raccoon Creek, and a tract in First Moon is bounded on the west by the same stream, showing that stream to be the dividing line between those townships.

1 Warrant Book, p. 50 • Id., p. 64. ' Pages 135-137.

( A.D. White's book says:

Van Buren Baker, a native of the village of Independence in Washington County, Pennsylvania where he was born on November 4, 1841 was well-known in the Burgettstown area where he had served as a teacher in the public school during the term 1865-66, that being his eighth year of teaching. From this term the Burgettstown School, formerly a one-room schoolhouse was graded. Prof. Baker was the instructor in the advanced room which was then located in a house on Pittsburgh Street in the "old town", the house which was later the home of Nancy Shillito. Mrs. Martha Baker, the first wife of Prof. Baker, was also a teacher and she was in charge of the primary dept. of the school, and it was housed in the brick school building erected in 1834, the house for which many years prior to her death, was the home of Miss Ada Campbell who died March 2, 1965. This house is also located in the "old town" or South Burgettstown, as it was known when a post office was maintained there. This Mrs. Baker was a daughter of Andrew Martin of Cross Creek Township.

(The above Mrs. Martin-Baker is my great2grmtr)

pg. 886 of same book has one JOHN BAKER along with others requesting a township division that is to be named _______? (another division in Beaver County, the citizens of BRIGHTON District, Beaver County.
(Ended up as Patterson Twp. in 1841)

p.907: George Baker (a son of the Indian Captive George Baker?)
North Branch Presbyterian Church (situated now in the northeastern part of Moon Twp.)

1833 Mount Carmel Church (people living in Moon Twp. were too far away and wanted a place of worship)
1834 a Church erected after meeting at the Weigle home: By 1837 Henry REED, then
George Baker and others elected as Elders.

Mrs. Jacob Baker and Mrs. Philip Baker members of congregation.

p. 947 Village of Industry: Baker Brothers Sawmill:

This is the only village in the township. It is situated on the north bank of the Ohio River, about seven miles from Beaver, and is a station on the Cleveland & Pittsburg Railway.

The village of Industry dates its existence from September 14, 1836, it having been laid out at that time by William McCallister, but a post-office was established at this point in 1833.
(Postmasters names snipped)
About the middle of the last century a saw-mill was built here. This was bought in 1869 by the Baker Bros., who also established here a flouring-mill. In 1872 George Engle became a partner in the business, and in 1883 the sole proprietor.

p. 951: P.H. Baker (Perrine Baker?)

In 1900 New Sewickley township had 605 taxables; 16,268 acres of cleared land; 3011 acres of timber land; the value of all its real estate was $806,727; its real estate exempt from taxation was $11,750; and its real estate taxable, $794,977.

By the United States Census for 1890 its population was 1922 and by that for 1900 1592.

Unionville is a small village in this township. The postoffice in this place is called Brush Creek. It was established in 1855, discontinued June 13, 1871; re-established, May 17, 1872; discontinued April 14, 1873; and re-established July 21, 1873. The following persons have served the people here:

Robert Porter, January 30, 1855; Abraham Hunter, Dec. 13, 1855; George Rauscher, Feb. 14 1866; P. H. Baker, July 2, 1869; Samuel Bums, July 21, 1873; John Snyder, July 25, 1879; Henderson J. Neely, Sept. 17, 1894; Charles W. Bentel May, 18, 1897; John A. Auld, Nov. 23.

p.964: Robert Baker
Concord Presbyterian Church Robert Baker
Incorporated by Robert Baker and others Nov. 2, 1885.
(located a few miles back of Freedom)

p. 1005
Economy: Post Office Romelius L. Baker Apr 10, 1832

p. 1007-1009 The Society of Economy:
R. L. Baker d. Jan 11, 1868 (did business for "The Society of Economy" which bought lands
in Beaver Falls,
had coal holdings, RR's and more in other counties)

(See The Harmony Society at Economy, PA)

appears to be a powerful, closed German-English speaking society)

p.1010: R.L. Baker death again recorded. 1847-1868 served
"The Society of Economy" or "Harmony Society" as trustee.

p. 1026: George Rapp, (Frederich Reichert, german)
head of the Harmony Society & R. L. Baker:
Ads were run in newspaper as far as Pittsburgh

On the death of Frederick Rapp, July 5, 1834. George Rapp was for the first time
formally designated by the Society as its business agent, but being himself still
chiefly occupied with the spiritual and domestic functions of the community, he
appointed sub-agents R. L. Baker and Jacob Henrici, who attended to those details of
outside business which had previously been under the care of Frederick Rapp.

It appears (R.L.) Baker had a lawsuit: p.1028 (as representative of "The Society")

(The first suit against the Harmony Society was brought by Eugene Muller, being an
action to recover wages for services rendered by him while he was a member of the
Society. Muller, after joining the community had become dissatisfied, and in 1822 had
left it. The court held that, having signed the articles of agreement, which expressly
stipulated that a seceding member should have no claim on the Society for wages, he was
without recourse. John H. Hopkins, referred to above as having drawn up the agreement
of 1827, and the celebrated James Ross, of Pittsburg, were the legal counsel of the
Society in this case.) This included for background only.

Baker, appellant, vs. Nachtrieb.—The third important case against the Society, involving practically the same issue, was that of Joshua Nachtrieb. This complainant filed a bill in equity before the Circuit Court of the United States for the Western District of Pennsylvania at the

1 5 Watts, p. 351.

p. 1216:

First Moon Township Taxables 1802: (Beaver County, PA)

BAKER: John, Anthony, George Sr., Michael, Henry, George Jr.

Source for above:
History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania: and its centennial celebration, Volume 2
History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania: And Its Centennial Celebration, Joseph Henderson Bausman
Authors Joseph Henderson Bausman, John Samuel Duss
Publisher Knickerbocker Press, 1904
Original from Harvard University
(available free at

p. 626

Hamilton I.on map (Likely Hamilton mentioned in George Baker Indian Captive?)

George Baker and Family, Indian Captive for 5 years:

northern Ireland, where their blood is still further enriched by that of other races, by
Huguenots from France, Burghers from Holland, Puritans and Quakers from England; and all
becomes at last the one intelligent and hardy people that is known in America by the
hyphenated appellation—"Scotch-Irish."

Thousands of these hardy Ulstermen came to America (as many as twenty-five thousand
between 1771 and 1773 '). most of whom landed in Pennsylvania, many of these, after
various haltings and migrations, settling finally in western Pennsylvania. They brought
with them a burning sense of hatred to all monarchical and ecclesiastical exactions, and
so every settlement of them became a seed-plot of revolutionary sentiments.
Bancroft says: "The first public voice in America for dissolving all connection with
Great Britain came, not from the Puritans of New England, the Dutch of New York, nor the
planters of Virginia, but from the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians." It is matter of dispute
whether the so-called "Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence," to which Bancroft
probably here refers, is genuine or not, with the sifted evidence against it3; but there
is no doubt that the Scotch-Irish of the North Carolina county of Mecklenburg were among
the first to protest by word and deed against the tyranny of the British government. And
so in all the colonies the men of that blood distinguished themselves in the championship
of the Revolutionary cause, whether on the field of debate or on the battlefield. It
was, as we have said, the men of that blood, too, who most largely settled western
Pennsylvania generally, and the territory of Beaver County in particular. So much as to
the character of the early emigration into this region. We glance now at its time.


Previous to 1700 the foot of the white man had scarcely touched the soil of these western
parts.* The eighteenth century was two, perhaps three, decades advanced before those
forerunners of civilization—the traders—began to venture into the wilds of this region.
It was nearly half gone before the attempt at settlement by the Ohio Company was made
(1748), and the first actual settlement of whites was not until 1752, at which date
Christopher Gist's little company of eleven families took up their abode on lands west
of the Youghiogheny River in what is now Fayette County.1 In the most southern portion
of the province near the Maryland line a few feeble settlements were made prior to 1754,
and in 1760 what is now the great centre of population which we know as Pittsburg was a
little group of cabins about the fort, with not much above two hundred inhabitants.3
About 1768 or 1769 Alexander McKee had made improvements at what is now known as McKee's
Rocks in Allegheny County. Washington makes mention of him in his account of his canoe
trip down the Ohio in 1770. In 1770 a mission of the Moravian Brethren, under the
leadership of Zeisberger and Senseman, was established in what became Beaver County, at
a point now within the bounds of Lawrence County.3 Owing to the opposition of hostile
Indians the mission was soon removed into Ohio, where, at Salem and Gnadenhutten, was
perpetrated upon its peaceful members what was perhaps the most horrible butchery that
ever disgraced the annals of border life.

1 James Logan, Secretary of the proprietary government, himself an Irish Quaker, wrote
in 1719: " It looks as if Ireland is to send all her inhabitants hither, for last week
not less than six ships arrived, and every day two or three arrive also. The common fear
is that if they continue to come they wilt make themselves proprietors of the province."

1 See article. " Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence " in The Universal Cyclopaedia,

* Marquette and La Salle and the Jesuit fathers had been on the Mississippi previous to

1700. Colonel Wood, of Virginia, is alleged to have explored several branches of the Ohio

and "Meschacebe" (Mississippi) from 1654 to 1664 (Western Annals, p. 94). Thomas

Woods and Robert Pallam, in 1671. and Captain Bolts, in 1674. are reported as making
tours of the same region. The visits of these men were to points beyond our immediate

When we ask who was the first permanent white settler in what is now Beaver County, we
raise a question that is difficult to answer, at least to the satisfaction of all.
Formerly it was thought to have been one George Baker, a German, who came to America in
1750, and who, after a residence of some years in the eastern part of the country, came
to this region in 1772 or 1773 and settled on land in what is at present Moon township.
Three months after his arrival in America Baker married a young English girl, who had
her wedding dress sent over from England, the home-country at that early day furnishing
the luxuries, as well as most of the necessaries, for the colonists. Apiece of this
wedding dress was exhibited in the Loan Collection at the Centennial of Beaver County
in 1900.

1 Hist, of West. Penna. (Rupp), p. 40.

* From a carefully prepared list of the houses and inhabitants outside of the fort,
made for Colonel Bouquet, April 15, 1761, by Captain William Clapham, headed
"A return of the number of houses, of the names of owners, and number of men, women and
children in each house, April 14, 1761," and which is the first description of Pittsburg
that we possess, the number of inhabitants is 333. with the addition of ninety-five
officers, soldiers, and their families residing in the town, making the whole number
333; with 104 houses. The lower town was nearest the fort. The upper, on the high ground,
principally along the banks of the Monongahela. extended as far as the present Market

3 See Chapter XII. for a full account of the Moravian mission in this region.

The Bakers, on their arrival in this region, built their cabin, or fort, as it was
called, on land now known as the Michael Mateer farm, situated on a ridge on the east
side of Raccoon Creek, about four miles from its mouth. Near the site of the cabin is
still in existence the old Baker burial-ground, where repose the ashes of George Baker
and his kinsfolk. In the Indian outrages about the beginning of the Revolutionary War
the Bakers—husband, wife, and five children—were among the first victims, being taken
by the Indians to Detroit and delivered to the British.

In the manuscript letter-books of Colonel George Morgan, Indian Agent of the United States at Fort Pitt, which we frequently cite in this work, we have found an interesting trace of Baker's captivity, namely his signature to a paper certifying the humanity shown him and his family by his Indian captors while on the march, and at Detroit by Governor Henry Hamilton, who is generally represented in the traditions of the time to have been a very Nero for cruelty. It would appear from the papers, copies of which we give herewith, that Hamilton's policy was to have the proclamation of British and Indian clemency therein made left in the neighborhood where outrages by the savages were committed, in order that the people might be induced to surrender themselves to the British in hopes of escaping destruction. The first name attached to the certificate of white prisoners at Detroit, testifying to their kindly treatment, is, as will be seen, that of George Baker.. The following letter accompanied the papers, or "writings," as they are called by the friendly Delawares who sent them to Morgan:

Captains White Eyes & John Killbuck's
Message to Colo. George Morgan—

Cuchockunk [coshocton, O.], March i4th, 1778.

Brother Taimenend [the name given to Morgan by the Indians, pronounced Tammany],
The bearer hereof Edward Hazel, has my orders to make known to all persons whom it may concern that the Indians are encouraged to shew the same kindness to all who shall embrace the offer of safety & protection hereby held out to them, & he is further to make known as far as lies in his power, that if a number of people can agree upon a place of rendezvous, & a proper time for coming to this Post, the Miamis, Sandoske or Post Vincennes, the properest methods will be taken for their Security & a safeguard of white people with an Officer and Interpreter sent to

conduct them.

Given under my hand & Seal at Detroit

g. ,, J Henry Hamilton

j Lieut: Gov'r & Superintendent God save the King.

Appended was the following testimony to the humanity of the Indians and the British:

We who have undersigned our Names do voluntarily declare that we have been conducted from the several places mentioned opposite our names to Detroit, by Indians accompanied with white people, that we have neither been cruelly treated or in any way ill used by them, & further that on our arrival we have been treated with the greatest humanity & our wants supplied in the best manner possible.

George Baker

for himself, Wife & five Children now here from 5 Miles below Logs Town

We have received from a direct descendant of Baker confirmation of the statement made in this paper. Mrs. Harrison (Baker) Brobeck, of Rochester, Pa., a niece of George Baker who died in 1901, at eighty-one years of age, used to say that the old people of her family always testified to the kindly treatment shown the Bakers during their five years' captivity among the Indians and British. On the march to Detroit, however, the savages several times offered to kill one of the smallest of the children who annoyed them with its crying, but yielded to the entreaties of the mother to spare it. The poor mother then, to keep the little one quiet and prevent a recurrence of its peril, would carry it as long as she could. This little band of captives was also guarded at night in the usual manner of the Indians, each one being made to lie between two warriors. During their


From about p. 147 on from:

History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania: and its centennial celebration, Volume 1
History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania: And Its Centennial Celebration, Joseph Henderson Bausman
Authors Joseph Henderson Bausman, John Samuel Duss
Publisher Knickerbocker Press, 1904
Original from the New York Public Library

P. 281 mentions R.L. Baker head of agriculture.

p. 300 George Baker is named as foreman of a boat/steamer c.1854 in Freedom, Beaver PA

p.446 Henry Baker as Methodist Minister 1816 and a NON-RESIDENT of Beaver

p.536 Richard W. Baker (Civil War Roster; Captain?)

p.564 Beaver & Allegheny Cos. Private Anthony Baker , wounded at Wilderness May5, captured May
8, 1864 (Civil War)

p.611 Thomas L. Baker in Regular Army, 10th Reg. U.S.V. of Beaver Co.

Hope this is helpful to either or both of you.

(large portions from books not copied here for length)

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