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Wife of Robert of Hempstead, Long Island

Replies: 20

Robert Ashman and others

Posted: 973081155000
Edited: 1158087397000
Uhm, I tried putting this into the address you gave, and it just gave me a blank look.

HI Joanna,

This is a mess. I hate it when you can't send something in the same format in which it was written. The stuff below is why I have taken so long to respond. You have motivated me into a new project. One I couldn't do with index cards and a typewriter. The objective is to take the information I do have, and arrange it in chrononlogical order to search for patterns. For example, you asked about Wethersfield, CT. Historians/Genealogists state that Henpstead was settled by a distinct group led by the Rev. Richard Denton, and that Denton came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, went first to Watertown, next to Wethersfield, then to Stamford and then to Hempstead. None of these histories list conclusively who made up this group. Most of them state that some members where picked up or dropped off along the way; but they don't say who. At the same time, histories say that obvious early settlers of Hempstead (John Strickland: Charlestown 1629-30 to Watertown to Wethersfield to Stratford to Hempstead) (John Rock Smith: Stratford to Hempstead) came from Stratford. So, did they come from Stamford, Stratford or both? Are they confusing Stamford and Stratford because they are spelled similarly, or because Startford is now Fairfield? One genealogist seems so confused he uses Stratfield. I hope that by using a chronological structure that I can identify the members of the group and their pattern of movement. That's just one issue. There are many others.

So, I dug out all my old material and sorted it according to relevance to the time period I wished to cover. This gave me 4 feet of paper to organize, a page at a time. Getting it all took three days. The work below took four days. In addition, I kept finding new stuff, and trying to integrate it as well. It's a work in progress, and it's barely started, but I thought that I should at least let you know that I am not ignoring you. With luck, in two or three weeks, I'll be finished. There will be footnotes. I just spent two hours transfering them to end notes because as footnotes, they were taking up half the pages. When I copied them into this message, the numbers didn't copy and they were useless since you couldn't match them to the information they were referencing; so I deleted them as you really don't need that much garbage.

The object is to identify the ancestors of Thomas and Hannah (Smith) Flewelling, from whom all the Flewellings/Flewwellings/Flewwellins/etc. in the northern states and Canada are descended. This won't quite meet your needs, as excepting the children of Robert Ashman, I won't be following the lines of descent further except for Hannah (Ashman) Flewelling. If I tried to follow the Ashman descendants, the King descendants, the Smith and Scudder Descendants, I would end up including half the North American population.

You raise some serious questions about Robert Ashman's origins that are very perceptive. It had been always accepted that he was a part of that 'group' that followed Richard Denton. I don't think that this is necessarily true. The statement that he does not appear in the 1647 division of Hempstead, for example, because a mouse ate the page his name was on might be a false assumption. Abel "Blue" Smith spent years trying to sort out property issues in Hempstead when the question of who owned what became a point of contention. Somewhere his report must still exist. He would have had access to the lost records, as he did this work in the early 1700's. Surely someone has examined this report. No mention of Robert Ashman has been handed from genealogist to genealogist. This means that he probably wasn't one of the earliest settlers. On the other hand, if there was a specific group trekking about with Richard Denton, some may have been so un-noticed as to have been unmentioned. Robert Ashman may not have owned land or livestock until he had been in Hempstead for several years, and therefore, no notice of him in the records of the time. What I would like to do is see if there is some indication of which of the two possibilities is most likely. He may have been living with his brothers-in-law until Hempstead.

You may be familiar with Mary Powel Bunker's 'Long Island Genealogies'. In it she makes a curious statement that I had not noticed before. On page 337 she writes, "Twenty-nine men agreed while at Wethersfield, to begin the setllement, others came in later. These were spoken of as part of Capt. Mason's 500 who came to New Hampshire in 1631-3." She is talking about the move to Stamford when, "In the spring of 1640, a company of dissatisfied and restless men, who had been in Wethersfield, Conn. about 6 years, having sought in vain to end their contentions there; looking for about for a place to remove with their minister, Rev. Mr. Denton." I didn't know that New Hampshire existed in 1631, let alone that there were any settlers. I tried accessing John Camden Hotten's, "Captains and Ships" (or is it "Ships and Captains"), and there was an URL for it, which I seem to have neglected to note. My machine strained for it and after five minutes gave up. I don't know if it was because there was so much data it couldn't download it in a certain period of time, I have a lousy server, or if there was some other impediment.

Being new to the internet, I am not impressed by the lack of information. Oh, there's lots of 'stuff', but it is suspect, contradictory, repetitious and rarely to the point. Sure, there's lots of 'genealogical services' which will (for a modest fee) search such and such for you; but I cannot afford the modest fees, how can I know how skilled they are, and do they also sell swampland? For example, I could use a good map of Connecticut right now; especially one indicating which settlements existed 1630-1700. There were the records of Boston from 1630. Not a transcription, but a scan of the actual pages so you could see the original. A very nice touch, but printing it in colour would have been a problem, and the size was not conducive to the reading of beige ink on dark-yellow pages. I enter a search request and spend hours wading through garbage. I entered Thomas King, and received a number of items on Thomas Abraams to Thomas Zulu with a scattering of Kings (Richard III, Louis XIV). The IGI is almost totally unreliable as a source of accurate information. When I examined the Flewellings in various sources I was appalled that at the errors. One had my great great grandfather siring my great grandfather eight years after he died. Many were issues I thought I had dealt with at length years ago. When I examine other genealogical treatises, I must assume that they are as bad as the ones I know something about. One thing is intriguing. Genealogists have always been the white trash of HISTORY. Even so, it seems to be they who will use the internest to its full potential long before Historians get moving. They're a very motivated bunch. On the other hand, genealogists haven't seemed to learn that because your grandfather was John Smith it doesn't mean that you are Sir John Smith's cousin and entitled to use his personal armorial bearings.

I don't like giving my Email address in a 'public' place. I'm assuming that when I send this, it will accompany the message. When I finish this work, I'll try to find some way of getting you a 'legible' copy. Your information provides a valuable nucleus about which to build, and if you have anything to add, I would be interested. I wouldn't copy the garbage below. It's barely a skeletal structure, and I don't even know what I can do with it. I was think of unloading it in a Flewelling forum, but it will probably be like throwing a china vase into a cement mixer. I particularly hate it when the tabulations and indentations go crazy. Speaking of insanity, I must return to work.

All the best,




1500Â’s - 1700


Pistol: KnowÂ’st thou Fluellen?

King Henry: Yes.

Pistol: Art thou his friend?

King Henry: And his kinsman too.

King Henry V, Act IV, Scene 1, William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare did three things to the Flewelling family. One is fairly obvious, the other is probably known to most Flewelling genealogists, and the third thing lies before you, but is not as clear as the others. The first thing is that Shakespeare popularized the ‘F’ spelling of Llewelyn. When someone sees a ‘F’ version of the name, they often recognize it as a variation of the original, and as of Welsh derivation. Secondly, because of Shakespeare’s fame, admirers seeking to learn as much about him as possible have been responsible for the examination and preservation of records in the area of Stratford-upon-Avon to a greater degree than in many other localities. The least obvious effect is that Shakespeare’s works, together with the King James Version of the Holy Bible, were probably the most popular works in the English language to be published by the relatively new printing presses. He was a best seller. Prior to Elizabethan times, the English language was variable in content, pronunciation and especially in spelling. Elizabethans took a deep interest in language and vied (at least in London) in erudition, elocution and flamboyancy. Considering that in the 400 years before Shakespeare, the English language had undergone such massive changes that an Englishman of 1200 could not converse with one of 1600. While Shakespeare’s language may be a trial today, we can still read his works without great difficulty. The printed word ‘fixed’ much of vocabulary and grammar (allowing study, creation of grammatical rules, and even dictionaries) and pronunciation. Most of all, it created standards of spelling. Most researchers will be familiar with the variables of 17th century ‘spelling’, if that word had a meaning at that time. These standards were first applied in England, and later in the American colonies. As a result, the Welsh in Great Britain had the opportunity to ‘correct’ the spelling of Welsh names, at least to the extent that Llewelyn is usually spelled Llewellyn; but in North America, the ‘F’ versions appear to have prevailed, resulting in an almost uniquely continental set of variations.

Shakespeare’s treatment of the character, Captain Fluellen, is curious. He uses four captains in the play; one English, one Irish, one Scottish and the last, Welsh. In all cases, he lampoons their nationality to some degree, less so with the English. With Fluellen, the satire is balanced with a characterization, which is respectful and admiring. In part this treatment reflects an early concept of unity in Great Britain (James I having claim to the crowns of the United Kingdom of England, Cornwall and Wales; Scotland and Ireland) and, in part, reflects the attitude of the English of his time. The Scots and Irish were troublesome Celtic barbarians, while the Welsh were usually more integrated into English society. The development of Fluellen’s character is broader than would seem necessary to present these concepts. There are several reasons why this might be. Henry V was born in Wales, and had a large contingent of Welsh with him in France. These may have been more willing to serve him because they could regard him as Welsh. Before Henry had assumed the throne, one of England’s chief adversaries had been Owen Glendower leading the Welsh people. Loyalty may have been at a premium. The Welsh contingent was led by a staunch supporter of the House of Lancaster, Davy Gam (‘Squint-eyed Davy‘) or Davydd ap Llewelyn. He is briefly mentioned in the play as one of the more honoured slain of the English army. Amongst the Welsh contingent was Sir Owain Tudor, second husband to Henry’s French queen and, through her, ancestor to the Tudor dynasty; of Elizabeth I and James I. Shakespeare would be wise not to be too disparaging of the Welsh. Davydd ap Llewelyn was brother-in-law to Glendower, and it has been claimed, if not shown, that he and Owain were kin and that they both claimed relationship to the various princely families of Wales. So did Henry V. Therefore, they were all cousins. It would seem that Shakespeare gives special notice to Fluellen as he is basing him on a historical personage, possibly connected to the royal family, and by doing so would earn nods of approval from that royal house.

There may be more to it. Shakespeare may have been Welsh himself.


The Gregorian calendar was introduced 4 OCT 1582, the next day being 15 OCT 1582. The British Protestants, however, were not ready to lose eleven days of their lives through a Popish trick. At the time, in England, the year began the 25th March; not the 1st of January. The Britains finally accepted the ‘New Style’ in 1752. At times, dates might be written in either format, but were often differentiated as ‘Old Style’ (O. S.) or ‘New Style’.

It is assumed that most of the dates mentioned in this work are Old Style, but that depends on whether researchers and transcribers have ‘translated’ them or not. I take the dates as I find them. If it is necessary to be absolutely sure, then the original source should be tracked down and examined.

Sometimes, a date might be written 16 FEB 1656/7. This indicates one of two things. First, that the original recorder was aware of the difference, and the date (in our terms) would be in 1657. The matter of the eleven days is another problem, best solved by ignoring it. Secondly, the transcriber (or a transcriber, as these often go through many hands) was aware of the difference and wished to indicate that although the original said ‘1656’, it was ‘meant’ to be 1657.

As a rule (when I remember), I assume that January, 1613 (for example) comes before April, 1614; (because the New Year was in the intervening March.) Thus, a child born in February, 1613 to parents married in April, 1613 need cause no comment. The February is actually in our year 1614. Should a child prove to be born after the date of his parentÂ’s marriage, several things need to be considered. There may not have been a clergyman available, and they may have been married by declaration before family and friends, with a religious wedding when feasible. The differences between religious sects caused several to deny the validity of a marriage performed by another sect; and, again, two separate marriages may have resulted. The father, expressing his desire to test the fertility of a prospective life-mate, may have gain her agreement to the experimentation prior to marriage. (This last concern has become less of a serious matter than it was even a century ago. The suggestion today might be the cause of a certain degree of hilarity on the part of the young lady so approached; another reason why the proposal has rarely been considered today.)

Where discrepancies occur, I have not tried to resolve the difficulty. In some cases, where the dates are obvious guesses (resulting in a father siring several children a decade after his death, for example) I have simply failed to record the suspect date unless it has a genuine use as a theory. If I have slighted previous researchers by doing so, I hope that will realize that my motives are to attempt simplification of problems rather than creation of them.


The persons with whom we are immediately concerned have not always been located in the better know records in published versions. This would indicate that, for the most part, they were not held to be of great historical or social significance in their own right. This may not be a bar to understanding something of them. If they were of the common people, then they would have done as the common people did. Robert Ashman is an instance. His absence in the early records of Hempstead is explained by the ‘mouse-eaten book’, theorizing that his name does not appear amongst the earliest records of Hempstead because of the rodent’s culinary proclivities when destroyed some of the early pages of those records in 1848. The difficulty is that his name does not appear to have been noticed by researchers before the mouse dined.

1504 Henry Scudder of Horton, Kirby, ENG died. His wife was Agnes, and his son was Thomas.

1545 Henry Scudder, possibly son of John and Margaret Scudder, born.

1560 Elizabeth, wife of Henry Scudder, born. Henry may have been the son of John Scudder. In following the Scudder family I have relied on the compilation by Norris Taylor; he referring to a work by Jane Fletcher Fiske, FASG, editor of ’New England Historical and Genealogical Record’, (if I have translated ’NEHGR’ correctly.) His summary resolves many of the issues I discussed about a decade ago, and is based on the most recent information (1999.) Some of the dates given by Taylor are suspect as they are given only as years (i.e., ‘1590’), which suggests guesses and extrapolations. In other cases, I relied on other sources which seem to have reason to give the dates they did. In the following entries, there are notices of Scudders, related but not in the line with which we are concerned. I have kept them as the information may be useful in resolving some confusion. This policy may actually cause confusion but I am reluctant to dismiss information which could be of interest.

1567 Henry Scudder, son of Thomas, son of Henry, born.

23NOV1567 John Ashman, son of Thomas Ashman, bpt. Trowbridge, Wilitshire, ENG.

23DEC1578 Margreat Fluellen married Richard Ellet in Holy Trinity Church, Coventry, Warwickshire, ENG.

18OCT1584 Margaret, widow of John Scudder, gives property at Horton Kirby and Sutton-at-Hone to her son, Henry Scudder, carpenter.

19NOV1585 Margaret Scudder, widow of John, signs a ‘final concord’ with William Scudder.

1586 Thomas Scudder born.

Elizabeth , wife of Thomas Scudder, born.

1587 Thomas Scudder born in Groton, Suffolk, ENG

ca. 1593 Thomas Scudder, son of Henry and Agnes, died between 1592 and 1594 in Darenth, Kent, ENG.

10OCT1594 Henry Scudder, son of Thomas, son of Henry, marries in Dartford, Kent, Sara Figg. (Draper has Henry dying 1595; one of those little contradictions.) Their children are: Thomas, John, Henry and Elizabeth.

16DEC1594 John Ashman, son of Henry Ashman, bpt. Trowbridge, Wiltshire, ENG.

1595 Henry Scudder, son of Thomas, son of Henry, dies in Holland. The date-of-death is questionable.

5NOV1595 Will of Henry Scudder probated. This Henry is likely the son of John and Margaret, and there is some confusion with Henry, son of Thomas.

1596 Capt. John Underhill b. in Warwickshire, ENG.

9NOV1601 William Washburn born in Bengeworth, Worcestershire, ENG.

1601 Richard Gildersleeve born.

18MAR1604 Richard Jaycocks bpt. Stratford-upon-Avon. (Surname spelled as: Jacocks, Jeccox, Jeecockes, Jekcox, Gickockes, Jecoxe, Geekokes, Jecox, Jeckockes and Jeacocockes.) All are children of Francis, and the baptismal dates are taken from listings in the Latter Day Saints International Genealogical Index. (LDS IGI.)

14NOV1605 John Jaycocks bpt. in Bishopton.

13MAR1605 Robert Ashman bpt. at Trowbridge, Wiltshire, ENG, (son of John and Elizabeth); probably son of John and Elizabeth (Byrte) Ashman (m. Trowbridge 20APR1605.)

12OCT1608 Simon Jaycocks bpt. in Bishopton.

23OCT1608 Robert Ashman marries Alice Garwood at Rampton, Cambridge, ENG.

13DEC1608 Margaret Ffluellyn married to Thomas Wilkins (or John G. Wilkins) in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, ENG.

1609 Mary Maplet born in England; d. after 1677. Married Samuel Gorton (b. 1592 Gorton, Lancaster Co., ENG, d. 1677 Warwick, Rhode Island) and emigrated in 1630.

5MAR1610 Child of Francis Jaycocks baptized; possibly Joshua, in Bishopton, Warwickshire, England.

10NOV1611 Robert Ashman bpt. Rampton, Cambridge, ENG, son of Raph [sic] and Ann Ashman.

16MAY1613 Katheren Geccox bpt. Bishopton, Warwickshire, ENG.

NOV1615 Elizabeth Jaycocks baptized in Bishopton.

4JAN1618 Francis Jekcox baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, ENG; son of Francis Jekcox.

1618 Thomas Scudder marries Elizabeth Stoughton in Groton, Suffolk, ENG. Norris Taylor points out that Elizabeth Stoughton married ThomasÂ’ brother, John Scudder (b. ca. 1590, d. 1625-6); and she married 2nd APR1627 Robert Chamberlain and came to New England in the 1640Â’s.

1619 John Scudder born in Groton, Suffolk Co., ENG.

20MAR1620 Thomas Jaycocks bpt. in Stratford-upon-Avon.

22AUG1624 Hugh Jaycocks baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon.

12AUG1627 William Jaycocks bpt. Stratford-upon-Avon.

20NOV1628 Thomas Flewellin baptized in Powick, Worcestshire, ENG; the son of Phillip Flewellin.

1630 Capt. John Underhill accompanies John Winthrop and 900 emigrants to Boston.

1631 John Carman, of Roxbury, comes to Lynne, Massachusetts, settles at Sandwich, Massachusetts. Wife, Florence. Son, Caleb (b. 9JAN1645, the first white child born in Hempstead) was blind. The other Caleb was son of John, son of John.

ca. 1634 Sarah Champion, daughter of Thomas and Frances (Jaycocks) Champion born. She is reported as being baptized in Warwickshire. Possibly a reference to Stratford, CT? She married in Hempstead, Long Island Richard Totten (b. 1640 London, ENG, d. 1712), son of Edward and Joan (Meade) Totten.

1635/6 Richard Gildersleeve in Wethersfield, CT. Involved in financial disputes, when, with 28 men and their wives (including the Rev. Richard Denton) he moves to Rippowanis, after called Stamford, under the New Haven confederation. The “same company” became restless and looked to Long Island.

1640 John ‘Rock’ Smith in Stratford, CT. Moves to Hempstead in 1644.

From, “Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, US GENWEB PROJECT, First Settlement Map.” Compiler not shown, compiled in 1862, reproducing conditions of 1640-1676. Francis Jacockes has Lot 38a on the road to Fairfield. Internal evidence of the accompanying written material suggests that he was the original owner and did not sell it during that period. No sign of Robert Ashman.

In the Spring of 1640, a company of dissatisfied and restless men, who had been in Wethersfield, Conn. about 6 years, having sought in vain to end their contentions there; looking about for a place to remove with their minister, Rev. Mr. Denton.

Twenty-nine men agreed while at Wethersfield, to begin the settlement, others came in later. These were spoken of as part of Capt. MasonÂ’s 500, who came to New Hampshire, in 1631-3.

1641 John Carman at Stamford, Connecticut.

1642 John SCudder marries Mary Kinge in Newton [Newtown?], Long Island, NY.

1642 Francis Doughty, of Taunton, Mass., in 1639 removed to Long, Island in 1641, lived in Rhode Island awhile. “In 1649, Franciscus Douthy, an English clergyman here, came to N. E., at the time of the persecution in England. He betook himself under the protection of the Netherlands, in order that he may, according to the Dutch Reformation, enjoy freedom of conscience, which he unexpectedly missed in New England.

In 1642, The Director granted and conveyed to him an absolute patent with manoral privileges. He added some families to his settlement, at Maspeth, L. I., in the course of a year, but the war breaking out, they were driven off their lands, some were killed - and almost all they had was lost. They fled as all refugees did, to Manhattan, and Master Douthy was minister there. - Col. Rec.

The Rev. Francis Doughty went to the ‘Virginias’ (Maryland) in 1648 leaving children in New York City and on Long Island.

13NOV1643 A transcript of the native deed to Robert Fordham and John Carman, as recorded in the Hempstead Town Record Book.

November 13th 1643

whoms Unto [mor?] by these Presents that wee

of Masopsago Moriak or Rockaway Wee hoos

Names Are here under Written have Sett over and Sold

Unto Robert Fordham and John Carman on Long

Island Inglishmen [ye Laess (leas?)] Moiety or Equal pt of þe

Greate plains lying toward þe South Side of Long Island

to be Divided or Measured by a Straight Line and from our

present town to Go Northward and from þe North End of þe

[4-6 words illegible] East and West Lines to þe Uttmost

[word, crossed out by two lines] Limits of itt and from both Ends to run {down as]

A Strait Square Line unto Þe South Side With al þe WoodsLands

meadows, Marshes [pastures apporttanaiss (appurtenances?)] hereunto belonging

Containing Within þe Compass of ye Said Lines, to have and to

hold to them and there.heirs and Assigns for Ever In Witt

Ness Where of We have here Unto Sett our hands þe Day and

Year Above Written.

Signed and Deliverd the mark of ye Sagamor

In ye presence of of Masopsago

[????? Son?] Á

John [Rorkisall] [s]aarans his Mark

francis [Conen] Z

pamaman his Mark


This is Recorded In New York Romos his Mark


taken out of a Deed that Wamis his Mark

is [kept] in þe Records of Hempstead X

and is not Enterd, this Copy Whanags his Mark

taken by Micah Smith L

Clerk of Hempstead as Well Garafus his Mark

as I could by Reason of itt D

Going Very Much [Shattered]

as Witness my hand

Micah Smith

1643 The Rev. Robert Fordham and John Carman purchase Hempstead.

1644 John Carman moved from Stamford to Hempstead. Governor Keift gives patent under Dutch authority for Hempstead. On 16NOV1644 the Charter of Hempstead was granted to John Strickland, Robert Fordham, John Ogden, John Carman, John Lawrence and James Wood. John Strickland was from Westmoreland County, ENG. An original settler of Charlestown, MA in 1629-30, he became a member of the Watertown church and was later at Wethersfield and Fairfield (Stratford), CT. John ‘Rock’ Smith comes to Hempstead from Stratford, CT. Others who came to Hempstead in 1644 were Richard Gildersleeve, “. . . Rev. Richard Denton, Jonas Wood, John Karman, John Ogden, Matthew Mitchell, Robert Fordham, Robert Coe, Andrew Ward, William and Thurston Raynor, Thomas Armitage, William Mead, Symon Searing and Thomas Weeks”.

1645 Joanna Chamberlain, daughter of Elizabeth (Stoughton, Scudder) Chamberlain, married Richard Betts. Some genealogists appear to have somehow determined that she married her ‘step-cousin’, John Scudder. Chris Scudder discusses the work of H. F. Waters in, Genealogical Gleanings in England. In it is mentioned a will of John Lowers of Darenth, Kent. The similarity of names led to the assumption that his daughter, Elizabeth Lowers (or Somers as some read it) was married to Thomas Scudder. A will of Henry Scudder (dated 1641) showed that Henry Scudder was Elizabeth Lowers husband.

1646 William Washburn in Hempstead.

Phebe Washburn born. (First Phebe? See 1652.)

Peter Stuyvesant becomes Director-General in New Amsterdam.

1647 First division of land in Hempstead. Richard Valentine.

ca. 1648 Joshua Jaycock b. ca. 1648 Braintree, Norfolk Co., MA, m. Sarah Ellison (b. 4OCT1652, Braintree), daughter of Richard and Thomasina Ellison.

1648 Robert Ashman in Stratford, Connecticut.

1649 Capt. John Underhill assists Dutch fighting natives on Long Island. Also in 1653.

1650 “On 14(7)50 Wm Parks assigned to Barnabus ffawer a bill of thirtie pounds from Robert Ashman of Stratford for payment of fifteene 1th of May 1649 in wheate and porke. Dated 30 1648 assigned 14(7)50”

1650 Martha Ashman ‘b. Aug 1650; d. aft 1724; m. 15 May 1669 New Sweden (Pennsylvania), Lawrence (Lasse or Lars) Petersson Cock b, 21 March 1646 New Sweden.’

1652 Phebe Ashman born. (Second Phebe? See 1642.) Richard Gildersleeve a magistrate of Hempstead.

1653 John Strickland, William Washburne and Richard Gildersleeve appointed magistrates.

20UAG1653 Queen Christiana gives 1000 acres at Passyunk to Lieutenant Sewn Schute, his wife and heirs.

10NOV1654 Robert Ashman Nominated as magistrate, chosen with John Symons.

1655 William Washburn had move from Hempstead to Stratford, CT. By 1660, returned to Hempstead.

1656 Richard Gildersleeve and John Seaman appointed magistrates.

1657 “Thomas and William Jacocks (or actually ‘wilyum’ and ‘jekox’) are listed in a transcript of the 1657 Hempstead Town Records, Vol. I, p. 28-29.”

Richard Willets present, with widow, at the reading of William WashburnÂ’s will by Town Clerk, John James.

Richard Gildersleeve is magistrate with Richard Willets, John Hicks and Robert Forman as assistants.

Quakers appear in New Amsterdam; Robert Hodgson in Hempstead.

1657-8 Thomas Scudder of Salem, MA dies.

1658 Two ‘goodwives’ fined for attending Quaker meetings.

1657-9 John James Town Clerk of Hempstead.

3JUN1659 Joanna Ashmun, quoting a transcription by Lenore Hailstone:

“The testimonie of Robert Ashman taken before Mr. Richard Gildersleeve Magestrate the 3rd of June 1659. the deponent upon his oath saith that in about nine yeares last past, he was then bound for James Pine unto Thomas Armitage his fater in Law for the some of thirty pounds ster. as may bee Seene by ye speciallty, whe w’ch as he towld this deponent that he did not intented to give it unto his sonne Manasseth and he he did because his wife should not have his estate after his death, and deprive his Sonn, Allsoe he said that he had an Estate in the hands of Daniell Whitehead of Seaventy pounds ster., and that he did intende for his sonn Manneseth, And being at Hemsteede the winder last past in Anno 1658, the sd Tho’Armitage was at ye howse of this deponent, and he said that James Pine had beene with him at ye howse of Robert Jackson the nighte before and being in some debate aboute Mannasseth aforesaid, and he towld this deponent that James Pine were best be quiett or else he would make w’th him and his Sonn Manasseth that would make them better be quiett. And this this deponent replyed I know that you said you would give him, that estate in goodman Whitehead and goodman Pines hands, and now I hope you will not deprive him, of what you towld me you would give him, then said Thomas Armitage, I have now marryed a young wife and may have other chidren, and therefore may have neede of that myself, that Mannasseth taken away to be at my own disposing

And further saith not


Swoaren before me

Richard Gildersleve.”

29JUN1658 Thomas Scudder dies in Salem, MA.

1659 Richard Valentine, Francis Wicks, Robert Marvin, Adam Mott and Richard Brutnall chosen as Townsmen.

13MAR1660 Will of John James, of Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales, made.

1660 William Washburn has returned to Hempstead from Stratford, CT.

Joanna Ashmun, Email, 23OCT2000 that Caleb Carman, Robert Ashman, and Thomas Wellin as freeholders of Jamaica listed in Peter Rose, History of Long Island From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, 1902.

1660 John James was Town Clerk of Hempstead several years, being chosen first, in 1657. His Will dated 1660, makes it appear that he had no near relatives in this country, and no family of his own.


I, John James of Cardiffe, in the County of Glamorgan, in the principality of Wales - being at present sick in body, but blessed be God, of good perfect memory; do by these presents for ye well ordering and ye blessings of God bestowed upon me, for my relief; I bless his name for it for his merciful providence over me all ye days of my life.

Imprimis, My Will is yt my debts shall be paid in ye oats other grain in my lodging of each a part, yt is to say one hundred seven Gilders, eighteen Stivers unto Mr. Samuel Dryssius minister of ye church of Christ at Manhattans. Item unto Mrs. Bridges twenty-one pound of butter Dutch weight, There is sufficient on my book to pay it.

Item I give and bequeath unto John Smith Rock junior my feather bed bowlster and two blankets one red another blue, to be given at the death of his parents or on his day of marriage or when he shall keep house with his parents consent.

Item I give unto Hanna Smith my Byble, and if her brother die without issue my bed and appointments.

Item, I give bequeath unto Joan Brudnell six pounds sterling to be paid in oats other grain a month after my decease, I doubt not but there will be so much overplus, when my debts are paid. It is to buy her part of a house.

Item, I give unto Thomas JeacockÂ’s children 3 1-4 of trading cloth, that is on my bed to cloathe them. Item I give and bequeath unto Richard Hicks one sheet for a winding sheet - to Josias fforman one sheet, - to goodwife Champion one sheet, and ye other to make a winding sheet for myself. Item I bequeath to William Scaddin one English ell of Holland; - and to John Smith Rock ye remainder for his children. I bequeath unto John Beadle my Dublet black cloth breaches 40s his father owes me to keep him to school. Item I give unto Mr. Hicks the use of my books of Arithmetick Item I give unto Mr. Gildersleeve my chair and ffree of all accounts between us. Item I give my table and bench cupboard to John Smith Rock doe appoint him to be executor of this my last will testament William Scaddin to assist him. Item I give bequeath my white blanket to goodwife Simmons, living near ye wall on Mr. Dryssius land at Manhattans. She is a washer woman pray send it safe to her. Item I desire my executor to see me decently buried, to have so much wine or drams as may in moderation be drank. Iff I have been too large in giving I leave to their discretion. If there be any thing over. to give unto pious uses - half to help repair ye meeting house ye other half to ye church at Flatbush and thus in conclusion I commend my poor soul into ye Merciful hands of God, hoping to enjoy ye kingdom of Heaven forever more.

Dated at Hempstead ye 13 day off March 1660.

John Scudder goes to Maspeth, Long Island. Henry Scudder m. Catherine Este, d/o Jeffery Este. Catherine m. 2nd Thomas Jones of Huntington, L. I.. Jefferey Este d. 1657, the first death in Huntington.

Dr. Henry Scudder presided at a committee of clergyman appointed by the King, at Westminster Abby, England, 1643.

THOMAS SCUDDER, sr. (supposed to be his son) came from Groton, England with wife Elisabeth in 1636. Settled at Salem, Mass., died there in 1657,


Elisabeth,² Thomas,² Henry² and John² came from Salem to Southhold, L. I. in 1651. In 1656 all sold out to John Baylis, and removed to Huntington, L. I. Later, some of the family went to Jamaica, L. I. to reside.

HENRY² SCUDDER m. Catherine Este, dau. of Jeffery, he d. 1661.

JOHN² went to Maspeth, 1660, m. Joanna Betts, their son, Samuel³ m. Phebe Titus about 1680.

15DEC1661 Robert Ashman appointed magistrate pleads illiteracy.

25FEB1661 Robert Ashman pleads illiteracy.

4FEB1662 Robert Ashman nominated magistrate.

18JAN1663 Robert Ashman nominated magistrate.

4DEC1663 Thomas Jacocks of Hempstead sells a ‘neck of meadow lying below the mill, being commonly called, “jacocks Neck”’ to Caleb Carmen. Caleb Carmen sold it to Henry ‘Dubrown’ [Disbrow?] on 7DEC1663.

7DEC1663 Caleb Carman sells to Henry ‘Disborro’ a:

Neck of Meadow lying below the mill, which he bought of Thomas Jaycocks, bounded east by Mill River neck, west by Mill river.

NOV1663 The magistrates of Hempstead deposed by 80 men from Connecticut attempting to assert Connecticut authority over Long Island.

4DEC1663 Robert Ashman sells property in Hempstead to Caleb Carman. May mention Thomas Jaycocks as brother-in-law. Joanna Ashmun, Email 23OCT2000 referring to Hempstead Town Records, p. 149 as provided by Lenore Hailstone. Writes:

“...I Thomas Jeycocks of Hempsted upon Long-Island have Coventanted, bargained and sould unto Caleb Carmen of ye same plantation the Neck of Meddow Lying below ye Mill...Jeycocks witness whereof Robart Ashman doth subscribe hereunto, in behalf of his Brother in Law Thomas Jeycocks, being impowered by him so to act in his behalf. December ye 4th 1663.”

1664 HRH James, Duke of York and Albany, given the patent from Maine to the Delaware River.

1665 John Ashman married Phebe Washburn. Phebe Washburn was the daughter of William and Jane Washburne, early settlers of Hempstead. They had a daughter, Phebe Ashman. Bunker indicates that either Phebe Washburn died in 1665.

The new English Governor of New York holds a meeting with deputies from the Long Island towns at Hempstead.

1666/7 Sometime after this date, probably before or about 1670, Phebe (Washburn) Ashman dies.

1JAN1667 From an article on Caleb Carmen (or Carman) by H. Clifford Campin, Jr., (1945), and transcribed for a Carman website by Helen Silvey, is the following:

On January 1, 1667, 100 acres of land at a place commonly called “Passayunk” being of the Delaware River by the side of the Schuykill, (now Philadelphia County, Penn.), under patent, was granted by Richard Nichols, the Duke of York’s Governor of New York, to Robert Ashman and associates, (Philadelphia County, Penn., Deed records, Exemplification Book 8, Page 423.) (Above patent is also recorded in Exemplification Book 1, Page 237, and gives the names of all the associates, which are as follows: Robert Ashman, John Ashman, Thomas Jacocks, Caleb Carmen, Thomas Filewellyn, Frederick Anderson, Joshua Jacocks, Thomas Jacocks, Duncan Williams and Francis Walker, a toatl of ten. From subsequent titles, it is set forth in Philadelphia Deeds that these ten men acquired 100 acres of land each, and by th [sic] 25th of Dec., 1678, lot No. 3, which was Caleb Carmen’s had been sold to Jan Classon, parde cooper (horse trader).

1JAN1667/8 Joanna Ashmun: 23OCT2000: Passayunk granted. From Allen D. Flewelling, citing; Tribal Names of Pennsylvania - Handbook, no date, p. 18; in an Email dated 20OCT2000 comes:

Passyunk (A place of sleep) - The name of an Indian village and tract of land computed at 1000 acres, was originally given by Queen Christianna, August 20, 1653, to Lieutenant Sewn Schute and to his wife and to his heirs, in consideration of good and important services rendered to the King of Sweden by the said gallant Lieutenant. On January 1, 1667-68 Colonel Richard Nichols of New York granted Passyunk to Robert Ashman, John Ashman, Tos Jacob Dunkin Williams, Francis Walker, Thos Hewellin, FredÂ’k Anderson, Joshua Jacob, and Thos Jacob at a quit rent of ten bushels of wheat per year.

Passyunk was the first tract of land above the Marshland in the Neck, which latter since has become fast land. It fronted on the Schuykill River from above Point Breeze up to alittle stream called Penny’s Creek, or Piney Creek, which Mr Henry says means in the Delaware language “A place to sleep”. Passyunk according to Henry, means “A level place.” “A place below the hills.” There were no villages in this township, but it was at one time a favorite place for county-seats.

9OCT1669 The Long Island towns petition for redress of grievances due to the harshness of the DukeÂ’s Laws. Governor Lovelace burns it.

1669 Referring to Lars Persson Cock, Allen D. Flewelling quotes from a Rambo family tree on Rootsweb, WorldConnect: There was a family of James Cock in Setauket, Long Island, which moved to Oyster Bay about 1662; probably not related.

“Martha Ashman b. Aug 1650; d. aft 1724; m. 15 May 1669 New Sweden (Pennsylvania), Lawrence (lasse or Lars) petersson Cock b. 21 March 1646 New Sweden. The following info was given regarding them. ‘According to Dr. Craig, Lars was a Wicaco church warden, had served as a justice on the court since 1680, was a member of the Pennsylvania legislature and was frequently called upon by William Penn’s government to act as interpreter and witness to treaties with the Indians of Pennsylvania. Lawrence and Martha Cox had at least seven children listed in the Gloria Dei church records, three of who died in childhood, and she had two more after that date. See ’The 1693 Census’ pages 29-30.

Allen also transcribes a letter written by Lars Persson Cock to his uncle, Mouns Larrson, in Sweden and dated 31MAY1693. In this letter he talks of his father, Pers Larsson, who had been sent by the King of Sweden to settle in New Sweden (now Pennsylvania.) Pers Larsson was chosen as a justice, and also acted as ‘president on the court’ when the Dutch laid claim to the territory. Pers Larrson had thirteen children after marrying a year and a half after he came to New Sweden. Six sons and six daughters were living at the time the letter was written. Pers died 10NOV1687. Lars Persson Cock was his eldest son. Lars has eleven children, with two daughters and six sons living at the time of the letter. Lars is a member of the Governor’s council, and a member of the court. He is 50 years old. Pers Larrson originated in Bingsta hamlet Sodermandland, and was the son of Lars Persson. Pers Larsson took the surname ‘Cock’ to distinguish himself from other Swedish settlers. He mentions his wife’s (Martha’s) sister, Lydia, wife of Olaf ‘Woola’ Svensson who live thereabouts (‘Passayongh’, Pennsylvania on the Delaware River.) This letter was translated by Dr. Richard H. Hulan from a manuscript collection: “Svenska ecklesiastika handlingar 1686-1694”, R 1100, #186, Riksarkivet, Stockholm, Sweden.

1670 Phebe Ashman marries Wait Smith.

13JUL1670 Robert Ashman sells his 100 acres in Passayunk to Andries Banskon.

ca. 1670 Robert Ashman (Lot 10), Thomas Jeacox(Lot 11), Olle Svenson (Lot 4) and Lasse Cock (Lot 2) on the Delaware.

1671± This census was dated 23APR1680, and the following is probably derived from, “New York Colonial Documents”, Vol. XII, p. 648. Other evidence suggests that it was actually taken about 1671, and shows Thomas Jacocks at Bread and Cheese Island. Campin, considering the evidence available to him (i.e, the 1673 census of Jamaica, Long Island) is of the opinion that this census was taken at least ten years before the date given it

Upland Court Records Sp 11, 1677 evidence given by Ruth Jacocks widow of Thomas Jacocks Sr. that John Ashman had sold his 100 acres. (Philadelphia Deeds shows sale 30 July 1670) and left colony.

This ‘1680’ Census of the Delaware River includes:

Ahsman, John Passayunk

Andrews, Frederick Passayunk

Ashman, Robert Passayunk

Boulsa, John Passayunk

Carman, Caleb Passayunk

Cock, Lass Matinicum Island

Dunke, Wilt Passayunk

Eustace, John Passayunk

Fflaye, Thomas Passayunk

Holsten, Mathias Passayunk

Inkhorne, Andew Passayunk

Jacobson, Thomas Bread Cheese Island

Jacobson, Thomas Passayunk

Mansa, Hanse Passayunk

Olla, Clocker Bread Cheese Island

Ramboe, Peter Passayunk

Snelling, Thomas Bread Cheese Island

Snerling, Thomas New Castle

Waker, Ffrancis Passayunk

Fourteen heads-of-family on apparently ten lots. Jacobson could be Jaycocks. Snelling/Snerling could be Flewelling as could be Fflaye.Unfortunately not listed by occupancy.

21JUL1672 Capt. John Underhill dies at his home in Southampton, L. I.; he had become a member of the Society of Friends.

1673 Dutch temporarily retake New York.

Joshua Jecocks married Sarah Ellison in Braintree, Norfolk Co., MA about this time.

1674 The English reacquire New York, and the new Governore is Edmund Andros.

Richard Gildersleeve, and his son, Richard Gildersleeve, Jr., petition the Governor on behalf of the Town of Hempstead.

1677 Thomas Jaycocks deceased. Robert Ashman returned to Long Island

29MAY1678 Lasse Cock buys Robert AshmanÂ’s 100 acre lot (Lot 10) at Passyunk

Part of the article reads:

‘Ashman (#10), from Hempstead, Long Island, leader of the group, returned to Long Island before 1677 and died there 15 March 1682/3, survived by his wife Catherine, sister of Thomas Jeacox (#11). On 22 July 1690, Lasse Cock (#2) and his wife Martha (Ashman and Olle Svensson (#4) and his wife Lydia Ashman sold their Wive’s share of the father’s 7-acre lot in Jamaica. Earlier, on 29 May 1678, Lasse Cock purchases Ashman’s 100-acre plantation at Passayunk, adjoining Peter Rambo and made his principal residence thereafter.

1678 Deborah Ashman marries Nathaniel Denton (d. ca. 1719.) Parents of James Denton (d.JUL1757) who married Martha; their son, James Denton, m. Martha Preston, went to Newburgh, Ulster Co., NY; and their daughter, Deborah Denton, married John Flewelling, son of John, son of Thomas and Hannah (Smith) Flewelling.

13MAR1683 Letters (of administration?) granted to Robert AshmanÂ’s widow.

1APR1683 Thomas Jacocks of Fairfield, CT, marries Abigail Hall (b.1APR1683) daughter of Isaac and Lydia (Knapp) Hall of Stratford, CT.

15MAR1683 Robert Ashman dies in Jamaica, Long Island (1682 according to Craig?.)

26JUL1683 Declaration of witnesses to Robert AshmanÂ’s will signed.

1683 Mary Ashman marries Hope Carpenter.

1684 William Smith of Huntington dies. before 1684. His sons are: Thomas, Joseph, Nehemiah and Wait.

1JAN1688 Passayunk granted to Robert Ashman, John Ashman, Thos. Jacob, Dunkin Williams, Francis Walker, Thos. Hewelin, FredÂ’k. Anderson, Joshua Jacob at a quit rent of ten bushels of wheat per year. (Joanna Ashmun, Email, 22OCT2000)

1688 Samuel Scudder, son of John Scudder d. 1688, m. Phebe Titus (b. 1660), daughter of Edmond and Martha (Washburne) Titus of Westbury, Long Island. Martha Washburne sister-in-law to John Ashman. According to Bunker, it is with the Titus family that is seen alliances with the Weeks, Thornes and Haights found amongst the Quaker families in Westchester Co., NY in the 1700Â’s.

1689 Catern Ashman living

10APR1689 Katrina (Katrine) Ashman, Wait Smith, Nathaniel Denton, Jr. apply for adminstration of Robert AshmanÂ’s estate.

10JUN1689 Granted administration

13JUN1689 inventory of the estate of Robert Ashman, noncupative will attested to by Rush Smith, Jonathan Furman, John Carman and the widow.(Book A of Queens County, N. Y. Deeds, pp. 42-3.)

10JUN1689 Granted administration

Jamaica, June the 13th Anno. 1689, An inventory taken of the estate of Robert Ashman, deceased, by Nathaniell Denton, Senr John Everett prized as followeth, viz: (Includes 4 oxen, 3 cows, 1, 3 yr. old steer, 2, 2 yr. old cattle, 2 year old cattle, 1 mare, cart, gun, sword, household good, a few minor items, farm tools, Total Pounds 47, 05, 00)’ “This being all we could find or being informed of, it amounted to, as Witness our hands, Nathaniel Denton, Sr., John Everet.” Queens County, S.S. Wheras at a Court of Sessions for the North Riding of Yorkshire on Long Island on the 13th day of June in the 35th year of the reigh of the Lord Charles the Second of England *c. Anmno Domini, 1683, a noncupative will of Robert Ashman, late of Jamaica, aforesaid, deceased, was proved by the oaths of Rush Smith, Jonathan Furman John Carman the widow (in regard the sd testator had not named in his said will, nominated an executrix) having desired letters of Administration upon the said estate, was recomended to the Comander Councill for obtaining the same accordingly, and Whereas at an Inferior Court of Pleas held at Jamaica in the County aforesaid on the 10th day of April, 1689 Katrina Ashman, the widow of the said Robert Ashman, deceased Wait Smith Nathaniel Denton, Jr. her sons “in” law (in omitted) (not having obtained letters of administration of the Comander Councill aforesd made application to administer upon the estate aforesaid.” “These my certify unto all whom it may concern that the said Katrine Ashman, Waite Smith and Nathaniel Denton, Jr., having exhibited an inventory of the goods Chattels of the sd testator, being under the value of Fifty pounds, into the sd Court also security truly to administer, they, above named are admitted joint administrators c.” Signed by Thomas Hicks, Esq. Judge of the Court at Jamaica, 10, July, 1689. New York published wills, Vol. 1, p. 125, state that Joseph Smith, Jonathan Wellman and John Coleman declared that a short time before Robert Ashman died, when “being in his perfect senses,” they heard him declare as his will, that he gave all his estate to his wife for life and then among his children, only Thomas Flewellen was to have a double portion, if he was dutiful and good to his grand mother. Letters granted to his widow, March 13, 1683 and the declaration signed, July 26, 1683. He died March 15, 1683 owning a home lot, orchard, barn, 10 acres of meadow and 309 upland and part of a ten acre lot. Aspinwall’s Notarial Record, p. 321 shows that Robert Ashman was in Stratford, Conn., September 30, 1648. Issue: (order not known) John, Lydia Swanson, Deborah, wife of Nathaniel Denton, Jr.; Mary, wife of Hope Carpenter; Martha Cokse; Phebe, wife of Wait Smith; Hannah, wife of Thomas Flewelling. References: Documents of Early Colonial History of New York, Vol. 14, pp. 296, 496, 509, 521, 529; New York Record, Vol. 10, p. 9; Annals of Hempstead, L.I., pp. 41, 42, 43, 63; Jamaica Town Records, Vol 1, pp. 109, 149, 250, 325, 326, 360-362; Vol. 2, pp. 337, 396; Vol. 3, p. 49.

Abstract of Wills Vol I 1665-1707, The new York Historical Society, 465: ROBERT ASHMAN, Jamaica. Noncupative Will. “Joseph Smith, Jonathan Wellman and John Colman, declare that some short time before his death, Robert Ashman being in perfect senses; they heard him declare as his will, that he gave all the estate to his wife for her life and then to be divided among his children. Only Thomas Flewellen was to have a double portion, if he was a dutiful and good child to his grandmother.”

22JUL1690 Lasse Cock and Olle Svensson sell their wivesÂ’ share in Robert AshmanÂ’s 7 acre lot in Jamaica, L. I.(part of the home lot?)

JUN1692 John Scudder dies in Newton [Newtown?], Long Island, NY.

1693 Lydia and Martha still living with their husbands at Passyunk.

1698 1698 census of Hempstead, Long Island.

ca. 1699 Deborah (Ashman) Denton dies.

1699 Death of Thomas Jones. Came from Strathbane, Ireland to Rhode Island and married first Freelove Townsend (daughter of Thomas Townsend) and settled at Massapequa. His second wife was Catherine Estes (daughter of Jeffery Estes of Salem, MA who d. 1657 in Huntington), the widow of Henry Scudder.

AFTER 1700:

4JAN1701 Jarvis Ffaro marries Elisabeth Willets at Hempstead. They are Quakers, and Bunker transcribes the preserved record of this marriage which tells us something of the custom and ceremony. This idicates the presence of Quakers in Hempstead at the time.

ca. 1705 Thomas Jacocks (bpt. as an adult 31MAR1717 Stratford (Fairfield), CT) m. ca. 1705 Abigail Hall (b. 1APR1683 Fairfield, d. post 1717, bpt. 28APR1700, Stratford, CT), daughter of Nicholas and Lydia (Knapp) Hall.

1707 Robert AshmanÂ’s heirs execute a quit-claim deed?

1713 Probate of Hope CarpenterÂ’s estate. Children: Hope, Ashmun, Hezekiah, John (sons named in order-of-birth) and Hannah.

1717 Thomas Jacocks bpt. 31MAR1717 Stratford, CT. “The Descendants of Nicholas Knapp” indicate that this Thomas Jacocks m. Abigail Hall (b. Stratford 1APR1683), that Thomas was baptized as an adult, and that they were married ca. 1705 (Eldest child b. APR1706.) There is some suggestion that they may have lived on Long Island (Children ‘born’ on Long Island but ’baptized’ in Stratford. Writer uses ’Stratfield-Fairfield, CT’. Children: Eleanor, Joshua, Thomas, William, Jesse. References to: “History Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield”, (1930), by Donald Lines Jacobus, F.A.S.G., Vol. I , p. 151; and Thomas Jacocks Family - Hempsted [sic], L.I., NY Town Records, :191; 304-305; and “Nicholas Knapp Genealogy (1953), by Dr. A. A. Knapp: 2;5.

1722 Governor Dongan issues a patent for Hempstead. Patentees include John Jackson (son of Robert and Agnes (Washburne) Jackson), John Seaman (son of Capt. Seaman), Symon Searing, James Pine, Sr., Richard Gildersleeve, Sr. (son of the first Richard Gildersleeve) and Nathaniel Pearsall.



FRANCIS JAYCOCKS living in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.







RICHARD JAYCOCKS bpt. 18MAR1604, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwckshire, ENG.

JOHN JAYCOCKS bpt. 14NOV1605 Bishopton, Warwickshire, ENG.

SIMON JAYCOCKS bpt. 12OCT1608 Bishopton.

JOSHUA JAYCOCKS possibly child bpt. 5MAR1610 Bishopton, Warwickshire, ENG.

KATHERINE (CATERN) JAYCOCKS bpt. 1613 Bishopton, Warwickshire, England, m. ROBERT ASHMAN.

ELIZABETH JAYCOCKS bpt. NOV1615 Bishopton.

FRANCIS JAYCOCKS bpt. 4JAN1618 Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, ENG.

FRANCES JACOCKS b. ca. 1620? m. 1686/7? THOMAS CHAMPION of Hempstead (Referred to as ‘d/o Francis Jacocks of Stamford, Conn.’ Also suggests Francis Sr. d. 1672 at Passyunk.)

HUGH JAYCOCKS bpt. 22AUG1624 Bishopton.

THOMAS JAYCOCKS bpt. 20MAR1620 Stratford-upon-Avon, d. ca. 1677, m. RUTH.

WILLIAM JAYCOCKS bpt. 12AUG1627, Stratford-upon-Avon.






m. KATHERINE (CATERN) JAYCOCKS (bpt. 5MAR1613, Bishopton, Warwickshire, England) daughter of Francis and Grace Jaycocks




MARTHA ASHMAN b. AUG1650, living in 1724 at Passyunk (Philadelphia), m. 15MAY1669 New Sweden (Pennsylvania) Lars Perrson Cock (b. 21MAR1646 New Sweden, living 1693) son of Pers Larsson Cock.

LYDIA ASHMAN living in 1693 at Passyunk (Philadelphia), m. OLAF ‘WOOLA’ SVENSSON (SWANSON), living in 1693.

JOHN ASHMAN m. 1665 PHEBE WASHBURN (b. 1652, d. 1665 or after 1666/7 or 1670), daughter of William and Jane Washburne.

DEBORAH ASHMAN m. 1678 NATHANIEL DENTON, JR. (d. ca. 30MAY1719), son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Smith) Denton. (Nathaniel married 2nd Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Wait and Phebe (Ashman) Smith.)(Sarah (Smith) Denton is also referred to as the daughter of Thomas and Susan (Mitchell) Armitage and that her sister, Elizabeth Armitage, was Nathaniel, Jr.Â’s second wife.)

MARY ASHMAN m. 1683 HOPE CARPENTER (d. ca. 1713)

PHEBE ASHMAN m. 1670 WAIT SMITH brother of Sarah (Smith) Denton, son of William and Magdalena (Hill) Smith.








m. HANNAH ASHMAN daughter of Robert and Katherine (‘Catern‘) (Jaycocks) Ashman.









d. 1594-1595 will probated 5NOV1595

m. ELIZABETH (b. 1560)

father: Thomas Scudder (d. between 1592 and 1594, son of Henry (d. 1504, of Horton, Kirby, ENG) and Agnes Scudder) of Darenth, Kent ENG-or John Scudder of Horton Kirby (d. by 18OCT1584) and Margaret



HENRY SCUDDER b. 1583, d. 1651, m. 1st ELIZABETH HUNT (1590-1610); 2nd JOYCE (1590-1652)

THOMAS SCUDDER b. 1586-1587, d. 29JUN1658, m. ELIZABETH (1586-1665)



JOHN SCUDDER (ca. 1590-1625-6) m. ELIZABETH STOUGHTON (1600-1647) daughter of Thomas Stoughton (b. 1560.) (Elizabeth (Stoughton) Scudder m. 2nd APR1627 Robert Chamberlain and in 1640Â’s came to New England.)




JANE SCUDDER (b. 1594)



THOMAS SCUDDER d. 29JUN1658, Salem, Essex Co., MA

m. 1618 Groton, Suffolk, ENG ELIZABETH




WILLIAM SCUDDER b. 1612, d. 1650, m. PENELOPE (b. 1612)

JOHN SCUDDER b. 1619, d. JUN1692, m. 1642 MARY KINGE

ELIZABETH SCUDDER b. 1622, d. 1682, m. HENRY BARTHOLOMEW (1606-1692)

THOMAS SCUDDER b. 1622, d. 1690, m. MARY LUDLAM (b. 1630)

HENRY SCUDDER m. CATHERINE ESTE (daughter of Jeffery Este, who d. in Huntington, 1657; Catherine m. 2nd Thomas Jones.)




b. 1619, Groton, Suffolk, ENG or 1616-1620 Horton Kirby?, Kent, ENG

d. JUN1692 Newton[?], Queens Co., Long Island, NY

m. 1642 Newton[?], Long Island, NY MARY KINGE




SAMUEL SCUDDER d. 1688, m. ca. 1680 PHEBE TITUS (b. 1660), daughter of Edmond and Martha (Washburne) Titus of Westbury, L.I.



JANE FLEWELLING m. ca. 1705 JONATHAN BRUNDAGE (b. ca. 1705, d. between 1776-1787), son of John and Johanna (Brock) Brundage of Wethersfield, CT and Rye, Westchester Co., NY.



_____ Descendants of Nicholas Knapp,

_____ ‘New York Colonial Documents’, Vol. XII, p. 648

_____ ‘Descendants of Robert Ashman’, compiled from several sources, probably Allen H. Wetmore, Donald Huard Jeffery and others. Some obvious and outdated errors, and some intriguing dates which have been included.

_____ A Volume Relating to the Early History of Boston, Recorded by William Aspinwall.

Asimov, Isaac AsimovÂ’s Guide to Shakespeare, Avenel Books, 1978, (in one volume.)

Bunker, Mary Powell Long Island Genealogies, Being Kindred Descendants of Thomas Powell of Bethpage, L. I., 1688, Joel MunsellÂ’s Sons, Publishers, Albany, NY, 1895.

Campin, H. Clifford, Jr. Caleb Carman; Whaler, Millwright and Miller, ‘The Cape May County of History and Genealogy’, June, 1945, pp. 283-290

Chinn, Stephen Hall Family History,

Craig, Dr. Peter Stebbins The 1671 Census of the Delaware, Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol XL, Number 3, Spring/Summer 1998, p. 197.

DeWan, George Resetting Their Calendars, Long Island Our Story,

Draper, Mitchell L. draper gedcom, 2000 (see, below)

Frost, Josephine C. Ancestors of Evelyn Wood Keeler, Wife Willard Underwood Taylor, 1939.

IGI LDS batch number C021591 Parish Registers, 1590-1966 Church of England, Chapelry of Bishopton.

Jacobus, Donald Lines Bartholomew Smith of Huntington, ‘The Amercican Genealogist’, Vol. 25, No. 2, Whole Number 98, April, 1949, pp. 68-9.

Jones, Francis The Princes and Principality of Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1969.

Morton, H. V. In Search of Wales, 5th edition, Methuen Co., Ltd., London, 1933.

Rofheart, Martha Glendower Country, Bantam Books, G. P. PutnamÂ’s Sons, NY, NY, 1978.

Ruckel, Kraig W. Partial 1680 Pennsylvania Census Along the Delaware River,, 1998

Shakespeare, William King Henry V, The Complete Works of Shakespeare, the Hamlyn Publishing Group, Ltd., Toronto, 1971.

Silvey, Helen transcriber of Campin.

Smith, Anne A. The Abel Smiths of Hempstead, Long Island; And Some of Their Descendants, ‘New York Genealogical and Biographical Records, Vol. 53, No. 1, January, 1922, pp. 12-17.

Taylor, Norris Our Scudder Heritage from Henry Scudder of England,, 1999

Taylor, Norris William King and Dorothy Haines of Salem, Mass.,


Wetmore, Allan H. Flewelling Genealogy, ca. 1945-50, LDS microfilm 856,102.

Spack, Vivien Spack notes.

Mott, Capt. Dr. Ernest (USN) LDS microfilms 859,580 and 859,581.


Ashmun, Joanna Email to Ashman Family Genealogy Forum, GenForum, and The Ashman Surname Board, Family History.Com, 20SEP2000, 22 Oct, 2000, 23 Oct., 2000.

Carpenter, Deb to Terri Mullins 14JUL1999,, Flewelling forum

Flewelling, Allen D. Email to the Flewelling Surname Message Board,, 16 Oct., 2000, 15OCT2000 (referring to, Tribal Names of Pennsylvania-Handbook, p. 18, 17 OCT 2000.

Jeffery, Don to Thomas A. Murray, Email, 15, Oct, 2000.

Norris, Taylor to C. S. Wilson, Scudder forum, 2MAY1999

Scudder, Chris to C. S. Wilson, 30APR1999, Scudder Family Genealogy Forum


Latter Day Saints International Genealogical Index




_____ Fairfield Probate Records, Vol. 1665-1675, Fairfield, Fairfield Co., CT

_____ ‘The American Genealogist’, all issues.

_____ Reynolds Family Association Centennial Collection, 1993

_____ Town Records of Bedford, Westchester Co., NY, 1978, The Town of Bedford, NY

_____ Land Records - Westchester Co., NY - Town of Bedford, Westchester Co., NY: 1680-1704, 1967, Town of Bedford, NY

Anderson, Robert Charles The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England: 1620-1633, 1995

Andrews, Charles M., PhD A Biographical By-Path Through Early New England History, ‘New England Magazine’, Feb., 1893, Vol. VII, No. 6, p. 702

Brundage, Timothy W. Brundage Genealogy, 1989

Craig, Dr. Peter Stebbins The 1671 Census of the Delaware, ‘Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine’, Vol XL, No. 3, Spring/Summer 1998, p. 197

Fiske, Jane Fletcher, FASG A New England Innigrant Kinship Network, ‘The American Genealogist’ 72, pp. 285-300, 1997

Hoyt, David Webster A genealogical History of the Hoyt, Haight Hight Families, 1871, since reprinted.

Huntington, the Rev. Elijah B. History of Stamford CT:1641-1868, 1868, reprinted 1979

Jacobus, Donald Lines History Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield, 1930

Reynolds, Milton H. Descendants of John and Sarah Reynolds, 1924

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