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Replies: 7

Re: Robert Frederick Allicock

Posted: 1319492915000
Classification: Query
Surnames: Allicock
The 1800s saw some of the most significant events that shaped the lives of our family, upper Demerara and Guyana as a whole. The century began with Robert Frederick Allicock establishing his family and plantation in the virgin forest of upper Demerara amidst the shackles of a slave society. It was indeed an era ‘where the shock of circumstances, strong and quiet men drove back a jungle and gave Guiana root.’ Robert Frederick Allicock and family attempted to tame a wild Demerara as Plantation Noitgedacht was created 65 miles from the Atlantic coast of what is now Guyana.
The area went from Dutch to English control in 1803 as the first major transition and influence took place. The untimely death of Robert Frederick Allicock on October 10th 1822 left his mostly minor children under the legal care of a good friend in John Dagleish Paterson which symbolized the sign of the times. This was probable one the most important personal event in our early family history. Mostly minor mix race children left to survive in a rigid, primitive and harsh race based slave society.
On Sept. 10th 1822 when Robert Frederick Allicock took his quill or feather pen and wrote his last will and testament, he was in a totally different Guiana. The brilliant morning sun of his last days in Demerara would have illuminated an entirely different age. Most of the land along the banks of the Demerary River was divided into plantations and worked by slaves. The movement to end slavery had brought an end to the importation of Africans in 1807 but slavery was still in effect.
Dutch and English were the primary language as English culture and laws slowly took over. Ownership of land and property defined the era. Robert Frederick Allicock’s fears and concerns of the times would have also been deeply on his mind as he said goodbye to family and property. His historical will laid the foundation for research and understanding of our family and is pivotal to the heritage of all the Allicocks of Demerara.
The separate three former Dutch colonies of Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice were finally united into one entity called British Guiana in 1831 and were govern from Georgetown the former Dutch city of Stabroek. “Guiana” would have been foreign to Robert Frederick Allicock and new to his children. It is natural to think in terms of Robert Frederick Allicock and family in earlier “British Guiana”. However British Guiana did not exist just yet.

The Allicocks children went on to find their way through an unforgiving and difficult world. They would experience the most important event of that century with the abolition act of Slavery in 1833 which brought an end of the Trans- Atlantic Slave Trade in Africans and the most repugnant industry known to the history of humanity.
No more were a people reduced to basic commodities as the genesis of a new social and economic relationship came of age. With the end of slave labor, the huge demand for manual labor for all of Guyana’s industries brought Indians, Portuguese and Chinese as the six races of Guyana were created.
The upper Demerara Plantations was replaced by the timber, balata, and gold influences was followed by population increases in the area. Life changed for many as they worked directly or indirectly with these industries.
The Paterson’s Sawmill created the first glimpse of a village. Many family members still however continued to live along both banks of the Demerara River with some moving further up river. Many of Robert Frederick Allicock descendants also worked privately as farmers, timber grant owners or provided service like shop keeping, transportation and midwifery. Many contracted their labor with timber grants, balata, gold and diamond business which saw many homes fatherless for months as they worked in the deep hinterland of Demerara and Essequibo.
Improved technology also occurred in this time period. Sail boats were replaced with Steam brigs as transportation and communication improved. Guyana’s first water powered sawmill was constructed as water from the nearby Catabulli creek was channeled to the water wheel of Paterson’s Sawmill at Christianburg. Many crops including cocoa, coffee, plantain, sugar and cotton were grown on the early plantations in upper Demerara. The attraction to hardwood then balata rubber and precious gold and diamond resources brought new businesses and improved life.
The 1800s saw the establishment of the basic pillars and foundations of our family and their heritage. The tides of the Demerara River saw the sunset of the earlier influences as the century came to an end. Major changes were on the horizon as the grandchildren and great grandchildren of Robert Frederick Allicock forged ahead into the brightness of 1900 leaving behind fading history and memories of challenging times.
Best regards, your cousin Dmitri Allicock.
I encourage you value your hertage and continue to seek out information. Knowing the past is knowledge of yourself and the future Stay in touch now that you have my email and I promise to assist you in any or everyway in understanding our history. { DNALLICOCK@GMAIL.COM
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
d. persaud 960292800000 
John Mekonen 961070400000 
Tikwis 961243200000 
Deanna Peterson 962884800000 
JMacDonell62 1314593283000 
DNALLICOCK 1319492915000 
ErrolVanLange 1328100858000 
Sw_maas 1355407782000 
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