World archives Project: Bluebook Placenames

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Feel free to add to and edit this list!


There are counties that have the same name as some towns or cities, rivers etc (eg Brisbane city was originally a penal colony until the 1840s, though it was named in the 1820s, so take care with that one.)

Queensland was part of New South Wales until 1859

Victoria was part of New South Wales until 1851.

In the 1820s there were nine counties They were: Roxburgh, Northumberland, Durham, Westmoreland, Cumberland, Argyle, Camden, Ayr and Cambridge. (Ayr and Cambridge were not used in the 1834 19 counties)

By the 1840s there were many more counties - 141 in total - but a lot of the land issues occurred in the 1830s, so for that purpose, this list is of use.

Counties were simply a way to divide up the land - there were no councils or governments attached to them.

The Nineteen Counties

County Location
Gloucester northern-most boundary was the Manning River; the county incorporated Port Stephens
Durham west of Gloucestor, southern Boundary was the Hunter River
Northumberland               northern boundary was the Hunter River and the southern boundary was formed by the Hawkesbury River
Cumberland incorporated Sydney, Windsor, Parramatta, Liverpool and Appin to the south
Camden included Camden, Picton and Berrima with the southern-most border defined by the Shoalhaven River
St Vincent from the Shoalhaven River south to the Moruya River, included Jervis Bay, Batemans Bay and Braidwood
Hunter County west of the county of Northumberland, bounded by the Hunter River to the north
Cook west of Cumberland county and south of the county of Hunter
Westmoreland west of the counties of Cook and Camden
Georgiana west of the county of Westmoreland
King north of the county of Murray and west of the counties of Argyle and Georgiana
Murray incorporating the Limestone Plains and Lake George, bounded by the Murrumbidgee River to the west, the south western extent of limits of settlement
Argyle west of Camden county, included Goulburn, bounded by the Shoalhaven River to the south east
Roxburgh north east of the county of Bathurst, west of the counties of Cook and Hunter
Bathurst bounded by the Lachlan River to the south west, incorporating the town of Bathurst, west of the counties of Roxburgh and Westmoreland
Brisbane north of the Hunter River, west of the county of Durham, one of the northern-most counties
Phillip west of the county of Hunter and north of Roxburgh
Wellington north of Bathurst, the town of Wellington was in the northwest of the county and the Macquarie River flowed through the middle
Bligh the north-westernmost county, north of the county of Phillip and west of the county of Brisbane


Name of area Classification Comments
17 Mile Hollow Town (now Linden)
18 Mile Hollow Location (between Linden & Woodford - now Bull's Camp Reserve)
20 Mile Hollow Town (now Woodford)
Bathurst Town OR County (depends on text)
Belfast Town
Black Creek Town
Botany Bay Location (The suburb is Botany)
Brisbane Town OR County (depends on text)
Brisbane Water Location (OR Town before Gosford established)
Broken Bay Location
Broken River Town (renamed Benalla in 1850s)
Bungonia Town
Burnett Location
Camden Town OR County (depends on text)
Charcoal Creek Town
Chepstowe Town
Cockatoo Island Location (island in Sydney Harbour)
Crown Lands Nowhere!
Eden Town
Evan Location (district)
Exeter Town (in England)
Flooding Creek Town (became Sale 1851)
Gellibrand's Point Location
Gladstone Town
Gold District not keyed (nowhere in particular)
Southern Gold District Location (more specific)
Grange Burn Town (now Hamilton)
Illawarra Location (district)
Ironed Gang Nowhere!
Lincoln's Inn Location (Inn of Court in London)
Liverpool Plains Location
Maneroo Location (district)
Maranoa Location (district)
McDonald River Town (renamed Bendemeer 1854)
McLeay River Location
Melbourne City
Merton Town
Moreton Bay Location (district)
Mount Macedon Town
Newcastle City
Norfolk Island Location (island NOT a city)
Patrick's Plains Location (district)
Pearsons station Location
Port Curtis Location (district)
Port Phillip Location (actually Port Phillip Bay - the wet bit)
Portland Town
Portland Bay Location (district)
Portland Head Town (renamed Ebenezer)
Pyrenees Location (district)
Shoalhaven Location (district)
Shortland's Bluff Town (renamed Queenscliff 1853)
South Creek Town (became St Marys) Can also be location
Sydney City/Town (also can be location for diocese etc)
Tarban Creek Location
The Grange Town
Tunbridge Wells Town (in England)
Twofold Bay Location
Warringal Town (renamed Heidelberg)
Wellington Town OR County (depends on text)
Wellingrove Town
Wollombi and McDonald River       Location when written this way       (it is a police district)