World Archives Project: USHMM - Germany, Records from Soviet Commission to Investigate Nazi Crimes

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This content is provided as part of the World Memory Project in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.


The World Memory Project will create extensive indexes for each collection. The completed indexes will be made available for free on all ancestry.com websites. Once the indexes are completed individuals may contact the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum directly to request a free printed copy of a specific document at resource-center@ushmm.org .

About this project This collection contains diverse records and directives of the German Army; orders, personnel lists, addresses, appeals, and civil and military administration correspondence about the occupied territories; anti-Soviet and antisemitic propaganda; and records related to the interrogation of German POWs by Soviet intelligence, pro-Soviet partisan activity, and the treatment of the Soviet POWs.

Contents

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Project-specific sample images and form field help:

Choose a sample image from below to see the corresponding form field examples.
Cyrillic Image
Employee Personal Data
Foreigner Employment Approval
Miscellaneous Record
Name List

Cyrillic Image

Choose this form type for any image that is in a Cyrillic language, such as Russian. No records will be keyed from these form types at this time.

Document Year

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Employee Personal Data

Sample%20-%2040136%20-%20PersonalData001_1.jpg

Use this form type for the pre-printed form with the words "Personalienbogen für Arbeiter" written at the top.

Prefix

Key each person listed on the page as a unique record. Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr", or "Mrs."  Key the prefix as seen.
See Example

Given

Key each person listed on the page as a unique record.

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person from the top of the page from the field labeled "Vornamen."

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person's spouse and/or children, listed further down on the page along the left side under section #7 where it says "Ehefrau", "Ehemannes" or "Kinder."

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Surname

Key each person listed on the page as a unique record.

Key the surname of the primary person from the top of the page from the field labeled "Zuname."

Key the surname of the person's spouse and/or children, listed further down on the page along the left side under section #7 where it says "Ehefrau", "Ehemannes" or "Kinder." If no surname is given for the spouse or children, key the same surname as the primary person.

Sometimes the surname is written in all caps. However, do not key the name in all caps, but key it in proper case. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Suffix

Key each person listed on the page as a unique record.

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the person. Key as seen.
See Example

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. A name clearly indicated as maiden name should be keyed in the maiden name field. Otherwise, any alternate surname should be keyed in this field. Key the alias surname using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Maiden Name

If a maiden name of either the primary person or the spouse is clearly indicated, key it into this field. However, only key it into this field if the married surname is also given. If only one surname is given, it should be keyed into the main surname field.
See Example

Birth Day

Key the birth day from the "Tag" column under "Geburt." The birth date may be keyed for the primary person, spouse, and children. The birth date is listed in section #1 for the primary person and under section #7 for the spouse and children.
See Example

Birth Month

Key the birth month from the "Monat" column under "Geburt." The birth date may be keyed for the primary person, spouse, and children. The birth date is listed in section #1 for the primary person and under section #7 for the spouse and children.

Key the month in the language of the document. Using the provided drop-down list for assistance, key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. The below list may also be useful.

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

  • Birth Year

Key the birth year from the "Jahr" column under "Geburt." The birth date may be keyed for the primary person, spouse, and children. The birth date is listed in section #1 for the primary person and under section #7 for the spouse and children. Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Birth Place

Key the birthplace for the primary person, found in section #1 in the field labeled "Ort, Kreis, Staat" under "Geburt." Leave this field empty for the spouse and children. 

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a location is not found in the list, key the location as seen. Separate jurisdictions such as towns and districts by a comma.
See Example

Nationality

Key the nationality found in section #2 labeled "Staatsangehorigkeit." Use the provided drop-down list to assist you, but key the nationality as seen, excluding periods at the end of an abbreviation.
See Example

Marital Status

Key the marital status found in section #7 labeled "Familienstand." In most cases, statuses are pre-printed and the non-applicable statuses are crossed out, or the applicable status is circled or underlined. Key the applicable marital status in full even if the word is abbreviated on the image. Also key it in the language of the document. Use the provided drop-down list and the list below to help you determine which word corresponds to which abbreviation. If an entry cannot be determined to match with one of the provided dictionary options, key the marital status as seen.

For German documents, key the word shown in bold:

  • Single - led. - ledig
  • Married - verh. - verheiratet
  • Widowed - verw. - verwitwet
  • Divorced - gesch. - geschieden
  • Living apart -lebt getrennt

See Example

Relationship

Key the relationship to the primary person for the spouse and children listed in section #7. The spouse and children are listed on the left side of the page under the headings "der Ehefrau," "des Ehemannes (bei Frauen)," and "Kinder." Key either the word "Ehefrau" (wife), "Ehemannes" (husband), or "Kinder" (child).

Leave this field empty for the primary person.
See Example

Foreigner Employment Approval

Sample%20-%2040136%20-%20EmploymentApproval001_2.jpg

This form is a square page with the words "Genehmigung zur Beschäftigung des untenbezeichneten Ausländers" near the top center of the page.

Document Day

Key the date labeled "Ausgestellt am" (Issued on), at the bottom of the page, as the document date. The date is usually written in the day-month-year format. Key the day as seen.
See Example

Document Month

Key the date labeled "Ausgestellt am" (Issued on), at the bottom of the page, as the document date. The date is usually written in the day-month-year format.

Key the month in the language of the document. Using the provided drop-down list for assistance, key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. The below list may also be useful.

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Document Year

Key the date labeled "Ausgestellt am" (Issued on), at the bottom of the page, as the document date. The date is usually written in the day-month-year format. Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr", or "Mrs." Key as seen.
See Example

Surname

Key the surname of the person from the field labeled "Familienname." Sometimes the surname is written in all caps. However, do not key the name in all caps, but key it in proper case. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person from the field labeled "Rufname." Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the person. Key as seen.
See Example

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. A name clearly indicated as maiden name should be keyed in the maiden name field. Otherwise, any alternate surname should be keyed in this field. Key the alias surname using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Maiden Name

Key the maiden name from the field labeled "bei Frauen auch Geburtsname." If nothing is written in this field, leave it empty.
See Example

Birth Day

Key the birth date from the field labeled "Geburstag." Key the day as seen.
See Example

Birth Month

Key the birth month from the field labeled "Geburstag."

Key the month in the language of the document. Using the provided drop-down list for assistance, key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. The below list may also be useful.

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Birth Year

Key the birth year from the field labeled "Geburstag." Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Marital Status

Key the marital status found at the end of the line that begins with "bei Frauen auch Gebursname." The marital statuses are pre-printed abbreviations. Generally, the non-applicable statuses are crossed or X'd out, or the applicable status is circled or underlined. 

Key the applicable marital status in full even if the word is abbreviated on the image. Also key it in the language of the document. Use the provided drop-down list and the list below to help you determine which word corresponds to which abbreviation. If an entry cannot be determined to match with one of the provided dictionary options, key the marital status as seen.

For German documents, key the word shown in bold:

  • Single - led. -ledig
  • Married - verh. -verheiratet
  • Widowed - verw. - verwitwet
  • Divorced - gesch. - geschieden
  • Living apart -lebt getrennt

See Example

Residence

Key the residence found on the line beginning with "Heimatort." Key the localities listed in both the "Heimatort" and "Kreis" fields on that line, separated by a comma. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a locality is not in the list, key as seen. Do not key the abbreviation "dto.", for ditto, which may occassionaly be written in the "Kreis" field. Instead, key the information that is being dittoed from the "Heimatort" field.
See Example

Nationality

Key the nationality found in the field labeled "Staatsangehorigkeit." Use the provided drop-down list to assist you, but key the nationality as seen, excluding periods at the end of an abbreviation.
See Example

Miscellaneous Record


Use this form type for any images that do not fit into one of the other form type categories but has names to be keyed.

Document Day

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the document day as seen.
See Example

Document Month

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the document month using the provided drop-down list and in the language of the document. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document.  

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Document Year

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr", or "Mrs." Key as seen.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person. The given name may sometimes be found in a field or column labeled "Vornamen." Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Surname

Key the surname of the person. The surname may sometimes be found in a field or column labeled "Zuname." Sometimes the surname is written in all caps. However, do not key the name in all caps, but key it in proper case. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the person. Key as seen.
See Example

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. A name clearly indicated as maiden name should be keyed in the maiden name field. Otherwise, any alternate surname should be keyed in this field. Key the alias surname using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Maiden Name

If a maiden name for a woman is clearly indicated and her married name is also listed, key the maiden name in this field. However, if only one surname is given, key it into the main surname field. Key the name as seen, using the provided dictionary for assistance.
See Example

Birth Day

Key the birth day found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.
See Example

Birth Month

Key the birth month found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document. For a list of months in German, see below.

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Birth Year

Key the birth year found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.
See Example

Birth Place

Key the birthplace found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birthplace is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, it can be assumed that a locality written immediately following a birth date is the birthplace. For information provided in a single line or in a sentence, this is often clearly indicated by the words "in" or "at."

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a location is not found in the list, key the location as seen. Separate jurisdictions such as towns and regions by a comma.

Keywords to look for:

  • Ort 
  • Kreis
  • Staat

See Example

Nationality

Key the person's nationality if indicated. Use the provided drop-down list to assist you, but key the nationality as seen, excluding periods at the end of an abbreviation.
See Example

Name List

Sample%20-%2040136%20-%20NameList001_2.jpg

There are many images which contain lists of names. Some of these lists have column headings that identify what information is in each column. Others do not. However, use this form type for any image which contains a listing or column full of names. Images from the "Sonderausgabe zum deutschen Kriminalpolizeiblatt" (Special Edition of the German Criminal Police Journal) fall into this category. In this journal there are typically sections of name lists enumerated with Roman numerals.

Document Day

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the document day as seen.
See Example

Document Month

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the document month using the provided drop-down list and in the language of the document. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document.  

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Document Year

The document date is the date the document was signed or written, or the date an event or record entry was made. This is not available on every image, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page, or following a record entry. The date usually follows the word "den", which means "the," or "am" which means "at" or "on." It may follow a place name as well. The date will usually appear in the day-month-year format. If no document date appears on the image, leave the document date fields empty. If the date is a date range, key the most recent of the dates given.

Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr", "Rev", "Mr", or "Mrs." Key as seen.
See Example

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person. Key each person in the list as a unique record. The given name may sometimes be found in a field or column labeled "Vornamen." Often names are written in the surname, given name format. Sometimes the surnames are bolded. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Surname

Key the surname of the person. Key each person in the list as a unique record. The surname may sometimes be found in a field or column labeled "Zuname." Often names are written in the surname, given name format. Sometimes the surnames are bolded, written in all caps, or with extra spacing between each letter. However, do not key the surname like this. Instead key it with proper casing and spacing. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.
See Example

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the person. Key as seen.
See Example

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. A name clearly indicated as maiden name should be keyed in the maiden name field. Otherwise, any alternate surname should be keyed in this field. Key the alias surname using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Maiden Name

If a maiden name for a woman is clearly indicated and her married name is also listed, key the maiden name in this field. However, if only one surname is given, key it into the main surname field. Key the name as seen, using the provided dictionary for assistance.
See Example

Birth Day

Key the birth date listed after the abbreviation "geb." or found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.
See Example

Birth Month

Key the birth date listed after the abbreviation "geb." or found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document. For a list of months in German, see below.

German months:

  • 1 - I - Januar
  • 2 - II - Februar
  • 3 - III - März
  • 4 - IV - April
  • 5 - V - Mai
  • 6 - VI - Juni
  • 7 - VII - Juli
  • 8 - VIII - August
  • 9 - IX - September
  • 10 - X - Oktober
  • 11 - XI - November
  • 12 - XII - Dezember

See Example

Birth Year

Key the birth date listed after the abbreviation "geb." or found in the field or column with a label such as: "Geburtstag", "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birth date is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, a birth date can be distinguished from another event date by the year - birth years will typically be in the late 1800s up through the 1920s. Dates are typically written in the {day.month.year} format.

Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.
See Example

Birth Place

Key the birthplace listed after the abbreviation "geb." or found in the field with a label such as: "Geburt", "geb.am," "geb," or "geboren." Sometimes the field or column that the birthplace is found in will not be labeled, or there is just a single line of information regarding an individual. If no column heading or other identifying words are given, it can be assumed that a locality written immediately following a birth date is the birthplace. For information provided in a single line or in a sentence, this is often clearly indicated by the words "in" or "at" following the birth date.

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a location is not found in the list, key the location as seen. Separate jurisdictions such as towns and districts by a comma.

Keywords to look for:

  • Ort 
  • Kreis
  • Staat

See Example

Residence

Key the residence from the field or column labeled "Wohnort," when present. Key all parts of the residence, separating jurisdictions such as city, district, or country with a comma. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a locality is not in the list, key as seen.

If this field is not present on a record, leave this field empty.
See Example

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