World Archives Project: USHMM - Czech Republic, Selected Jewish Holocaust Records, 1939-1941

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'''About this project'''
'''About this project'''

Revision as of 01:16, 27 May 2011

This content is provided as part of the World Memory Project in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.


The World Memory Project will create extensive indexes for each collection. The completed indexes will be made available for free on all ancestry.com websites. Once the indexes are completed individuals may contact the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum directly to request a free printed copy of a specific document at resource-center@ushmm.org.

About this project This collection contains records generated by German occupational authorities and by Czech auxiliary agencies concerning "internal security" and "racial" policy, especially anti-Jewish measures. It includes correspondence, questionnaires, narratives, name lists, and other selected records regarding Jews, in particular doctors and university professors. Victim groups included in this collection: Jews.

Contents

Need help keying this project?

About this Project:

Most of the records are in Czech, but some are in German and even Latin.

Because the records in this collection are so varied in type and information provided, we've kept this project simple:

  • There is only one data (information to key) form type, which is called "Selected Records." This form type will be used for the majority of the images in this project.
  • There is a minimal number of fields to key - name, birth date, birthplace, and document date. If you are keying a record, at least one of the name fields must be populated. The other information should be keyed when it is available on the record.

Keying the Documents:

Most images consist of two documents or pages. Sometimes the right page may be a continuation of the one on the left. Sometimes they are two separate documents. Often both documents are about the same individual. If the same individual appears on multiple documents within an image, key the name only once while keying the remaining information from wherever it may appear on the image. Key any other names, such as family members, as unique records.

For records such as correspondence, biographies, narratives, or other documents that do not consist of pre-printed forms and would otherwise require translating and reading through a block of text, only key the name of the primary individual, which should appear at the top of the page or somewhere near the beginning of the text. Do not worry about keying any other names mentioned in the document.

Do not key the names of government or other officials as the goal is capture information about the people whom the document is about, not the people who administered or signed the documents.

Many names and locations will contain diacritics. Key those as seen using the "Insert international characters" button located directly above the keying grid and directly below the image. For Czech language helps, click here.

Project-specific sample images and form field help:

Choose a sample image from below to see the corresponding form field examples.
Selected Records

This project uses diacritics 

If you are using Windows XP there are some diacritics that may not be displayed correctly. This occasionally happens in newer browsers and operating systems as well. You may see a box inserted as a letter. For example: Mie□dzyrzecz instead of Międzyrzecz

When you key letters with diacritics, it is best to use the international character set provided or the numeric shortcut shown in the keying tool. (Note: Not all diacritics will have a shortcut displayed.) Do not use other keyboard shortcuts as a work around. For arbitrators and reviewers who are using Windows XP operating systems, if you see the □ displayed, you will need to key the diacritic using the international characters symbols provided in the tool to ensure the proper diacritic is being entered. 

More info on international characters and diacritics

Discussion Tab

Join others keying this project on the Discussion Tab to explore extra keying helps, common errors found by reviewers and general Q&A about this project. Be sure to share your expertise as well. If you have suggestions or additions for this project page, post them in the Suggestions/Additions section.

Selected Records


Any record or document that contains names to be keyed should be classified as "Selected Records."

Additional Sample Images

Document Day

The document date is the date the document was signed or written. This is not available on every record, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page. It usually follows the word "dne", which means "on the day" and usually follows a place name as well. The date will always appear in the day-month-year format.

Key the document day as seen. If there are multiple documents on an image for the same individual, but they have different document dates, key the most recent date available. If there are multiple documents on an image for different individuals and they have different document dates, or one has a document date and the other doesn't, create a new section for each document so that new headers are created and individuals are associated with the correct date.

Example format of document date:

V {place} dne {day}.{month}.{year}

V Praze dne 9.dubna 1941
See Example

Document Month

The document date is the date the document was signed or written. This is not available on every record, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page. It usually follows the word "dne", which means "on the day" and usually follows a place name as well. The date will always appear in the day-month-year format.

Key the document month using the provided drop-down list and in the language of the document. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. In Czech, the ending of the month will change depending on how it's written or used. Only key the standard month name, shown in bold below.


I - January - ledna - leden

II - Feburary - února -únor

III - March - března - březen

IV - April - dubna - duben

V - May - května - květen

VI - June - června -červen

VII - July - července - červenec

VIII - August - srpna - srpen

IX - September - září - září

X - October - říjnu -říjen

XI - November - listopadu - listopad

XII - December - prosince - prosinec


For example, 25 April 1942 could be written as:


25.duben.1942

25.dubna.1942

25.4.1942

25.IV.1942


The month for each of the above examples should be keyed as "duben."


If there are multiple documents on an image for the same individual, but they have different document dates, key the most recent date available. If there are multiple documents on an image for different individuals and they have different document dates, or one has a document date and the other doesn't, create a new section for each document so that new headers are created and individuals are associated with the correct date.

Example format of document date:

V {place} dne {day}.{month}.{year}

V Praze dne 9.dubna 1941
See Example

Document Year

The document date is the date the document was signed or written. This is not available on every record, but if it is, it can usually be found near the top or bottom of the page. It usually follows the word "dne", which means "on the day" and usually follows a place name as well. The date will always appear in the day-month-year format.

The document year must be either two or four digits, but otherwise key as seen. If there are multiple documents on an image for the same individual, but they have different document dates, key the most recent date available. If there are multiple documents on an image for different individuals and they have different document dates, or one has a document date and the other doesn't, create a new section for each document so that new headers are created and individuals are associated with the correct date.

Example format of document date:

V {place} dne {day}.{month}.{year}

V Praze dne 9.dubna 1941
See Example

Given

Key the given name including any initial and middle names using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen. Use the list of words below to help you identify where a name may be found on a record.

In some cases the given name may be clearly indicated by the word "Jméno." In other cases, it may follow the abbreviation, "vec:", meaning "subject", essentially saying "{this person} is the subject of this document." Sometimes a relationship word may indicate a family member's name.

Key words and abbreviations to look for:

  • Jméno / Jména = Given Name(s)
  • Vec = subject O = about / concerning
  • Bratr / Bratři = Brother(s)
  • Sestra - Sister
  • Motrove = Sponsors brati
  • Manžel / chot' / muž = Husband
  • Manželka / manželky / chot' / žena = Wife
  • Otec / otcové / otce / táta / tat'ka / tatík / tatínek = Father
  • Matka / matky / máma / mamka = Mother

See Example

Surname

Key the surname using the provided drop-down list. If a name is not on the list, key as seen. The surname is usually written after the given name. A surname is sometimes written with large spaces in between each letter of the name. Use the list of words below to help you identify where a name may be found on a record.

In some cases the surname may be clearly indicated by the word "příjmení." In other cases, it may follow the abbreviation, "vec:", meaning "subject", essentially saying "{this person} is the subject of this document." Sometimes a relationship word may indicate a family member's name.

Key words and abbreviations to look for:

  • Příjmení = Surname Vec = subject
  • O = about / concerning
  • Bratr / Bratři = Brother(s)
  • Sestra - Sister Motrove = Sponsors brati
  • Manžel / chot' / muž = Husband
  • Manželka / manželky / chot' / žena = Wife
  • Otec / otcové / otce / táta / tat'ka / tatík / tatínek = Father
  • Matka / matky / máma / mamka = Mother

See Example

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or other indicating words. A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. However, a maiden name is. The words "rozená" and "rozené", or abbreviation "roz." indicates that the following name is a maiden name. Key the maiden name or any other surname aliases using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.
See Example

Birth Day

Key the birth day, using the words listed below to help you identify if a birth date is given. When provided, the date will always appear in the day-month-year format.

The day may be identified by words such as "den" or "dne."

Each of the following words or abbreviations means "was born", "born", or "birth":

  • Nar.
  • Narodil
  • Narození
  • Narozený
  • Rodný

See Example

Birth Month

Key the birth month using the provided drop-down list. Use the words listed below to help you identify if a birth date is given. When provided, the date will always appear in the day-month-year format.

Key the name of the month in the language of the document. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. In Czech, the ending of the month will change depending on how it's written or used. Only key the standard month name, shown in bold below.

 

I - January - ledna - leden

II - Feburary - února -únor

III - March - března - březen

IV - April - dubna - duben

V - May - května - květen

VI - June - června -červen

VII - July - července - červenec

VIII - August - srpna - srpen

IX - September - září - září

X - October - říjnu - říjen

XI - November - listopadu -listopad

XII - December - prosince - prosinec



For example, 25 April 1942 could be written as:


25.dubna.1942

25.4.1942

25.IV.1942



However, the month for each of these should be keyed as "duben."


In Czech records, the month may be identified by words such as "měsíc", "matka" or "matky."

Each of the following words or abbreviations means "was born", "born", or "birth":

  • Nar.
  • Narodil
  • Narození
  • Narozený
  • Rodný

See Example

Birth Year

Key the birth year, using the words listed below to help you identify if a birth date is given. When provided, the date will always appear in the day-month-year format. The year must be either two or four digits, but otherwise key as seen.

In Czech records, the year may be identified by the words "rok", "roky", or "roků," or the abbreviation "r."

Each of the following words or abbreviations means "was born", "born", or "birth":

  • Nar.
  • Narodil
  • Narození
  • Narozený
  • Rodný

See Example

Birth Place

Key the birth location using the provided drop-down list. If a location is not on the list, key as seen. Use the words listed below to help you identify if a birthplace is given. 

Each of the following words or abbreviations means "was born", "born", or "birth":

  • Nar.
  • Narodil
  • Narození
  • Narozený
  • Rodný

Other key words or abbreviations to look for:

  • Kde = where
  • Rodiště = birthplace
  • Místo = place / locality
  • Obec / obce = community /communities 
  • Okres = district
  • V = in / of
  • Z / Ze = from / of

See Example

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