Talk:World Archives Project: USHMM - Odessa, Ukraine, Selected Holocaust Records from Romanian Occupation during World War II
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Feel free to add to or edit information in this discussion tab as necessary. Please take time to become familiar with the General Keying Standards and be sure to read all instructions on the main project page. (Please note that in case of a discrepancy, project level instructions always trump general keying standards.)
Extra Keying Helps
Tip: Street names. Streets in occupied Ukraine will be hard to find on modern maps (ie, they were renamed after the occupation), but: Streets have a tendency to be named after famous Romanians. Which makes them easier to google.
- I and J: in Romanian the I names will be more common, Iacob, Iancu, Iosif, Ion. I'm seeing a lot of mistakes in this even with typewritten records.
- Diacritcals: pay special attention to s and t, and look for a mark below these letters, these will be ș and ț. placenames often end -ești, also many words will end -ți. Look out for names Herș and Moișe.
- și =and
- sau= usually indicates a wife (or other family member). John Smith sau Mary would be 2 records, One for John smith, and one for Mary smith.
- a lui = indicates a husband. Mary Smith a lui John, would again be 2 records.
- D-lui, Dl, Dlui, domnului all mean Mr.
- D-nei, Dnei, doamnei all mean Mrs.
Common Keying Errors Found by Reviewers
1) Misuse of the Prefix and suffix fields to store anything other than prefixes and suffixes. Do not use these fields to capture any of the following: Religion or ethnicity, Line number, occupation, relationship.
- 1a) Occupations are not suffixes or street addresses. They are not being keyed for this project.
- 1b) In the same vein, evreu and evrică (jew, and jewess) are not prefixes. Nor are țigan and țigancă (Gypsy).
2) Classification of form types. There will always be some forms where classification remains a matter of choice. That said: Lists and tables are Name list (tables of remittances are not receipts). Receipts are generally titled Chitanța. Documents that refer to receipts, but are not themselves receipts are either miscellaneous, or name list, depending on the layout.
3) Failing to key as written. If it says Moghilău, write Moghilău. If it says Moghilev, write Moghilev. Yes, they are aliases for the same place, but the integrity of the record should be preserved.
- 3a) Please do not replace ț with tz just to make a name fit the list. Key as written.
4) Failing to follow the keying standards.
5) Marking faded documents as cover pages. Any readable information is to be extracted if possible, or marked illegible if not.
6) Per the instructions on the Name list, we DO key the expediters.
7) Missing records. Especially on receipts. These are often filmed 2 or 3 to a page. Many keyers are only keying the names from one of them. All should be keyed.
8) Missing diacriticals.
- 8a) Wrong diacriticals. Romanian has the following special characters: ă, â, î, ș, ț. German has the following: ä, ö, ü. Diacriticals other than these should be avoided, unless there is more certainty that the name is of foreign origin. The following are not used at all: ŏ (probably a German ö), ü (either German ü or just a plain u, as a "hook" is used to distinguish u and n) , ā (this is most likely ă), ÿ (a plain y, some styles of handwriting put dots over the y to distinguish it from z), à (in Romanian, this is probably ă).
- 8b) ș vs ş and ț vs ţ. This one is major pain in the neck. There are 2 forms of these characters that are common and more-or-less ok the problem is the arbitration interface forces a decision between Cernăuți and Cernăuţi. I am choosing ș and ț (comma below) and not ş and ţ (cedilla). For the following reasons: they are typable on a Romanian keyboard, compatibility with newer Unicode standards, and aversion to mixing and matching different variations of the same character within the same project.
9) People have frequently been swapping given name and surname. Please pay attention to the column headers in the keying tool.
10) Crossed off records. Per the Keying standards, they are keyed
11) Mixed language forms: Ukranian/Romaninan. Please key the Romanian part. Save the Cyrillic form type for those forms with no information in the latin alphabet.
Questions and Answers
If you have a keying question that is not answered on the project page or in any of the information above, click “EDIT” and ask it here. (If you click on Rich Editor you won't have to worry about formatting your entry.) Then click “WATCH” at the top right on this page and you will be notified via email when an update has been made.
1) If I'm working on a Miscellaneous Record, it only give me the option to do a few fields for the person whose birth record it represents. However, parents' names and occupation, witnesses names, etc. are not recordable, it seems. Please advise.
If you have a suggestion or would like to make an addition to the project page, click “EDIT” and post your suggestion here. (If you click on Rich Editor you won't have to worry about formatting your entry.) Then click “WATCH” at the top right on this page and you will be notified via email when an update has been made.