Overview of African American Research

From Ancestry.com Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Oral History and Family Records)
m (Reverted edits by Ccocooccocoo (Talk) to last revision by Katlynuvvca)
Line 11: Line 11:
A careful study of African American history provides researchers with a strong foundation for genealogical research. The successful student of African American genealogy will closely examine the history of segregation and the emergence of two different Americas, one white and one black. An understanding of the resulting cultural and societal differences is critical not only to locating records, but also to evaluating their contents. Many of the conditions created by “separate but equal” are pointed out in the following discussion of sources.
A careful study of African American history provides researchers with a strong foundation for genealogical research. The successful student of African American genealogy will closely examine the history of segregation and the emergence of two different Americas, one white and one black. An understanding of the resulting cultural and societal differences is critical not only to locating records, but also to evaluating their contents. Many of the conditions created by “separate but equal” are pointed out in the following discussion of sources.
-
Most anyone who has <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com" title="get discount ray ban sunglassees online"><b>get discount ray ban sunglassees online</b></a> significantly sightedness or perhaps in the vicinity of sightedness should check out the webs store associated with LOS ANGELES wholesale <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com" title="fashion ray ban sunglasses on sale"><b>fashion ray ban sunglasses on sale</b></a> marketers in order to grab the following superb variety associated with wholesale <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com" title="cheap ray ban sunglasses for men"><b>cheap ray ban sunglasses for men</b></a>. In case you investigate the market industry, you’ll discover variety of wholesale bifocal <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com" title="cheap ray ban sunglasses for women"><b>cheap ray ban sunglasses for women</b></a> but if you would like top quality and comfort, subsequently acquire all these wholesale <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com/aviator-sale-22.html" title="buy ray ban aviator sunglasses for cheap"><b>buy ray ban aviator sunglasses for cheap</b></a> via LOS ANGELES wholesale <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com/aviator-sale-22.html" title="ray ban 3025 aviator sunglasses sale"><b>ray ban 3025 aviator sunglasses sale</b></a> marketers internet site. The following beneficial and luring couple of wholesale bifocal <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com/wayfarer-sale-28.html" title="shop ray ban wayfarer sunglasses online"><b>shop ray ban wayfarer sunglasses online</b></a> available at this certified internet site associated with LOS ANGELES wholesale <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com/wayfarer-sale-28.html" title="ray ban wayfarer 2140 sunglasses sale"><b>ray ban wayfarer 2140 sunglasses sale</b></a> manufacturers could be the the majority of delightful you having continuous major discount rates <a href="http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com"></b>http://www.ray-ban-eyeglasses.com</b></a>.
+
=Oral History and Family Records=
 +
 
 +
African American genealogy begins like all other genealogy: with oral history and family records. Researchers should follow the methods, sources, and examples found in chapter 1, “The Foundations of Family History Research.” An example of one type of record that is unique to the African American community, however, is the funeral program. [http://www.dissertationmojo.co.uk Dissertation Help uk]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Attendees at a traditional funeral receive a prayer card after signing the guest register. [http://www.dissertationmojo.co.uk/dissertation-writers/ dissertation writers]This is a 2 x 3 inch folded card normally containing the birth and death dates of the deceased, the date and location of the visitation or funeral, a prayer, and, at times, the name and location of the cemetery. [http://www.professay.com/ custom essay writing]
 +
 
 +
Attendees at a African American funeral are given a funeral program that contains, in addition to information found on a prayer card, a photograph of the deceased and a full obituary. These programs started as folded sheets of white paper and have evolved into elaborate full-color brochures of various textures, with multiple pages and photographs. [http://www.dissertationmojo.co.uk/dissertation-proposal/ Dissertation proposal uk]
 +
It appears that these funeral programs began in the 1930s or ’40s, possibly because most African Americans were denied the opportunity to publish obituaries in mainstream newspapers <span class="plainlinks">[http://www.cashadvance-loans.net/ <span style="color:black;font-weight:normal; text-decoration:none!important; background:none!important; text-decoration:none;">cash advance loans</span>]. Funeral programs can be found among family memorabilia, and some genealogists are now donating them to libraries. [http://www.dissertationmojo.co.uk/pricing/ buy-Dissertation] For more information, see Belzora Cheatham’s ''Funeral Programs/Obituaries of 579 African Americans''.2
=Research Back to 1870=
=Research Back to 1870=

Revision as of 17:12, 23 February 2012

African American Research

This article is part of a series.
Overview of African American Research
Compiled Sources in African American Research
Census Records in African American Research
Military Records in African American Research
Freedman's Savings and Trust Company
Freedman's Bureau
Researching Free Blacks
Researching Slavery
List of Useful Resources for African American Research
Topics

This article originally appeared in "African American Research" by Tony Burroughs, FUGA in The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy

Contents

Introduction

Contrary to popular belief, many records exist for researching African American genealogy. Some of these records are similar to those of European Americans, but African American sources diverge as American history meanders through prejudice, discrimination, and exclusionism. The 1896 U.S. Supreme Court Case, Plessy v. Ferguson, legalized the doctrine of “separate but equal.” As segregation flourished, two distinct societies evolved. Parallel organizations and institutions developed and multiplied in both communities. The records of the two populations may compare in type, location, and quantity, but they are catalogued separately. In addition to these records, African American research also yields several kinds of records that are unique.

This chapter examines many of the records available, dealing both with slave and non-slave related records. In cases where the records are the same as European American records, the text will attempt to show researchers how to use these sources to find African Americans most effectively. In other cases, where the records are unique or are similar but have developed separately, the text discusses them in detail. For example, county marriage records exist for both groups, but may be classified as “White” and “Colored” and filed separately. Print publications also illustrate the separation. Who’s Who in America includes very few African Americans while its counterpart, Who’s Who in Colored America is exclusively African American.1

A careful study of African American history provides researchers with a strong foundation for genealogical research. The successful student of African American genealogy will closely examine the history of segregation and the emergence of two different Americas, one white and one black. An understanding of the resulting cultural and societal differences is critical not only to locating records, but also to evaluating their contents. Many of the conditions created by “separate but equal” are pointed out in the following discussion of sources.

Oral History and Family Records

African American genealogy begins like all other genealogy: with oral history and family records. Researchers should follow the methods, sources, and examples found in chapter 1, “The Foundations of Family History Research.” An example of one type of record that is unique to the African American community, however, is the funeral program. Dissertation Help uk


Attendees at a traditional funeral receive a prayer card after signing the guest register. dissertation writersThis is a 2 x 3 inch folded card normally containing the birth and death dates of the deceased, the date and location of the visitation or funeral, a prayer, and, at times, the name and location of the cemetery. custom essay writing

Attendees at a African American funeral are given a funeral program that contains, in addition to information found on a prayer card, a photograph of the deceased and a full obituary. These programs started as folded sheets of white paper and have evolved into elaborate full-color brochures of various textures, with multiple pages and photographs. Dissertation proposal uk It appears that these funeral programs began in the 1930s or ’40s, possibly because most African Americans were denied the opportunity to publish obituaries in mainstream newspapers cash advance loans. Funeral programs can be found among family memorabilia, and some genealogists are now donating them to libraries. buy-Dissertation For more information, see Belzora Cheatham’s Funeral Programs/Obituaries of 579 African Americans.2

Research Back to 1870

1870 is a critical date Mortgage Loans for researchers of African American genealogy. It represents the beginning of an extremely difficult research period: the pre-1870 world of enslaved African Americans. Success in researching in this period actually depends on how thoroughly one has researched records created after 1870. Writing The researcher must use every available post-1870 source to work methodically back in time from the present, to build a strong foundation of evidence before trying to conduct pre-1870 work. best cookbooks Merely using census records, as many novices do, horde leveling guide is not enough.

References

Coming soon...

External Links

Personal tools