Ohio Military Records
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This entry was originally written by Carol L. Maki and Michael John Neill for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.
There is a long list of published (printed and/or microfilmed) Ohio military records that are available through the FHL and throughout many genealogical libraries. These include records from the Civil War, Mexican War, American Revolution, War of 1812, Spanish-American War, and World War I. An excellent listing can be found in Bell’s Ohio Guide to Genealogical Sources (see Background Sources for Ohio).
Loyalist records are an important resource in Ohio. A large concentration of loyalist material is available at the Ohio Historical Society, the Blegen Library at the University of Cincinnati, and Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
Ohio did not grant state pensions, but the office of the State of Ohio, Adjutant General’s Department, Room 11, State House Annex, Columbus, OH 43266-0605, holds the records for those who served in the War of 1812 through the Vietnam era. The collection consists only of wartime records with no published indexes available across its holdings. The office does not hold information on national pension records. The Civil War index is on microfilm and is available through the FHL.
Information from service records will be supplied for an individual at no charge, but full name, birth date, and other available information should be submitted if possible. Records for the War of 1812 are sketchy. A sample provided by the adjutant general’s department gave the roll of various companies, giving the service dates of the unit and the members of the company, with their rank. A service number for World War II and Korea is very helpful. For Vietnam, a social security number is necessary.
The Ohio Historical Society holds a number of Civil War regimental histories on microfilm that may be purchased from the society. The society also has a War of 1812 roster of Ohio soldiers that can be searched at its site. This database contains the names of 1,759 officers and 24,521 men who were enlisted in this war. A genealogically important and impressive, although not inclusive, resource is the “Graves Registration File” at the society, which includes several hundred microfilm reels with information on Ohio burial places for veterans through the Vietnam era. Microfilm cards state name, war of service, date of death and burial site, and occasionally additional details on military service or family. The society will search the reference for a fee. Military records located at the county level may include soldiers’ discharge and/or burial information.