Ohio County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Carol L. Maki and Michael John Neill for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
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the Ohio Family History Research series.
History of Ohio
Ohio Vital Records
Census Records for Ohio
Background Sources for Ohio
Ohio Maps
Ohio Land Records
Ohio Probate Records
Ohio Court Records
Ohio Tax Records
Ohio Cemetery Records
Ohio Church Records
Ohio Military Records
Ohio Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Ohio Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Ethnic Groups of Ohio
Ohio County Resources
Map of Ohio
County Map of Ohio

Ohio generally does not have any birth and death records prior to 1867. From 1867 to 1908 birth and death records were recorded at the probate court office in the county where the event occurred. After 1908 the event was recorded at the county’s health department and also with the Vital Records Office in Columbus. A marriage record before 1949 (see Vital Records) will be found in the probate court office of the county where the event occurred. Deeds will be found in the county recorders office from the county’s formation to the present.

In mailing requests to any Ohio county office, use the name of the county and “County Courthouse” with the address listed below. The address given is that listed as the county government building. In some cases, some records are located at another address. Ann Fenley lists some of these in The Ohio Open Records Law and Genealogy (Dayton, Ohio: Ohio Connection, 1989). Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1980) lists several courthouses known to have had destructive fires. Note, however, that not all records were destroyed in these fires and that there may have been other fires or disasters. Before making any presumptions that the records have been lost, request the records needed. The courthouse fires listed by Bell are as follows:

Adams, 1910; Belmont, 1980; Brown, 1977; Champaign, 1948; Columbiana, 1976; Crawford, 1831; Delaware, 1835; Fayette, 1828; Franklin, 1879; Fulton, before 1860; Gallia, 1981; Hamilton, 1814, 1849, 1884; Henry, 1847; Licking, 1875; Monroe, 1840, 1867; Seneca, 1841; and Trumbull, 1895.

The following list of counties indicates the county seat; the year the county was created; if different, the year it was fully organized for record keeping (in parentheses); and the parent county from which it was formed. Under parent county are some county names with an (*) to indicate that records may also be found there since the county may have been “attached” to those other counties for some period in its history.

The date listed for each record category is the earliest record known to exist in that county. It does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and certainly does not indicate that all such events that year were actually registered. In some cases there may be lapses in records after the beginning year listed. For example, Adams County has birth and death records beginning in 1888, but only through 1893.

In addition to sources used for all states (see page 16), information for the County Resources section was obtained from Bell’s Ohio Guide to Genealogical Sources (see Background Sources for Ohio) and the following:

  • Fenley, Ann. Ohio Open Records Law and Genealogy. Dayton, Ohio: Ohio Connection, 1989.


Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate Court
H3 Adams 110 W. Main, West Union 45693 1797 Hamilton/Washington 1888 1910 1888 1797 1849 ——
C2 Allen 301 N. Main St., Lima 45802 1820 (1831) Shelby/Logan *Mercer 1867 1831 1867 1831 1835 1831
C5 Ashland W. Second St., Ashland 44805 1846 Huron/Lorain/Richland/Wayne 1867 1846 1867 1846 1846 1846
A8 Ashtabula 25 W. Jefferson St., Jefferson 44047 1808 (1811) Geauga/Trumbull 1867 1812 1867 1798 1811 ——
G6 Athens Athens 45701 1805 Washington 1867 1817 1867 1792 1800 1807
D2 Auglaize 201 Willipie St., Wapakoneta 45895 1848 Allen/Mercer 1867 1848 1867 1835 1852 1848
E8 Belmont 101 W. Main St., St. Clairsville 43950 1801 Jefferson/Washington 1867 1803 1867 1800 1804 1804
H2 Brown Georgetown 45121 1818 Adams/Clermont 1867 1818 1867 1818 1817 1818
G1 Butler 101 High St., Hamilton 45012 1803 Hamilton 1856 1803 1856 1803 1851 1803
D7 Carroll 119 Public Sq., Carrollton 44615 1833 Columbiana/Harrison/Jefferson/Stark/Tuscarawas 1867 1833 1867 1826 1833 1833
E3 Champaign 200 N. Main, Urbana 43078 1805 Franklin/Greene 1867 1805 1867 1806 1804 1805
E3 Clark P.O. Box 1008, Springfield 45502 1818 Champaign/Greene/Madison 1867 1818 1867 1818 1818 1818
H2 Clermont 76 S. Riverside, Batavia 45103 1800 Hamilton 1856 1801 1856 1800 1810 1801
G3 Clinton 46 S. South St., Wilmington 45177 1810 Highland/Warren 1868 1817 1867 1806 1810 1810
C8 Columbiana 105 S. Market St., Lisbon 44432 1803 Jefferson 1867 1803 1867 1798 1803 1803
E6 Coshocton 349 1/2 Main St., Coshocton 43812 1810 (1811) Muskingum/Tuscarawas 1867 1811 1867 1800 1811 1811
C4 Crawford 112 E. Mansfield St., Bucyrus 44820 1820 (1826) Delaware *Seneca*/Sandusky/*Marion 1866 1831 1868 1816 1831 1831
B6 Cuyahoga 2905 Franklin Blvd. NW, Cleveland 44113 1808 (1810) Geauga 1867 1810 1867 1810 1811 1823
E1 Darke Fourth and Broadway, Greenville 45331 1809 (1817) Miami 1867 1817 1867 1822 1818 1817
B1 Defiance 500 Court St., Defiance 43512 1845 Henry/Paulding/Williams 1867 1845 1867 1823 1845 1845
E4 Delaware 91 N. Sandusky, Delaware 43015 1808 Franklin 1867 1835 1867 1807 1812 1818
B5 Erie 323 Columbus Ave., Sandusky 44870 1838 (1838) Huron/Sandusky 1856 1838 1856 1837 1838 1838
F5 Fairfield 210 E. Main, Rm. 301, Lancaster 43130 1800 Ross/Washington 1867 1803 1867 1801 1803 1801
F3 Fayette 110 E. Court, Washington Courthouse 43160 1810 Highland/Ross 1867 1810 1867 1810 1810 1882
E4 Franklin 373 S. High St., Columbus 43215 1803 Ross/unorganized 1867 1803 1867 1800 1805 1803
A2 Fulton 210 S. Fulton, Wauseon 43567 1850 Henry/Lucas/Williams 1867 1864 1867 1835 1853 1850
H5 Gallia Locust St., Gallipolis 45613 1803 Washington 1864 1803 1867 1803 1803 1811
B7 Geauga Chardon 44024 1806 Trumbull 1867 1803 1867 1795 1806 1806
F2 Greene 45 N. Detroit St., Xenia 45385 1803 Hamilton/Ross/ 1869 1803 1870 1798 1803 1802
E7 Guernsey 801 E. Wheeling Ave., Cambridge 43725 1810 Belmont/Muskingum 1867 1810 1867 1802 1812 1810
G1 Hamilton 1000 Main St., Cincinnati 45202 1790 original 1863 1808 1881 1787 1790 1844
C3 Hancock 300 S. Main, Findlay 45840 1820 (1828) Logan/Delaware *Wood 1867 1828 1867 1820 1828 1828
D3 Hardin Kenton 43326 1820 (1833) Logan/Delaware 1867 1833 1867 1831 1830 1833
E7 Harrison Cadiz 43907 1813 Jefferson/Tuscarawas 1867 1813 1867 1812 1813 1814
B2 Henry 660 N. Perry, Napoleon 43545 1820 (1834) Logan/Shelby *Wood/*Williams 1867 1847 1867 1846 1847 1847
G3 Highland P.O. Box 825, Hillsboro 45135 1805 Adams/Clermont/Ross 1867 1805 1868 1804 1809 1805
F5 Hocking 1 E. Main St., Logan 43138 1818 Athens/Ross/Fairfield 1867 1818 1867 1818 1819 1818
D6 Holmes 1 E. Jackson St., Millersburg 44654 1824 (1825) Coshocton/Tuscarawas/Wayne 1867 1821 1867 1808 1825 1825
B5 Huron 2 E. Main St., Norwalk 44857 1809 (1815) Portage/Geauga *Cuyahoga 1867 1818 1867 1809 1815 1818
H5 Jackson Jackson 45640 1816 Athens/Gallia/Ross/Scioto 1867 1816 1867 1816 1819 1816
D8 Jefferson 301 Market St., Steubenville 43952 1797 Washington 1867 1803 1867 1795 1798 1803
D5 Knox 106 E. High St., Mt. Vernon 43050 1808 Fairfield/Franklin 1867 1808 1867 1808 1808 1808
A7 Lake 47 N. Park Place, Painesville 44077 1840 (1840) Cuyahoga/Geauga 1867 1840 1867 1839 1853 1840
J5 Lawrence 1 Veterans Sq., Ironton 45638 1815 (1817) Gallia/Scioto 1864 1817 1867 1818 1846 1817
E5 Licking Courthouse Sq., Newark 43055 1808 Fairfield 1875 1809 1875 1800 1875 1809
D3 Logan P.O. Box 429, Bellefontaine 43311 1818 Champaign 1867 1818 1867 1810 1851 1804
B5 Lorain 308 Second St., Elyria 44035 1822 (1824) Cuyahoga/Huron/Medina 1867 1824 1867 —— 1840 1824
A3 Lucas 800 Adams St, Toledo 43624 1835 Wood/Sandusky 1867 1835 1868 1808 1835 1835
F3 Madison 1 N. Main St., London 43140 1810 Franklin 1867 1810 1888 1810 1810 1810
C8 Mahoning 120 Market St., Youngstown 44503 1846 Columbiana/Trumbull 1856 1846 1856 1795 1846 1847
D4 Marion 100 N. Main St., Marion 43302 1820 (1824) Delaware 1867 1824 1867 1821 1825 1824
C6 Medina 93 Public Sq., Medina 43302 1812 (1818) Portage 1867 1818 1867 1818 1818 1818
G6 Meigs Second St., Pomeroy 45769 1819 Athens/Gallia 1867 1819 1867 1819 1820 1819
D1 Mercer 101 N. Main, Celina 45822 1820 (1824) Darke/Shelby 1867 1838 1867 1823 1824 1824
E2 Miami 215 W. Main St., Troy 45373 1807 Montgomery 1853 1807 1867 1807 1807 1804
F7 Monroe 101 N. Main St., Woodsfield 43793 1813 (1815) Belmont/Guernsey/Washington 1867 1866 1867 1836 1840 1818
F2 Montgomery 451 W. Third St., Dayton 45402 1803 Hamilton 1867 1803 1866 1805 1803 1803
F6 Morgan 19 E. Main St., McConnelsville 43756 1817 (1819) Guernsey/Muskingum/Washington 1867 1819 1867 1795 1819 1819
D4 Morrow 48 E. High St., Mt. Gilead 43338 1848 Delaware/Knox/Marion/Richland 1867 1848 1867 1848 1848 1848
E6 Muskingum 401 Main St., Zanesville 43701 1804 Fairfield/Washington 1867 1804 1867 1800 1804 1804
F7 Noble Caldwell 43724 1851 Guernsey/Monroe/Morgan/Washington 1867 1851 1867 1851 1851 1851
B4 Ottawa 315 Madison St., Port Clinton 43452 1840 Erie/Lucas/Sandusky 1867 1840 1869 1820 1840 1840
C1 Paulding 115 N. Williams St., Paulding 45879 1820 (1839) Shelby/Darke *Williams/*Wood 1867 1839 1867 1835 1842 1839
F5 Perry New Lexington 43764 1818 Fairfield/Muskingum/Washington 1867 1818 1867 1818 1817 1818
F4 Pickaway Circleville 43113 1810 Fairfield/Franklin/Ross 1867 1810 1867 1810 1810 1810
G4 Pike 100 E. Second, Waverly 45690 1815 Adams/Ross/Scioto 1867 1815 1867 1799 1817 1815
B7 Portage 203 W. Main, Ravenna 44266 1808 Trumbull 1867 1808 1867 1795 1803 1809
F1 Preble Eaton 45320 1808 Butler/Montgomery 1867 1808 1867 1805 1808 1808
C2 Putnam 245 E. Main St., Ottawa 45875 1820 (1834) Shelby/Logan *Wood/*Williams 1857 1834 1867 1830 1835 1834
C5 Richland 50 Park Ave., East, Mansfield 44903 1808 (1813) Franklin *Knox 1856 1813 1890 1814 1813 1819
G4 Ross 2 N. Paint St., Chillicothe 45601 1798 Adams/Hamilton/Washington 1867 1798 1867 1797 1797 1798
B4 Sandusky 100 N. Park, Fremont 43420 1820 Huron 1867 1820 1867 1822 1820 1820
H4 Scioto 602 Seventh St., Portsmouth 45662 1803 Adams 1856 1804 1856 1803 1810 1809
B4 Seneca 103 S. Washington St., Tiffin 44883 1820 (1824) Huron/Sandusky 1867 1841 1867 1821 1828 1824
D2 Shelby Sidney 45365 1819 Miami 1867 1824 1867 1819 1825 1819
C7 Stark 110 Central Plaza S., 5th Floor, Canton 44702 1808 (1809) Columbiana/Muskingum 1867 1809 1867 1809 1810 1809
B7 Summit 209 S. High St., Akron 44308 1840 (1840) Medina/Portage/Stark 1866 1840 1870 1840 1839 1840
B8 Trumbull 160 High St., N.W., Warren 44483 1800 Jefferson/Wayne County of Northwest Territory 1867 1803 1867 1795 1803 1807
D7 Tuscarawas 101 E. High Ave., New Philadelphia 44663 1808 Muskingum 1867 1808 1867 —— 1809 1808
D4 Union 5th & Court St., Marysville 43040 1820 Delaware/Franklin/Logan/Madison 1867 1820 1867 1811 1820 1820
C1 Van Wert 101 E. Main St., Van Wert 45891 1820 (1837) Darke/Shelby *Mercer 1867 1840 1867 1824 1840 1837
G5 Vinton 100 E. Main St., McArthur 45651 1850 Athens/Gallia/Hocking/Jackson/Ross 1867 1850 1867 1850 1852 1850
G2 Warren 320 E. Silver St., Lebanon 45036 1803 Hamilton 1867 1803 1867 1795 1803 1803
F7 Washington 205 Putnam St., Marietta 45750 1788 unorganized 1867 1789 1867 1788 1789 1790
C6 Wayne 428 W. Liberty, Wooster 44691 1808 (1812) *Columbiana/*Stark 1867 1813 1867 1813 1817 1812
A1 Williams 1 Courthouse Sq., Bryan 43506 1820 (1824) Darke/Shelby *Wood 1867 1824 1867 1824 1825 1824
B3 Wood 1 Courthouse Sq., Bowling Green 43402 1820 Logan 1867 1820 1867 1820 1820 1823
C3 Wyandot 109 S. Sandusky Ave., Upper Sandusky 43351 1845 Crawford/Hancock/Hardin/Marion 1867 1845 1867 1826 1845 1845