New Mexico County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Karen Stein Daniel, CG and Margaret Windham for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the New Mexico Family History Research series.
History of New Mexico
New Mexico Vital Records
Census Records for New Mexico
Background Sources for New Mexico
New Mexico Maps
New Mexico Land Records
New Mexico Probate Records
New Mexico Court Records
New Mexico Tax Records
New Mexico Cemetery Records
New Mexico Church Records
New Mexico Military Records
New Mexico Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
New Mexico Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Native Americans of New Mexico
New Mexico County Resources
Map of New Mexico
County Map of New Mexico

The county clerk’s office in the county seat will have land records, including deeds, mining records, surveys, and plats; marriage records; and some probate records. Military discharges, liens, mortgages, powers of attorney, and miscellaneous affidavits may also be found there. Probate records may be found in the district clerk’s office. Counties may have offices in towns other than the county seat, but these retain no permanent custody of records.

Some counties have Territorial and Mexican era records in their custody, and this will explain record holdings earlier than formal organization of the county. Earlier records should be available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives. Consult the “Online Archive of New Mexico” http://elibrary.unm.edu/oanm for holdings. Former county seats are in parentheses below the address.

For official county information, please consult:

  • Vigil-Giron, Rebecca, Secretary of State, compiler. New Mexico Blue Book 1999–2000. Santa Fe: Office of the Secretary of State, 1999, or consult the New Mexico Secretary of State’s website www.sos.state.nm.us for updated and additional information.

For additional county information, please consult:

  • Brylnski, Dorothy A. and Ann L. Mossman. New Mexico Genealogist Comprehensive Index Volumes 1-38, 1962–1999. Albuquerque: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 2000.
  • Daniel, Karen Stein. Genealogical Resources in New Mexico. 2d ed. Albuquerque: New Mexico Genealogical Society, 2002.
  • Julyan, Robert. The Place Names of New Mexico. Rev. ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.
  • Villegas, Jose L., compiler. Marriage Register Inventory. Santa Fe: New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, 1998.


Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate District Court #
Arizona 1859 (became part of Dona Ana, 1861–62) Tubac
Part of Gadsden Purchase.
D4 Bernalillo One Civic Plaza NW, Albuquerque 87102 1852 original——1885——18731861#2
Libro Matrimonios (1885—1903) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
E2 Catron P.O. Box 197, Reserve 87830 1921 Socorro——1921——19211921#7
F7 Chaves 401 N. Main St., Roswell 88201 1889 Lincoln——1891——18871900#5
Holds some territorial records.
D2 Cibola 515 W. High St., Grants 87020-2526 1981 Valencia——1981——19811981#13
A6 Colfax P.O. Box 159, Raton 87740 1869 Mora/Taos——1869——18641884#8
(Elizabeth Town, 1869; Cimarron 1872; Springer 1882). Typescript (1877—1907) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
D8 Curry 700 N. Main St., Ste 7, Clovis 88101-6664 1909 Quay/Roosevelt——1905——19031909#3
E7 DeBaca P.O. Box 347, Fort Sumner 88119-0347 1917 Chaves/Guadalupe/Roosevelt——1917——19171917#10
H3 Dona Ana 251 W. Amador Ave., Las Cruces 88005 1852 Original——1869——18031833#3
(Mesilla, 1856) Part of Gadsden Purchase, 1854.
H7 Eddy P.O. Box 850, Carlsbad 88221 1889 Lincoln——1891——18841912#5
Marriage Certificates (1891—1921) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
G1 Grant P.O. Box 898, Silver City 88062 1868 Dona Ana——1868——18721887#6
(Pinos Altos, 1869—72). Register of Marriages (1868—1872) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
D6 Guadalupe 420 Parker Ave., Santa Rosa 88435-2361 1891 Lincoln/San Miguel——1895——18931907#4
B7 Harding P.O. Box 1002, Mosquero 87733-1002 1921 Mora/Union——1921——19211921#10
J1 Hidalgo 300 S. Shakespeare St., Lordsburg 88045-1927 1919 Grant——1920——18791920#6
G8 Lea P.O. Box 1507, Lovington 88260 1917 Chaves/Eddy——1917——19181917#5
Also has transcribed records from parent counties starting 1913.
F5 Lincoln P.O. Box 338, Carrizozo 88301 1869 Socorro/Dona Ana——1882——18691881#12
(Rio Bonito, formerly called Los Placitas then Lincoln, 1869–70) County clerk has complete indexes for all records.
B4 Los Alamos 2300 Trinity Dr./P.O. Box 30, Los Alamos 87544-0030 1949 Sandoval/Santa Fe——1949——19491950#1
H2 Luna 700 S. Silver, Deming 88030-4173 1901 Dona Ana/Grant——1901——pre-19011901#6
Applications for Marriage Licenses (1909—1912) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
C1 McKinley P.O. Box 1268, Gallup 87305 1899 Bernalillo/Valencia/San Juan/Ria Arriba——1901——19011901#11
B6 Mora P.O. Box 360, Mora 87732-0580 1860 Taos——1891——18611920s#4
H5 Otero 1000 New York Ave., Alamogordo 88310 1899 Dona Ana/Lincoln/Socorro——1899——1890s1890s#12
D7 Quay P.O. Box 1225, Tucumcari 88401 1903 Guadalupe/Union——1893——19031892#10
A3 Quay P.O. Box 158, Tierra Amarilla 87575 and P.O. Box 1256 Espanola 87532-1256 1852 original——1884——18521852#1
E8 Roosevelt 101 W. First, Portales 88130 1903 Chaves/Guadalupe——1903——18921903#9
C3 Sandoval P.O. Box 40, Bernalillo 87004-0040 1903 Bernalillo——1926——19261926#13
Record loss, 1926.
A1 San Juan 100 S. Oliver Dr., Aztec 87410 1887 Rio Arriba/Taos——1887——18871909#11
C6 San Miguel 500 W. National, Las Vegas 87701, (San Miguel 1852–64) 1852 original——1888——18871859#4
Marriage Certificates (1912—14) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
Santa Ana 1850 (became part of Bernalillo, 1876) original
C4 Santa Fe 102 Grant/P.O. Box 1985, Santa Fe 87501 1852 original——1900*——18481894#1
*Marriage Record A (1863—99) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
G3 Sierra 300 Date St., Truth or Consequences 87901 1884 Socorro/Dona Ana/Grant——1865——18841884#7
(Hillsborough, 1884; Truth or Consequences, originally called Hot Springs)Marriage Licenses, Book B (1865—82) and Marriage Certificates (1887—1931) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
E3 Socorro P.O. Box 1, Socorro 87801 (Limitar 1854–67) 1850 Original18851912*1912*#7
*Original records before 1912 are at the New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Roll 1, book A, pages 479—495 (1863—65) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
A5 Sierra Taos, 105 Albright St., Ste. D, Taos 87571 1852 original——1905*——1880s1912#8
*Marriage Register A-1 (1863—1905) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
D5 Torrance Ninth and Allen/P.O. Box 48, Estancia 87016 1903 Lincoln/San Miguel/Socorro/Santa Fe/Valencia/Bernalillo——1910——19101909#7
A7 Union P.O. Box 430, Clayton 88415 1893 Colfax/Mora/San Miguel——1894——18941911#8
D3 Valencia P.O. Box 969, Los Lunas 87031 1852 original——1869——1880s1870#13
Original territorial records were filed at Valencia, 1852—72; Tome, 1872—74; Belen, 1874—76. Registro Matrimonios (1869—1905) and Marriage Certificates (1885—1912) available at the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives.
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