New Hampshire Military Records
This entry was originally written by George F. Sanborn Jr., FASG, and Alice Eichholz, Ph.D, CG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.
Because men tended to enroll in service units close to their homes and with neighbors, using military lists can be helpful in tracing migration patterns. Muster rolls, pay receipts, and other service records are complete for New Hampshire residents from the colonial period through the Civil War and are available in three published collections.
- Ayling, August D. Revised Register of the Soldiers and Sailors of New Hampshire in the War of Rebellion, 1861–1866. Concord, N.H., 1895.
- New Hampshire State Papers. Vols. 5-6, 14, 16. Include records of those who served in the French and Indian Wars for New Hampshire. Vols. 14-17 include “Rolls of Documents Relating to Soldiers in the Revolutionary War.” Indexes available (see Background Sources).
- Potter, Chandler E. The Military History of the State of New Hampshire, 1623–1861. 2 vols. 1866, 1868. Reprint (2 vols. in 1). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1972.
The New Hampshire Records and Archives has Civil War enlistment papers in a microfiche edition, which is also available at the New England Historic Genealogical Society.
The New Hampshire Historical Society has a name index and abstracts in seventy-one volumes of all New Hampshire residents who received pensions, regardless of residence. A microfilm of these volumes and index is at the New England Historic Genealogical Society. The original applications and records are in Washington, D.C., at the National Archives, with microfilm copies in Waltham, Massachusetts, at the New England Branch (see pages 11-12).