Nebraska County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Marsha Hoffman Rising, CG, FUGA, FASG and Dwight A. Radford for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the Nebraska Family History Research series.
History of Nebraska
Nebraska Vital Records
Census Records for Nebraska
Background Sources for Nebraska
Nebraska Maps
Nebraska Land Records
Nebraska Probate Records
Nebraska Court Records
Nebraska Tax Records
Nebraska Cemetery Records
Nebraska Church Records
Nebraska Military Records
Nebraska Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Nebraska Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Nebraska Naturalization
Ethnic Groups of Nebraska
Nebraska County Resources
Map of Nebraska
County Map of Nebraska

The Nebraska State Historical Society has a microfilming partnership with the Genealogical Society of Utah to preserve county records. The county marriage registers have been among the first completed with naturalization and deed records in process. The available microfilm can be viewed at the Nebraska State Historical Society and the FHL. The Nebraska State Genealogical Society has published Research Guides for Genealogical Data for the majority of Nebraska’s counties. This ongoing project will publish additional guides in the future.

Current links to each county’s government can be found at the State of Nebraska website. In the chart below, dates in parentheses indicate the year the county was organized as opposed to the year it was formed. “Original” counties were established in 1854 when territorial government was created. “Unorganized” land refers to counties added later from land not organized under territorial government.

The dates for records on the following chart are based on a comparison of the catalog of the Nebraska Historical Society, the Family History Library Catalog, the various county inventories produced by the Nebraska Genealogical Society, and the USGenWeb site for Nebraska. The source for county formations is Nebraska: A Guide to Genealogical Research by the Nebraska State Genealogical Society, which references three standard works in compiling its data. The years for records were taken from various county guides produced by the society.

The county clerk can be expected to hold county commissioners’ minutes, notary records, and delayed birth registrations. Other records of interest to the researcher include military discharges, voter registrations, estray notices, marks and brands, physician’s registers, farm and ranch names, and school registers. A few county commissioners’ minutes are at the Nebraska State Historical Society.

Few births or deaths were kept before statewide recording (see Nebraska Vital Records). Marriages are at the county clerk, deeds are at the register of deeds, and probates are at the clerk of the county court, as are court records dealing with civil matters.


Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate Court
G6 Adams 500 W. Fifth, Rm. 109, Hastings 68901-7509 1867 unorganized——1872——187118711872
H3 Antelope 501 Main St., Rm. 109, Neligh 68756-1466 1871 unorganized——1876——187118711871
C4 Arthur 205 First St./P.O. Box 126, Arthur 69121-0126 1887 (1913*) McPherson——1914——191319131913
*Earlier records attached to McPherson County
A4 Banner 204 State St./P.O. Box 67, Harrisburg 69345-0067 1888 Cheyenne——1883——188918891889
Blackbird Indian Reservation Became Omaha Reservation in 1857 and Thurston County in 1889. From 1884—89 administered by Dakota County.
E2 Blaine P.O. Box 136, Brewster 68821-0136 1885 unorganized——1883——188618861886
H4 Boone 222 S. Fourth St., Albion 68620-1247 1871 unorganized——1872——187118711871
A2 Box Butte P.O. Box 678, Alliance 69301-0678 1886 Dawes——1887——188718871887
G1 Boyd 401 Thayer St./P.O. Box 26, Butte 68722-0026 1891 unorganized——1892——189118911891
E2 Brown 148 W. Fourth, Ainsworth 69210 1883 unorganized——1883——188718831880
F5 Buffalo 1512 Central/P.O. Box 1270, Kearney 68848-1270 1855 (1870) unorganized——1872——187018741871
K3 Burt 111 N. 13th St./P.O. Box 87, Tekamah 68061-0087 1854 original——1861——185718581858
J4 Butler 451 N. 5th St./P.O. Box 289, David City 68632-0289 1857 unorganized——1869——185718561859
Calhoun 1856 (renamed Saunders, 1862) Lancaster
K5 Cass 346 Main St., Plattsmouth 68048-1957 1854 original——1855——185518551856
J2 Cedar 101 Broadway/P.O. Box 47, Hartington 68739-0047 1855 unorganized——1872——185718571857
C6 Chase 921 Broadway/P.O. Box 1299, Imperial 69033-1299 1886 Keith*——1887——188718871886
*Attached for administrative purposes to Frontier County until 1877, then to Hales County until 1886.
D2 Cherry 365 N. Main/P.O. Box 120, Valentine 69201-0120 1883 Sioux——1883——188218831883
A4 Cheyenne 1000 10th St./P.O. Box 217, Sidney 69162-0217 1867 Lincoln——1870——187118711871
G6 Clay 111 W. Fairfield, Clay Center 68933-1499 1871 unorganized——1871——187218711872
J4 Colfax 411 E. Eleventh St., Schuyler 68661-1940 1869 Platte——1869——186918691860
J3 Cuming 200 S. Lincoln/P.O. Box 290, West Point 68788-0290 1855 unorganized——1866——186918691862
E4 Custer 431 S. Tenth St., Broken Bow 68822-2001 1877 unorganized(originally Kountze County)——1883——188018771877
J2 Dakota 1600 Broadway/P.O. Box 39, Dakota City 68731-0039 1855 unorganized——1856——185518581857
A2 Dawes 451 Main St., Chadron 69337-2697 1885 Sioux——1886——188518861877
E5 Dawson 700 N. Washington/P.O. Box 370, Lexington 68850-0370 1860 (1871) unorganized——1873——187118711870
B5 Deuel 718 3rd/P.O. Box 327, Chappel 69129-0327 1889 Cheyenne——1889——188618891888
J2 Dixon 302 3rd St./P.O. Box 546, Ponca 68770-0546 1856 Dakota——1861——186218581860
J4 Dodge 435 N. Park, Fremont 68025 1854 original——1856——185718671856
K4 Douglas 1819 Farman St., Omaha 68102 1854 original186918561873185418551855
C6 Dundy 102 7th Ave. W./P.O. Box 506, Benkelman 69021-0506 1873 (1884) unorganized——1873——187318731873
Emmett 1867 (changed to Knox, 1873; originally called L’Eau Qui Court, 1867)
H6 Fillmore 900 G St./P.O. Box 307, Geneva 68361-0307 1856 (1871) from Saline——1871——187218721871
Forney 1854 (renamed Nemaha, 1855) original
F6 Franklin 405 15th Ave./P.O. Box 146, Franklin 68939-0146 1871 unorganized——1872——187118721872
D6 Frontier P.O. Box 40, Stockville 69042-0040 1872 unorganized——1873——187218721872
E6 Furnas 912 R St./P.O. Box 387, Beaver City 68926-0387 1873 unorganized——1876——187318731873
J6 Gage 612 Grant St./P.O. Box 429, Beatrice 68310-0429 1855 unorganized (Beatrice)189018601890185818551857
B4 Garden 611 Main St./P.O. Box 486, Oshkosh 69154-0486 1909 Deuel——1910——188719101910
F3 Garfield 250 S. 8th/P.O. Box 218, Burwell 68823-0218 1884 Wheeler——1884——188418841884
E6 Gosper 507 Smith St./P.O. Box 136, Elwood 68937-0136 1873 (1881) unorganized——1873——187518731873
C3 Grant 105 E. Harrison St./P.O. Box 139, Hyannis 69350-0139 1887 unorganized——1888——188818881888
G4 Greeley Courthouse Sq./P.O. Box 287, Greeley 68842-0287 1871 unorganized——1871——187018711871
Greene 1855 (renamed Seward, 1862) Cass
G5 Hall 121 S. Pine St., Grand Island 68801-6076 1858 unorganized——1868——185818591867
H5 Hamilton 1111 Thirteenth St., Ste. 1, Aurora 68818-2017 1867 unorganized——1870——187118711871
F6 Harlan 706 W. 2nd St./P.O. Box 698, Alma 68920-0698 1871 Lincoln——1873——187118711871
D6 Hayes Troth St./P.O. Box 370, Hayes Center 69032-0370 1877 unorganized——1886——187718771877
D6 Hitchcock 229 E. D St./P.O. Box 248, Trenton 69044-0248 1873 unorganized——1888——187318731873
G2 Holt 204 N. 4th/P.O. Box 329, O’Neill 68763-0329 1862 ; (as West; renamed 1876) unorganized——1878——186218621862
D3 Hooker 303 NW 1st St./P.O. Box 184, Mullen 69152-0184 1889 unorganized——1889——188919031889
G4 Howard 612 Indian/P.O. Box 25, Saint Paul 68873-0025 1871 Hall——1872——187118711871
Izard (renamed Stanton, 1862) Cass
Jackson 1855 (renamed Fillmore, 1856) Original
Far west corner of Nebraska; later divided into Chase, part of Hayes, Perkins, Dundy, and Hitchcock. Census for 1870 is found in Lincoln enumeration.
J6 Jefferson 411 Fourth St., Fairbury 68352-2513 1856 (1864) unorganized——1864——186418641864
Was established in 1856 as Jefferson County. Present-day Jefferson County, to the east, was designated as Jones County. When Nebraska was admitted to the Union in 1867, Jefferson and Jones Counties were united as Jefferson. In 1870 Jefferson was again separated. The area that was originally called Jones took the name Jefferson and retained the old county records. The original Jefferson became known as Thayer County.
K6 Johnson 351 Broadway/P.O. Box 416, Tecumseh 68450-0416 1857 Nemaha——1858——185918671862
Johnston 1855 (renamed Saline, 1856)
Jones (abolished 1867; became Jefferson)unorganized
F6 Kearney 424 N. Colorado/P.O. Box 339, Minden 68958-0339 1860 (1872) unorganized——1872——187218731873
C4 Keith 511 N. Spruce/P.O. Box 149, Ogallala 69153-0149 1873 Cheyenne——1873——187318731873
E1 Keya Paha 310 Courthouse Dr./P.O. Box 349, Springview 68778-0349 1884 Brown——1885——188118841884
A4 Kimball 114 E. Third St., Kimball 69145-1456 1888 Cheyenne——1889——188618891886
H2 Knox 206 Main St./P.O. Box 166, Center 68724-0166 1857 as L’Eau Qui Court*——1869——185718571857
*Name changed to Knox 1873.
Kountze (changed to Custer, 1877)
J5 Lancaster 555 S. Tenth St., Rm 110, Lincoln 68508-2803 1855 unorganized——1866——185818661863
L’Eau Qui Court (renamed Knox, 1873) unorganized
D5 Lincoln 301 N. Jeffers St., North Platte 69101-3932 1860 (as Shorter; renamed 1866)unorganized——1862——186818681866
D4 Logan P.O. Box 8, Stapleton 69163-0008 1885 unorganized——1885——188518851885
Loup (old) 1855(abolished 1856; became part of Madison, Izard, Monroe, Platte) Burt
F6 Loup (present) 408 4th St./P.O. Box 187, Taylor 68879-0187 1883 unorganized——1883——188318831883
H3 Madison 110 Clara Davis Dr./P.O. Box 290, Madison 68748-0290 1856 (1867) unorganized——1868——186718671867
McNeale 1855(abolished 1856; became part of Madison) Burt
D4 McPherson 5th & Anderson/P.O. Box 122, Tryon 69167-0122 1887 (1890) unorganized——1890——189018901890
H4 Merrick 1510 18th St./P.O. Box 27, Central City 68826-0027 1858 unorganized——1869——185818581858
Monroe 1856 (abolished 1860; became part of Platte) Loup
A3 Morrill 6th & Main St./P.O. Box 610, Bridgeport 69336-0610 1908 Cheyenne——1909——190919091909
H4 Nance 209 Esther St./P.O. Box 338, Fullerton 68638-0338 1879 Monroe——1893——187818791879
K6 Nemaha 1824 N St., Auburn 68305-2342 1855 (as Forney; renamed 1855)——1855——185518551855
H6 Nuckolls 150 S. Main/P.O. Box 366, Nelson 68961-0366 1860 (1871) unorganized——1872——186918711871
K5 Otoe 1021 Central Ave./P.O. Box 249, Nebraska City 68410-0249 1854 Pierce——1855——185418551855
K6 Pawnee 625 6th St./P.O. Box 431, Pawnee City 68420-0431 1855 unorganized*——1858——185518551855
*Attached to Richardson for judicial purposes until 1856.
C5 Perkins 200 Lincoln Ave./P.O. Box 156, Grant 69140-0156 1887 Keith——1888——188718871887
F6 Phelps 715 5th Ave./P.O. Box 404, Holdrege 68949-0404 1873 unorganized——1877——187318861873
Pierce (old) 1854 (abolished 1855) original
H2 Pierce (present) 111 W. Court St., Pierce 68767-1224 1870 unorganized——1879——185618561856
H4 Platte 2610 Fourteenth St., Columbus 68601-4960 1856 Monroe——1858——185618561857
H4 Polk Courthouse Sq./P.O. Box 276, Osceola 68651-0276 1856 (1870) Butler——1871——187018701870
D6 Red Willow 502 Morris Ave., McCook 69001-2006 1873 unorganized——1873——187918731873
K6 Richardson 1700 Stone St., Falls City 68355-2025 1854 (1855) original——1855——185518551855
F2 Rock 400 State St./P.O. Box 367, Bassett 68714-0367 1888 Brown——1884——188818881887
J6 Saline 215 S. Court/P.O. Box 865, Wilber 68465-0865 1855 (1867) original——1866——186718671866
*Originally named Johnston when created in 1855 from organized lands. Absorbed into Saline County in 1856.
K4 Sarpy 1210 Golden Gate Dr., Papillion 68046-3088 1857 Douglas——1857——185718571857
J4 Saunders 433 N. Chestnut/P.O. Box 610, Wahoo 68066-1863 1856 (as Calhoun; renamed 1862) ——1866——185618661866
A3 Scotts Bluff 1825 Tenth St., Gering 69341-2444 1888Cheyenne ——1889——188918891889
J5 Seward 529 Seward St./P.O. Box 190, Seward 68434-0190 1856 (as Greene; renamed 1862)unorganized ——1869——185618561856
B2 Sheridan 301 E 2nd/P.O. Box 39, Rushville 69360-0039 1885Sioux——1885——188518941885
F2 Sherman 630 O St./P.O. Box 456, Loup City 68853-0456 1871unorganized——1873——187118711871
Shorter 1860 (renamed Lincoln, 1861) unorganized
A2 Sioux 325 Main St./P.O. Box 158, Harrison 69346-0158 1867 (1886)Izard——1887——188219081886
Attached to Cheyenne County for administrative purposes until 1886. Boundaries defined in 1877.
J3 Stanton 804 Ivy St./P.O. Box 347, Stanton 68779-0347 1865 (as Izard; renamed 1862)Dodge——1869——186218621862
Taylor Unorganized county in western section enumerated as part of Lincoln in 1870 census. Taylor became the counties of Garden, Deuel, and parts of Morrill and Cheyenne.
H6 Thayer 225 N. 4th St./P.O. Box 208, Hebron 6837-02080 1867 (as Jefferson; renamed 1872)Jefferson——1871——187118711870
D3 Thomas 503 Main St./P.O. Box 226, Thedford 69166-0226 1887unorganized——1887——188718871887
J3 Thurston 106 S. 5th St./P.O. Box G, Pender 68047-0138 1855 (as Blackbird; renamed 1889)Burt191718551917188218951886
From 1857—89, Thurston was part of the Omaha Reservation.
F4 Valley 125 S. Fifteenth , Ord 68862 1871unorganized——1871——187118711871
K4 Washington 1555 Colfax St./P.O. Box 466 , Blair 68008-0466 1854original——1856——185718551855
J3 Wayne 510 Pearl St./P.O. Box 248, Wayne 68787-0248 1867unorganized——1871——187118711869
G6 Webster 621 N. Cedar St., Red Cloud 68970-2300 1871unorganized——1871——187218721871
West 1860 (renamed Holt, 1862) unorganized
G3 Wheeler 3rd & Main/P.O. Box 127, Bartlett 68622-0127 1877unorganized——1917——191719171917
Courthouse fire 1917.
H5 York 510 Lincoln Ave., York 68467-2963 1855 (1870)Seward——1870——187018701870
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