Native Americans of South Dakota
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The account of its native peoples is a bedrock of the culture and fabric of South Dakota history. The three major local history collections in the state for native research are the South Dakota State Historical Society (reservation censuses, school reports, photos, maps, manuscripts); Sinta Gleska College in Rosebud, Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; and Oglala Lakota College on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Kyle, South Dakota.
Records for several agencies are available on microfilm at both the South Dakota State Historical Society and The Family History Library (FHL). Among them are Cheyenne River Agency (1886–1951); Crow Creek Agency (1895–1976); Pine Ridge Agency (1874–1932); Rosebud Agency (1886–1942); and Standing Rock Agency (1876–1939). Types of records vary, but many include census and vital statistics. Both the field branches of the National Archives at Kansas City and Denver hold materials generated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (see page 16).