Native Americans of New Mexico

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This entry was originally written by Karen Stein Daniel, CG and Margaret Windham for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the New Mexico Family History Research series.
History of New Mexico
New Mexico Vital Records
Census Records for New Mexico
Background Sources for New Mexico
New Mexico Maps
New Mexico Land Records
New Mexico Probate Records
New Mexico Court Records
New Mexico Tax Records
New Mexico Cemetery Records
New Mexico Church Records
New Mexico Military Records
New Mexico Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
New Mexico Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Native Americans of New Mexico
New Mexico County Resources
Map of New Mexico


Native to New Mexico are the Jicarilla and Mescalero Apache; the Navajos, part of the Navajo Nation of New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah; the various Pueblo tribes; and the Ute Indians, part of the Ute Mountain Reservation of New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. Federal records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs are located in NARA Record Group 75. Among the records located at the National Archives and Records Service—Rocky Mountain Region, Denver, Colorado (see page 12) are records of the Albuquerque Area Office (1877–1989); Consolidated Ute Agency (1878–1952); Gallup Area Office (1913–68); Jicarilla Agency (1890–1966); Mescalero Agency (1874–1946); Navajo Agencies beginning in 1933; Pueblo Agencies beginning in 1869; Shiprock Boarding School (1944–52); and others. Records located at the National Archives and Records Service—Pacific Region, Laguna Niguel, California (see page 12), are Eastern Navajo Agency, Crownpoint, Arizona (1909–44), and Shiprock-San Juan Training School and Agency (Navajo), New Mexico (1903–55), along with others.

See also Daniel’s Genealogical Resources in New Mexico (see Background Sources for New Mexico), which offers a comprehensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources for each of the New Mexico tribes.

Some manuscript collections of various Native American records can be found within the state by consulting the “Online Archive of New Mexico” http://elibrary.unm.edu/oanm. Various records of the different tribes, including census records, have been microfilmed by the FHL.

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