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This entry was originally written by Kathleen Stanton Hutchison for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.
Before 28 September 1906, all naturalization proceedings took place in any state court. Access to these earlier records may be obtained through the typescript index created by the WPA in 1942, “Index to Naturalization Records in Mississippi Courts, 1798–1906.” Preparation of this index involved a massive combing of courthouse records in both chancery and circuit courts that located some material that had previously been considered lost. This index gives information leading to the location of declarations of intention, petitions, and minutes, noting the administration of oaths of allegiance.
Following 1906, the federal district courts conducted all naturalization matters. These records are housed at the National Archives—Southeast Region.