Maryland County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Roger D. Joslyn, CG, FUGA, FGBS, FASG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the Maryland Family History Research series.
History of Maryland
Maryland Vital Records
Census Records for Maryland
Background Sources for Maryland
Maryland Maps
Maryland Land Records
Maryland Probate Records
Maryland Court Records
Maryland Tax Records
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Maryland Military Records
Maryland Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
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Maryland County Resources
Map of Maryland

Maryland has twenty-three counties and the city of Baltimore, which is not under county jurisdiction. At the courthouses are recorded transfers of land, estates, and other records. The first column below indicates the map coordinate. In the second column is the name of the county with the mailing address of the county circuit court clerk, where deeds, mortgages, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, and other matters are recorded. In the third column is the date the county was created and the name or names of the parent county or counties. The date the earliest land deed was recorded appears in the fourth column. In the last column is the date when Orphans’ Court records begin, followed by the mailing address of that court’s clerk and the register of wills, if different from the circuit court clerk. While some records are available in the counties, most original and/or microfilm copies of land, estate, vital, and court records have been transferred to the Maryland State Archives. As new county records are created, they will continue to be microfilmed and sent to the state archives. Other county offices not included below may have different mailing addresses.

Map County Circuit Court Date Formed Parent County/ies Deeds Orphans’ Court
B2Allegany30 Washington St. Cumberland 215021789Washington17911790
G4Anne ArundelP. O. Box 2395 Annapolis 21404-23951650original16531777 7 Church Cir. Annapolis 21401-2368
The courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1704, with the loss of all but three court record volumes. Deeds before 1699 were lost, but there are five volumes record volumes. Deeds before 1699 were lost, but there are five volumes
G2Baltimore401 Bosley Ave. Towson 21204-4403by 1659/60original16611666
G2Baltimore CityLand Records Division 100 N. Calvert St., Rm. 610 Baltimore 21202-34171851Baltimore Co.18511851 111 N. Calvert St. Baltimore 21202
G5Calvert175 Main St. Prince Frederick 20678 1654original called Patuxent until 165818821882
Most records were destroyed when the courthouse burned in 1882, but some deeds dating back to 1840 were re-recorded. Abstracts of deeds sent to Annapolis beginning in 1784 and provincial court deeds/land office records also make up for some of the destroyed records.
J4Caroline109 Market St. P. O. Box 356 Denton 21629-03561773Dorchester/Queen Anne’s17741774 109 Market St. P. O. Box 416 Denton 21629-0416
F2Carroll55 N. Court St., Rm. G-8 P. O. Box 190 Westminster 21157-0190 1837Baltimore/Frederick18371837 55 N. Court St., Rm. 104 Westminster 21157
J2Cecil129 East Main St. Elkton 219211674Baltimore16741675
Many early court records have disappeared.
F6Charles200 Charles St. P. O. Box 3060 La Plata 20646-30601658original16581665 5200 Charles St. P. O. Box 3080 La Plata 20646-3080
H6Dorchester206 High St. P. O. Box 583 Cambridge 21613-05831669Somerset/Talbot Talbot 16691852 206 High St. Cambridge 21613
There are gaps in the court records. Some were probably lost in a fire in 1852.
E2Frederick100 W. Patrick St. Frederick 21701 1748Baltimore/Prince George’s17481751
There were two major fires, but no major loss of records.
A2Garrett203 S. 4th St. P. O. Box 447 Oakland 21550-04471872Allegany18731872 313 E. Alder St., Rm. 103 Oakland 21550
H2Harford20 West Cortland St. Bel Air 210141773Baltimore17731774
Some records were destroyed in a fire in 1858.
F3Howard8360 Court Ave. Ellicott City 210431850Anne Arundel18391840
The county was formed in 1838 as Howard District of Anne Arundel Co., but did not gain full county status until 1850.
J3Kent103 North Cross St. Chestertown 21620-1511by 1642original16481674
A courthouse fire in 1720 destroyed some records.
F3Montgomery50 Maryland Ave. Rockville 208501776Frederick17771777
A southern section of the county was set off in 1788 to form the District of Columbia.
Patuxent1654 (renamed Calvert, 1658)original
G5Prince George’s14735 Main St. P.O. Box 1600 Upper Marlboro 20773-16001696Calvert/Charles16961698 5303 Chrysler Way P.O. Box 1729 Upper Marlboro 20773-1729
J4Queen Anne’s100 Courthouse Sq. Centreville 216171706Dorchester/Talbot/Kent17071706 107 North Liberty St. P.O. Box 59 Centerville 21617-0059
G6Saint Mary’s41605 Court House Dr. P.O. Box 676 Leonardtown 20650-06761637original original18271658 41605 Court House Dr. P.O. Box 602 Leonardtown 20650-0602
The courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1831. Some deeds were re-recorded back to 1781, and abstracts of deeds sent to Annapolis beginning in 1784 also make up for some of the records that were destroyed.
J7Somerset30512 Prince William St. P. O. Box 279 Princess Anne 21853-0279 1666original16651664 30512 Prince William St. Princess Anne 21853
The courthouse burned in 1831, but the records were saved.
H5Talbot11 N. Washington St. Easton 21601by 1661/2original16621668 P. O. Box 816 Easton 21601-0816
Many court records have been lost.
D2Washington95 W. Washington St. Hagerstown 217401776Frederick17771777
Some records were lost in a courthouse fire in 1871.
J6WicomicoNorth Division and Main St. P. O. Box 806 Salisbury 21801-08061867Somerset/Worcester18671866 North Division and Main St. P. O. Box 787 Salisbury 21801-0787
K6Worcester1 W. Market St., Rm. 104 Snow Hill 21863- 10741742Somerset17421742 1 West Market St. Rm. 102
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