Culpeper County, Virginia
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Culpeper is a county in Virginia. It was formed in 1749 from Orange County. Culpeper began keeping birth records in 1864, marriage records in 1781, and death records in 1864. It began keeping land records in 1749, probate records in 1749, and court records in 1749. For more information, contact the county at 302 N. Main St. Culpeper 22701-2622. On the attached map, Culpeper is located at G3.
For information about the state of Virginia see Virginia Family History Research.
History of the County
The first settlers came into area that would become Culpeper County in the early 1700's. Spotsylvania County, created in 1721, encompassed all lands west to the Blue Ridge Mountains and was eventually divided into what is now called Orange, Culpeper, Madison and Rappahannock Counties. The area that is now Culpeper was became part of Orange County when it was formed in 1734. Culpeper County was formed from Orange County in 1749.
The Constitution of 1869 created the establishment of Virginia’s first statewide system of public schools, and for the division of each county into magisterial districts. Before this, Culpeper was divided into tax-enumeration districts, but the boundaries of each district are not known. There were also only five county employees, none of which were full time, whose annual salaries totaled $600.00.
The first elected County Board of Supervisors first met on August 1, 1870 representing five districts, and addressed two items of business: to order the sheriff to collect taxes and to order the commonwealth attorney to protect and preserve the records of the County.
Today Culpeper County supports a thriving community of both agricultural and commercial interests. According to a 2002 estimate from the U.S. census, about 35,000 people live in Culpeper County, 9900 of them within the town of Culpeper.
Original patents and grants from the crown and commonwealth from 1623 to 1992 and database of grants in the Northern Neck Proprietary from 1692 to 1862 are available online at the Library of Virginia. The database is titled Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grant and Surveys.
Microfilm copies of all county deed books are available at the Culpeper County Public Library or at the LDS Family History Library. The Culpeper County Public Library also has microfilm copies of deeds for Orange County during the years that Culpeper was part of Orange, and for Spotsylvania County for the years that Culpeper was part of Spotsylvania.
Original records are held at the Culpeper County Courthouse, 135 W. Cameron Street, Culpeper, Virginia 22701. Phone: (540) 727-3438 Hours: Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Culpeper County Chancery Court Records are available free online at the Library of Virginia's Chancery Records Index
- USGenWeb Archives for Culpeper County, Virginia
- Culpeper County Microfilm Holdings at the Library of Virginia
- Book: "A history of St. Mark's Parish, Culpeper County, Virginia: with notes of old churches and old families, and illustrations of the manners and customs of the olden time" by Philip Slaughter. Heritage Books: 1990. Available at the Culpeper County Public Library in the Virginiana Room.