Census Records for Vermont

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This entry was originally written by Scott Andrew Bartley and Alice Eichholz, Ph.D.,CG in Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources

Census Records Federal

Population Schedules • Indexed—1790 (1791), 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 • Soundex—1880, 1900, 1920

Industry and Agriculture Schedules • 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules • 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (all indexed)

Union Veterans Schedules • 1890 (indexed)

Vermont became a state in 1791 and took the first federal census that year. This census is usually mislabeled as the “1790 census.” Families in other states may be listed on that state’s 1790 census and again in Vermont’s a year later, having migrated in the interim. The Vermont Historical Society (see Archives, Libraries, and Societies) published the full 1800 census, which was reissued in a reprint edition in 1972 by Genealogical Publishing Company. Countywide 1870 census heads-of-household indexes for Windham and Windsor were privately published by Joan M. Morris in separate volumes (1977, 1980). All of Vermont’s federal population census records are indexed and available online through subscription databases (see page 17).

The 1810 and 1820 censuses for some Vermont towns include a tally of such things as the number of yards of material made on the premises and the amount of lumber milled. When using the census records, care should be taken to consider alternate spelling, especially for French-Canadians, Italian, and Greek names of new immigrants after 1850.

Original and microfilm copies of the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 population, industry, and agriculture schedules and microfilm of the mortality schedules and microfilm copies of all population schedules are located at Vermont Department of Libraries, State Office Bldg., 109 State St., Montpelier, VT 05609-0601 <http://dol.state.vt.us/> although originals are restricted for general research purposes.

The so-called 1771 Census by Jay Mack Holbrook (Oxford, Mass.: Holbrook Research, 1982) is not an “official” census. It is a collection of names associated with Vermont in 1771 drawn from several sources in New York, New Hampshire, and Connecticut as well as Vermont. It does include the official New York census for 1771 for Cumberland and Glouster counties (covering land now in Vermont) that was published in Callaghan (see Background Sources). Many of the names listed were granted land but never lived in Vermont. Checking the appearance of the name in the original source should help clarify this.

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