Census Records for Alaska
This entry was originally written by Dwight A. Radford for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.
• Indexed—1900, 1910, 1920, 1930
• Soundex—1900, 1920
Although Alaska was purchased in 1867, the U.S. government did not record an 1870 census. The U.S. censuses for 1880 and 1890 for accessible villages have not survived.
In the absence of Alaskan counties, the census takers created enumeration areas for 1900 and used judicial divisions for 1910. The Act of 1912, which made Alaska a territory, prohibited the creation of counties without the approval of Congress; therefore, no counties were ever created. The 1910 federal census was enumerated in four judicial divisions.
Alaska censuses were enumerated for Sitka in 1879 and 1881; the Aleutian Islands (villages of Belkovsky, Nicholayevsk, and Protossoff, which is also called Morzovog) in 1878; St. Paul and St. George Islands in 1904, 1905, 1906–07, 1914, and 1917; Cape Smyth, Point Barrow in 1885; and the Pribiloff Islands in 1890–95. Early Alaskan censuses are indexed in several different publications as well as the volume entitled Alaska Census Records, 1870–1907, by Ronald Vern Jackson (Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1976).
Ancestry.com has a collection of state census lists which include a 1870-1907 Early Census Index and a 1890 Naval Veterans Index. Subscribers can search this collection at Alaska Census, 1870-1907.