Arkansas County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Wendy Bebout Elliott, Ph.D., FUGA in Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
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the Arkansas Family History Research series.
History of Arkansas
Arkansas Vital Records
Census Records for Arkansas
Background Sources for Arkansas
Arkansas Maps
Arkansas Land Records
Arkansas Probate Records
Arkansas Court Records
Arkansas Tax Records
Arkansas Cemetery Records
Arkansas Church Records
Arkansas Military Records
Arkansas Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Arkansas Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Arkansas Naturalization
Native Americans of Arkansas
African Americans of Arkansas
Arkansas County Resources
Map of Arkansas

Arkansas county vital, land, and probate records are held by the county clerk, with some counties having two courthouses. This is indicated by “and” followed by a second address. Either one might have been used for recording purposes. Some county clerks also maintain court records, but most are at the office of the clerk of the circuit court. Addresses for county courthouses are given at Most Arkansas counties do not provide online services; however, postings on this site include current telephone numbers for each county judge’s office. Calls can be transferred to the county clerk and/or clerk of the circuit court’s offices. A random check indicates most telephone listings are current, but some listings show 501 prefixes, which have now changed to 479.

Dates given are for the first known records in the category in that county; these dates do not imply that all records are extant from that date. For data concerning county record losses, creation dates, boundary changes, and additional information, see Russell Pierce Baker, Guide to the Microfilmed County Records at the Arkansas History Commission (Conway, Ark.: Professional Genealogists of Arkansas, 1989), and James Logan Morgan, A Survey of the County Records of Arkansas (Newport, Ark.: Arkansas Records Association, 1972). Both were used in compiling the chart that follows.

Although 1914 was the date of initial registration of births and deaths, compliance was extremely limited; therefore, only a small percentage of actual births and deaths were recorded during the first decades after the law was enacted. For that reason, beginning dates of births and deaths are not given in the chart. Parent counties are those defined here as those in session laws. Later boundary changes between counties also occurred, but these are not included. See the Baker and Morgan sources cited above for this information.

Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate Court
F6 Arkansas 101 Court Sq, De Witt 72042 1813 original 1839 1808 1809 1819
H5 Ashley 215 E Jefferson St, Hamburg 71646 1848 Chicot/Union/Drew 1848 1849 1849 1849
B4 Baxter 1 E 7th St, Mountain Home 72653 1873 Fulton/Izard/Marion/Searcy 1873 1876 1874 1874
B1 Benton 215 E Central Bentonville 72712 1836 Washington 1861 1837 1866 1837
B3 Boone 100 N Main St, Harrison 72601 1869 Carroll/Marion 1869 1869 1869 1869
G5 Bradley 101 E Cedar St, Warren 71671 1840 Union 1846 1841 1850 1841
G4 Calhoun Main Street/P.O. Box 566, Hampton 71744 1850 Dallas/Ouachita/Union 1851 1851 1880 1880
B2 Carroll 210 W Church St, Berryville 72616 and 44 S Main St, Eureka Springs 72632 1833 Izard 1870 1870 1870 1870
H6 Chicot 108 N Main St, Lake Village 71653 1823 Arkansas 1840 1823 1839 1824
F3 Clark 401 Clay St, Arkadelphia 71923 1818 Arkansas 1821 1819 1840 1838
B7 Clay 151 S 2nd Ave, Piggott 72454 and 800 W 2nd St, Corning 72422 1873 Randolph/Greene 1893 1893 1893 1893
C5 Cleburne 301 W Main St, Heber Springs 72543 1883 White/ Van Buren/ Independence 1883 1883 1883 1883
G5 Cleveland 20 Magnolia St/ P.O. Box 348, Rison 71665 1873 ( as Dorsey; renamed, 1885) Bradley/Dallas/Jefferson/Lincoln 1880 1873 1873 1873
Created as Dorsey County; name changed to Cleveland in 1888
H3 Columbia 1 Court Sq, Magnolia 71753 1852 Layfayette/Hempstead/Ouachita/Union 1853 1853 1853 1860