Alabama County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Robert S. Davis and Mary Bess Paluzzi in Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the Alabama Family History Research series.
History of Alabama
Alabama Vital Records
Census Records for Alabama
Background Sources for Alabama
Alabama Maps
Alabama Land Records
Alabama Probate Records
Alabama Court Records
Alabama Tax Records
Alabama Cemetery Records
Alabama Church Records
Alabama Military Records
Alabama Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Alabama Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Alabama Immigration
African Americans of Alabama
Native Americans of Alabama
Alabama County Resources
Map of Alabama

County level records have been microfilmed and are available at the Alabama Department of Archives and History and the FHL. County records vary widely from county to county in both quality and quantity. Some have been carefully preserved while others have been much abused and neglected. Some records have simply disappeared. Other scattered records are now preserved by the Alabama Department of Archives and History, the University of Alabama Library, and the Samford University Library.

North Alabama counties of Blount, Cullman, Lawrence, Madison, Morgan, and St. Clair have local archives. See Marcia K. Smith Collier’s Alabama County Data and Resources (see Background Sources for Alabama). The Genealogical Society of Utah is now microfilming “loose papers” in Alabama counties for researching through the FHL.

Ten Alabama counties have had significant destruction of records by fire. These “burned” counties and counties that have had less destructive fires are indicated on the chart. However, not all records were lost.

Between 1935 and 1945 the Historical Records Survey conducted a preliminary inventory of fifteen county archives; see Alabama Historical Records Survey, Inventory of the County Archives of Alabama (Birmingham: Alabama Historical Records Survey, 1838–1942). Each county’s volume contains a historical sketch of the county followed by a description and history of each county office as well as an inventory of each office’s records. The counties that were surveyed include Clay, Colbert, Conecuh, Cullman, Greene, Hale, Lauderdale, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Sumter, Talladega, Wilcox, and Winston. Unfortunately, the inventory has never been updated, revised, or expanded to include counties not originally surveyed. The University of Alabama Library’s special collections department also has inventories of the DeKalb and Cherokee county courthouse holdings compiled in 1979.

In the chart that follows, former names of counties are indicated and the addresses listed are for county courthouses. Court records are at the circuit court at the county seat, although no survey has been completed for all counties. Land and probate records come in a variety of forms for each county. Many are on microfilm (see discussion in those sections above). Three counties have two county seats. Record availability on the chart is drawn from the Alabama Archives and History’s information on county records. To keep current with county record changes and holdings, check

Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate Court
F4 Autauga 176 W. Fifth St., Prattville 36067 1818 Montgomery19081839190818191824?
This is a big fat note that I am hoping will appear in the right place.
Baine 1866 (abolished 1867) Blount/Calhoun/Cherokee/DeKalb/Marshall/St. Clair
Baker 1868 (renamed Chilton, 1874)
K2 Baldwin P.O. Box 459, Bay Minette 36507 1809 Washington/18861810188618091809?
H7 Barbour/Clayton Division 1 Court Sq., Clayton 36016 and Barbour/Eufaula Division, Broad St. Eufaula 36027 1832 Creek cession/Pike/Bullock/Russell18811838188118331820?
Benton 1832 (renamed Calhoun, 1858)
E4 Bibb 8 Courthouse Sq. West, Ste. A, Centreville 35042 1818 Monroe/Montgomery(Cahawba)19001818190018181818?
Blaine 1868 (renamed Etowah)
B5 Blount 220 Second Ave., Rm 106, Oneonta 35121 1818 Creek cession——1820——18181829?
G6 Bullock 217 N. Prairie St., Rm 106, Union Springs 36089 1866 Barbour/Macon/Montgomery/Pike——1867——18671867?
H4 Butler 700 Court Sq., Greenville 36037 1819 Conecuh/Monroe18941853189418531853?
Record loss, 1853.
C6 Calhoun 1702 Noble St., Ste. 102, Anniston 36201 1832 Creek cession(Benton, 1858)191918341919183218911835
Record loss, 1861 and 1865.
E7 Chambers Court Sq., Lafayette 36862 1832 Creek cession——1853——18331833?
B7 Cherokee 100 Main St., Centre 35960 1836 Cherokee cession18991882——18821882?
Record loss, 1882 and 1895.
E4 Chilton 2nd Ave./P.O. Box 501 , Clanton 35045 1868 Autauga/Bibb/Perry/Shelby (Baker)1908–1918701908–1918681887?
Record loss, 1870.
G1 Choctaw 117 S. Mulberry, Butler 36904 1847 Sumter/Washington1881–9318711881–9318711871?
Record loss, 1859 and 1871.
H2 Clarke P.O. Box 548, Grove Hill 36451 1812 Washington19081814190818121813?
D6 Clay Courthouse Sq./P.O. Box 1120, Ashland 36251 1866 Randolph/Talladega192018721920187518761876
Record loss, 1875.
C7 Cleburne 406 Vickery St., Heflin 36264 1866 Calhoun/Randolph/Talladega——————18671867?
J6 Coffee/Elba Division 230 N. Court St., Elba 36232 1841 Dale19081866192018511862?
Record loss, 1851 and 1863
J6 Coffee/Enterprise Division N. Edward St., Enterprise 36330 190719071907
A2 Colbert 201 N. Main, Tuscumbia 35674 1867 reorganized 1869(Franklin)188118671881186718611867
J4 Conecuh Court Sq./P.O. Box 149, Evergreen 36401 1818 Monroe188118661881186618661881
Record loss, 1868, 1875, 1885, 1895.
E5 Coosa P.O. Box 218, Rockford 35136 1832 Creek cession18781834192018321834?
Record loss, 1900.
Cotaco 1818 (renamed Morgan, 1821)
J5 Covington 1 Court Sq./P.O. Drawer 789, Andalusia 36420 1821 Henry18891895190918811882?
H5 Crenshaw Glenwood Ave., Luverne 36049 1865 Butler/Coffee/Pike/Covington/Lowndes——1882——18681871?
Record loss, 1898.
B4 Cullman 500 2nd Ave. S.W./P.O. Box 237, Cullman 35055 1877 Blount/Morgan/Winston18771877188718771877?
H7 Dale P.O. Box 580, Ozark 36361 1824 Covington/Henry19191884192018951895?
Record loss, 1869, 1884.
F4 Dallas 105 Lauderdale St., Selma 36701 1818 Montgomery19221818192218181821?
A6 DeKalb 301 Grand Ave. S.W., Ste. 200, Fort Payne 35967 1836 Cherokee cession18851836188518351848?
F5 Elmore P.O. Box 280, Wetumpka 36092 1866 Autauga/Coosa/Montgomery/Tallapoosa18841867192718671867?
J3 Escambia Belleville Ave./P.O. Box 557, Brewton 36427 1868 Baldwin/Conecuh 19091879190918681868?
Record loss, 1868.
B6 Etowah 800 Forrest Ave., Gadsden 35901 1868 (as Blaine; renamed 1868 Blount/Calhoun/Dekalb/Marshall/St. Clair 18941867189818671867?
C2 Fayette 113 Temple Ave./P.O. Box 509, Fayette 35555 1824 Marion/Pickens/Tuscaloosa 18841866189918241851?
Record loss, 1866 and 1916.
A2 Franklin 410 Jackson St./P.O. Box 70, Russellville 35653 1818 Cherokee and Chickasaw cession 191618971890–193018901890?
Record loss, 1890.
J6 Geneva P.O. Box 430, Geneva 36340 1868Dale/Henry/Coffee 19121898191218981883?
Record loss, 1898.
E2 Greene Main and Prairie/P.O. Box 790, Eutaw 35462 1819Marengo/Tuscaloosa 191218231909181918201867
Record loss, 1868.
E2 Hale 1001 Main St., Greensboro 36744 1867Greene/Marengo/Perry 188118671881186718671865
Hancock 1850 (renamed Winston, 1858)
H7 Henry P.O. Box 457, Abbeville 36310 1819Conecuh 19311823193018191822?
J7 Houston 100 North Oates St., Dothan 36302 1903Dale/Geneva/Henry 19081903190819031903?
A6 Jackson Courthouse Sq./P.O. Box 128, Scottsboro 35768 1819Cherokee cession ——1851——18191866?
Record loss, 1864, 1920.
C4 Jefferson 716 N. 21st St., Birmingham 35203 and 1801 Third Ave. N., Bessemer 35020 1819Blount 18811823*188118191819?
*Also for Bessemer starting in 1916; record loss, 1870
Jones 1867 (renamed Sanford, 1868; renamed Lamar, 1877)
C2 Lamar Pond St./P.O. Box 338, Vernon 35592 1867Marion/Fayette/Pickens(Jones) (Sanford) ——1867——18671867?
A3 Lauderdale South Court St./P.O. Box 1059, Florence 35631 1818Cherokee and Chickasaw cession 188018201890181818181858
A3 Lawrence 14330 Court St., Moulton 35650 1818Cherokee and Chickasaw cession ------1818------18181818?
F7 Lee 215 Ninth St./P.O. Box 2266, Opelika 36803 1866Chambers/Macon Russell/Tallapoosa 19161867191618631861?
A4 Limestone Courthouse Sq./P.O. Box 1145, Athens 35611 1818Cherokee and Chickasaw cession 18811832188118181818?
Record loss, 1862.
G4 Lowndes P.O. Box 5, Hayneville 36040 1830Butler/Dallas/Montgomery 188118301881183018301830
F6 Macon Courthouse Sq., Tuskegee 36083 1832Creek cession 19281834192818371834?
A5 Madison 100 Northside Sq., Huntsville 35801 1808Cherokee and Chickasaw cession 188118091881181018181820
G2 Marengo 101 E. Coats Ave. P.O. 48066, Linden 36748 1818Choctaw cession 188118191906182018181917
Record loss, 1848, 1965.
B2 Marion Military St., Hamilton 35570 1818Tuscaloosa 190218871902188718871917
Record loss, 1887.
A5 Marshall 425 Gunter Ave., Guntersville 35976 1836Blount/Jackson/Cherokee cession ——1836


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