1901 UK Census

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This article originally appeared in Finding Answers in British Isles Census Records by Echo King, AG.


The census of 1901 was taken on the night of March 31–April 1. The questions on the census were addressed to all people residing in the house that night, plus night workers who would return in the morning. This is the most recent census available to the public.


The form used in 1901 called for the following:

  • order of enumeration
  • name of street, place, or road and name or number of house
  • number of inhabited houses
  • number of houses uninhabited (whether or not occupied)
  • number of houses being built
  • number of rooms occupied if less than five
  • name of all persons who slept in the home census night
  • relationship to head of family
  • marital condition (M, U, or W)
  • age in years
  • sex
  • occupation
  • employer, worker, or own account
  • whether working from home
  • where born (parish and county in Great Britain, country only if abroad)
  • whether deaf-and-dumb, blind, lunatic, imbecile, or feeble-minded
  • language spoken (in Wales and Scotland).

The Scotland census asked an additional question about the number of rooms with one or more windows.

Tips and Facts about the 1901 Census

The TNA record group for the 1901 census of England, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands is RG 13. Separate forms were provided for institutions, ships, and the Royal Navy.

The CEBs are made up of six preliminary pages and the nominal pages. Each page has thirty-one lines for names. Original paper forms are approximately 12" h x 17" w.

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