1841 UK Census

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This article originally appeared in Finding Answers in British Isles Census Records by Echo King, AG.


The 1841 census was taken on the night of June 6–7. The questions on this census, and all following years, were addressed to all people residing in the house that night, plus night workers who would return in the morning. Registration Districts were the same as those used by the Registrar General.

Questions Asked in the 1841 Census

The 1841 census form included columns for the following:

  • place of residence
  • whether the house was inhabited
  • names of all individuals
  • age
  • sex
  • occupation
  • whether born in the same county as enumerated in
  • whether born in Foreign Country (Depending on country, returns were marked as England, Scotland, Ireland, or Foreign Parts; marked as E, S, I, or F.)

Tips and Facts about the 1841 Census

The TNA record group for the 1841 census of England, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands is HO 107, pieces 1 to 1465. This is the only census year to use books as part of the TNA reference number.

The recorded age was rounded down to the nearest five for persons older than fifteen. For example, someone who was age twenty to twenty-four would have been recorded as being twenty years old. A person age twenty-five to twenty-nine would have been recorded as being twenty-five years old.

It is rare for middle names to be written in full, if at all.

The books are made up of up to five preliminary pages, the enumeration pages, and three pages following the nominal pages for summary information. Each page has twenty-five lines for names. Original paper forms are approximately 13" h x 8" w.

Most of the census returns were written in pencil, which can make this census difficult to read.

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