1830 U.S. Census

From Ancestry.com Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940)
Line 21: Line 21:
For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/index.html ''The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm'']. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s [http://www.amazon.com/Guide-U-S-Federal-Censuses-1790-1920/dp/0806311886/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1269277868&sr=1-2 ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920''].
For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/index.html ''The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm'']. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s [http://www.amazon.com/Guide-U-S-Federal-Censuses-1790-1920/dp/0806311886/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1269277868&sr=1-2 ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920''].
-
=Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1930=
+
=Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940=
Line 40: Line 40:
|1920
|1920
|1930
|1930
 +
|1940
|-
|-
|Name of family head only
|Name of family head only
Line 47: Line 48:
|x
|x
|x
|x
-
|colspan="8"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="9"|
|-
|-
|Headcount by age, gender, ...
|Headcount by age, gender, ...
Line 55: Line 57:
|x
|x
|x
|x
-
|colspan="8"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="9"|
|-
|-
|colspan="4"|Standard census form
|colspan="4"|Standard census form
 +
|x
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 69: Line 74:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Names of all individuals
+
|colspan="8"|Names of all individuals
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 79: Line 84:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Age
+
|colspan="8"|Age
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 89: Line 94:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Sex
+
|colspan="8"|Sex
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 99: Line 104:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Color
+
|colspan="8"|Color
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 109: Line 114:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Profession or occupation
+
|colspan="8"|Profession or occupation
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 119: Line 124:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Place of birth
+
|colspan="8"|Place of birth
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 129: Line 134:
|x
|x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Attended school that year
+
|colspan="8"|Attended school that year
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 137: Line 142:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|x
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="15"|Highest grade completed
|x
|x
|-
|-
Line 144: Line 152:
|x
|x
|x
|x
-
|colspan="4"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Read or write
|colspan="7"|Read or write
Line 155: Line 164:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|colspan="2"|
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ...
|colspan="7"|Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ...
Line 160: Line 170:
|x
|x
|x
|x
-
|colspan="2"|x
+
|x
-
|colspan="3"|x
+
|
 +
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Real estate value
|colspan="7"|Real estate value
|x
|x
|x
|x
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="5"|
 +
|x
|-
|-
|colspan="8"|Personal estate value
|colspan="8"|Personal estate value
|x
|x
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Separate slave schedule
|colspan="7"|Separate slave schedule
|x
|x
-
|colspan="7"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="7"|
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Father of foreign birth
|colspan="9"|Father of foreign birth
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Mother of foreign birth
|colspan="9"|Mother of foreign birth
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Month of birth
|colspan="11"|Month of birth
-
|colspan="4"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Month of birth that year
|colspan="9"|Month of birth that year
|x
|x
-
|colspan="5"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="5"|
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Male citizen over 21 years
|colspan="9"|Male citizen over 21 years
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Male over 21 denied vote
|colspan="9"|Male over 21 denied vote
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of dwelling
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of dwelling
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 206: Line 229:
|-
|-
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of family
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of family
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 216: Line 240:
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Street name in city
|colspan="10"|Street name in city
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 223: Line 248:
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|House number in city
|colspan="10"|House number in city
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 230: Line 256:
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Relationship to family head
|colspan="10"|Relationship to family head
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 237: Line 264:
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Marital status
|colspan="10"|Marital status
 +
|x
|x
|x
|x
|x
Line 244: Line 272:
|-
|-
|colspan="9"|Month of marriage that year
|colspan="9"|Month of marriage that year
-
|colspan="6"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="6"|
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|No. of months unemployed
|colspan="10"|No. of months unemployed
|x
|x
-
|colspan="4"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Father's birthplace
|colspan="10"|Father's birthplace
Line 256: Line 286:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|sup
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Mother's birthplace
|colspan="10"|Mother's birthplace
Line 263: Line 294:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|sup
|-
|-
|colspan="10"|Sickness on census day
|colspan="10"|Sickness on census day
-
|colspan="5"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="5"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Year of birth
|colspan="11"|Year of birth
-
|colspan="4"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|No. of years present marriage
|colspan="11"|No. of years present marriage
|x
|x
-
|colspan="3"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="3"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Mother how many children
|colspan="11"|Mother how many children
|x
|x
-
|colspan="3"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="2"|
 +
|sup
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Number of children living
|colspan="11"|Number of children living
|x
|x
-
|colspan="3"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="3"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Year of immigration to US
|colspan="11"|Year of immigration to US
Line 287: Line 325:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|No. of years in US
|colspan="11"|No. of years in US
-
|colspan="4"|x
+
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Naturalization status
|colspan="11"|Naturalization status
Line 296: Line 336:
|x
|x
|x
|x
 +
|
|-
|-
|colspan="11"|Months attended school
|colspan="11"|Months attended school
|x
|x
 +
|colspan="4"|
|}
|}

Revision as of 03:06, 1 May 2010

The United States Federal Census

This article is part of a series.
Overview of the U.S. Census
Finding and Reading U.S. Census Records
1790 U.S. Census
1800 U.S. Census
1810 U.S. Census
1820 U.S. Census
1830 U.S. Census
1840 U.S. Census
1850 U.S. Census
1860 U.S. Census
1870 U.S. Census
1880 U.S. Census
1890 U.S. Census
1900 U.S. Census
1910 U.S. Census
1920 U.S. Census
1930 U.S. Census
1940 U.S. Census
Census Indexes and Finding Aids
Using the Soundex with Census Records
Non-Population Schedules and Special Censuses
State and Local Censuses
Census Substitutes
African American Census Schedules
Reconstructed 1790 Census Schedules
Censuses of Native Americans
List of Useful Census References
Topics

This article originally appeared in "Census Records" by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright in The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy

The 1830 census began on 1 June 1830. The enumeration was to be completed within six months but was extended to allow completion within twelve months. The official census population count was 12,860,702.

Contents

Questions Asked in the 1830 Census

The 1830 census form called for the name of the head of household; the number of free white males and females in age categories 0 to 5, 5 to 10, 10 to 15, 15 to 20, 20 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70, 70 to 80, 80 to 90, 90 to 100, over 100; the number of slaves and free “colored” persons in age categories; there were also categories for deaf, dumb, and blind persons, and aliens; the town or district; and the county of residence.

Other Significant Facts about the 1830 Census

The 1830 census was the first for which the government provided uniform, printed forms to enumerators for the purpose of recording answers to census questions.

Research Tips for the 1830 Census

The 1830 census records are useful for identifying localities to search for other types of records for a named individual. The 1830 census will, in most cases, help distinguish the target family from others of the same name; help to determine family size; locate possible relatives with the same name; identify immediate neighbors who may be related; identify slaveholders; and spot spelling variations of surnames. Free men “of color” are listed as heads of household by name. Slaves appear in age groupings by name of owner. By combining those age groupings with probate inventories and tax list data, it is sometimes possible to determine names of other family members and the birth order of those individuals.

The 1830 census went a step further in breaking down ages, thus allowing more precise knowledge of the household configuration. With the age categories expanded to include those one hundred years and older, it is possible to have a better idea of life spans during that time period. The addition of information regarding those who were deaf, dumb, and blind is an indication that there may be related guardianship or institutional records. The presence of aliens in a household suggests the possibility that those individuals may eventually have been naturalized in a nearby court.

For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920.

Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940

Personal Info on Census 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
Name of family head only x x x x x x
Headcount by age, gender, ... x x x x x x
Standard census form x x x x x x x x x x x x
Names of all individuals x x x x x x x x
Age x x x x x x x x
Sex x x x x x x x x
Color x x x x x x x x
Profession or occupation x x x x x x x x
Place of birth x x x x x x x x
Attended school that year x x x x x x x x
Highest grade completed x
Married that year x x x x x
Read or write x x x x x x x x
Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ... x x x x x
Real estate value x x x x
Personal estate value x x
Separate slave schedule x x
Father of foreign birth x
Mother of foreign birth x
Month of birth x
Month of birth that year x x
Male citizen over 21 years x
Male over 21 denied vote x
Visitation number of dwelling x x x x x x x x x
Visitation number of family x x x x x x x x x
Street name in city x x x x x x
House number in city x x x x x x
Relationship to family head x x x x x x
Marital status x x x x x x
Month of marriage that year x
No. of months unemployed x x
Father's birthplace x x x x x sup
Mother's birthplace x x x x x sup
Sickness on census day x
Year of birth x
No. of years present marriage x x
Mother how many children x x sup
Number of children living x x
Year of immigration to US x x x x
No. of years in US x
Naturalization status x x x x
Months attended school x

References

Coming soon...

External Links

Personal tools