1800 U.S. Census

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[[Category:The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy]]
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{{Template:Census series (The Source)}} '''This article originally appeared in "Census Records" by [[Loretto Dennis Szucs]] and [[Matthew Wright]] in ''[[The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy]]'''''  
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[[Category: U.S. Census and Voter Lists]]
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{{Template:Census series (The Source)}}
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'''This article originally appeared in "Census Records" by [[Loretto Dennis Szucs]] and [[Matthew Wright]] in ''[[The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy]]'''''
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The 1800 census began on 4 August 1800. The count was to be completed within nine months. The official census population count was 5,308,483.
+
The 1800 census began on 4 August 1800. The count was to be completed within nine months. The official census population count was 5,308,483.  
-
=Questions Asked in the 1800 Census=
+
= Questions Asked in the 1800 Census =
-
The census asked the name of the family head; the number of free white males and females in age categories 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; the number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; the number of slaves; and the town or district and county of residence.
+
The census asked the name of the family head; the number of free white males and females in age categories 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; the number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; the number of slaves; and the town or district and county of residence.  
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=Other Significant Facts about the 1800 Census=
+
= Other Significant Facts about the 1800 Census =
-
Most 1800 census entries are arranged in the order of visitation, but some have been rearranged to appear in alphabetical order by initial letter of the surname.
+
Most 1800 census entries are arranged in the order of visitation, but some have been rearranged to appear in alphabetical order by initial letter of the surname.  
-
=Research Tips for the 1800 Census=
+
= Research Tips for the 1800 Census =
-
The 1800 census records are useful for identifying localities to search for other types of records for a named individual. The 1800 census will, in most cases, help distinguish the target family from others of the same name; help to determine family size; locate possible relatives with the same name; identify immediate neighbors who may be related; identify slaveholders; and spot spelling variations of surnames. Free men “of color” are listed as heads of household by name. Slaves appear in age groupings by name of owner. By combining those age groupings with probate inventories and tax list data, it is sometimes possible to determine names and birth order of other family members.
+
The 1800 census records are useful for identifying localities to search for other types of records for a named individual. The 1800 census will, in most cases, help distinguish the target family from others of the same name; help to determine family size; locate possible relatives with the same name; identify immediate neighbors who may be related; identify slaveholders; and spot spelling variations of surnames. Free men “of color” are listed as heads of household by name. Slaves appear in age groupings by name of owner. By combining those age groupings with probate inventories and tax list data, it is sometimes possible to determine names and birth order of other family members.  
-
For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/index.html ''The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm'']. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s [http://www.amazon.com/Guide-U-S-Federal-Censuses-1790-1920/dp/0806311886/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1269277868&sr=1-2 ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920''].
+
For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/index.html ''The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm'']. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s [http://www.amazon.com/Guide-U-S-Federal-Censuses-1790-1920/dp/0806311886/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1269277868&sr=1-2 ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920''].  
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=Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940=
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= Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940 =
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{| border="1"
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{|border="1"
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|Personal Info on Census
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|1790
+
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|1800
+
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|1810
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|1820
+
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|1830
+
-
|1840
+
-
|1850
+
-
|1860
+
-
|1870
+
-
|1880
+
-
|1900
+
-
|1910
+
-
|1920
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|1930
+
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|1940
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|-
|-
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|Name of family head only
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| Personal Info on Census
-
|x
+
| 1790
-
|x
+
| 1800
-
|x
+
| 1810
-
|x
+
| 1820
-
|x
+
| 1830
-
|x
+
| 1840
-
|colspan="9"|
+
| 1850
 +
| 1860
 +
| 1870
 +
| 1880
 +
| 1900
 +
| 1910
 +
| 1920
 +
| 1930
 +
| 1940
|-
|-
-
|Headcount by age, gender, ...
+
| Name of family head only
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="9"|
+
| colspan="9" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="4"|Standard census form
+
| Headcount by age, gender, ...
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="9" |  
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="8"|Names of all individuals
+
| colspan="4" | Standard census form
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
 +
| x  
 +
| x  
 +
| x  
 +
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="8"|Age
+
| colspan="8" | Names of all individuals
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="8"|Sex
+
| colspan="8" | Age
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
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|colspan="8"|Color
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| colspan="8" | Sex
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="8"|Profession or occupation
+
| colspan="8" | Color
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x
|-
|-
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|colspan="8"|Place of birth
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| colspan="8" | Profession or occupation
-
|x
+
| x  
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|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
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|x
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| x  
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|x
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| x  
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|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="8"|Attended school that year
+
| colspan="8" | Place of birth
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
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|colspan="15"|Highest grade completed
+
| colspan="8" | Attended school that year
-
|x
+
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Married that year
+
| colspan="15" | Highest grade completed
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|colspan="4"|
+
|-
|-
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|colspan="7"|Read or write
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| colspan="7" | Married that year
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
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| x  
-
|x
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| colspan="4" |  
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|colspan="2"|
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|-
|-
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|colspan="7"|Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ...
+
| colspan="7" | Read or write
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
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| x  
-
|
+
| x
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|x
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| x
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|colspan="4"|
+
| x
 +
| x  
 +
| colspan="2" |  
|-
|-
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|colspan="7"|Real estate value
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| colspan="7" | Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ...
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
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|colspan="5"|
+
| x
-
|x
+
|
 +
| x  
 +
| colspan="4" |  
|-
|-
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|colspan="8"|Personal estate value
+
| colspan="7" | Real estate value  
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| x  
 +
| colspan="5" |  
 +
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Separate slave schedule
+
| colspan="8" | Personal estate value
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="7"|
+
| colspan="6" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Father of foreign birth
+
| colspan="7" | Separate slave schedule
-
|x
+
| x
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| x  
 +
| colspan="7" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Mother of foreign birth
+
| colspan="9" | Father of foreign birth  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| colspan="6" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Month of birth
+
| colspan="9" | Mother of foreign birth  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="4"|
+
| colspan="6" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Month of birth that year
+
| colspan="11" | Month of birth  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="4" |  
-
|colspan="5"|
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Male citizen over 21 years
+
| colspan="9" | Month of birth that year
-
|x
+
| x
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| x  
 +
| colspan="5" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Male over 21 denied vote
+
| colspan="9" | Male citizen over 21 years
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| colspan="6" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of dwelling
+
| colspan="9" | Male over 21 denied vote
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="6" |  
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="7"|Visitation number of family
+
| colspan="7" | Visitation number of dwelling
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
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|colspan="10"|Street name in city
+
| colspan="7" | Visitation number of family
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
 +
| x  
 +
| x  
 +
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|House number in city
+
| colspan="10" | Street name in city  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|Relationship to family head
+
| colspan="10" | House number in city
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|Marital status
+
| colspan="10" | Relationship to family head
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="9"|Month of marriage that year
+
| colspan="10" | Marital status
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="6"|
+
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|No. of months unemployed
+
| colspan="9" | Month of marriage that year
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="6" |  
-
|colspan="4"|
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|Father's birthplace
+
| colspan="10" | No. of months unemployed
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="4" |  
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|sup
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|Mother's birthplace
+
| colspan="10" | Father's birthplace  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|sup
+
| sup
|-
|-
-
|colspan="10"|Sickness on census day
+
| colspan="10" | Mother's birthplace
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="5"|
+
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
| sup
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Year of birth
+
| colspan="10" | Sickness on census day
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="4"|
+
| colspan="5" |  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|No. of years present marriage
+
| colspan="11" | Year of birth
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="4" |  
-
|colspan="3"|
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Mother how many children
+
| colspan="11" | No. of years present marriage
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="2"|
+
| colspan="3" |  
-
|sup
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Number of children living
+
| colspan="11" | Mother how many children  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="3"|
+
| colspan="2" |  
 +
| sup
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Year of immigration to US
+
| colspan="11" | Number of children living
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="3" |  
-
|x
+
-
|
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|No. of years in US
+
| colspan="11" | Year of immigration to US  
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|colspan="4"|
+
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
|  
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Naturalization status
+
| colspan="11" | No. of years in US
-
|x
+
| x  
-
|x
+
| colspan="4" |  
-
|x
+
-
|x
+
-
|
+
|-
|-
-
|colspan="11"|Months attended school
+
| colspan="11" | Naturalization status
-
|x
+
| x
-
|colspan="4"|
+
| x
 +
| x
 +
| x
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="11" | Months attended school  
 +
| x  
 +
| colspan="4" |  
|}
|}
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=External Links=
+
= External Links =
-
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7590 Search the 1800 U.S. Census on Ancestry.com]
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7590 Search the 1800 U.S. Census on Ancestry.com]  
-
*[http://www.ancestry.com/charts/census.aspx Download a blank 1800 census form]
+
*[http://www.ancestry.com/charts/census.aspx Download a blank 1800 census form]  
*[http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1800.html 1800 U.S. Census at the Census Bureau]
*[http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1800.html 1800 U.S. Census at the Census Bureau]
 +
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[[Category:The_Source:_A_Guidebook_to_American_Genealogy]] [[Category:U.S._Census_and_Voter_Lists]]

Revision as of 03:24, 25 January 2011

The United States Federal Census

This article is part of a series.
Overview of the U.S. Census
Finding and Reading U.S. Census Records
1790 U.S. Census
1800 U.S. Census
1810 U.S. Census
1820 U.S. Census
1830 U.S. Census
1840 U.S. Census
1850 U.S. Census
1860 U.S. Census
1870 U.S. Census
1880 U.S. Census
1890 U.S. Census
1900 U.S. Census
1910 U.S. Census
1920 U.S. Census
1930 U.S. Census
1940 U.S. Census
Census Indexes and Finding Aids
Using the Soundex with Census Records
Non-Population Schedules and Special Censuses
State and Local Censuses
Census Substitutes
African American Census Schedules
Reconstructed 1790 Census Schedules
Censuses of Native Americans
List of Useful Census References
Topics
This article originally appeared in "Census Records" by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright in The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy

The 1800 census began on 4 August 1800. The count was to be completed within nine months. The official census population count was 5,308,483.

Contents

Questions Asked in the 1800 Census

The census asked the name of the family head; the number of free white males and females in age categories 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; the number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; the number of slaves; and the town or district and county of residence.

Other Significant Facts about the 1800 Census

Most 1800 census entries are arranged in the order of visitation, but some have been rearranged to appear in alphabetical order by initial letter of the surname.

Research Tips for the 1800 Census

The 1800 census records are useful for identifying localities to search for other types of records for a named individual. The 1800 census will, in most cases, help distinguish the target family from others of the same name; help to determine family size; locate possible relatives with the same name; identify immediate neighbors who may be related; identify slaveholders; and spot spelling variations of surnames. Free men “of color” are listed as heads of household by name. Slaves appear in age groupings by name of owner. By combining those age groupings with probate inventories and tax list data, it is sometimes possible to determine names and birth order of other family members.

For a state-by-state listing of census schedules, see The 1790–1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm. For boundary changes and identification of missing census schedules, see Thorndale’s and Dollarhide’s Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920.

Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940

Personal Info on Census 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
Name of family head only x x x x x x
Headcount by age, gender, ... x x x x x x
Standard census form x x x x x x x x x x x x
Names of all individuals x x x x x x x x
Age x x x x x x x x
Sex x x x x x x x x
Color x x x x x x x x
Profession or occupation x x x x x x x x
Place of birth x x x x x x x x
Attended school that year x x x x x x x x
Highest grade completed x
Married that year x x x x x
Read or write x x x x x x x x
Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ... x x x x x
Real estate value x x x x
Personal estate value x x
Separate slave schedule x x
Father of foreign birth x
Mother of foreign birth x
Month of birth x
Month of birth that year x x
Male citizen over 21 years x
Male over 21 denied vote x
Visitation number of dwelling x x x x x x x x x
Visitation number of family x x x x x x x x x
Street name in city x x x x x x
House number in city x x x x x x
Relationship to family head x x x x x x
Marital status x x x x x x
Month of marriage that year x
No. of months unemployed x x
Father's birthplace x x x x x sup
Mother's birthplace x x x x x sup
Sickness on census day x
Year of birth x
No. of years present marriage x x
Mother how many children x x sup
Number of children living x x
Year of immigration to US x x x x
No. of years in US x
Naturalization status x x x x
Months attended school x

External Links

Personal tools