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Common Latin Genealogy Terms (Latin to English)

You may find Latin terms used in records that are of genealogical interest. Latin is most likely to be found in Roman Catholic sacramental registers. In records from European parishes, you may find a mixture of Latin and the vernacular. Many other pre-twentieth-century records were also kept in Latin, especially those associated with higher education or learning.


a, ab
   from
ablutus
  christening
abortivus
  premature birth
acatholicus
   non-catholic
ad
   to
aetas, aetatis
   age
altera die
  on the next day
ambo
  stranger, foreigner
anno domini
  in the year of our Year
anno incarnationis
  in the year of the incarnation of the Lord
anonyma
  stillborn daughter
anonymus
  stillborn son
anti, ante
  before
apud
   near, at
aut
   or
autem
   however

banni
  marriage banns
bannum
   advance marriage announcement
baptismi, baptizatus
  christening
biduum
  two days

cautella
   caution
civitas, civitatis
   city or state
cognomen
  name, surname
comitas
   county
commater
  godmother
compater
  godfather
conjuncti
  marriage
conjus
  husband
conjux
  wife
consors
  wife
copulatio, copulati
  marriage
cras
  tomorrow

decessit
  death
decessus
  death
defunctus
   dead
denatus
  death
denuntiatio, denuntiationis
   announcement (of banns)
denuntiationes
  marriage banns
die sequenti
  on the following day
die vero
  this very day

eadem
   the same, by the same (f.)
eam
   her
ei
   them
eis
   to, by them
ejustdem die
  of the same day
eo tempore
  at this time
eodem anno
  in the same year
eodem die
  on the same day
eodem mense
  in the same month
eodem
   by the same (m. and n.)
ex
   from (place of origin)

femina
  wife
feria
   day
filia
  daughter of
filius
  son of

genitores
  parents
genitus
   born
gradus
   step, degree (of kindred)

hac, haec, hoc, hujus, his
   this
hebdomada
   week
hic
   here, now
hodie
  today
humantus, humantio
  burial

ibi
   here
ibidem
   in the same place
idem
   the same (m. and n.)
ifans
  son of
instans, instantis
   present, current, instant
intronizati
  marriage
ipse
   self
item
   also

lautus
  christening
levantes
  godparent
ligati
  marriage
long tempore
  for a long time
lustratio
  christening

mane
  in the morning
manu
   by hand (signed)
marita
  wife
mariti
  marriage
maritus
  husband
martimonium
  marriage
mater
  mother
matrina
  godmother
mors, mortis
  death
mortutuus
  death
mulier
  wife

N., N.N. (Nomen)
   blank space for name(s)
nati, natus, natales
  birth
nocte
  at night
nomen
  name, given name
nox, noctis
   night
nudius terius
  three days earlier
nunc dies terius
  three days earlier
nunc temporis
  of the present time
nupti
  marriage

ob
   for, because of, in accordance with
obiit
  death
obitus
  death
oriundus
  birth
ortus
  birth

pagus
   village
parentes
  parents
parochia or paroecia
   parish
pater
  father
patrini
  godparent
perendi
  day after tommorow
periculum
   peril, danger
peritus
  death
plutus
  christening
postridie
  the day after
pridie
  the day before
pro tempore
  at the time
proclamationes
  marriage banns
proles
  child
puer
  child
purgatus
  christening

relicta
  widow
relictus
  widower
renatus
  christening

sepelivi
   I have buried
sepulti, sepulutus
  burial
sepultus
   buried
sponsa
   bride, wife
sponsati
  marriage
sponsus
   bridegroom, husband
subscriptus
   undersigned
susceptores
  godparent

tamen
   nevertheless, yet, however, indeed
testis
   witness
triduum
  three day period
tunc temporis
  of former time

ubi
   where
ultimus
   last
uxor, vxor
  wife

vespere
  in the evening
vidua
  widow
viduas
  widower
vir
  husband

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